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  • Dementia Cause and Care
    Dementia may be a general term accustomed outline decline in memory of an individual and will be troublesome to address even daily routine task.
    DEMENTIA CAUSE
    Memory loss
    Inability in communication
    Inability to concentrate
    Visual issues
    Reasoning and Judgement
    DEMENTIA CARE
    Regular excersise could cut back some variety of insanity
    Balance diet is important for reducing some variety of insanity
    Donot smoke please keep your pressure ,cholesterol balanced
    For Detailed consultation
    Please call
    01146018201
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  • 1. Dementia BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 2. Thesis • The development of dementia is rapidly increasing, much too fast for scientists to find a way to treat or prevent it. BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 3. Personal Relevance • I choose to research dementia because it is becoming more and more common as the years go on. I would like to go into the health field for my career and this is something I need to know about that is not taught very often. BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 4. Audience Relevance • You should learn about dementia because it can happen to anyone, and it would be good for you to know what to do to try and prevent it. BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 5. Overview • What is Dementia • Diagnosis • Treatment • Prevention • Caring for people with Dementia • Application • Activity BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 6. What is Dementia? Not one disease Considered a mental health problem Described as a collection of symptoms that affects someoneʼs lifestyle Symptoms can be from a bunch of disorders (http://newcreationperson.files.wordpress.com/2009/10/question_marks.jpg) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 7. BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 8. How Common is Dementia??? • 24.3 million people world wide have dementia • Could jump to as many as 84 million people in 2040 • 1 in every 1000 person will develop dementia between 40 and 65 • 1 in 5 for people over the age of 80 1)(Dementia Facts and Statistics) Studies taken in 2005 2)(Dementia Facts And Statistics: Present And Future) 3) (Dementia Statistics) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 9. 5.3 Million 1)In the US 2010 African Americans are twice as likely to develop dementia then Caucasian Hispanics are half times more likely to be stricken with it (http://www.deseretnews.com/article/700015488/Minorities-more-likely-to-develop-Alzheimers-report-shows.html) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 10. Continued 20 15 10 5 1900 1950 1995 0 2010 2030 2050 1900- 4 percent 1950-8 percent 1995-13 percent 2010-13.5 percent 2030-20 percent 2050-20 percent (Sonja M. Lillrank, M.D., Ph.d.) 8 BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 11. Who is Most Likely to Develop Dementia • Elderly people • People who have had a family member with it • People who smoke and drink 1)usually over the age 65 2) b/c its in your genes 3) kills off brain cells (http://www.consumerreports.org/health/conditions-and-treatments/dementia/what-is-it/risk-factors.htm) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 12. Cont.. • People with down syndrome • People with Atherosclerosis • People with diabetes 1)they develop brain damage similar to Alzheimer's by middle age 2) Hardening of the arteries (restricting blood flow) (http://www.consumerreports.org/health/conditions-and-treatments/dementia/what-is-it/risk-factors.htm) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 13. Types of Dementia • Cortical Dementia • Subcortical Dementia • Progressive Dementia • Primary Dementia • Secondary Dementia 1)damage to the brain that affects the cortex of the the brain or the outer layer (causes problems with memory, language, thinking, and social behavior 2)dementia that affects parts of the brain below the cortex (causes changes in emotion, and movement) 3)Dementia that only gets worse and starts to affect ones ability to do everything activities 4)dementia like Alzheimerʼs disease and doesnʼt result from any other disease 5)dementia that is caused from physical disease or injury (can affect people with other disorders that affect mobility and functions like parksins Health reference series 99) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 14. Disorders That Mimic Dementia • Mental Retardation • Amnesia • Sundowners syndrome • Delirium • Normal Aging 2)Partial or complete loss of memory 3) a certain time of the day when they have a complete personality change 4) disturbed state of mind that occurs in fever, intoxication, and other disorder (health reference center) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 15. Alzheimer's and Dementia • “Senile dementia” • Most common cause of dementia • Alzheimer’s is a disease that effects your memory, personality • Progressive disease 1)can be referred to as senile dementia severe mental deterioration,old age, described as loss of memory and control over bodily functions 2)gets worse as it goes on within five to ten years (Dementia: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 16. Cont. • It is the cause of 100,000 deaths/year • Fourth leading cause of death in senior adults • $100 billion dollars is spent a year for things related to Alzheimer's • Although they continue to research a cure for Alzheimer’s scientist work hard every day to try and find one BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 17. Condition That Can Contribute to Dementia • Medication • Nutritional Deficiencies • Infections <meningitis, encephalitis> • Poisoning • Brain tumors 1)reactions to medicine can look like dementia symptoms the look alike symptoms can come on very fast