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Feasibility Study of Mechi - Mahakali &Pokhara - Kathmandu Electrical Railway         FINAL     PRESENTATION            RI...
Objectives of Study
Objectives of Study Assisting GoN through MPPW for the Construction of Railway line in a cost effective, efficient and sus...
Objectives of Study (contd..) Cost estimates for track, bridges, power supply arrangement, overhead electrical lines, rol...
Structure of Presentation Alignment   Geological Studies   Tunnels   Environmental & Social Impact   Design Parameter...
Structure of Presentation Train Operations Plan Maintenance and Operation  Organisation Abstract Cost Estimates Instit...
Alignment
Index Plan of Proposed Nepal Railway                                                              Sections:               ...
Length of Railway AlignmentLength of Mechi-Mahakali Route (km)           945.244Length of Kathmandu-Pokhara Route (km)    ...
Summary of Important FeaturesTerminal Stations (Kathmandu, Pokhara, Gaddachowki,                          4Lumbini, )Junct...
Alignments of Section-1                                                                To KakarbitaTanakpur not connected...
Salient Features of Section -1Description                         RemarksTotal Length (km)                   202.665Major ...
Mahendranagar Station
Y-Arrangements at Kohalpur
Alignments of Section-2                                                                      To KakarbitaDue to the topogr...
Salient Features of Section -2Description                             RemarksTotal Length (km)                       139.1...
Alignments of Section-3  To Gaddachowki                                                                 To KakarbitaRecom...
Salient Features of Section -3Description                         RemarksTotal Length (km)                   123.5Major to...
Butwal Junction
Alignments of Section-4Recommended alignment between Tamrariya and Simara shorter by 5.4km even  after considering 42 km ...
Salient Features of Section -4Description                             RemarksTotal Length (km)                            ...
Tamsariya Junction
Simara Station and Y-Junction
Proposed Nijgadh Airport Location
Alignments of Section-5                                                                   To KakarbitaRecommended Alignme...
Salient Features of Section -5Description                         RemarksTotal Length (km)                   119.129Major ...
Bardibas Junction                    Bardibas
Alignments of Section-6Recommended Alignment shorter by 10km.Recommended Alignment passes through plain area while Alter...
Salient Features of Section -6Description                         RemarksTotal Length (km)                                ...
Saptkosi RiverTo Lahan             Length of Bridge = 1171m
Itahari Junction                   Itahari                             To Kakarbita
Kakarbitta Station                     Kakarbitta
Alignments of Section-7Connection betweenMechi-Mahakali Railwayline and Pokhara-           MuglingKathmandu Railway line ...
Salient Features of Section -7Description                         RemarksTotal Length (km)                   71.729Major t...
Bharatpur Station                    Bharatpur
Abu-khaireni Junction
Alignments of Section-8Recommended alignment shorter by 2.7km than Alternate Alignment -1.Recommended alignment shorter ...
Salient Features of Section -8Description                         RemarksTotal Length (km)                                ...
Pokhara StationPokhara          Proposed International Airport
Madi River Crossing              Length of Bridge = 1295m              Height of bridge 77m (Lowest point)
Trishuliganga River                   Length of Bridge = 1143m                   Height of bridge 172m (Lowest point)To Po...
Kathmandu Station            Proposed        Kathmandu Station                            7km                             ...
Kathmandu Station
Geological Studies
Geological StudiesMechi-Mahakali –   Loose fluvial sediments of the Indo-Gangetic Plain (Terai) and    sedimentary rocks ...
Geological Studies (contd..)Tamsariya – Abu-khairani   Rocks of the Siwalik and Lesser Himalaya as well as the    sedimen...
Tunnels
Pokhara – Kathmandu Tunnels   Total Route length         -   187Km   Length of Tunnelling       -   107Km   Length of L...
Mechi – Mahakali Tunnels   Total Route length         -   945 Km   Length of Tunnelling       -   27 Km   Length of Lon...
Tamsariya – Abukhaireni Tunnels   Total Route length         -   72Km   Length of Tunnelling       -   20Km   Length of...
EXCAVATION LINE                                                   SHOTCRETE LINING       3560                             ...
O F TUNNEL                             O F TRACK                                                       EXCAVATION LINE    ...
A                              O    OB          Parallel safety tunnel with cross        passage @ 500m in tunnel >1000m
Construction MethodologyDrill & Blast   Conventional         Suitable for non-varying Geology   NATM (New Austrian Tunne...
Machines for Tunneling Tunnel Excavators (can be used in conjunction  with NATM) Road Header Machines (can be used in  c...
Environmental & Social Impact
Environmental & Social Impact The elevation ranges from 80m to 120m in Mechi- Mahakali  alignment and 260m to 1300m Pokha...
Environmental & Social Impact (Contd..) Kathmandu- Pokhara –    hill sal forest, subtropical deciduous hill forest and  ...
Environmental & Social Impact (Contd..)   Requirement of Land      Forest Area – 2661 ha      Agriculture – 4527 ha     ...
Environmental & Social Impact (Contd..)Details of settlements falling in (1km wide influence area)   Mechi-Mahakali     ...
Environmental & Social Impact (Contd..) Main occupation of Mechi-Mahakali area is agriculture. Also, people  are involved...
Environmental & Social Impact (Contd..) The proposed railway alignment will change the  land use pattern of the project a...
Environmental & Social Impact (Contd..) Positive impacts    Creation of employment opportunity.    May check out migrat...
Design Parameters
Design Parameters Broad gauge (1676 mm) has been proposed – Railways  connected to IR at 6 locations Axle load - 25t for...
Design Parameters (Contd..) Group D routes – Hilly sections   Mahadevpur – Bhalubang – Mahuwa (Section-2),   Tamsariya ...
Preliminary Design of Civil Engg.Structures Ballasted track –   60 Kg 90 UTS rail with long welded Rails (LWR).   Prest...
   Switches/points are moved by point machines as per direction of Train   Signals will be off for the direction in whic...
Preliminary Design of Civil Engg.Structures Ballastless track will be provided in Tunnels.    Rheda-2000 type with vossl...
Bridges On straight and where height of Piers is less, simply  supported PSC girders planned. On Hilly area & deep Valle...
Intersection Arrangements-Railway Lines and Roads Road over Bridges- On highway, 18.0 m standard T-  Beam superstructure...
TRANSPORT DEMAND FORECAST
Project Influence Area*   24 Districts in Mechi – Mahakali section   6 Districts in Kathmandu – Pokhara section  Project...
Study Approach• Review of Secondary data and previous reports.• Field surveys at strategic points.• Meetings with differen...
Primary SurveysPrimary survey was conducted to:  Understand the existing traffic on the corridor  Passengers likelihood...
Check-Post Locations
Primary Survey Results       TRAFFIC COUNT – No. of Trucks350030002500200015001000 500  0
Primary Surveys PERCENT SHARE OF ORIGINATING FREIGHT    TRAFFIC FROM BORDER LOCATIONS                      Nepalgunj      ...
Primary SurveysMAJOR POTENTIAL PASSENGERS ORIGINATING POINTS PER DAY
Industrial Survey Most of industries contacted welcomed the new  mode of transport. Qualified their inclination for quan...
Passenger Opinion Survey Around 90% of the bus travellers & 75% of the car travellers were in the favour of new rail conne...
Base Year Traffic : 2009-10 Freight (Million tonne)    38.850 Passenger („000) Bus                        37574 Car/Taxi  ...
Origin - Destination Flows not Considered    Following O-D flows not considered for shift to rail:    Origin – Destinati...
Traffic Projections   Factors Determining Growth :      The past trends of population,      Sectoral Composition of Gros...
Sectoral GDP Growth (2000/01-2008/09)                         Compounded Annual           Sectors                         ...
Growth Rates for Traffic Projections• 2.25% for projecting Passengers traffic and Consumption based    commodities like Fo...
Rail ShareThe traffic diversion from road to rail has been based on Cost of movement to Users  The following factors main...
Traffic Diverted to Railways                  2019-20   2024-25   2029-30   2034-35Freight Traffic    25%       30%       ...
Commodity Wise Type of WagonsWagon Type           CommodityOpen Wagon           CoalOpen / Flat Wagon    Iron & SteelCover...
Train Composition – Freight Wagon Type   No. of     Pay Load (t)   Tare (t)   Net Train   Gross              Wagon        ...
Loaded Wagons per DayType ofWagon            2019-20   2024-25   2029-30   2034-35Container Flat    463       670       93...
Passenger Opinion Survey The rail mode was found to be economical for the passengers by bus as they had both time and cos...
Total Projected Traffic & Rail ShareTraffic                    2019-20   2024-25   2029-30   2034-35Total TrafficFreight (...
Signalling, Train Control& Telecommunication
Signalling, Train Control &,Telecommunication Signalling    Multi aspect colour light signals (MACLS)    AC LED signal ...
Signalling, Train Control &,Telecommunication (contd..) Exchanges at different administrative offices,  important station...
Signalling, Train Control &,Telecommunication (contd..) Absolute block system Single line tokenless block instruments al...
Electric Traction
Electric Traction AC Traction - 25 kV, 50Hz, Single Phase Over Head Equipment (OHE) parameters :     Contact wire heigh...
Overhead Equipment
Electric Traction Mast implantation – 2.6m from the centre of the track Portal upright implantation – 3m OHE and PSI de...
Electric Traction (contd..)   Power Supply Installation (PSI) Parameters :   Traction supply through Traction sub-statio...
