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Poverty 28 states

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  • 1. POVERTY Bhanu Madaan TECH53749
  • 2. Introduction  Complex societal issue Characterised by:  Hunger  Lack of shelter  Lack of clothing  Two types:  Absolute – Pertains to physical health  Relative – Pertains to living standards 
  • 3. Criteria  Value of goods needed to sustain one adult  International poverty line - US$ 1.25 per day (PPP) Indian yardstick:  Urban: Rs 30 a day  Rural : Rs 27 a day 
  • 4. Causes  Illiteracy Inefficacious management of resources:  Grains rotting in open  Obnoxious subsidies  Pervasive corruption  Loopholes in govt. funded schemes (PDS, TRYSEM etc.)  Policy paralysis 
  • 5. Profundity in India  Home to third of the world's poor (according to UN) 32.7% fall below the international poverty line  68.7% live on less than US$ 2 per day  Rural : 216.5 million poor  Urban : 52.8 million poor   16% of urban households without a toilet; 46% without a flush system
  • 6. Major contributors Chhattisgarh - the poorest  40 per cent below the poverty line   Seven states – Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh – account for 61 per cent of India's total poor
  • 7. Comparison
  • 8. Projections 30 years to remove unemployment (at10 million jobs per year)  Poverty to fall to 22% by 2015 (UN report)  Urbanization to grow at 4% per year  Slum population to grow at 5% per year  Twelve million more urban slums by 2017 
  • 9. Possible solutions Focus on EDUCATION :  Promotes entrepreneurship  Elicits innovation  Constitutes jobs  Induces versatility  Creates awareness  Builds confidence 
  • 10. Primary healthcare  Network of government sponsored doctors  Awareness campaigns through visual media  Equal access for everyone (Polio eradication – an example)  Promotion of generic drugs
  • 11. Welcome FDI Propels competition among Indian brands  Up gradation of technical expertise  Mitigation of government influence  Diversification of jobs  Reduction in risks through joint ventures  Greater resistance to global changes 
  • 12. Second wave of reforms Delegation of power to states  Stringent checks on money laundering  Transparency in RTI  Abandonment of politically appeasing schemes  Privatization of required sectors such as power 