Organization dev for rural dev presentation to drilp engineers training- nasc by bhim upadhyaya

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Organization dev for rural dev presentation to drilp engineers training- nasc by bhim upadhyaya

  1. 1. W ELCOME OrganizationalDevelopment for Local Development Presenter Er Bhim Upadhyaya DDG DoLIDAR 2068.10.9 1
  2. 2. Engineer & Engineering"The great liability of the engineer compared to men of other professions is that his works are out in the open where all can see them. His acts, step by step, are in hard substance. He cannot bury his mistakes in the grave like the doctors. He cannot argue them into thin air or blame the judge like the lawyers. He cannot, like the architects, cover his failures with trees and vines. He cannot, like the politicians, screen his short-comings by blaming his opponents and hope the people will forget. The engineer simply cannot deny he did it. If his works do not work, he is damned." -Herbert Hoover, Engineer & 31st President, NASC class on Aspects of Rural Infras Project Managment 066.11.25 USA 2
  3. 3. Local Infrastructure and Poverty Reduction Poverty Reduction Rural Development Local infrastructure
  4. 4. Background of establishment of DoLIDAR Ministry of Local Development Technical Division (up to 2055) (Regional Offices and DIARS with one Er and one Sub-Er in each DDC) 20-Year APP (2052-2072)-(Construction of 6200 km of Agri roads) DoLIDAR (2055 Bhadra 8) National Strategy for Rural Infrastructure Development, 2054 4
  5. 5. Government Organizational Tiers for Rural Road Development Ministry of Local Dev Dept of Local Infras Dev & Agri Roads (DoLIDAR) District Dev Com. Office 75District Technical Office 75 Municipality 58 Vill. Dev. Com. Office 3915 5
  6. 6. g]kfn ;/sf/ljlzi6 >]0fL k| ! :yfgLo ljsf; dGqfnok|yd >]0fL k| $l4tLo >]0fL k| !$t[tLo >]0fL k| @@ ;lrjकn ू k| $! ;fdfGo k| dxfzfvf :jfoQ zf;g dxfzfvf gu/kflnsf dxfzfvf of]hgf dxfzfvf 6
  7. 7. Organization of DoLIDAR  DoLIDAR: Total- 76, Divn3, Tech Secn-6)  DTO -11 to 19  Total – 209 (DG, DDG-3, SDE- 50, Under DoLIDAR Secy-1, Acc Off -1, Legal Off-1, Agri- (Director General) eco’mist-1, Agri-er- 1, Sociologist-1, Er- 329, Sub-Er-213, Other- 697) Rural and Planning, Other Infrastructure District TechnicalAgricultural Roads Monitoring and Development Offices (DTOs- 75 Division Donor Coordination Division (DDG) Districts) (DDG) Division (DDG) Planning and Rural and Donor Rural Water ProjectsAgricultural Roads Coordination Supply, (SDEs-2, Ers-10, Section Section (SDE-1, Sanitation and SubErs-5) (SDE-1, Ers-2) Ers-2, Economist- Building Section 1) (SDE-1, Ers-2) Financial Administration Section (Ac Officer- Monitoring, Irrigation, River General 1, Accountants-3)Suspension Bridge Environment and Training and Administration Section Tech Promotion Other Section (SDE-1, Ers-4) Section Infrastructure (Under Secretory-1, (SDE-1, Ers-2, Development Section Officer-1, Sociologist-1, Section (SED-1, Legal Officer-1 and Mechanics-1, Ers-2, Agri Er-1) other supporting Electrician-1) staff)