Selection of Electric Locomotives Passenger and freight locos :  Passenger locos  - WAP 7, HP 6350, max. speed 160kmph – ...
Freight Locomotive, Type WAG – 9,HP – 6120, Max. Speed – 100kMPH, 3 Phase
Passenger Locomotive, Type WAP – 7,HP – 6350, Max. Speed – 160 kMPH, 3 Phase
Power Requirement Power requirement – 2019-20  Traffic projection for the year 2019-20   -No. of Freight trains      -45 ...
Selection of Wagons, Coaches                         andShunting (Diesel)Locomotives
Wagons Rolling Stock design considerations include Axle Load,    Length of rake, Payload to Tare Ratio and Maximum    Spe...
Container Wagon
Open Wagon 10.1 metre long Cubic capacity – 57 cubic metre Wheel diameter – 1000 mm Pay load – 65 tonnes Height – 345...
Covered Wagon 14.5 metre long Cubic capacity – 104 cubic metre Wheel diameter – 1000 mm Pay load – 65 tonnes Height –...
Tank Wagon 12.5 metre long Cubic capacity – 71 cubic metre Wheel diameter – 1000 mm Height – 4265 mm Max speed – 100 ...
Passenger cars Proven coach with long life and excellent  maintainability features shall be provided. Comfort,  aesthetic...
General Features of Passenger Vehicles        AC Coach         Non AC Coach         Interior         Stainless steel      ...
Shunting locomotives It is proposed to have Diesel engine type shunting  locomotives and also for emergency services in c...
Shunting locomotives
Accident Relief Train To keep the railway system moving, it is necessary to  plan for handling accidents and emergencies...
140 t Crane
Train Operations Plan
The Network Physical features of Net work :    Broad Gauge, Single Line,    Electric Traction,    Electronic Interlock...
Operating System The Absolute Block System- Main features:   Section divided into convenient segments   Each segment kn...
SpeedSection                       Passenger            Freight Operation                              Operation          ...
Originating Freight Traffic Per Day (Both ways)                In terms of Trains     2019-20    2024-25    2029-30   2034...
Wagon Turn Round        Minimum WTR         0.94 days        Maximum WTR         2.44 days      WTR less than 1 day   2 - ...
Wagons required to be loadeddaily – Type-wiseType ofWagon            2019-20   2024-25   2029-30   2034-35Container Flat  ...
Requirement of Different Type ofWagonsDescription      2019-20   2024-25   2029-30   2034-35Container Flat    627       90...
Requirement of Locomotives Requirement of Electric locomotives in 2019-20: 81 Requirement of Diesel Shunting Locomotives...
Passenger Services The following services have been planned to cover the entire network.  i.   Long Distance over night s...
Type and Capacity of Coaches S. No.              Type of Coach               Capacity                                     ...
Number of Coaches Required Coaches required              2019   2024   2029   2034 Upper first class              26     2...
Line Capacity Issues Line capacity calculations are based upon the universally adopted Scott‟s Formula for planning purpo...
Transit Time of Passenger Trains                                                   Transit time in Hrs. Sl. No.           ...
Line Capacity Issues•    Calculations for both scenarios    i.    without maintenance block and    ii.   with maintenance ...
Maintenance and Operation             Organisation
Maintenance and OperationOrganisation Three tier organisation    One central organisation for overall control of Railway...
Departments Infrastructure (Civil Engineering, S & T    Engineering)   Operations (Operations, Commercial, Rolling Stock...
Workshops All Major workshops located at Simara   Electric loco shed   Freight wagon workshop   Passenger car workshop...
Divisional Structure Division HQ - Mugling, Kohalpur and Bardibas. Each  division headed by Divisional Railway Manager.  ...
Track Maintenance Structure Three tier system    Top tier (on track heavy machines)-at HQ,    Middle tier (Duomatic tam...
Track Parameters Track Gauge Track Alignment Longitudinal unevenness Cross levels TwistTolerances very small and very...
S&T and OHE Maintenance Signalling, Telecommunication & Train control  systems maintained periodically as per OEM  techni...
Electric Locomotive Maintenance Locomotives maintenance    Quarterly, half yearly, nine monthly, one and half     yearly...
Freight Car (Wagon) Repair &Maintenance Freight car (Wagon) repair & maintenance carried out at 3 stages.   Train yard a...
Freight Car (Wagon) Repair &Maintenance Wayside monitors for freight cars - to analyze  component conditions as the train...
Passenger Car (Coaches) Repair &Maintenance Passenger Car (Coaches) maintenance - 3 stages:    Train yard attention incl...
Diesel Locomotive (Shunting)Maintenance Diesel locomotive maintenance (Shunting locomotives) schedules   Trip inspection...
Abstract Cost Estimates
Abstract Cost Estimates Capital Cost Estimate (Fixed Infrastructure) Capital Cost Estimate (Rolling Stocks) Operation a...
Capital Cost of Fixed Infrastructure (Section wise)                                                                     CO...
Section Wise Cost Break-up                                    Gaddachowki - Mahadevpur                                    ...
Capital Cost of Fixed Infrastructure for Various Systems                                                                  ...
System Wise Cost Break-up           9%                       Earthwork                  12%                               ...
Cost of Rolling Stocks Cost of Rolling Stock has been calculated for 4 components         Cost of Wagons         Cost o...
Capital Cost of Rolling Stock                                    Cost of Rolling Stock for different                      ...
Operation and Maintenance Cost                                                    HORIZON YEAR (NPR Crore)S. No.          ...
Institutional Frame Work for  Construction and Schedule
Main Activities Involved Preparation of Detailed Project Report Tendering & Award for Civil Engineering Works Land Acqu...
Main Activities Involved (contd..) Execution of Signalling, Telecommunication and    Train Control Works   Finalisation ...
Construction Schedule Project divided into three parts for construction planning.   Pokhara-Kathmandu & Tamsariya-Abukha...
Construction Schedule(Pokhara - Kathmandu & Tamsariya – Abukhairani)
Construction Schedule(Gaddachowki-Simara)
Construction Schedule(Simara-Kakkarbita)
Preparation of DPR Project execution in phases as:    The requirement of funds is huge    There is no trained manpower ...
Components of DPR   Marking the centre line of alignment on the ground.   Detailed Geological mapping of the tunnel port...
Components of DPR Preliminary design of tunnels, bridges, track, signalling    and electrification system etc.   Environ...
Institutional Arrangement for Preparationof DPR Team composition    Chief Executive Officer [A senior Civil Engineer of ...
General Consultants for Execution                      Team composition Project Director    Chief Project Managers     ...
Financial andEconomical Appraisal
Broad Assumptions•   Base Year                     : 2009-10•   Construction Period           : 9 years•   Start of Rail O...
Traffic Projections - GoodsItem       Unit       2019-20   2034-35Tons       Million      14.22     40.39Ton-Km     Billio...
Traffic Projections – Diverted Passengers (Million)           From    From     From  Year                               To...
Financial AppraisalInfrastructure Development Cost S   Item of Cost         Cost (Million NR)   Contribution (%) #   Civil...
Financial Appraisal (Contd.)Rolling Stock Cost (NPR Million)  Year       Wagons    Coaches     Electric   Diesel   Total C...
Financial Appraisal (Contd.)Residual Value (NPR Million)  Item               Rate of      Residual Value                  ...
Financial – Rail Freight Charges(NR/TKM)                                     Terrain      Commodity     Classification    ...
Financial – Rail Fare ChargesS. #               Class of Travel               Fare (NR /P-KM)   1   Ordinary (Seating + Sl...
Financial Appraisal : Total Earnings (NPR Million)   Year      Freight   Passenger   Others    Total  2019-20   14,472.6  ...
Financial Appraisal (NPR Million) Year         Expenditure    Earnings     Net BenefitCapital       763,718.2         -   ...
Economic Appraisal Carried out “With” and “Without” the Project  Approach With the Project - Covers Year to Year Entire ...
Economic Appraisal (Contd.) With The Project : (On Rail Services)  Direct Costs: Construction, Rolling Stock,  Operation ...
Economic Appraisal (NR Million)   Year      With Project   Without Project   Net Benefit  Capital    648,865.3        46,0...
Sensitivity Analysis - FinancialS#          Sensitivity Criteria   FIRR 1 Base Case                        NA   With 10% F...
Sensitivity Analysis - EconomicS#         Sensitivity Criteria           EIRR1 Base Case                               4.4...
Conclusions•Project feasible on ERR basis•Further, additional advantages  •   Induced Traffic  •   Trans Asian Railways (T...
Recommendations•   Project Should Not be Assessed in Isolation.•   Project is of International Importance, Financial    Su...
Thanks
Previous StudiesDevelopment of East-West Electric Railway in Nepal:Pre-feasibility Study concluded by Promotion of Renewab...
Previous StudiesKathmandu-Birgunj Electrified Railway Project:Report concluded by M/s Benchmark, Nepal in February 2007•Le...
Comparison Bharatpur-Mugling andSimara-Kathmandu                      Bharatpur-        Item                       Simara-...
Nepal east west rail project-feasibility study draft report presentation
Nepal east west rail project-feasibility study draft report presentation
Nepal east west rail project-feasibility study draft report presentation
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Nepal east west rail project-feasibility study draft report presentation

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  • everyone should support for dis project, without infrastructure country can't developed. One should sacrifice if necessary.
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  • Hello Sir Namaskar,
    Can u please provide us detailed map for railway line in rupandehi, chitwan, nawalparasi areas, specially butwal?
