A vision of prosperous new nepal by bhim upadhyaya 064.11.5

  • 1,523 views
Uploaded on

 

More in: Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • Well furnished information
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,523
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3

Actions

Shares
Downloads
37
Comments
1
Likes
3

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. A Vision ofProsperous New Nepal Presented by Er. Bhim Upadhyaya 2064.11.05
  • 2. æsg} klg b]zsf] ljsf;ckl/xfo{ ?kn] tLdflg;sf] dgl:ylt /k|]/0ffdf e/ kb{5,h;dfly /fli6||ohLjgdf dxTjk"0f{lg0f{o ug]{]
  • 3. Emerging Nepal’s first VISION Realized in Developed Nepal Nepal 1950?, ’90?, 2006? Or Yet to Realize ! 2025 Scenario of Devd Nepal • ECONOMIC GROWTH >10 % GDP • ZERO POVERTY LEVEL • 100 % LITERACY • SELF RELIANCE IN SPECIFIC ECTORS ! Second Vision: DevelopedPROSPERITY Nepal by 2025 What is Nepals First Vision: Vision? Democratic Federal Nepal 1938 Republican Nation 2006 2008 When? Thru’ 1990 1950 C.A. in 2008 1938 2000 2025 20th CENTURY 21st CENTURY
  • 4. Nepal Where is Nepal in the World• Size Area-wise: 47th Largest• Size Population-wise: 42nd Largest• GDP Growth Rate 2nd Poorest• Corruption Perception Index 121st/163• Failed State Index: 21st Bad/177• Human Dev Index: 136th/177• Global Competitive Index 110th /125
  • 5. Infrastructure Status in Nepal(Approx.) 1. Irrigation 5. Roads Cultivated Land- 26.5 Lakh • All Weather 11,000 km ha.( 20% of Total Area) ( All type 28,000 km) Irrigable-17.6 Lakh ha.(66% • Pakka(paved) Road- 4,000 km of Cultivd) 6. Electricity Irrigated- 11.2 Lakh ha. (62%  Hydro- 556 MW(0.67% of Potential) of Irrigable)  Diesel- 55 MW  Coverage- 40%(quality?!) Year Round Irrigated-4.5 Total- 618 MW Lakh ha.( 40% of Irrigated, 25% of Irrigable) 7. Fuel Energy  Fossil Fuel- 18 Lakh L/Day (11,550 B/D) 2. Drinking Water  LP Gas - 225 MT/Day• Coverage- 73.5% ( Quality? Quantity?) 8.Telephone Lines- 25 Lakh 3. Railway- 59 km 9. Internet Users- 2 Lakh 4. Airport Paved 10 Nos
  • 6. OUR NATIONAL CHALLENGES• We are 2.6 Crore+ People. •Migration •National security• 45,000 Villages with 2.25 •Environment •Law & Order Crore Rural People(86%). •Unemployment •Peace• 80 Lakh are Below Poverty Line(31%).• 1.5 Cr Youth Below 25 yrs Age(60%).• 45 (20%) Lakh Youth 15-25 Age,• >45 Lakh People Unemployed. • Habitat• Multi Language, Multi Ethnic, • Infrastructure multi-cultural, Diverse • Healthcare ecological, Traditional and • Education Religious Nation • Employment How to Address?Integrated, Simultaneous,Connected • Market connectivity Actions • Quality of Life
  • 7. Present Unitary Nepal Kathmandu States-Centric Centric New Federal 13 1 2 Republican 12 3 Nepal Union govt. 11 Heart 4 10 5 9 6 8 7 13 States with Political,Economic Powers & Modern Capital Towns
  • 8. 17,09,377Urban Growth Scenario Municipal population projection until 2021 Projected populn Existing Road until 2021 Under Construction Road Populn in 2001 Proposed Road 6,71,846 Kathmandu 4,20,307 Metropolis Pokhara 2,99,024 2,76,328 1,53,280 2,18,704 1,56,412 83,339 1,12,484 1,66,674 57,53567,447 75,384 Biratnagar Dhangadhi Butwal Birgunj Nepalganj
  • 9. Vision of Balanced National Urban System National Economic Center Regional Economic Center Intermediate Growth Center Population Growth Population in 2001 Taklakot Liji Riyu Simikot Kerung Khasa Jomsom Rasuwa Khadbari Kalikot KathmanduDasarathchand Pokhara Valley Gaurifanta Jogbani Raxual Rupedia Nautanuwa