or develop over time 2) Not enough thymine V-B can mess with your mental abilities (forget recent events) can cause pellagra (children who are young but look really old)(may include dementia) 3) infections of the brain or the membrane surrounding the brain confusion or delirium < confusion or sudden severe dementia, less social interaction, poor judgement, memory loss> 4)lead or heavy metals, or other poisoning substances can cause symptoms of dementia 5)Rare, damage to the brain can lead to the development of dementia (Health Reference Series 108-109) (Dementia: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 18. Causes of Dementia • Scientists can’t really say what exactly causes dementia or how dementia occurs but... • Dead nerve cells or the loss of communication of nerve cells • Genetics can help cause dementia Health reference center 110-111 BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 19. Signs of Dementia • Sudden mood changes • Less sociable • Becoming uncomfortable with different people or places that aren’t familiar (Signs Of Dementia | Is A Loved One Showing (Signs Of Dementia | Is A Loved One Showing These Subtle But Crucial Signs? | Signs Of Dementia) Subtle But Crucial Signs? | Signs Of Dementia) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 20. Symptoms of Dementia • Memory loss • Personality change • Disorientation • Bad concentration • Mood swings 1)they start to forget things that happened that day 2)they start to act unusual 3)they might think that they are somewhere theyʼre not or in another year 4)moods change quickly and easily Memory Loss and Dementia | Health | Patient UK BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 21. Changes in Sleep People with Dementia sometimes have trouble with their sleep Can have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep Reverse their sleep patterns completely They become restless annoyed and confused at the end of the day They might sleep all day and be awake all night vise versa (http://healthhabits.files.wordpress.com/2009/06/sleep-garfield.jpg) pic BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 22. Cont... • Behavior becomes harder to deal with • Patients start to hallucinate and have more delusions (sundowning) • Doctors think that it is caused by the excitement of the day and the disruptions in their sleep patterns • Should avoid caffeine, alcohol, and smoking • Should go to bed at the same time every night and get up at the same time 1)Sundowning- BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 23. Dementia and the Brain Makes the brain smaller Effects how much blood and oxygen is given to the brain Short term memory is the first thing to go As it gets worse patients will start to forget everyday things (http://compassionatecannabis.files.wordpress.com/2009/08/brain1.jpg) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 24. A Normal Aged Brain & A Brain With Alzheimer’s the top one is a regular aged brain and the bottom one is a brain with Alzheimer's the darker the color the more affected it is BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 25. What part of the brain is affected http://www.ftdrg.org/wp-content/uploads/brain_colour_cropped.jpg pic BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 26. Diagnosis 1)The person would go to see a Neurologist -the doctor needs to know why the person has come, the symptoms and when they started, and if there has been any progression and if there has how much 2) Doctors ask questions about the personʼs history- doctor will do a regular check up looking for any symptoms, hypertension (high blood pressure) could possibly mean vascular dementia and a fever could maybe be an infection 3)Perform a physical exam- things like reflexes, sensation, coordination, senses, language skills, balance, and walking which is controlled by the nervous system (http://fc00.deviantart.net/fs33/f/2008/310/1/2/The_Doctor_by_irn_bru.png) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 27. Diagnosis cont.. • Brain scans • Laboratory Tests • Psychiatric Evaluation • Pre symptomatic testing 1)might want to run a electroencephalograph (EEGs) (shows the brains electrical impulses fewer impulses means that the brain is damaged) 2)Regular blood and urine test to for syphilis or AIDS (any disease that can cause secondary dementia) Would see a psychiatrist 3)to help diagnose dementia or rule out the conditions (such as kidney failure..can lead to symptom 4)doctors canʼt test for symptoms before to see if a person will develop dementia but they can test to see if they are at risk if they have a disease like Huntington's (Health reference series pg. 114-116 ) (Dementia: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 28. Treatment • No treatments to stop or reverse the damage the disease has already caused • Doctors can give medication 1)to make the symptoms a little better and slow down the progression of the disease usually progresses over the years (Health reference series 117 ) Medicines- cholinesterase inhibitors- aricept, exelon, ad razadyne (they boost the level of chemicals that affectyour judgement and memory) side affects VND Antidepressant- it regulates the a antidepressant called SSRI (serotonin reputake inhibitors) it treats mood problems that is associated with dementia Memantine- Alzheimer's drug that regulate the chemicals that affect how the brain works and it may improve memory and learning Antipsychotic Drugs- used to help anxiety, delusions, behavior problems, and sleep problems ( Risperdal and Zyprexa.) Doctors can also give medications for hypertension (high blood pressure) heart disease, and diabetes (might contribute to dementia) (Medications Used for Dementia | eHow.com) Medications Used to Control Dementia (Dementia: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 29. Prevention 2)Participate in in stimulating activities-board games reading