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  • It is great work for Nepal but loss of property of citizens are not good work so Nepal Govt should pay compensation according to current rate
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  • Nepal ko PM banna nasakne desh ma k ko train chahiyeko cha ? yo sab desh tukrawne khel ma lageka mancheharu ko kukritya ho. bhayka bikash ka sanrachana haru bhatkayera bideshi le diyeko dollar pachauna ka lagi tauke bhanine dalal ko afwah ra durashaya ho . kathmandu ko tram lai continue dina nasakne sarkar le train ko kura garera anahak ma basti ra kheti yogya jamin bigarera pachi lai yehi train ghando hune kam garna huncha ta ?
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  • Sir Alternatively waterway east to west cannel to control the floods and irrigate whole tarai
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Transcript of "Nepal east west rail project-feasibility study draft report presentation"

  1. 1. Feasibility Study of Mechi - Mahakali &Pokhara - Kathmandu Electrical Railway FINAL PRESENTATION RITES Ltd (India) & SILT Consultants (Nepal)
  2. 2. Objectives of Study
  3. 3. Objectives of Study Assisting GoN through MPPW for the Construction of Railway line in a cost effective, efficient and sustainable manner by means of Selection of alignment and preliminary engineering designs for the Railway System Traffic survey and determining the existing and future transportation demand Formulation of train operation plan, requirements of rolling stock, electrification, signaling and telecom system
  4. 4. Objectives of Study (contd..) Cost estimates for track, bridges, power supply arrangement, overhead electrical lines, rolling stock, signaling and telecommunication, stations etc. Specifications of the Project Assessment of technical and economic feasibility Assessment of environmental and socio-economic impacts and recommendation of impact management plans Project implementation and operation modalities
  5. 5. Structure of Presentation Alignment  Geological Studies  Tunnels  Environmental & Social Impact  Design Parameters Transport Demand Forecast Signaling, Train Control and Telecommunication Electric Traction Selection of Wagons, Coaches, and Shunting (Diesel) Locomotives
  6. 6. Structure of Presentation Train Operations Plan Maintenance and Operation Organisation Abstract Cost Estimates Institutional Frame Work for Construction and Schedule Financial and Economic Appraisal Conclusions and Recommendations
  7. 7. Alignment
  8. 8. Index Plan of Proposed Nepal Railway Sections: 1 - Gaddachowki-Mahadevpur 1 - Gaddachowki-Mahadevpur 2 - Mahadevpur Bhalubang-Mahuwa 2 - Mahadevpur Bhalubang-Mahuwa 3 - Mahuwa-Butwal-Tamsariya 3 - Mahuwa-Butwal-Tamsariya 4- Tamsariya-Madi-Simara- 4- Tamsariya-Madi-Simara-Chandranigahapur Chandranigahapur 5 - Chandranigahapur-Lahan 5 - Chandranigahapur-Lahan 6 – Lahan-Mechi 6 – Tamsariya-Abu Khairaini (Link) 7 – Lahan-Mechi 7 – Tamsariya-Abu Khairaini (Link) 8 – Pokhara-Kathmandu 8 – Pokhara-Kathmandu 1 I 2 8 3 7 IIBConnections to India: IIA 4I – Kohalpur-NepalganjII A- Butwal-Bhairahawa III 5II B – Bhairahawa-Lumbini IVIII- Simara-Birganj 6 VIV- Bardibas I VV – Itahari-BiratnagarVI – Kakarbita
  9. 9. Length of Railway AlignmentLength of Mechi-Mahakali Route (km) 945.244Length of Kathmandu-Pokhara Route (km) 187.083Length of Link (Tamsariya-Abukhaireni) (km) 71.729Length of Connections to India at six 113.419locations(km)Grand Total (Km) 1317.475
  10. 10. Summary of Important FeaturesTerminal Stations (Kathmandu, Pokhara, Gaddachowki, 4Lumbini, )Junction Stations (Kohalpur, Manikapur, Butwal, Tamsariya, 9Simara, Madhawaliya, Bardibas, Itahari, AbuKhairani)Intermediate Stations 123No. of Tunnels 56Length of Tunnels (km) 154.4Major Bridges 401Minor Bridges 1469Road Under Bridge (RUB) 327Road Over Bridge (ROB) 19Level Crossings 340 Note:Nepalganj, Bhairawah, Birganj, Janakpur, Biratnagar, Kakarbitta are already plannedstations on the planned connections with India, hence not included in this list.
  11. 11. Alignments of Section-1 To KakarbitaTanakpur not connected being flood prone area & space for Terminal Station not availableRecommended alignment between Guleriya Krishanpur and Tikapur shorter by 2.3km and runs close to East-West HighwayRecommended alignment between Sukhkhad and Baidi shorter by 11.5km.Chisapani on Alternate Alignment not connected due to difficult topogrpahy, longer length, longer bridging length over Karnali RiverRecommended alignment between Machad and Mahadevpuri shorter by 1.8km & runs close to East-West Highway.
  12. 12. Salient Features of Section -1Description RemarksTotal Length (km) 202.665Major towns en-route Gaddachowki, Mahendernagar,Attariya, Tikapur, KohalpurMajor water bodies crossed Chaudar, Doda, Shivganga, Karnali, Geruwa, BabaiNo. of Major bridges 70Longest bridge (m)/Name 1067 / Geruwa NadiNo. of terminal stations/Junction 1/1/25Stations/Intermediate Stations
  13. 13. Mahendranagar Station
  14. 14. Y-Arrangements at Kohalpur
  15. 15. Alignments of Section-2 To KakarbitaDue to the topographic constraints like hilly terrain , presence of Rapti River andEast-West Highway only one alignment shown above is feasible in this section.
  16. 16. Salient Features of Section -2Description RemarksTotal Length (km) 139.163Major towns en-route Mahadevpuri, Lamahi, Bahlubang, ShivapurMajor water bodies crossed Muguwa, Gabar, Arjun, RaptiNo. of Major bridges 55Longest bridge (m)/Name 671 / Rapti RiverNo. of tunnels/Length of tunnels (km) 3 / 17.742No. of terminal stations/Junction 0 / 0 / 18Stations/Intermediate Stations
  17. 17. Alignments of Section-3 To Gaddachowki To KakarbitaRecommended alignment between Shiwapur and Tilakpur shorter by 1.5km & 1.3km from alternate alignment -6 & alternate alignment -7 respectively.Recommended alignment runs closer to East-West Highway
  18. 18. Salient Features of Section -3Description RemarksTotal Length (km) 123.5Major towns en-route Gorusinge, Butwal, Dumkibas, KusundeMajor water bodies crossed Banganga, Tinou, Binai, ArunNo. of Major bridges 37Longest bridge (m)/Name 427/Arun KholaNo. of tunnels/Length of tunnels 2 / 6.22(km)No. of terminal stations/Junction 0 / 1 / 14Stations/Intermediate Stations
  19. 19. Butwal Junction
  20. 20. Alignments of Section-4Recommended alignment between Tamrariya and Simara shorter by 5.4km even after considering 42 km long Tamsariya -Bharatpur line of section -7.Tunneling requirements on recommended alignment would be 2.75 km against 35km on alternate alignment.Recommended alignment travels on south of Royal Chitwan Park while alternate alignment runs along East-West Highway.
  21. 21. Salient Features of Section -4Description RemarksTotal Length (km) 176.937Major towns en-route Tamsariya, Simara, Kanchanpur, ChandranighapurMajor water bodies crossed Gadar, Narayani, Rewa, Amuwa, JoroyoNo. of Major bridges 64Longest bridge (m)/Name 488 / NarayaniNo. of tunnels/Length of tunnels (km) 5 / 2.747No. of terminal stations/JunctionStations/Intermediate Stations 0 / 2 / 16
  22. 22. Tamsariya Junction
  23. 23. Simara Station and Y-Junction
  24. 24. Proposed Nijgadh Airport Location
  25. 25. Alignments of Section-5 To KakarbitaRecommended Alignment shorter by 10km.Recommended Alignment runs closer to East-West Highway.Both the alignments pass through similar topography and cross the same Waterbodies
  26. 26. Salient Features of Section -5Description RemarksTotal Length (km) 119.129Major towns en-route Chandranigahapur, Bardibas, LahanMajor water bodies crossed Bagmati, Rato, KamlaNo. of Major bridges 43Longest bridge (m)/Name 793 / BagmatiNo. of terminal stations/Junction 0 / 1 /10Stations/Intermediate Stations
  27. 27. Bardibas Junction Bardibas
  28. 28. Alignments of Section-6Recommended Alignment shorter by 10km.Recommended Alignment passes through plain area while Alternative Alignment- 10 passes through undulating/hilly terrain necessitating higher embankments, deeper cuttings and a tunnel of about 1.25km.In addition to bridge over Saptkoshi river, lot of other bridges would be required over tributaries of Saptkosi in alternative alignment.Speed potential in parts of Alternative Alignment-10 via Chatara 75 km/h, against 160 km/h via barrage.