  8. 8. g]kfn ;/sf/ :yfgLo ljsf; dGqfno lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] sfof{no lhlj; /f k l4 k|M ! /f k t[ k|M ! lhlj;sf] sfof{no ;lrj,Pnl8cf] k|fljlws zfvf k|zf;g zfvf n]vf zfvf OlGhlgo/ of]hgf tyf k|zf;sLo clws[t n]vfkfn jf n]vfclws[tof] zfvf cj xl6;s]sf]5 . 8
  9. 9. g]]kfn ;/sf/ :yfgLo ljsf; dGqfno lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] sfof{no lhNnf k|fljlws sfof{no/f k l4M $@ k|d¬v/ lhNnf OlGhlgo/ Cheif/District Engineer/f k t[M !#$ /fkl4 / /fkt[ class II or III Engineer/f kcg+ k|M #&! Ruralu|fdL0f ;8s Agri Road Section Vffg]kfgL, ;/;kmfO / Drinking Water,Sanitation Engineer 1, Overseer 2 & Building Section zfvf ejg zfvf Engineer 1 Overseer 2 IrrigationfO{ other Infras f{Section l;+r & / cGo kÒj wf/ Admin and Account Engineer 1, Overseer 2 k|zf;g / cfly{s Section zfvf zfvf In 42 District : Class II Civil Engineer as chief of DIDO /fkl4MDistricts Cass III Civil Engineer as chief of DIDO In 33 $@ lhNnfdf, /fkt[M ## lhNnfdf 9
  10. 10. The Genesis of DTO Irrigation DivnIrrigation District Office 46 Offices 75 Building Divn District Offices 23Building District Technical Tech Sectn Offices 75 Offices DDC Off. 75 Drinking Water Divn Offices Drinking water 75 HMG’s Only District RoadsDistrict offices 75 Rep. Intregated Division Offices 10 Technical Office 25
  11. 11. :yfgLo k¬jf{wf/M ;+:yfut kl/jt{gs|d ! @)@* ;fndf :yfgLo ljsf; ljefu :yfkgf o; cGtu{t ;fj{hlgs lgdf{0f zfvf /x]sf] . ;fj{hlgs lgdf{0f ljefunfO{ ;8s / ejg ljefudf ljefhg . )#& ;fndf :yfgLo ljsf; dGqfnosf] :yfkgf / :yfgLo ljsf; ljefu vf/]h . ;fj{hlgs lgdf{0f zfvf dGqfnosf] k|ToIf dftxtdf . )#( ;fndf ljs]Gb|Ls/0f P]g, )$! Dff ljs]Gb|Ls/0f lgodfjnL hf/L . lhNnfsf ;j} ljsf; sfof{nox? lh k+ ;lrjfno dftxt . @)$$ ;fndf ;fj{hlgs lgdf{0f zfvf vf/]h . :yf lj d k|fljlw1ljxLg . lhNnf k+rfotsf ;j} k|fljlws sfo{ ljifout lhNnf sfof{nojf6 ;+rfng @)%@ ;fndf lhlj;sf] sfof{nodf ! OlGhlgo/ / ! cf];Lsf] kgM kbk"lt{ @)%# ;fndf s[lifIf]qsf] @) jif]{ lb3{sflng of]hgf :jLs[t . ^ xhf/ lsld s[=;8s lgdf{0f ug{ s[lif ;8s ljefu Pj+ sfof{no :yfkgf ug{ l;kmfl/; . @)%$ ;fndf u|fdL0f kjf{wf/ ljsf;sf] /fli6| o /0fgLlt :jLs[t eO{ ;f]xL gLlt adf]lhd :yfgLo ljsf;df dGqfno dftxt @)%% df :yfgLo k"jf{wf/ ljsf; tyf s[lif ;8s ljefu -8f]ln8f/_ :yfkgf . s|dzM11======
  12. 12. :yfgLo k¬jf{wf/M ;+:yfut kl/jt{gs|d @@)%^ ;fndf :yfgLo :jfoQ zf;g P]g )%% hf/L . bkmf @%& df lhlj;n] ljsf;lgdf{0fsf nflu ljifout dGqfnosf] ;xdltdf :yf lj dGqfnosf] :jLs[t lnP/ tf]lsPsf]dfkb08 k/f u/]sf] cfwf/df ljifout zfvfx? :yfkgf ug{ ;Sg] k|fjwfg .@)%& ;fnsf] ;fj{hlgs vr{ k"g/fjnf]sg cfof]usf] k|ltj]bg cg;f/ lhNnfdf;fj{hlgs lgdf{0f sfo{ ug{ ;/sf/sf] Pp6f dfq Plss[t sfo{fno /fVg] l;kmfl/; ePjdf]lhd )%*.%( sf] jh]6 3f]if0ffn] 8f]ln8f/ dftxt &% lhNnf k"jf{wf/ ljsf;sfof{no -l88f]_ :yfkgf . cGo ljefusf lhNnf sfof{nox? Vff/]h u/L l8lehgsfof{nox? :yfkgf .@)%( ;fn df3df l88f]sf] gfd k]m/L lhNnf k|fljlws sfof{no jgfO{ 8f]ln8f/dftxtjf6 lems]/ :yf lj d+sf] dftxtsf] lhlj;sf] sfof{no dftxt /fVg] lg0f{o .o;jf6===ljefudfkm{t lhlj;df hfg] u/]sf] ah]6sf] clVtof/L l;w} dGqfnojf6 hfg] Joj:yful/of] .lhNnf k|fljlws sfof{nosf sd{rf/L / sfo{s|d ah]6 klg lhlj;sf :yfljcn] g}s]lGb|s[t u/L vr{ ug]{ eof] .k|fljlw1x? >f]t clwsf/ hjfkmb]xLljxLg eP . )^!.%.@( df :yfgLo k"jf{wf/ ljsf; gLlt )^! :jLs[t eof]. t/ o;sf] sfo{fGjogeO/x]sf] 5}g. 12