etc. 3 Exercise -It helps maintain hormonal levels and helps the release of chemicals that is needed for the nerves in the brain 4)Scientist are still researching other ways http://printstationary.net/signs/images/t1.jpg pic BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 30. To Help to Become More Comfortable • Keep noise activity down • Have comfortable temperature • Make sure there is no pain at bedtime • A night light is helpful 4)in case they wake up in the middle of the night could help with confusion Lizabeth Hardman BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 31. Keeping Independence • You can leave the person by their selves when dementia is in its first stages • Have a nurse or health care worker stop by frequently • Pay attention to how the individual is acting 1)with frequent checks from a neighbor or family member 2)to make sure they are taking their medications as needed 3) to make sure they arenʼt any major changes and if there is make a plan for them to be taken care of Lizabeth Hardman 59-60 BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 32. Maintaing their physical health • They should keep good Physical health • Regular aerobic exercise • Walking or swimming • Using weights • Doing Yoga or Tai Chi 2) & 3) increases blood flow to the brain lowers blood pressure and makes the lungs and heart stronger helps with your weight, restlessness, boredom, and helps with depression. 4)maintains muscle mass increases strength and metabolism which helps with weight and blood sugar 5)creates flexibility which can help prevent falls and injury Lizabeth Hardman 61-62 (http://www.caregiver.com/articles/general/activities_people_dementia.htm) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 33. Maintaing Mental Health • Should be very sociable • The person can read, play cards, and do paper activities like crosswords or word searches • Keep a regular daily routine 1)prevents the feeling of being isolated and lonely 2)keeps the mind focus 3)allows them to refresh and and reinforce the pattern of their behavior every day Lizabeth Hardman 62-63 BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 34. Caring for people with Dementia • Can be overwhelming • Frustrating • Very emotional (http://www.caregiver.org/caregiver/jsp/content_node.jsp?nodeid=891) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 35. Calm Down and take a break • Try counting from one to ten • Take deep breaths • Leave the room for a second and take a break (http://www.caregiver.org/caregiver/jsp/content_node.jsp?nodeid=891) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 36. Cont.. • Ask for help • Communicate with the person who is receiving the care • Be sure to do for yourself 1)so that you donʼt feel overwhelmed and like you have to do everything by yourself 2)It will make it easier 3) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 37. Make it Easier • Family disease • Adaptive • Make a name tag or ID badge • 1)Itʼs is called a family disease because usually a child, spouse, or family member is the one providing the day to day care 2)You need to learn how to adapt to new things (what works today might not work the next day) 3)include their name, illness, and telephone number (http://www.agis.com/Eldercare-Basics/Mental-and-Physical-Health/Alzheimers/Caring-for-Someone-With-Dementia/) BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 38. Application BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 39. What I did!! • Sing along • Arcadia Department • Evaluation • Talked to Meng about the facility 1) we bought people from the lower level 2)We went back to the lower level and did things like sayings, puzzles, put it back in the right spot, read, dominos (math), 3)we wrote down who was active and who participated and who didnʼt, and how people responded BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 40. we would tell them the shape has one hole and show them that a certain section had one rod and let them put it on there BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 41. BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 42. numbers game it was math you place the domino with the same amount of dots on the paper with the rectangle with the same amount of dots BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 43. small but big enough to stimulate their mind BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 44. Activity • I let you feel ten objects in the beginning of the class and tell you what they are then i will do the same at the end without telling what it is to see if you remember BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 45. Works Cited • http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/142214.php • http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/dementias/detail_dementia.htm ‐ 1484019213 •  http://www.agis.com/Eldercare‐Basics/Mental‐and‐Physical‐Health/Alzheimers/Caring‐for‐Someone‐With‐Dementia/ • http://www.caregiver.com/articles/general/activities_people_dementia.htm • Lizabeth Hardman 61-62 • Health reference series pg. 98) • (http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/elib/do/document?set=search&d…licationId=&urn=urn%3Abigchalk%3AUS %3BBCLib%3Bdocument%3B167305238 Page 1 of 2) 7) http://www.consumerreports.org/health/conditions-and-treatments/dementia/what-is-it/risk-factors.htm • BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 46. Works Cited • Health reference series 99) • Lizabeth Hadman 62-63 • How Does Dementia Affect Your Brain?) - ))Blurtit • Health reference series pg. 114-116 • (Jennifer Hay) 73-79 BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET
  • 47. Works cited • Dementia Treatment & Prevention Options - OmniMedicalSearch.com (http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/dementias/ detail_dementia.htm#1484719213 BRITTANY B GROSS Tuesday, April 27, 2010 2:24:05 PM ET