  29. 29. Salient Features of Section -6Description RemarksTotal Length (km) 183.850Major towns en-route Rajbiraj, Itahari, Biratmod, KakarbitaMajor water bodies crossed Saptkosi, Kankaimai, RatuwaNo. of Major bridges 65Longest bridge (m)/Name 1171 / SaptkosiNo. of terminal stations/JunctionStations/Intermediate Stations 0 / 1 / 16
  30. 30. Saptkosi RiverTo Lahan Length of Bridge = 1171m
  31. 31. Itahari Junction Itahari To Kakarbita
  32. 32. Kakarbitta Station Kakarbitta
  33. 33. Alignments of Section-7Connection betweenMechi-Mahakali Railwayline and Pokhara- MuglingKathmandu Railway line To Kathmandu Suitable locations forconnecting at these lineswere Tamsariya and Abu-khairani .Important to connect totwin towns namelyBharatpur andNarayangadh .Only one alignment isfound feasible
  34. 34. Salient Features of Section -7Description RemarksTotal Length (km) 71.729Major towns en-route Tamsariya, Bharatpur, Abu Khaireni,Major water bodies crossed Marahi, KaligandkiNo. of major bridges 9Longest bridge (m)/Name 1250 / KaligandkiNo. of tunnels/Length of tunnels 2 / 20.416No. of terminal stations/Junction 0/0/6Stations/Intermediate Stations
  35. 35. Bharatpur Station Bharatpur
  36. 36. Abu-khaireni Junction
  37. 37. Alignments of Section-8Recommended alignment shorter by 2.7km than Alternate Alignment -1.Recommended alignment shorter by 8.5km than Alternate Alignment -2.Recommended alignment shorter by 10.5km than Alternate Alignment -3.Alternate Alignment-1, 2 & 3 passes through remote area and more difficult topography.Alternate Alignment 2 passes through submergence area of proposed Upper Seti Dam.
  38. 38. Salient Features of Section -8Description RemarksTotal Length (km) 187.083Major towns en-route Pokhara, Damauli, Abukhaireni, KathmanduMajor water bodies crossed Madi, Marsyandi, Budhigandki, TrishuliNo. of major bridges 42Longest bridge (m)/Name 1295 / Madi NadiNo. of tunnels/Length of tunnels 44 / 107.277 (57.34%)No. of terminal stations/JunctionStations/Intermediate Stations 2 / 1 / 12
  39. 39. Pokhara StationPokhara Proposed International Airport
  40. 40. Madi River Crossing Length of Bridge = 1295m Height of bridge 77m (Lowest point)
  41. 41. Trishuliganga River Length of Bridge = 1143m Height of bridge 172m (Lowest point)To Pokhara
  42. 42. Kathmandu Station Proposed Kathmandu Station 7km Airport
  43. 43. Kathmandu Station
  44. 44. Geological Studies
  45. 45. Geological StudiesMechi-Mahakali –  Loose fluvial sediments of the Indo-Gangetic Plain (Terai) and sedimentary rocks of the Siwalik Group (mudstone, sandstone, pebbly sandstone and conglomerate)  Through the Himalayan Frontal Thrust (HFT).  Strike of bedding plane extends nearly northeast to southwest direction and dips toward north direction.  Soil erosion in the Indo-Gangetic Plain may affect the alignment during the flood disaster because of presence of loose sediments.  Tunnel alignment through the rocks of the  Lower Middle and Upper Siwaliks  10 to 30% very poor rock  10- 40% poor rock  20-30% fair rock.
  46. 46. Geological Studies (contd..)Tamsariya – Abu-khairani  Rocks of the Siwalik and Lesser Himalaya as well as the sediments of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.  Rocks of Lower Siwalik and comprise of thick mudstone and sandstone. At Bharatpur, the Dun valley sediment found  Dip direction of the foliation plane and direction of the tunnel alignment are nearly perpendicular.Kathmandu-Pokhara  Low- to high-grade metamorphic and sedimentary rocks of the Lesser Himalaya, Central and Western Nepal Himalaya.  Dip direction of the foliation plane and direction of the tunnel alignment are nearly perpendicularConnection to Indian Border  Through Indo-Gangetic Plain  Loose as well as thick silty sand
  47. 47. Tunnels
  48. 48. Pokhara – Kathmandu Tunnels Total Route length - 187Km Length of Tunnelling - 107Km Length of Longest tunnel - 14.525km Maxm Overburden - 1050m
  49. 49. Mechi – Mahakali Tunnels Total Route length - 945 Km Length of Tunnelling - 27 Km Length of Longest tunnel - 14.2 km Maxm Overburden - 573 m
  50. 50. Tamsariya – Abukhaireni Tunnels Total Route length - 72Km Length of Tunnelling - 20Km Length of Longest tunnel - 11.7Km Maxm Overburden - 1587m
  51. 51. EXCAVATION LINE SHOTCRETE LINING 3560 INNER LINING MAINTENANCE RESERVATION6695 R3560 O 2585 1188 3660 1188 1676 Proposed Tunnel Cross 5911 MAIN DRAIN section tunnel ≤ 1000m
  52. 52. O F TUNNEL O F TRACK EXCAVATION LINE SHOTCRETE LINING 3800 00 INNER LINING Ø 14 MAINTENANCE RESERVATION 3006385 R3800 O 700 3474 R6 2585 1856 3450 1256 1676 Proposed Tunnel Cross section tunnel > 1000m
  53. 53. A O OB Parallel safety tunnel with cross passage @ 500m in tunnel >1000m
  54. 54. Construction MethodologyDrill & Blast  Conventional Suitable for non-varying Geology  NATM (New Austrian Tunnelling Method) Excellent adaptability to varying geology  Can be used in drill and ballast, excavator and road header excavation  No special equipment required except 3-D and geotechnical monitoring
  55. 55. Machines for Tunneling Tunnel Excavators (can be used in conjunction with NATM) Road Header Machines (can be used in conjunction with NATM) Tunnel Boring Machines (TBM ) • not likely in PKR-KTM section due to high probability of various geotechnical problems e.g. squeezing, water inrush, rock burst etc. • Transport and Installation Logistics is a big challenge in hilly terrain.
  56. 56. Environmental & Social Impact
  57. 57. Environmental & Social Impact The elevation ranges from 80m to 120m in Mechi- Mahakali alignment and 260m to 1300m Pokhara -Kathmandu alignment respectively Mechi Mahakali alignment - tea garden, mango garden. Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve, Chitawan National Park, Parsa Wildlife Reserve, Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve These ecologically sensitive areas are rich in floral and faunal diversity. Tamsaria-Abukhaireni Alignment consists of sal forest, nearby Abukhaireni a patch of Scima-Castenopsis forest also exists.
  58. 58. Environmental & Social Impact (Contd..) Kathmandu- Pokhara –  hill sal forest, subtropical deciduous hill forest and subtropical conifer forest. Forest is the prime source of fuel-wood, fodder, timber, medicinal herbs and even agriculture manure Passes through many community forests Protected species - Sal, Khayar, Chanp, and Okhar
  59. 59. Environmental & Social Impact (Contd..) Requirement of Land  Forest Area – 2661 ha  Agriculture – 4527 ha  River – 222 ha  Barren – 56 ha  Settlement – 239 ha  Tunnel – 312 ha  Others – 9 ha Total – 8027 ha
  60. 60. Environmental & Social Impact (Contd..)Details of settlements falling in (1km wide influence area)  Mechi-Mahakali  Population-3,40,113  Households-58,327.  Tamsaria-Abukhaireni  Population-24,380  Households-4160  Pokhara- Kathmandu  Population-58,036  Households-10,104  Connections to Indian border town  Population-8,508  Households-1,418
  61. 61. Environmental & Social Impact (Contd..) Main occupation of Mechi-Mahakali area is agriculture. Also, people are involved in cash crop production, commercial livestock, poultry farming, horticulture, business, cottage industry etc. Similar occupation profile in Pokhara- Kathmandu alignment also. Majority of the people in the Mechi-Mahakali corridor are local inhabitants. Only a few households constitute the immigrants from the distant area or neighbouring districts. In Pokhara- Kathmandu area only a few households constitute the immigrants from the distant area or neighbouring area.
  62. 62. Environmental & Social Impact (Contd..) The proposed railway alignment will change the land use pattern of the project area. Both adverse and beneficial impacts are expected  Mechi-Mahakali alignment - 2247 ha. of forest  Tamsaria-Abukhaireni - 187 ha. of forest  Pokhara -Kathmandu -151 ha of forest  In Connections to Indian border towns-75.15 ha. of forest
  63. 63. Environmental & Social Impact (Contd..) Positive impacts  Creation of employment opportunity.  May check out migration of the area.  Better connectivity  will improve industry competitiveness  reduce cost of production and  reduce pollution Approximate cost of land and mitigation - NPR 2682Crore
  64. 64. Design Parameters
  65. 65. Design Parameters Broad gauge (1676 mm) has been proposed – Railways connected to IR at 6 locations Axle load - 25t for bridges and 22.9t for track Ruling gradient:  1 in 150, generally & exceptionally upto 1 in 80 in Mechi- Mahakali  1 in 110 in Tamsariya-Abu-khairani  1 in 80, generally & exceptionally upto 1 in 65 Pokhara- Kathmandu Yard gradient – 1 in 1200, and 1 in 260 in hilly sections
  66. 66. Design Parameters (Contd..) Group D routes – Hilly sections  Mahadevpur – Bhalubang – Mahuwa (Section-2),  Tamsariya – Simara (Section-4),  Tamsariya – Bharatpur – Muglin (Section-7)  Pokhara – Kathmandu (Section-8)  Max speed 100 km/h, booked speed 90 km/h Balance all routes are Group A  Max speed 160 km/h, booked speed 145 km/h
  67. 67. Preliminary Design of Civil Engg.Structures Ballasted track –  60 Kg 90 UTS rail with long welded Rails (LWR).  Prestressed concrete sleepers (PSC monoblock)  Elastic type of fastenings Ballast  hard stone (65mm size) 350 mm (main line) and 250 mm (loop line) Points and crossing  60 kg rail, 1 in 12 thick web curved switches and CMS crossings on fan shaped layout PSC sleepers. For loop lines and non- running lines, 1 in 8 ½ turnouts
  68. 68.  Switches/points are moved by point machines as per direction of Train Signals will be off for the direction in which switches/points have been set
  69. 69. Preliminary Design of Civil Engg.Structures Ballastless track will be provided in Tunnels.  Rheda-2000 type with vossloh fastenings Formation width 6.85 m Blanket - average thickness of 600 mm
  70. 70. Bridges On straight and where height of Piers is less, simply supported PSC girders planned. On Hilly area & deep Valleys, Steel and composite super structure planned. Bridge design to IRS MBG loading Standards, maximum axle load taken as 25t
  71. 71. Intersection Arrangements-Railway Lines and Roads Road over Bridges- On highway, 18.0 m standard T- Beam superstructure Road Under Bridges  On un-metalled road, RCC box of 1x5x5 m  On metalled roads, 1x6.25x5.5 or 2x6.25x5.5 m RCC box as per requirement Manned level crossings
  72. 72. TRANSPORT DEMAND FORECAST
  73. 73. Project Influence Area*  24 Districts in Mechi – Mahakali section  6 Districts in Kathmandu – Pokhara section Project influence area covers 40% districts and 66% population of Nepal. * Project Influence area is taken 50km on either side of the proposed alignment.