  • 10. A Formula to Development “Fruits of economic development fall where educated people live,not where they work. If we want to enrich villages, we should induce the educated to live in villages.” - Er. Dr P V Indiresan, Renowned Indian Development Visionary & Philosopher Former Director & Professor, IIT Madras
  • 11. INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT for NEPAL Providing Urban Key to Pentagon of Mega Amenities in Employability Projects Rural Areas Crucial for Agriculture & Infrastructure all sectors Food Agro-Food including Security Processing Electric Power River Happy, Peaceful, NetworkingNutritional ProsperousSecurity Nepal with Massive Economic Information and EmploymentPopulation Education &control Strength & Communication Health Care Technology Export National Social Earnings Security Security Employment & Reaching Value addition Critical the whole Technologies nation Technology & Strategic Strengths Industries Sc &Tech Self Economic is the KEY Reliance Security
  • 12. EVOLUTION OF SOCIETIES & Transformation Raw material and Industrial Information Knowledge Agricultural Products Products Products ProductsTravel Speed increasing 5times faster every century Innovative knowledge-•1800 - 24 miles/day Intensive Products/Services•1900- 120 miles/day Innovation•2000- 600 miles/day•2100- 3000 miles/day Productivity Explicit Knowledge•2200-15,000 miles/day through networks Explicit Knowledge (Technology) added Products Natural SOCIETAL TRANSFORMATION Products 300 yrs 50 yrs 20 yrsAgriculture Society Industrial Society Information Society Knowledge Society 10,000 yrs
  • 13. Eight Immediate Missions for Nepal1. Literacy, Skill, Education and Health care for all.2. Development of Infrastructure – ROAD, RAIL, Ropeway, AIRPORT, Electronic Connectivity.3. Develop, PURAs, focussing Employment Generation .4. Medicinal, Floriculture and Aromatic Plants – ORCHID.5. Horticulture.6. Energy Generation (Hydro, Biodiesel, Solar, Biogas etc)7. Tourism.8. E governance (SMART: Speedy, Measurable, Accountable, Responsive & Transparent governance).
  • 14. Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA) • Telecom• Ring Road • Internet• Rail • E-Governance• Public Infrastructure Physical Connectivity • Tele-medicine • Tele-education• Warehouse Economic• Agro-Industries Connectivity• Markets• Hospital• Micro Power Plant• Coop. Product Mktg. Spiritual Connectivity 10-15 Village Clusters• Schools - 100-200 Crore investment• Satellite Imagery for - Business Proposition - Land & Crop Mgmt • Enlightened Citizenship - Employment for 3000 persons - Water Mgmt - Forest Mgmt • Moral Leadership - Beneficiaries : 30,000 – 100,000 - Environment people• Proactive Health care• Manufacturing 6,000 km Additional PURA Rurban Road
  • 15. Ring Road Inner2 km Unbuilt-up Area for 2 km Agriculture
  • 16. Strategic and Local Road Network of Nepal & Accessibility (2hrs; 4 hrs) No Roads yet in 11 Districts Crowded Roads Total Road Network: 28,000 km. SRN : 5400 Km(78% Access.) Highways: 15 NoTB: 3600 Nos. LRN: 4500 Km (85% Access.) Feeder Roads: 51 No
  • 17. Kath-valleyRoad, Rail Extension in 2025 Cable Car Cableways Kath- Hetauda Fast Track Road China Links Kath- Hetauda TunnelTarai East-West RailwayProposed Railroad Mid-Hill East-West Railway & Road Kath-Birganj Rope, cable way Railway
  • 18. Road Planning Principles Three Level Situations Service Developed Region with Resources available for Development (Fuller Utilization of Transport potential)Productivity Under-Developed Region with Resources Available for Development (Creation of Additional Capacity) Under-Developed Region with Lack of Resources for Development (for Larger Connectivity)