  13. 13. Existing Financial Authorization System in MLD Other Ministry Education, Health, Agri.Water MLD Remote Area Agri, Livestock,Dev Committee Health, Edu, Water Dept DoLIDAR All PROJECT PROJECT PCU budgetsLocal DDC DTOSource Office UC DADO/DEO/ Contractor Non/Operating DPHO Livestock/ 13 Account Water
  14. 14. Suggested Financial Authorization System through DDC for Local Development Other Ministry Education, Health, MLD Agri.Water All infrastructure Agri, Livestock,BIKAS SAMITI budgets Health, Edu, Water Dept DoLIDARLocal PROJECT projectRevenue/ PCUpercent- Infrastructure/age share DDC operational DTOfrom Budget Office UC/national DADO/DEO/ Contractorrevenue Non Operating DPHO Operating Livestock/ 14 Account Water Account
  15. 15. ljefusf] :yfkgf tyf p2]Zoljefusf] :yfkgf M@)%% efb| *p2]Zo ljs]Gb|Ls/0fsf] cjwf/0ff adf]lhd u0f:t/Lo, bLuf] Pj+ nfut k|efjsf/L :yfgLo k"jf{wf/ ;DjGwL of]hgfx? lgdf{0f tyf ;+rfng ug{ :yfgLo lgsfox?nfO{ k|fljlws tyf Aoj:yfksLo ;xof]u pknAw u/fpg] .
  16. 16. Functions of DoLIDAR1) Technical and Managerial Support to LGIs2) Strengthening Technical Capabilities of LGIs3) Human Resource Development of LGIs4) Resource Planning adopting single- approach, one-door system
  17. 17. Functions of DoLIDAR…5) Formulation of national, regional and district perspective plans for the development of local infrastructures6) Establishment of technical standards/specifications/technical manuals7) Formulation and implementation of small scale pilot-projects8) Progress review and impact evaluation (M&E)
  18. 18. Functions of DoLIDAR9) Donor/Project Co-ordination (Joint Steering Committee, Project Implementation Coordination Committee)10) Proper documentation and information dissemination11) Quality control and12) Capacity enhancement and gradual transfer of responsibilities to the LGIs
  19. 19. Why Rural Physical Infrastructures?For Access to Social Services-HealthEducation securityFor Access to PhysicalCommunication- ComfortFor Access to EconomicDevelopment- Employment 19
  20. 20. Guiding Principles Suitable Technical Single OrganizationApproach One-door in LID system in Resource Mobilization
  21. 21. 03 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 0 5 8/ 39 03 9/ 0.27 Rs billion 4 04 0 0/ 0.34 41 04 1/ 0.33 42 04 2/ 0.33 4 04 3 3/ 0.28 44 04 4/ 0.32 45 04 5/ 0.44 46 04 6/ 0.46 4 04 7 7/ 0.45 48 each DDC 04 8/ 0.32 49 04 9/ 0.41 5 Posting of 1 Engineer and 1 Sub-engineer in 05 0 0/ 0.66 51 05 1/ 1.11 52 05 2/ 2.42 53 05 3/ 3.34 5 05 4 3.62 in Rs Billion 4/ 55 05 5/ 3.68 Fiscal Year 56 05 6/ 3.97 5 Budget Allocation for MLD DoLIDAR 05 7 7/ 4.14 58 05 4.62 Establishment of allocation 8/ 59 05 9/ 3.59 6 06 0 0/ 4.84 61 06 1/ 6.54 62 06 2/ 7.53 63 06 3/ 8.5 6 06 4 4/ 11.2 65 06 5/ 13 66 06 6/ 24 6 organization 06 7 7/ 36 Local development: trend of budget 68 06 DTO under DDC and21 8/ 42 expansion of DoLIDAR 69 21 46