  74. 74. Study Approach• Review of Secondary data and previous reports.• Field surveys at strategic points.• Meetings with different Government, Non-Government and Private Agencies.• Opinion surveys among different segments of the potential rail users, both in respect of freight and passenger.• Assessing and quantifying divertability of freight and passenger traffic from other modes of transport to rail.
  75. 75. Primary SurveysPrimary survey was conducted to: Understand the existing traffic on the corridor Passengers likelihood to use the new mode viz. Rail To assess the journey time/costs To use the proper statistical hypothesis to estimate the likely demand for the new mode.Primary surveys were conducted at 15 locations.
  76. 76. Check-Post Locations
  77. 77. Primary Survey Results TRAFFIC COUNT – No. of Trucks350030002500200015001000 500 0
  78. 78. Primary Surveys PERCENT SHARE OF ORIGINATING FREIGHT TRAFFIC FROM BORDER LOCATIONS Nepalgunj Kakarbita 2% 5% Bhairahawa 35% Birgunj 47% Biratnagar 11%
  79. 79. Primary SurveysMAJOR POTENTIAL PASSENGERS ORIGINATING POINTS PER DAY
  80. 80. Industrial Survey Most of industries contacted welcomed the new mode of transport. Qualified their inclination for quantum shift with:  Assured transit time;  Freight handling facilities; and  Integration with other modes of transport for smooth transfer of freight.
  81. 81. Passenger Opinion Survey Around 90% of the bus travellers & 75% of the car travellers were in the favour of new rail connectivity in view of: • Better & safe mode • Avoid traffic congestion and • Result in development of country. Cost of travel, comfort level and time savings are the reasons behind selecting a particular mode of transport.
  82. 82. Base Year Traffic : 2009-10 Freight (Million tonne) 38.850 Passenger („000) Bus 37574 Car/Taxi 9410 Air 1428 Total 48412
  83. 83. Origin - Destination Flows not Considered Following O-D flows not considered for shift to rail: Origin – Destination not falling in the Project Influence Zone. Commodities not amenable to rail transport such as perishables, milk & milk products, confectionery, glassware etc. Commodities moving less than 100 kms distance left for road sector . Origin – Destination not expected to run on Railways due to higher time & cost.
  84. 84. Traffic Projections Factors Determining Growth :  The past trends of population,  Sectoral Composition of Gross Domestic Product,  Openness Ratio  Vehicle Growth,  Fuel Consumption
  85. 85. Sectoral GDP Growth (2000/01-2008/09) Compounded Annual Sectors Growth Rate (CAGR)Agriculture 3.0%Non-Agriculture 3.9%Industry 2.5%Construction 3.7%Services 4.3%Transport, Storage and 6.2%CommunicationsGDP at producers price 3.6%
  86. 86. Growth Rates for Traffic Projections• 2.25% for projecting Passengers traffic and Consumption based commodities like Foodgrains, Sugar, Salt etc. till 2019-20 as per the decadal growth and, thereafter, 2 % as per the forecasts made by CBS.• 3% for Manufacturing goods based on Industrial Growth rate of 2.5%• 8% for Automobiles based on the elasticity of automobiles to GDP till 2019-20, thereafter, 7% till 2024-25 and6% till 2034-35• 4% for Construction related Commodities like Cement , iron & steel etc. synonymous with growth of Construction sector of GDP at 3.7%• 10% based on the past trend of POL imports of NOC till 2019-20, thereafter, 8% till 2024-25 and 7% till 2034-35
  87. 87. Rail ShareThe traffic diversion from road to rail has been based on Cost of movement to Users The following factors mainly influence the choice of mode in transport » Freight / fare Charges » Transit Time » Reliability » Inventory / value of time Opinion surveys conducted from the users (passengers and industries).
  88. 88. Traffic Diverted to Railways 2019-20 2024-25 2029-30 2034-35Freight Traffic 25% 30% 35% 40%PassengerCar 25% 30% 35% 40%Bus 40% 45% 50% 55%AIR (Others) 10% 15% 20% 20%AIR 15% 20% 25% 25%(Kathmandu-Pokhara)
  89. 89. Commodity Wise Type of WagonsWagon Type CommodityOpen Wagon CoalOpen / Flat Wagon Iron & SteelCovered Wagon Cement, Fertilizer, Food grains, Salt, SugarTank Wagon Petroleum and Petroleum ProductsLPG Tank Wagon GasContainer Wagons – Automobile, Beverages & Alcohol, Edible Oils, Electrical Products, Electronic Goods, FMCG, G.I.Flat Pipes, Jute, Leather & Products, Machinery Items, Medicines, Metals, Miscellaneous, Noodles, Paper & Paper Products, Plastic and Plastic Products, Provision & Household Goods, Pulses, Rubber & Goods, Spices & Dry fruits, Stationary, Stone & Marbles, Tea & Coffee, Textiles, Yarn & Products, Tobacco & Product, Wood & Wood Products, Woolen & Wool Products
  90. 90. Train Composition – Freight Wagon Type No. of Pay Load (t) Tare (t) Net Train Gross Wagon Weight Load (t) Train s /train LoadOpen 58 65 22.47 3770 5073Open/Flat 40 65 23.28 2600 3532Covered 40 65 24.55 2600 3582Container – 45 2x 20ft/ 19.1 2700 3600Flat 1x40ft ISO ContainerTank– POL 48 55 27 2640 3936ProductsLPG 33 22.3 41.6 802 2237
  91. 91. Loaded Wagons per DayType ofWagon 2019-20 2024-25 2029-30 2034-35Container Flat 463 670 939 1302Covered 244 349 479 639LPG 83 139 220 335Open 58 79 110 152Open / Flat 56 79 107 141Tank –POL 64 114 185 297Grand Total 968 1430 2039 2866
  92. 92. Passenger Opinion Survey The rail mode was found to be economical for the passengers by bus as they had both time and cost savings. Though not much of savings in journey time was observed to personalised vehicle passengers, but there was substantial cost savings by switching over to new mode.