  • 19. PURA Concept-Physical Connectivity Bus Physical Connectivity Advantages Medium TransportFuelling • Ring Road • Enables movement ofStation people and goods • Rail • Improves access to • Public schools and health infrastructure care centers • Ropeways,Railway Cable cars • Reduces investment inNetwork distribution of power, School water and communication Primary Health network Centres Power To Nearest City
  • 20. PURA CONCEPT– Electronic Connectivity Through broadband/Fiber/Satellite/Wireless/Leased Line • Satellite link • Wireless connectivity • Fiber connectivity • Leased Line Connectivity A Nodal Village - PURA Village CityPublic Call Office - PCO •Village Internet Kiosks • e-Banking • e-Government Access • ATM Centers • e-Market Access For Villagers / Farmers • Tele-Training on Farming
  • 21. PURA CONCEPT – Knowledge Connectivity Knowledge oriented approach to knowledge enable Village life Tele-Education Tele-Medicine Proactive Health CareEducate Students/Farmers/workers • Vocational Training • Knowledge Training Imagery • Imagery for - Land & Crop Mgmt - Water Mgmt - Forest MgmtBio-Solids Recycling - Environment • Proactive Health care • Coop. Product Mktg. Land/Crop Management Water/Forest/Environment Management
  • 22. PURA CONCEPT - Economic Connectivity Bus Solar power Economic Connectivity Components: Advtges: • Entrepreneurship • Small Scale Industries • Agro Industries • Employment Opportunities • Ware House • Value System – warehouse • Micro Power plants Economic Strength • Renewable energy • Women Empowerment • Village Markets • Urban Decongestion • Improved Quality of Life • Wind power Increased purchase Biogas power PowerAgro Industry Transport To Nearest City
  • 23. Enabling Electricity connections To Remaining 62% Environment households Schools, Health posts for all Rural Electrification villages Naya Remaining 75% Irrigable Land Irrigation Nepal Housing Houses for all Poor Nirman Drinking water All VillagesTo 26% Remaining Water Supply Roads Population Habitations Areas Rural telecom Connectivity Challenging task is the evolution of themanagement structure for Tele Connectivity integrated development To all remaning villages
  • 24. GREEN REVOLUTION I & II FIRST SECOND SOIL CHARACTERISATION SEED MATCHING THE SEED FERTILISERS FERTILISER MANAGEMENT (Organic Farming) WATER WATER MANAGEMENT MANAGEMENT Drip irrigation: Halving water ConsumptionTRAINING FARMERS TRAINING CULTIVATION CULTIVATION MANAGEMENT POST HARVESTING (SILOS) HARVEST & POST HARVEST OUTPUT = twice of all agros FOOD PROCESSINGOUTPUT = 5 times of ( Value Addition ) GRAIN MARKETING " You Cannot Build Peace on Empty Stomach" - Nobel Laureat John B. Orr, First DG FAO
  • 25. World Cereal* Production–Areas Saved Through Improved Technology, 1950-20001,80 0 CEREAL PRODUCTION 1950 650 million tonnes 2000 1,900 million tonnes LAND1,40 SPARED Million hectares 0 1.1 billion ha1,00 0 LAND USED 660 million ha600 Population Fed 6 Bn in 2000.200 To be Fed 8 Bn in * Uses milled rice equivalents Source: FAO Production Yearbooks and AGROSTAT 2030 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
  • 26. BIODIVERSITY USA HIGH JAPAN FRANCE NO COUNTRY GERMANYTECHNOLOGY UK ETC., NEPAL INDIA SOME CHINA DESERT BRAZIL COUNTRIES INDONESIA LOW MEXICO MALAYSIA ETC., POOR RICH BIO - DIVERSITY
  • 27. Challenges of WATER FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS 2005 2030 Source : TWAS - 2002 SOLUTIONS REDISTRIBUTE CREATE NEW WATER PURIFICATION SOURCES NETWORKRAINWATER BRAKISH WATER Ground WaterHARVESTING RIVERS TO POTTABLE Recharge & pumping USING SOLAR ENERGY
