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Appropriate infrastructure for nepal rural towns seminar presentation by bhim upadhyaya

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  • 1. ELCOME Appropriate Infrastructures for Prosperous Rural Nepal: Rural Towns Presenter: Er Bhim Upadhyaya 1
  • 2. Economics of Being Poor "Most of the world's poor people earn their living from agriculture, so if we knew the economics of agriculture we would know much of the economics of being poor." - Theodore W Schultz Nobel Laureate (1980) 2
  • 3. g]kfnsf r'gf}tLx? @=^ s/f]8 hgtf $% xhf/ ufp / u|fdL0f If]qdf @=@% s/f]8 hgtf -*^ k| z_ . *) nfv hgtf ul/ljsf] /]vf d'lg . @% jif{d'lgsf !=% s/f]8 o'jf -^) k|z_ $% nfv -@) k|z_ o'jf !% b]lv @% jif{ leqsf . $% nfv o'jf a]/f]huf/ . ufpdf ahf/sf] kx"+r / ahf/ cy{tGq ljsl;t x'g ;s]g .
  • 4. ljsf;sf] cr"s z'q æcfly{s ljsf;sf] kmn, lzlIft hgtf hxf a:5g Toxf v:5, g sL hxf tL sfd u5{g . olb xfdL uf+p ;d[4 xf]; eGg] rfxG5f} eg] xfdLn] lzlIft dflg; uf+pdf a:g k|]l/t ug{ ;Sg' kb{5 .Æ –k|f] 8f= kL= eL= OGb|;]g ef/tsf ;'k|lz4 ljsf;b|i6f Pj+ bfz{lgs, cfO{ cfO{ 6L db|f; k"j{lgb]4{zs
  • 5. u|fdL0f If]qdf ;x/L ;'ljwfsf Joj:yf -k'/f_ b"/;+rf/ • a[Q ;8s • OG6/g]6 /]n ef}lts kx"r • O{ zf;g ;fj{hlgs k"jf{wf/ • b"/ lrlsT;f uf]bfd s[lif pBf]u cfly{s kx"+r • b"/ lzIff ahf/ :yn c:ktfn ;''Id phf{zlQm s]Gb| ;xsf/L pTkfbg dfs]{l6+u ljBfno cfWoflTds kx"+r e"pku|xsf lrqx?sf] pkof]uM hdLg / afnL Joj:yfksf lglDt b]zsf ;j} ufpnfO{ hn Joj:yfkgsf lglDt ag Joj:yfkgsf lglDt j'l4dfg gful/s hf]8g] kSsL ;8s;lxt jftfj/0f Joj:yfkgsf lglDt g}ltsjfg g]t[Tj sl/a @%) k'/f k|f]h]S6 ;lqmo :jf:Yo x]/rf/sf lglDt cf}Bf]lus pTkfbgsf lglDt ;DkGg ug'{kg]{ . 5
  • 6. a[Qfsf/ ;8ssf] ul0ft !) lsld a[Qfsf/ ;x/ ^ lsld a[Qsf] rf}8fO{ @ lsld j[Qfsf/ ;8ssf] nDjfO{ #) lsld cfoftfsf/ u|L8 nDjfO{ !) lsld / rf}8fO{ ^ lsld ;8sx?sf] cGt/fn @ lsld lelq hldg @ lsld @ lsld s[lifsf lglDt d"Vo ;8ssf] cfjZos nDjfO{ ^) lsld dfq 5'66ofOPsf]] b'j} k|f?ksf of]hgfdf plQg} ;x/L If]qkmn 5, ghlssf] /fhdfu{af6 plQg} b"/Ldf 5g t/ ;8ssf] #) lsldsf] kl/lwo'Qm ;8s nDjfO{ eg] cfwf x'G5 .