  93. 93. Total Projected Traffic & Rail ShareTraffic 2019-20 2024-25 2029-30 2034-35Total TrafficFreight (million Tonnes) 56.87 68.76 83.02 100.99Passenger (million Nos) 60.48 66.77 73.72 81.39Rail TrafficFreight (million Tonnes) 14.22 20.63 29.06 40.39Passenger (million Nos) 21.91 27.53 34.09 41.58
  94. 94. Signalling, Train Control& Telecommunication
  95. 95. Signalling, Train Control &,Telecommunication Signalling  Multi aspect colour light signals (MACLS)  AC LED signal lighting units for Multi Aspect Colour  Electronic interlocking system Control Communication, Trunk Circuits, Emergency communication and administrative & commercial communication  Optical Fibre communication system
  96. 96. Signalling, Train Control &,Telecommunication (contd..) Exchanges at different administrative offices, important stations and maintenance depot GSM-R system for Emergency Communication  Point to point voice calls, Broad cast voice calls, Group Voice calls, Multi party voice calls, Emergency voice calls, Data Communication Train control office at each Divisional HQ office  Train control, Dy. Control, Traction Power Control, Traction Loco Control Engineering Control, S&T control and Remote Control
  97. 97. Signalling, Train Control &,Telecommunication (contd..) Absolute block system Single line tokenless block instruments along with Single Section Digital Axle Counters at each station. Last stop signals of each station shall be interlocked Voice data recorder in control office
  98. 98. Electric Traction
  99. 99. Electric Traction AC Traction - 25 kV, 50Hz, Single Phase Over Head Equipment (OHE) parameters :  Contact wire height at rail level – 5.6m  Approximate length of span – 63m  Cross section of contact wire (copper)-107 sq.mm  Cross section of catenary wire (cadmium copper) – 65sq.mm
  100. 100. Overhead Equipment
  101. 101. Electric Traction Mast implantation – 2.6m from the centre of the track Portal upright implantation – 3m OHE and PSI depots at an interval of 120km Tower Wagon – 8 wheeler
  102. 102. Electric Traction (contd..)  Power Supply Installation (PSI) Parameters :  Traction supply through Traction sub-station (TSS).  25 Nos TSSs at regular interval of 50-60km approx.  Length of transmission lines-250 kms  Every TSS with two Traction transformers of 13.5/21.6MVA.  SCADA - Traction Power Control Room at each Divisional HQs  59 power line crossings to be modified
  103. 103. Selection of Electric Locomotives Passenger and freight locos : Passenger locos - WAP 7, HP 6350, max. speed 160kmph – 3 phase - Single loco is adequate for hauling the load.Freight locos - WAG 9, HP 6120, max speed 100 kmph – 3 phase - For hauling 58 Box-N freight load double headed engines - For other loads, single loco. - In graded sections, sometimes banker loco may be required to push the train and overcome the incident of train parting
  104. 104. Freight Locomotive, Type WAG – 9,HP – 6120, Max. Speed – 100kMPH, 3 Phase
  105. 105. Passenger Locomotive, Type WAP – 7,HP – 6350, Max. Speed – 160 kMPH, 3 Phase
  106. 106. Power Requirement Power requirement – 2019-20  Traffic projection for the year 2019-20 -No. of Freight trains -45 -No. of Passenger trains -32 -Total traction power requirement with electrical general services at stations and Tunnel Illumination & Ventilation-180 MW (app)
  107. 107. Selection of Wagons, Coaches andShunting (Diesel)Locomotives
  108. 108. Wagons Rolling Stock design considerations include Axle Load, Length of rake, Payload to Tare Ratio and Maximum Speed The choice of rolling stock (freight cars) is largely driven by the type of commodities and volume to be carried, operational and technical requirements of the system Proposed rolling stock -5 car consist container wagon (A car/B car), Covered wagon, Open gondola wagon, Tank wagons, Bogie Tank Wagon for LPG, Bogie rail wagon flat Maximum moving dimension (3250mm/4265mm) Kinetic envelope (3850mm/4565mm)
  109. 109. Container Wagon
  110. 110. Open Wagon 10.1 metre long Cubic capacity – 57 cubic metre Wheel diameter – 1000 mm Pay load – 65 tonnes Height – 3450 mm Max speed – 100 Kmph Suitable for tippling Used for carrying coal, iron ore, minerals etc.
  111. 111. Covered Wagon 14.5 metre long Cubic capacity – 104 cubic metre Wheel diameter – 1000 mm Pay load – 65 tonnes Height – 4015 mm Max speed – 100 Kmph Used for carrying bagged commodities e.g cement
  112. 112. Tank Wagon 12.5 metre long Cubic capacity – 71 cubic metre Wheel diameter – 1000 mm Height – 4265 mm Max speed – 100 Kmph Used for carrying POL
  113. 113. Passenger cars Proven coach with long life and excellent maintainability features shall be provided. Comfort, aesthetics, safety and maintenance-friendliness shall be the guiding principles Maximum operating speed of 160 Km/h• Car body shall be of stainless steel, provided with flexi-coil springs, H type tight lock centre buffer couplers, crash worthy features and bogie mounted disc type brakes actuated by air pressure.• Types of coach proposed to be used are AC Upper Class Coach, AC 2 Tier Sleeper Coach, AC Chair Car, 3 tier Sleeper Coach, Sitting ordinary coach, Sitting cum Luggage & Brake van.
  114. 114. General Features of Passenger Vehicles AC Coach Non AC Coach Interior Stainless steel shell
  115. 115. Shunting locomotives It is proposed to have Diesel engine type shunting locomotives and also for emergency services in case of breakdown, accident etc. Two types of diesel engines are proposed –  Low HP locomotive designated as WDS6 on IR. It develops 1400 HP using 6 cylinder 251D diesel engine, DLW make. Maximum speed 60 km/h  High HP locomotive designated as WDG2 on IR. It develops 3100 HP using 16 cylinder, V-type 251B diesel engine, DLW make. Maximum speed 100 km/h
  116. 116. Shunting locomotives
  117. 117. Accident Relief Train To keep the railway system moving, it is necessary to plan for handling accidents and emergencies Relief train shall be equipped with crane, mechanical jacks and rerailing equipment, emergency track supply, emergency lighting equipment, traction emergency equipment, emergency communication equipment and medical van. 140 t capacity Gottwald crane with A frame, being manufactured by Jamalpur workshop of Indian Railways is proposed
  118. 118. 140 t Crane
  119. 119. Train Operations Plan
  120. 120. The Network Physical features of Net work :  Broad Gauge, Single Line,  Electric Traction,  Electronic Interlocking,  Multiple Aspects Colour Light Signaling,  Machine Operated Points,  Points and signals operated from the central panel,  Absolute Block System,  Tokenless Block Working
  121. 121. Operating System The Absolute Block System- Main features:  Section divided into convenient segments  Each segment known as a „Block Section‟;  „Block Station‟ shall have a number of lines and shall be demarcated by a number of signals;  Each Block Section shall have only one train in it at a time.
  122. 122. SpeedSection Passenger Freight Operation Operation Maximum Maximum Booked Booked Permissible Permissible Speed speed speed speedMahadevpur – Bhalubang 100 90 100 90– Mahuwa (Shivpur)(Section-2)Pokhra-Kathmandu 100 90 100 90(Section-8Tamsariya – Abukhaireini 100 90 100 90(Section 7)Tamsariya-Simara 100 90 100 90(Section-4)Rest all sections 160 145 100 90
  123. 123. Originating Freight Traffic Per Day (Both ways) In terms of Trains 2019-20 2024-25 2029-30 2034-35 22.49 33.29 47.53 66.80
  124. 124. Wagon Turn Round Minimum WTR 0.94 days Maximum WTR 2.44 days WTR less than 1 day 2 - O-Ds WTR 1 to 2 days 110 - O-Ds WTR more than 2 days 24 - O-Ds
  125. 125. Wagons required to be loadeddaily – Type-wiseType ofWagon 2019-20 2024-25 2029-30 2034-35Container Flat 463 670 939 1302Covered 244 349 479 639LPG 83 139 220 335Open 58 79 110 152Open / Flat 56 79 107 141
  126. 126. Requirement of Different Type ofWagonsDescription 2019-20 2024-25 2029-30 2034-35Container Flat 627 901 1250 1740Covered 314 446 609 811LPG 104 172 273 412Open 80 109 151 204Open / Flat 68 99 133 180Tank -POL 83 146 237 380Grand Total 1276 1873 2653 3727
  127. 127. Requirement of Locomotives Requirement of Electric locomotives in 2019-20: 81 Requirement of Diesel Shunting Locomotives: 27
  128. 128. Passenger Services The following services have been planned to cover the entire network. i. Long Distance over night service ii. Intercity service iii. Feeder cum medium distance service
  129. 129. Type and Capacity of Coaches S. No. Type of Coach Capacity Seating Sleeping 1 Upper Class Sleeper Coach - AC 24 24 2 2 – Tier Sleeper Coach - AC 54 54 3 Chair Car 83 - 4 3 – Tier Sleeper Coach 80 80 5 Seating Ordinary Coach 99 - 6 SLR 40 -
  130. 130. Number of Coaches Required Coaches required 2019 2024 2029 2034 Upper first class 26 27 30 33 AC Sleeper 60 69 77 85 AC chair car 55 59 69 69 Non AC Sleeper 129 159 192 226 Ordinary sitting car 101 112 139 139 Sitting cum luggage & brake 46 51 58 62 van Total 417 477 565 614
  131. 131. Line Capacity Issues Line capacity calculations are based upon the universally adopted Scott‟s Formula for planning purposes. a) Ruling Block section, b) Ruling gradients, c) slowest train on the section and d) its running time for the Ruling block section, e) 70% efficiency factor etc are the salient elements constituting the formula
  132. 132. Transit Time of Passenger Trains Transit time in Hrs. Sl. No. Section and Mts 1 Gaddhachowki-Tamsariya-Kathmandu 10.32 2 Kakarbita-Tamsariya-Kathmandu 9.53 3 Birgunj -Simara-Tamsariya-Kathmandu 5.36 4 Gaddhachowki-Tamsariya 7.05 5 Kakarbita-Tamsariya 6.18 6 Tamsariya-Pokhara 3.25 7 Kathmandu-Pokhara 3.54 8 Nepalgunj-Kohalpur-Gaddhachowki 5.59 9 Lumbini-Butwal-Kohalpur 7.21 10 Bhairahawa-Butwal-Simara-Birgunj 6.05 11 Birgunj-Simara-Bardibas-Janakpur 4.31 12 Kakarbita-Itahari-Biratnagar-Janakpur 7.52
  133. 133. Line Capacity Issues• Calculations for both scenarios i. without maintenance block and ii. with maintenance block of 4 hours per day,• These show utilisation more than 100% on Kathmandu-Pokhara and Abukharenei-Tamsariya section.• Steps to increase line capacity should be taken based on experience of first 5 years i.e. from 2019- 20 to -2024-25.
  134. 134. Maintenance and Operation Organisation
  135. 135. Maintenance and OperationOrganisation Three tier organisation  One central organisation for overall control of Railway system – at Kathmandu-headed by DG.  Divisions responsible for day to day management operation of trains in their jurisdiction  Sub-divisions, depots, sick lines -to carry out routine maintenance of infrastructure & rolling stock If Mechi-Mahakali Railway constructed in first phase, HQ of Central Organisation can be kept at Simara
  136. 136. Departments Infrastructure (Civil Engineering, S & T Engineering) Operations (Operations, Commercial, Rolling Stock including locomotives, Electrical Engineering General services, Safety) Human Resources (Man power Management, Health Services, Training) Finance ‘Commissioner for Railway Safety who shall be the watch dog of safety issues.
