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Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya
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Challanges of water for present and future generations of kathmandu valley nepal a paper by bhim upadhyaya

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A Paper Presented by Bhim Upadhyaya on World Water Day- Challanges of Water for Present and Future Generations of Kathmandu Valley of Nepal

A Paper Presented by Bhim Upadhyaya on World Water Day- Challanges of Water for Present and Future Generations of Kathmandu Valley of Nepal

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  • 1. Suicide of Bagmati Civilisation ?! World Water Day: Challenges of Water for Present and Future Generations in the Kathmandu Valley Er. Bhim Upadhyaya, Ministry of Local Development 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 1
  • 2. A Water Prayer The waters of sky, the waters of rivers, and water in the well, whose source is the ocean, may all these sacred waters protect me. -Rigveda 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 2
  • 3. Facts about water 1 71% of Earth surface is covered with water 2 Less than one percent is fresh water as rivers,lakes, pond and ground water. 3 Out of total fresh water, only 0.26 % is available as fresh water for people to use. So, Water is precious resource for lives, human beings and others. 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 3
  • 4. Distribution of Water SN Source Percent % 1 Oceans 97.24 2 Ice 2.14 3 Ground Water 0.61 4 Fresh water lakes 0.009 5 Inland sea 0.008 6 Soil Moisture 0.005 7 Atmosphere 0.001 8 Rivers 0.0001 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 4
  • 5. Use of Water SN Activity Percent 1 Agriculture 93.4 2 Livestock 1.08 3 Industry and power 1.25 4 Drinking 3.73 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 5
  • 6. Water: Fundamental Basis of all Civilisations • Water, basis of birth of lives or Civilisations; the mother Planet earth only has water. • Basis of Death of all Civilisations. • High Power Bagmati Committee must sincerely commit to protect and preserve Bagmati river system and its related civilisation and should show the way forward to other river system civilisations of Nepal as well. 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 6
  • 7. Revitalising Bagmati Civilisation • Reinstatement of Natural Boundaries of Rivers. • Revival & Cleaning of River System & Ponds in the valley. • Raising Ground Water Table by Recharging Gr water. • Rainwater Harvesting by storing in large underground reservoir tubes. • Liquid and Solid Waste Management & treatment by using large solar power plant generated energy. • Development of recreation, tourism, infrastructures, boating etc and parks in & along rivers. • Development of Navigation and Water transport. • Preservation & Protection of environment & civilisation of Bagmati River in Nepal to Ganga 7 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar River in India.
  • 8. Physiogragy of Nepal 80% Hill and Mountain 20% Plain 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 8
  • 9. Physiogragy of Nepal 80% Hill and Mountain 20% Plain 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 9
  • 10. Geological Map of Nepal 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 10
  • 11. Topography and Geological Formation Midlands Mahabharat Range Main Boundary Thrust Main Central Thrust Main Frontal Thrust 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 11
  • 12. River Systems of Nepal China Bagmati River System 6,000 Rivers in Nepal Bagmati Seminar 1/10/2011 12 India
  • 13. Major River System In Nepal • Mechi • Koshi • Bagmati • Narayani • Bheri • Karnali • Mahakali 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 13
  • 14. Rivers in the Valley • Bagmati • Bishnumati • Prabhawati • Manohara • Shivpuri • Dhobikhola • Tukucha 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 14
  • 15. Hydrological Cycle 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 15
  • 16. Hydrological Cycle 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 16
  • 17. WATER FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS 2005 2030 SOLUTIONS REDISTRIBUTE CREATE NEW WATER PURIFICATION SOURCES NETWORK RAINWATER BRAKISH WATER Ground Water HARVESTING RIVERS TO POTTABLE Recharge & pumping 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar USING SOLAR ENERGY 17
  • 18. Rivers in the Valley Nuwakot Sindhupalchok Dhading Kavre Makwanpur Lalitpur 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 18
  • 19. Bagmati River Source To Destination Bagdwar Chovar Gorge 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 19
  • 20. Bagdwar To Bramhapuri Kathmandu Bagdwar Valley Bagmati Nijgadh Mahendra Highway Bramhapuri 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 20 (India Border)
  • 21. 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 21
  • 22. Kathmandu Valley Map 1/10/2011 Agriculture Land UseSeminar Bagmati 22
  • 23. Travel Speed Increasing 5 Times Faster Every Century •1800AD - 24 miles/day •1900AD - 120 miles/day •2000AD - 600 miles/day •2100AD - 3,000 miles/day •2200AD -15,000 Miles/day 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 23
  • 24. Power through Municipal Waste (Experience) 6 MW Power Plant Based 6.6 MW Power Plant Vijayawada, A P, India Mahaboobnagar, AP Two power plants with 6 MGW capacities Recharging Wells Sustainable - watershed Based on solid municipal waste technology in India This model can be replicated in Nepal's municipal and village clusters 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 24
  • 25. The Thames in Londo 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 25
  • 26. The Yangtse in Shangha 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 26
  • 27. The Singapore River 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 27
  • 28. Challenges Ahead vis a vis Knowledge Society • Federalism. • Sharing of Natural resources bet'n States. • Use of safe economical and state of the art technology. • Right political vision, consensus & stability. • Retention of talents and development of appropriate human resources to cope with the newer challenges of science and technology. • Re-cultivation of Pride of nation in the citizens. 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 28
  • 29. 21st Century : A Century of Knowledge Economy 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 29
  • 30. Conclusions Bagmati Civilisation can be revitalised thru' and only thru' Proactive Concerted Efforts of: Investers, Banks, Private Enterpreuners ( Competetiveness and Economy). Engineering Constultants (Expertise). Builders (Economy & Speed). Politicians (Good policy and visionary leadership). People (Mass mobilisation). Professionals (Knowledge, state of the art Technology and Skill). Mission Mode Innovative Management- Structures & Institutions (Smart Administration) 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 30
  • 31. The basis of all Vivekananda systems, social or political, rests upon the goodness of men. No nation is great or good because parliament enacts this or that, but its men are great and good. 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 31
  • 32. Thank You 1/10/2011 Bagmati Seminar 32

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