  • 7. ef}lts kx"r a; ef}lts kx"+r dfWod kmfObfx? oftfoft t]neg]{ :6];g l/+u /f]8 dflg; / ;fdfu|Lsf] cfjfthfjtnfO{ ;dy{ kf5{ . /]n ljBfno / :jf:YO s]Gb|sf] ;fj{hlgs k"jf{w/ kx"r+nfO{ l;'wf/ u5{ . /]nj] g]6js{ kfgL, ljB'tLo zlQm / ;+rf/ /f]k, s]an sf/ ljBfno g]6js{df x'g] nufgLnfO{ Go'gLs/0f u5{ . k|fylds :jf:y s]Gb| Power 7"nf ;x/tkm{ hfg] ;8s
  • 8. On]S6|f]lgs kx"+r a|f]8 Jof08, kmfO{a/ clK6s, e"pku|x, tf//lxt, lnh nfOg e"pku|x ;Dks{ jfo/n]; kx"+r kmfOa/ kx"+r nLhnfO{g kx"+r k'/f len]h s]Gb| klAns sn clkm; kL;Lcf] u|fdL0f OG6/g]6 s]Gb| O{ Aofls+u O{ zf;gdf kx"r ls;fg tyf ufpn]sf lglDt O{ dfs]{6df kx"+r P 6L Pd s]Gb| v]ltkftLsf nflu b"/k|lzIf0f
  • 9. 1fgsf] kx"r u|fdL0f hLjgnfO{ 1fg;dy{ agfpg 1fg pGd"v /0fgLlts pkfud b"/ lzIff b"/ lrlsT;f k|f]PS6Le :jf:Yo x]/.rf/ ljBfyL{, ls;fg / >ldsnfO{ lzlIft agfp Jof;flos k|lzIf0f 1fg k|lzIf0f e"pku|xsf] lrq e"pku|xsf] lrqsf] k|of]u hdLg / v]lt Joj:yfkgsf nflu kfgL Joj:yfkgsf nflu h}ljs 7f]; kbfy{ k'gMk|;f]wg ag Joj:yfkgsf nflu :jf:Yo x]/rf/sf nflu ;xsf/L ptkfbg ahf/Ls/0fsf hdLg afnL Joj:yfkg hn, ag, aftfj/0f Joj:yfkg
  • 10. kmntM cfly{s kx"+r a; ;f]nf/ phf{ cfly{s kx"+r ;fgf pBf]u s[lif pBf]u uf]bfd uf]bfd dfOs|f] kfj/ s]Gb| gjLs/0fLo phf{ u|fdL0f ahf/ s]Gb| afof]Uof; jfo'zlQm s[lif pBf]u Power oftfoft 10 ghLssf] 7"nf] ;x/tkm{
  • 11. g]kfnsf u|fdL0f k"jf{wf/ ljsf; cfof]hgfsf] ef}u]flns ljt/0f tyflk u|fdL0f g]kfnsf] cj:yf bogLo 5 . 11
  • 12. ljZj cGg pTkfbgM pGgt k|ljlw xl/tqmflGt4f/f art ePsf] hdLg ;g !(%) b]lv @)))_ !,*)) cGg pTkfbg ;g !(%) ^%) ldlnog 6g arg hdLg ;g @))) !()) ldlnog 6g !=! ca{ x]S6/ !,$)) ldlnog x]S6/ !,))) k|o'Qm hdLg ^^) ldlnog x]S6/ ^,)) ^ ca{ hgtfnfO{ ;g @))) df v'jfPsf] . ;g @)#) df * ca{ @,)) hgtfsf] k]6 e'g{'kg]{ 5 . 12 !(%) !(^) !(&) !(*) !(() @)))
  • 13. 13
  • 14. h]6|f]kmf-;lhjg_ sf] l8h]n4f/f ;+rflnt /]n, sf/, a; 14
  • 15. phf{ cleofgsf] r'gf}tL phf{ bIftf g} s'+hL xf] cf0fljs !)) d]uf jf6sf] gd"gf ;f]nf/ Knf06 hnljB't tfkLo g]kfnsf] phf{ >f]t l8h]n %% d] jf6 cfjl0fs ) d] jf6 hnljB't %%^ d] jf6 gjLs/0fLo ! d] jf6 ljt/0f r'jfx6 sf]Onf tfkLo ) d] jf6 clxn] @)@% df s"n ^!@ d]uf jf6 gjLs/0fLo jfo' phf{ @% k|z % k| z
  • 16. h}ljs ljljwtf anjfg cd]l/sf hfkfg k|mfG; hd{gL s'g} b]z 5}g a]nfot OToflb k|ljlw g]kfn ef/t rLg s]xL d? e"dLo b]z a|flhn OG8f]g]lzof sdhf]/ d]lS;sf] dn]lzof OToflb ul/a wlg h}ljs ljljwtf
  • 17. af;sf lgof{tof]Uo ;fdfu|L Pj+ kmlg{r/x?