  137. 137. Workshops All Major workshops located at Simara  Electric loco shed  Freight wagon workshop  Passenger car workshop  Diesel loco shed  Track Machine workshop
  138. 138. Divisional Structure Division HQ - Mugling, Kohalpur and Bardibas. Each division headed by Divisional Railway Manager. Divisional heads of all the branches located at the Divisional HQ Sub division for infrastructure maintenance  Pokhara, Kathmandu & Mugling under Mugling division  Attariya, Kohalpur & Butwal under Kohalpur division  Simara, Bardibas & Itahari under Bardibas division  Base units at distance of about 60 kms
  139. 139. Track Maintenance Structure Three tier system  Top tier (on track heavy machines)-at HQ,  Middle tier (Duomatic tamping machines & mobile maintenance units)-at Sub division  Base tiers (sectional gangs supervised by sectional engineers) Monitoring of track parameters by computerised track recording car, Ultrasonic testing of rails to detect cracks Regular inspection by supervisors and engineers – footplate and trolley
  140. 140. Track Parameters Track Gauge Track Alignment Longitudinal unevenness Cross levels TwistTolerances very small and very regular watch required
  141. 141. S&T and OHE Maintenance Signalling, Telecommunication & Train control systems maintained periodically as per OEM technical parameters, maintenance practices. Maintenance leased to OEMs for specialised equipment Every alternate OHE base depot provided with self propelled vehicle named as „Tower Wagon‟
  142. 142. Electric Locomotive Maintenance Locomotives maintenance  Quarterly, half yearly, nine monthly, one and half yearly, maintenance at Electric Loco Shed, Simara.  Intermediate OverHaul  POH after Nine year (Passenger Locomotive) & Twelve years (Goods Locomotive) For trip inspections of locomotives, four trips sheds at terminal stations -Pokhara, Kathmandu, Gaddachowki and Kakarvitta and one at Simara.
  143. 143. Freight Car (Wagon) Repair &Maintenance Freight car (Wagon) repair & maintenance carried out at 3 stages.  Train yard attention and running repair,  Depot repair (Routine Overhaul)  Heavy repair (Periodic overhaul). In addition, repair has also to be carried out for out-of-course failures, accident damaged wagons etc. Facilities for train yard examination in the yards and sickline at: Kakarvitta, Birganj, Bhairawaha, Biratnagar, Pokhara, Kathmandu, Nepalgunj
  144. 144. Freight Car (Wagon) Repair &Maintenance Wayside monitors for freight cars - to analyze component conditions as the trains pass. Types of rolling stock defects proposed to be monitored are Dragging Equipment, Derailment, Flat wheel/impact, Hot bearing, Acoustic bearing, Hot wheel, Wheel profile and Hunting and skewed truck. Installation of wayside monitoring equipment at: Simra, Butwal, Mugling
  145. 145. Passenger Car (Coaches) Repair &Maintenance Passenger Car (Coaches) maintenance - 3 stages:  Train yard attention including running repair and cleaning/washing,  Depot repair (Intermediate Overhaul),  Heavy repair (Periodic overhaul) Facilities for washing, train examination in the yards and repairs including IOH maintenance at Gaddachowki, Nepalgunj, Bhairawaha, Lumbini, Tamsariya, Kathmandu, Pokhra, Birganj, Kakarvitta
  146. 146. Diesel Locomotive (Shunting)Maintenance Diesel locomotive maintenance (Shunting locomotives) schedules  Trip inspection, monthly inspection,  Quarterly inspection, half-yearly inspection, yearly inspection, three yearly inspection and six yearly schedule (POH) For carrying out fuelling, trip inspection and monthly scheduled maintenance, facilities provided at Gaddachowki, Butwal, Kakarvitta, Pokhara, Kathmandu, Chandranigahpur, Itahari, lahan and Tamsariya.
  147. 147. Abstract Cost Estimates
  148. 148. Abstract Cost Estimates Capital Cost Estimate (Fixed Infrastructure) Capital Cost Estimate (Rolling Stocks) Operation and Maintenance Cost
  149. 149. Capital Cost of Fixed Infrastructure (Section wise) COST (Crore ofS. No. Section Length (KM) NPRs.) 1 Gaddachowki - Atariya –Mahadevpur 202.665 4,303.87 2 Mahdevpur - Bhaluwang - Mahuwa 139.163 9,793.56 3 Mahuwa - Butwal - Tamsariya 123.500 4,030.85 Tamsariya - Madi - Simara- 4 176.937 4,568.86 Chandarnigahapur 5 Chandranigahapur - Lahan 119.129 2,788.68 6 Lahan - Mechi 183.850 4,098.14 7 Tamsariya - Bharatpur - Abukhaireni 71.729 5,271.11 8 Pokhara - Kathmandu 187.083 28,294.39 9 Connection to Indian Border Towns 113.419 2,264.65 TOTAL 1,317.475 65,414.12
  150. 150. Section Wise Cost Break-up Gaddachowki - Mahadevpur Mahdevpur - Mahuwa 4% 7% Mahuwa - Tamsariya 15% Tamsariya -Chandarnigahapur 43% 6% 7% Chandranigahapur - Lahan 6% 8% Lahan - Mechi 4% Tamsariya - Abukhaireni Pokhara - Kathmandu Connection Indian Border Towns
  151. 151. Capital Cost of Fixed Infrastructure for Various Systems COST per Km of COSTS. No. SYSTEM project length (Crore of NPR) (Crore of NPR ) 1 Land & Associated Activities 2,682.29 2.04 2 Earthwork 8,213.38 6.23 3 Protection Works (Retaining Walls) 210.16 0.16 4 Blanketing 1,350.62 1.03 5 Bridges 13,463.41 10.22 Permanent Way (Track items including 6 6,271.98 4.76 ballast & P. Way Machinery) 7 Station, Buildings, Sheds, Offices etc. 696.46 0.53 8 Tunnels 19,326.59 14.67 9 Electrical Engineering Works 1,605.20 1.22 Signaling, Train Control & 10 2,114.76 1.61 Telecommunication Works 11 Maintenance Facilities for rolling stock 947.00 0.72 Preliminary Expenditure like DPR, 12 5,688.18 4.32 Detailed Engineering & Supervision etc. 13 Contingencies 2,844.09 2.16 TOTAL 65,414.12 49.65
  152. 152. System Wise Cost Break-up 9% Earthwork 12% Bridges Permanent Way 29% 21% Others Tunnels 10% Preliminary 19% Expenditure
  153. 153. Cost of Rolling Stocks Cost of Rolling Stock has been calculated for 4 components Cost of Wagons Cost of Coaches Cost of Shunting (Diesel) Locomotives & accident relief crane and Cost of Electrical Locomotives
  154. 154. Capital Cost of Rolling Stock Cost of Rolling Stock for different Horizon YearsS. No. Type of Rolling Stock (Crore of NPR ) 2034- 2019-2020 2024-25 2029-30 35 1. Wagons 672 991 1408 1982 2. Coaches 1609 1836 2169 2355 3. Diesel Locos & Accident 505 505 505 505 Relief Crane 4. Electric Locos 2540 3418 4610 6115 Total 5326 6750 8692 10958
  155. 155. Operation and Maintenance Cost HORIZON YEAR (NPR Crore)S. No. Name of Activity 2019-20 2024-25 2029-30 2034-35 1 Operation & Commercial Activities 62 65 69 74 Operation & Maintenance Cost of 2 Electrical Locomotives 130 147 212 279 Maintenance Cost of Civil Engg. 3 Structures 125 154 183 213 Maintenance Cost of Signalling, 4 Train Control & Telecommunication Works 49 59 81 81 Maintenance Cost of Electrical Engg. 5 Works 29 37 45 45 6 Maintenance Cost of Wagon 35 50 84 116 7 Maintenance Cost of Coaches 59 73 92 99 Operation & Maintenance Cost of 8 Shunting (Diesel) Locomotives 38 40 41 42 Total 527 626 807 949
  156. 156. Institutional Frame Work for Construction and Schedule
  157. 157. Main Activities Involved Preparation of Detailed Project Report Tendering & Award for Civil Engineering Works Land Acquisition Construction of Civil Engg. Infrastructure i.e. formation, bridges, tunnel, tracks, buildings etc. Tendering & Award of Overhead Electrification and Other Electrical Works Execution of OHE Works Tendering & Award of Signalling, Telecommunication and Train Control Works
  158. 158. Main Activities Involved (contd..) Execution of Signalling, Telecommunication and Train Control Works Finalisation of Rolling Stock Specification & placements of Orders Supply & Testing of Rolling Stock Preparation of Manuals, Training of Staff, etc. Testing, Commissioning of the Whole System
  159. 159. Construction Schedule Project divided into three parts for construction planning.  Pokhara-Kathmandu & Tamsariya-Abukhaireni  Gaddachowki-Simara (including connection to Indian border falling in this reach)  Simara-Kakatvitta (including connection to Indian border falling in this reach)
  160. 160. Construction Schedule(Pokhara - Kathmandu & Tamsariya – Abukhairani)
  161. 161. Construction Schedule(Gaddachowki-Simara)
  162. 162. Construction Schedule(Simara-Kakkarbita)
  163. 163. Preparation of DPR Project execution in phases as:  The requirement of funds is huge  There is no trained manpower in Nepal for construction of Railway line Prioritisation of sections Work of DPR to be outsourced Dedicated team of Engineers for overseeing DPR
  164. 164. Components of DPR  Marking the centre line of alignment on the ground.  Detailed Geological mapping of the tunnel portion  Detailed hydrological investigation of the major bridges including model analysis  Geotechnical investigation at the location of major bridges, tunnels, deep cuttings and high embankments.  Detailed design criteria for various systems and structures.