  22. 22. LID Policy, 2061: LID sectors Local Transport Housing, Building & Social Urban Dev. Infras. Small LocalIrrigation Infras. Water & River Supply & Control Sanitation Micro-hydro Solid waste & Alternative Mngt.26 Energy 22
  23. 23. Present Stakeholders USERS CONSUL- NGO TANTS (4 International , 20 National, 100 Individual) DoLIDAR CONTR- DONORS ACTORS (ADB, DFID,(More than FINISH,GTZ 100 JICA, SDC, WB Budget – 24 Billion per year WFP, UNICEF….) for infrastructure
  24. 24. Project(Public Works) Defined A Project has… • Objective or Goal • Time • Cost • Location or space 24
  25. 25. Public Works Management PROJECT MGMT PROCUREMENT MGMT DISBURSEMENT Insurance CONTRACT FINANCIAL MGMT MGMT mobilization Claim & Refund Technical QLTY/LAB Audit MGMT QAPCONSTRUCTION MGMT Reporting SITE MGMT WORK PLAN paymentCompletion Closing O&M 25
  26. 26. Public Works Parties Client+Contractor+Consultant Client or EmployerContractor Engineersor Builder Client Contractor or Consultants or UC + Engineer or UC Standard 3 party Intl 2 Party Nepali(Local Body) Practice for large Works Practice for small and medium 26 sized Works
  27. 27. Preconstruction PhasePreparation Procurement Contracting or or or Design Tendering Agreement 27
  28. 28. ProcurementGoods Services Works 28
  29. 29. Construction Phase Completion Closing &Supervision Verification Handing Over 29
  30. 30. Supervison of Works Aspects Process Payment (Quality Performance (Cost TimeSystem or (Output) Control: direct (Progress) control) indirect)Drawing, Specification, Lab Scheduling, Gantt, CPM,Tests, Qualified Supervisors PERT 30
  31. 31. Phases of Public Works WorksPrecons- Operation and Constructiontruction Maintenance Phase Phase Phase 31
  32. 32. Supervisory Hierarchy 3 Parties Mutual ContractorCheck and Balance Consultant Client Project Manager or Clients Representative Project Manager Engineer Field Supervisor Labor 32
  33. 33. Policy, Strategies and Working Directives Local Self Governance Act, 2055 & Regulation,2056 Local Infrastructure Development Policy, 2061 LID Strategic Action Plan, 2064 Institutional Strengthening Action Plan (ISAP) Environmental & Social Management Framework Rural Roads Maintenance Directives, 2064 Agriculture & Local Roads Implementation Directives, 2063 Trail Bridge Strategy, 2062 Trail Bridge SWAp Implementation Directives, 2066 RTI SWAp Implementation Directives, 2066 Planning and Technical Guidelines
