Poverty 28 states

421 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
421
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Poverty 28 states

  1. 1. POVERTY Bhanu Madaan TECH53749
  2. 2. Introduction  Complex societal issue Characterised by:  Hunger  Lack of shelter  Lack of clothing  Two types:  Absolute – Pertains to physical health  Relative – Pertains to living standards 
  3. 3. Criteria  Value of goods needed to sustain one adult  International poverty line - US$ 1.25 per day (PPP) Indian yardstick:  Urban: Rs 30 a day  Rural : Rs 27 a day 
  4. 4. Causes  Illiteracy Inefficacious management of resources:  Grains rotting in open  Obnoxious subsidies  Pervasive corruption  Loopholes in govt. funded schemes (PDS, TRYSEM etc.)  Policy paralysis 
  5. 5. Profundity in India  Home to third of the world's poor (according to UN) 32.7% fall below the international poverty line  68.7% live on less than US$ 2 per day  Rural : 216.5 million poor  Urban : 52.8 million poor   16% of urban households without a toilet; 46% without a flush system
  6. 6. Major contributors Chhattisgarh - the poorest  40 per cent below the poverty line   Seven states – Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh – account for 61 per cent of India's total poor
  7. 7. Comparison
  8. 8. Projections 30 years to remove unemployment (at10 million jobs per year)  Poverty to fall to 22% by 2015 (UN report)  Urbanization to grow at 4% per year  Slum population to grow at 5% per year  Twelve million more urban slums by 2017 
  9. 9. Possible solutions Focus on EDUCATION :  Promotes entrepreneurship  Elicits innovation  Constitutes jobs  Induces versatility  Creates awareness  Builds confidence 
  10. 10. Primary healthcare  Network of government sponsored doctors  Awareness campaigns through visual media  Equal access for everyone (Polio eradication – an example)  Promotion of generic drugs
  11. 11. Welcome FDI Propels competition among Indian brands  Up gradation of technical expertise  Mitigation of government influence  Diversification of jobs  Reduction in risks through joint ventures  Greater resistance to global changes 
  12. 12. Second wave of reforms Delegation of power to states  Stringent checks on money laundering  Transparency in RTI  Abandonment of politically appeasing schemes  Privatization of required sectors such as power 

×