  • 18. ;d[4 u|fdL0f g]kfnsf k"jf{wf/ k|fs[lts >f]t /fhgLlts OR5fzlQm vlgh 1fg h}ljs ljljwtf hnzlQm % ldzg hn, jiff{, e"ldut hn lzIff ;f}o{ ls/0f hn vfB, :jf:Yo Pj+ d"Nojw{g phf{ Pj+ zlQm ;fdflhs ;'/Iff k"jf{wf/ ljsl;t dfjg >f]t /f]huf/L k/Dk/fut 1fg l;h{gf u|fdL0f u|fdL0f k|ljlw 1fgd"lv ;+u7gx? ;d[l4 o'jfzlqm ;]jfIf]q jfXo nufgL cfsif{0f g]kfn 18 ug]{ of]hgfx?
  • 19. 4 Vice A 5 SCs PMs Zhou Huang Ju l Yongqang Electrical SC Hu Jintao Hydropower l Prez Wu Yi, VPM Cao E Petro-Refinery Ganchuang SC Look CHINA! n g Engineers Tang Zeng Qinghong Jiaxuan SC Automation i V Prez Lead Nation ! Zeng Peiyan n Hua Jianmin Electronics e SC e Hui Liangyu Chen Zili Wen Jiabao Agriculture r Geological SC19 PM s
  • 20. India's Visionary Political, Science and Engg Leaders Dr V Kurien M Visweswaraiya Jamshedji Tata A Premji Dr B Pathak Sreedharan N Murthy Dr A Reddy Dr Sam Pitroda 68 20 Vilasrao Salunkhe Dr R A Mashelkar
  • 21. æs'g} klg b]zsf] ljsf; ckl/xfo{ ?kn] tL dflg;sf] dgl:ylt / k|]/0ffdf e/ kb{5, h;dfly /fli6||o hLjgdf dxTjk"0f{ lg0f{o ug]{] lhDd]bf/L x'G5 .Æ – lgsf]n; SofN8f]/, ljZjk|l;4 cy{zf:qL, cS;kmf]8{
  • 22. æpTs[i6 k|ljlwsf] k|of]u ug]{ xf] eg] k[YjLsf] at{dfg Pj+ eljiosf k':tfx?nfO{ /fhf dxf/fhfsf] hLjg z}nLdf lhGbuL ljtfpg k'Ug] >f]t o; k[YjLdf 5 .Æ asldlgi6/ km'n/, ljZjk|l;4 cd]l/sL OlGhlgo/, af:t'ljb, bfz{lgs
  • 23. Engineers Vs Rapid Development S. Korea UK Germany 23
  • 24. zf:q jrg cdGqd cIf/d gfl:t, Gffl:t d"nd cgf}}ifwd . cof]Uof] k'?iff] gfl:t, of]hsM tq b'n{eM ..
  • 25. ha g]kfnL k|fljlw1x? cfkm" lgb|faf6 Jo'tg]5g, clg c?nfO{ klg Jo'tfpg]5g, ta ;d[4 u|fdL0f g]kfnsf] ;'gf}nf] ljxfgL pbfpg]5 . 25
  • 26. s'g} k|Zg< s'g} lh1f;f< 26