  • 28. Challenge: POWER MISSION Energy Efficiency is the key Nuclear Sample 100 MW Solar Plant Hydro ThermalNepals Power Sources: Diesel 55 MW Nuclear - 0 Hydro ~ 556 MW(0.67% potential) Renewable Energy <1 MW Distribution Loss Coal Thermal 0 NOW 2025 Total ~ 612 MW Renewable Energy > 25% <5%
  • 29. New Fuel
  • 30. States-Centric Balanced Development of Large Hydel Projects Hydropower Projects • Seti west 750 MW • Budhi Gandaki 600 Karnali BudhiSeti • Kali Gandaki 600 Kali Andhi • Aruns 643 Langtang • Karnalis 1380 • Pancheswor 6480 Dudhkoshi • Dudh Koshi 300 Arun • Andhi Khola 180 • Langtang 218Pancheswor • U Tamakoshi 309 • 20 Other Big Projects Hydel Locations Total (30 Projects) 12,766MW
  • 31. Energy Vehicles – Jatropha(Sajiwan) Bio-Fuel Train, Car & Bus
  • 32. BAMBOO(Bans) MISSION
  • 33. Tourist: Nepal, Destination of the world Tourism Thrust + Additional Infrastructure+ Training • Domestic • International Enhance the Image of the tourism and create world class infrastructure viz Airports, cable cars, express ways, recreation centres etc. 1. Every tourist generates 4 jobs as per the international standard 2. Enhance the tourist circuit 3. Create air connectivity to the Tourist circuits 4. Thousands of additional jobs
  • 34. Quality Human Resource Cadre for 21st Century NeedPresently Nepal has 1.60 Crore youth 21st Century Below the age of 25 (60% of Popn.) Nepal needs large Higher Educational System number Of talented Youth should create With higher education TWO HUMAN RESOURCE CADRE (1.5 Lakh SLC, 10,000 Univ. Graduates, 3000 Engrs produced/yr, 70 Lakh students) Skilled Youth with specific Knowledge special Skills Skilled Youth with Higher Education Manufacturing Services World Level Sector Sector Requirement For Knowledge and Agri Skill oriented Sector Industry & Services
  • 35. MISSIONS To TRANSFORM 13 States & Nation TOWARDS PROSPERITY KnowledgeNATURAL RESOURCES Political Will • Land • Minerals • Biodiversity • Hydropower 5 MISSIONS • Water, Rain, Gd water • Sunlight, •Education Food, Health & •Water, Social Security Value Addition DEVELOPED •Power States •Infrastructure HUMAN •Employment LEADING RESOURCES TO Technology• Traditional Generation Rural Prosperity Knowledge DEVELOPED• Knowledge Intensive Org. Plans, attracting NEPAL• Youth investment• Services
  • 36. Where is the fund? Resources for National Development Every Year in Nepal Rs 55 Bn is Spent by govt. for Different Ministries and Departments working for Rural development So, Funds – not a limiting factor How to realize the dream of Prosperous Nepal ? Education Health Road HousingWater & Energy Connectivity Leads to Employment Prosperity Rural Electricity Market Self-help finance Plus Mobilising Local and Private Sector Funds and EnterpreunershipsNational Missions-Focussed Interventionist Modality
  • 37. Development Radar Socio-economic Planning & Monitoring Tool for 13 States
  • 38. "The earth contains enough resources to enable presentand future generations to live like kings if we but harness the best technologies." -Buckminister Fuller
  • 39. pklgifbcdGqd cIf/d gfl:t, Gffl:t d"nd cgf}}ifwd .cof]Uof] k?iff]gfl:t,
  • 40. ;d[l4sf lqd"lt{ ;+of]hg /fhg]tfsf] Politicians jl4dQfk"0f { lg0f{o . cfk;L ;zlQms /0f hgtfsf] d]xgt /k]zfw nugzLntfdL{sf]
  • 41. Is Developed Nepal realisable? Impossible is impossible for determined citizens. Thank You Key to Manifestation of Destinyfor Listening “When you wish upon a star, Makes no difference who you Any are, Question? Anything your heart desires, Please! Will come to you."