Child labour and its impact on economic growth
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Child labour and its impact on economic growth

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  • Really that is a best presentation describing Child Labour specially in India.
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  • 1. MANAGERIAL ECONOMICS PROJECT THE EXISTENCE OF CHILD LABOUR AND IT’S IMPACT ON ECONOMIC GROWTH
  • 2.  
  • 3. GROUP MEMBERS
    • KANCHAN SHARMA 47
    • VIKAS SHARMA 49
    • AMRIN SIDDIQUI 51
    • AKANKSHA SHAH 53
    • BHAKTI VARMA 55
    • KRITIKA PUNJABI 57
  • 4. CONTENTS
    • Introduction
    • Statistics
    • Reasons behind child labour
    • Health Issues
    • Current Scenario
    • Impact on the economy
    • Conclusion
  • 5. INTRODUCTION
    • The term “child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children from their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development
    • It is serious and extensive problem with many children under the age of 14 years
    • Children living in poorest household and in rural areas are mostly likely to be engaged in child labour
  • 6.  
  • 7. INTERVIEW
  • 8. STATISTICS
    • 68 countries have been marked under “extreme risk” for child labour
    • According to statistics there are 215million children working and many of them full time. 115million of these children are exposed to hazardous forms of child labour
    • Bangladesh, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Chad, DR Congo, Ethiopia, Liberia, Myanmar, Somalia, Sudan 
    • and Zimbabwe to form the 12  countries at the bottom of the ranking who scored 0.00 for possibility to remove child labour, whereas China scored 0.02 and ranked 13th.
  • 9.  
  • 10.
    • Child labour is found in agricultural sector, including in hybrid seed production
    • It is recorded that 2,00,000 children have been employed in Andhra Pradesh alone
    • In 2009, 6-8years old children were found working in mines in Jharkhand and Bihar which were extracting mica for export to the global cosmetics industry
  • 11. INTERVIEW
  • 12. REASONS BEHIND CHILD LABOUR
    • Parental Illiteracy : . India’s effective literacy rate has recorded a 9.2 per cent rise to reach 74.04 per cent, according to provisional data of the 2011 census
    • Overpopulation: Current Population of India in 2011 is estimated to be 1.21 billion
    • Poverty: There are 22.15% people living under the poverty line in India according to a 2010-2011 survey
  • 13.  
  • 14.
    • Urbanization: The current urbanization rate in India is 35% as compared to 15% in the 1950.
    • Unemployment of elders: The current unemployment rate in India is 9.5
    • Orphans
  • 15.  
  • 16. INTERVIEW
  • 17. HEALTH ISSUES
    • Working conditions may not be safe and healthy for children because of their physical differences.
    • Factors that may increase the health, safety, and developmental risk factors for children include:
    • Rapid skeletal growth
    • Development of organs and tissues
    • Greater risk of hearing loss
    • Developing ability to assess risks
    • Greater need for food and rest
    • Higher chemical absorption rates
    • Smaller size
    • Lower heat tolerance
  • 18.
    • Injuries among young workers:
    • Active children suffer injuries or illnesses while working.
    • Industries have higher numbers of young workers in the India.
    • Psychological effects of child labour:
          • Long hours of work on a regular basis can harm children’s social and educational development
          • The unconditional worst forms of child labour may have traumatic effects.
  • 19. INTERVIEW
  • 20. CURRENT SCENARIO
    • On October 10th 2006, Government introduced a new amendment in Child Labour Act, 1986
    • However, just after two months, in December 2006, over 1,670 cases of such violation have been detected by many State Government
    • According to CRY, child labour is not being addressed properly and the conviction rate is also low
    • It’s not that only the hospitality sector is employing children as workers, but household manufacturing sector and many other sectors are doing the same
  • 21.
    • According to the Indian census of 1991, there are 11.28 million working children under the age of fourteen years in India
    • Over 85% of this child labour is in the country's rural areas, working in agricultural activities such as fanning, livestock rearing, forestry and fisheries
    • Girls aged 12-13 are the preferred choice of 90 per cent households
    • A recent incident shows the actual picture of child labour in India. An investigation conducted by a newspaper revealed that children in the Shahpur Jat area of New Delhi had been sold for £10 into bonded labour
  • 22.
    • Child Abuse:
    • Physical Abuse
    • Out of 69% children physically abused 54.68% were boys
    • The State of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar and Delhi have consistently reported higher rates of abuse as compared to other states.
    • Sexual Abuse
    • 53.22% children reported having faced one or more forms of sexual abuse.
    • Emotional Abuse and Girl Child Neglect
    • 83% of the cases parents were the abusers.
    • 48.4% of girls wished they were boys
  • 23. INTERVIEW
  • 24. IMPACT ON ECONOMY
  • 25. CHILD LABOUR AND ECONOMIC
    • Lower human capital accumulation
    • Worse health conditions
    • Slower investment and technical change
    • Income inequality
    • Bad standard of living
    • Poverty, illiteracy and unemployment
  • 26.  
  • 27. CONCLUSION
    • Child labour is curse to Indian society as well as our economy
    • The future of the community is in the well being of its children
    • It is required to save children for social injustice and educational deprivation
  • 28.  
  • 29. WIBLIOGRAPHY
    • www.naukrihub.com/hr-today/child-labour.html
    • www.childlabor.in
    • Google Images 