  165. 165. Components of DPR Preliminary design of tunnels, bridges, track, signalling and electrification system etc. Environmental Impact Assessment Detailed operation plan. Detailed Yard Plans Recommendations regarding specification of rolling stock & other components. Detailed cost of the project. Recommendation regarding constitutional and legal provision to be made. Recommendation regarding packaging of contracts. Financing arrangements of the project.
  166. 166. Institutional Arrangement for Preparationof DPR Team composition  Chief Executive Officer [A senior Civil Engineer of Govt. of Nepal]  Finance Adviser [A Senior Finance professional]  Railway Advisor  Assisting professionals  Civil Engineers – 3 Nos.  Electrical Engineer – 1 No.  Mechanical Engineer – 1 No.  Electronics/Computer Engineer– 1 No.
  167. 167. General Consultants for Execution Team composition Project Director  Chief Project Managers  Resident Engineer (Track)  Resident Engineer (Bridges)  Resident Engineer (Tunnels)  Resident Engineer (Electrification)  Resident Engineer (Signalling & Telecommunication)  Experts for Rolling Stock  Design experts
  168. 168. Financial andEconomical Appraisal
  169. 169. Broad Assumptions• Base Year : 2009-10• Construction Period : 9 years• Start of Rail Operations : 2019-20• Traffic Projection upto : 2034-35• Project Life : 30 Years• New Rail Connections with India to be in Place by 2019-20
  170. 170. Traffic Projections - GoodsItem Unit 2019-20 2034-35Tons Million 14.22 40.39Ton-Km Billion 4.57 12.77Av. Lead Km 321.5 316.2
  171. 171. Traffic Projections – Diverted Passengers (Million) From From From Year Total Air Bus Car 2019- 0.20 18.78 2.94 21.91 20 2034- 0.51 34.74 6.33 41.58 35
  172. 172. Financial AppraisalInfrastructure Development Cost S Item of Cost Cost (Million NR) Contribution (%) # Civil 1 522148.9 79.82% Engineering 2 Electrical 16052.0 2.45% 3 S&T 21147.6 3.23% Maintenance 4 9470.0 1.45% Facilities 5 Preliminary Exp. 85322.8 13.04% 6 Grand Total 654,141.0 100.00%
  173. 173. Financial Appraisal (Contd.)Rolling Stock Cost (NPR Million) Year Wagons Coaches Electric Diesel Total Cost Locos Loco 2019-20 6719.7 16089.0 25401.6 5048 53258.3 2024-25 3187.9 2273.2 8780.8 0 14241.9 2029-30 4177.2 3326.6 11916.8 0 19420.6 2034-35 5740 1863.6 15052.8 0 22656.4 Total 19824.8 23552.4 61152.0 5048 109577.2
  174. 174. Financial Appraisal (Contd.)Residual Value (NPR Million) Item Rate of Residual Value (NPR Million) Residual Value (% Range)Infrastructure 20%-80% 263,138.50DevelopmentRolling Stock 10% - 61% 35808.61 Total 298,947.11
  175. 175. Financial – Rail Freight Charges(NR/TKM) Terrain Commodity Classification Plain+ Hilly PlainHeavy 2.61 2.78Normal 2.93 3.11Light 3.21 3.41Liquids 4.58 4.87Overall Average 3.21(2019-20)
  176. 176. Financial – Rail Fare ChargesS. # Class of Travel Fare (NR /P-KM) 1 Ordinary (Seating + Sleeper) 0.89 AC - Chair, AC 2/3-Tier 2 2.57 Sleeper 3 AC - First 9.00 4 Overall Average Fare (2019-20) 1.28
  177. 177. Financial Appraisal : Total Earnings (NPR Million) Year Freight Passenger Others Total 2019-20 14,472.6 3,361.9 356.7 18,191.2 2024-25 21,152.0 4,421.1 511.5 26,084.6 2029-30 29,986.4 5,664.7 713.0 36,364.0 2034-35 42,012.0 6,841.4 977.1 49,830.5 2049-50 42,012.0 6,841.4 977.1 49,830.5
  178. 178. Financial Appraisal (NPR Million) Year Expenditure Earnings Net BenefitCapital 763,718.2 - -763,718.22019-20 5,274.2 18,191.2 12,917.02024-25 20,499.0 26084.6 5,585.62029-30 27,486.8 36364.0 8,877.22034-35 32,145.1 49830.5 17,685.32049-50 -289,458.3 49830.5 339,288.8 FIRR NA
  179. 179. Economic Appraisal Carried out “With” and “Without” the Project Approach With the Project - Covers Year to Year Entire Capital and Operation Costs by Proposed Rail services Without the Project- Relates to Costs involved in Handling Estimated traffic by Alternative mode (Road) Gap Between the Two Costs Brings out Net Margin to the Economy Due to the Project.
  180. 180. Economic Appraisal (Contd.) With The Project : (On Rail Services) Direct Costs: Construction, Rolling Stock, Operation & Maintenance, Road VOC- Feeder services, Transshipment & Inventory Without the Project : (On Road Movement) Direct Costs: Road Augmentation, Highway, Road VOC, Transshipment & Inventory. Indirect Costs for Both : Environment & Accident
  181. 181. Economic Appraisal (NR Million) Year With Project Without Project Net Benefit Capital 648,865.3 46,095.0 -602,770.3 2019-20 11,351.1 30,130.2 18,779.2 2024-25 28,028.5 42,894.1 14,865.6 2029-30 37,901.8 59,406.9 21,505.1 2034-35 46,710.0 80,713.5 34,003.5 2049-50 -249,165.2 62,275.5 311,440.7 EIRR 4.45%
  182. 182. Sensitivity Analysis - FinancialS# Sensitivity Criteria FIRR 1 Base Case NA With 10% Financial Support in 2 NA Capital Cost With 20% Financial Support in 3 NA Capital Cost With 30% Financial Support in 4 NA Capital Cost With 40% Financial Support in 5 4.48% Capital Cost With 50% Financial Support in 6 5.38% Capital Cost
  183. 183. Sensitivity Analysis - EconomicS# Sensitivity Criteria EIRR1 Base Case 4.45% With 10% Financial Support in2 5.06% Capital Cost With 20% Financial Support in Capital3 5.77% Cost With 30% Financial Support in Capital4 6.62% Cost With 40% Financial Support in Capital5 7.65% Cost With 50% Financial Support in Capital6 8.97% Cost
  184. 184. Conclusions•Project feasible on ERR basis•Further, additional advantages • Induced Traffic • Trans Asian Railways (TAR) : Southern Corridor (Europe to Southeast Asia) • Nepal is a Member • No Rail System • Services Can Directly be Extended to Nepal With the Proposed Rail Links. • India and China for Transiting Traffic • Carbon Credit
  185. 185. Recommendations• Project Should Not be Assessed in Isolation.• Project is of International Importance, Financial Support/Contribution From Other Benefiting Economies may be Drawn• With 50% capital support - 5.38% FIRR on Balance Investment• Further Increase due to additional advantages not Quantified in the study
  186. 186. Thanks
  187. 187. Previous StudiesDevelopment of East-West Electric Railway in Nepal:Pre-feasibility Study concluded by Promotion of Renewable Energy,Energy Efficiency and Greenhouse Gas Abatement (PREGA) in May-2006.•Length : 1027 km, Single Track, Broad Gauge (1.676m)•Station inter-distance : 50 KM (19 Stations)•Land : To be located in the land available with Mahendra Rajmarg•Phases of construction : 3 Phase I - from Kakkrbita to Narayangadh (473km) Phase II – from Narayangadh to Kohalpur (351km) Phase III- from Kahalpur to Gaddachowki (203km)•Total cost of System : US $ 2.07 billion (about US $ 20 lakhs per km)•Fare: Passenger NRs 0.9 per passenger-km, Freight NRs 5 per tonkm•FIRR : 6.9% over a period of 27 (including 6 years of construction)•EIRR : 10.62% without carbon credits
  188. 188. Previous StudiesKathmandu-Birgunj Electrified Railway Project:Report concluded by M/s Benchmark, Nepal in February 2007•Length : 160 km, Single Track, Broad Gauge (1.676m)•Stations : 13•Designed Speed : 100km/h (Max degree of curvature 4-deg)•Ruling Gradient : 1 in 100•Number of Tunnels : 53 (length 46km)•Construction Period : 5 years•Total cost of System : NPR 2320 Crores without land (about NRs 14.5 croreper km)•Project IRR : 10.56% (Diesel)•Project IRR : 8.69% ( Electrical)Above data is based on review of report and technical report on theproject is not available
  189. 189. Comparison Bharatpur-Mugling andSimara-Kathmandu Bharatpur- Item Simara-Kathmandu MuglingLength of alignment 30km 130kmLevel Difference 50m 1180mbetween end pointsLength of tunnels 20km 70km Multiple thrusts zone including plenty of Faults, Crossing highGeology of the area Sensitive grade metamorphic rocks of Lesser Himalaya for greater length
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