  34. 34. Running Local Infrastructure Programs1. District Road Support Programme-DRSP (SDC)2. Decentralized Rural Infrastructure and Livelihood Program–DRILP (ADB/SDC)3. Rural Access Improvement and Decentralization Project-RAIDP (WB)4. Rural Access Program - RAP II(DFID)5. Trail Bridge SWAp and Motorable Road Bridge Program6. Rural Transport Infrastructure Sector Wide Program7. Road Board Nepal, Road Maintenance Program8. Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Program –RWSSP9. Rural Village Water Resource Management Project–RVWRMP (FINIDA)10. Water Supply and Sanitation Project-Western Nepal–WSSP-WN (FINIDA)
  35. 35. Running Local Infrastructure Programs…….11.Rural Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Sector Development Project–RRRSDP (ADB, DFID, OFID, SDC)12. Peace and Rehabilitation Program13. Local Infrastructure for Livelihood Improvement-LILI (SDC)14.Project for Community Access Improvement – JICA15. Community Irrigation Program – CIP (ADB)16. Small Irrigation Program17. Other Infrastructure Program
  36. 36. 36
  37. 37. Highways in Nepal 37
  38. 38. Strategic and Local Road Network of NepalSRN : 5400 KmLRN: 4500 Km National Rural Roads Network: 40,000 Km Operational Rural Roads: 10,000 Km TB: 4800 Nos.Highways: 15 NoFeeder Roads: 51 No 38
  39. 39. More than 35000 km of Rural Roads 39
  40. 40. More than 4700 Trail Bridges 40
  41. 41. Water Supply andCommunityInfrastructures 41
  42. 42. Efforts for Quality Improvement and Efficiency 42
  43. 43. Good Quality works in progress 43
  44. 44. Good Quality road inprogress 44
  45. 45. Good Quality works in progress 45
  46. 46. LabMangmt 46
  47. 47. Road Construction Technologies 47
  48. 48. 48
  49. 49. Road ill-designed and in DisrepairPoor-Maintenance and hardships 49
  50. 50. Rehabilitatedroad up-to thestandard qualityworks 50
  51. 51. 51
  52. 52. 52
  53. 53. 53
  54. 54. 54
  55. 55. 55
  56. 56. 56
  57. 57. 57
  58. 58. 58
  59. 59. 59
  60. 60. Worst Quality works 60
  61. 61. 6161
  62. 62. 62
  63. 63. Tuin Gravity Ropeway 63
  64. 64. 64
  65. 65. 10,000 tanksconstructed so far 65
  66. 66. 66
  67. 67. RAIDP Funded Trail BridgesLaphagad, Kalikot Phugad, Kalikot 67
  68. 68. 68
  69. 69. 69
  70. 70. 70
  71. 71. 71
  72. 72. 72
  73. 73. 73
  74. 74. 74
  75. 75. 75
  76. 76. 76
  77. 77. 77
  78. 78. 78
  79. 79. 79
  80. 80. 80
  81. 81. 81
  82. 82. 82
  83. 83. 83
  84. 84. 84
  85. 85. ;d[4 u|fdL0f g]kfnsf k"jf{wf/ k|fs[lts >f]t /fhgLlts OR5fzlQm vlgh 1fg h}ljs ljljwtf hnzlQm % ldzg hn, jiff{, e"ldut hn  lzIff ;f}o{ ls/0f  hn vfB, :jf:Yo Pj+ d"Nojw{g  phf{ Pj+ zlQm ;fdflhs ;/Iff  k"jf{wf/ ljsl;t dfjg >f]t  /f]huf/L k/Dk/fut 1fg l;h{gf u|fdL0f u|fdL0f k|ljlw 1fgd"lv ;+u7gx? ;d[l4 ojfzlqm ;]jfIf]q jfXo nufgL cfsif{0f g]kfn 85 ug]{ of]hgfx?
  86. 86. bhimupadhyaya@gmail.com bhimupadhyaya@yahoo.com www.twitter.com/bhimupadhyayawww.youtube.com/user/bhimupadhyaya www.scribd.com/bhimupadhyaya www.slideshare.net/bhimupadhyaya www.facebook.com/bhim.upadhyaya
  87. 87. Any Question Thank You bhimupadhyaya@gmail.com Mb 9851104057 87

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