Information on MRSA


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MRSA the only way to beat this bacteria is to practice basic hygiene. Don't get MRSA, keep yourself, your family and your pets safe.

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Information on MRSA

  1. 1. MRSA Infection and Symptoms A Summary <ul><ul><li>© 2007 Rob Clement all rights reserved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My thanks to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for the background template </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><ul><li>MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is a world-wide threat to health. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MRSA is in our environment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No-one is immune. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It only takes a little carelessness for a cut, spot or medical incision to become a major infection. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction II <ul><ul><li>MRSA demands we have rigorous hygiene practices and habits. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hygiene for MRSA starts with me and my home. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hygiene must include public access areas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get medical help even over the Internet if you have a cut or wound that will not heal. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What is MRSA? <ul><ul><li>MRSA is an abbreviation of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common name is Staph but it resists antibiotics. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. History of MRSA <ul><ul><li>First found and documented in the 1880's. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treated in the 1940's with penicillin. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Staph bacteria fought back and produced an enzyme that rendered penicillin useless. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By 1959 90 to 95% of the Staphylococcus aureus resisted penicillin. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. History of MRSA II <ul><ul><li>The scientists developed a new antibiotic called Methicillin to overcome the enzyme that made the penicillin useless. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Within 1 year of the introduction of Methicillin the first case of MRSA was reported and the bacteria was defeating the antibiotics sent in to kill it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The 1970's and 80's did not see much activity. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. History of MRSA III <ul><ul><li>By the 1990's there were many problems. MRSA became established in hospitals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People in hospital for an operation with MRSA on their skin are isolated and staff will wash their hands between each patient . </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. MRSA and the Sportsperson <ul><ul><li>The MRSA bacteria is also found in the community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take great care of your personal hygiene. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. MRSA and the Sportsperson II <ul><ul><li>Those most at risk in the community are those those who play sports. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sportsmen and women are often their own worst enemies when they ridicule one another for going to the doctor, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A cut that does not heal must be dealt with now by a doctor. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Dangers of Community <ul><ul><li>Every public venue lack of toilet hygiene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lack of disinfection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hairdressers disinfect equipment? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tattoo studio is your skin clean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> is equipment sterile? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The list could go on and on </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Why is MRSA such a problem? <ul><ul><li>The MRSA bacteria is common. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The MRSA bacteria passes easily from the skin of one person to another. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The MRSA family of bacteria adapts to fight antibiotics that aim to kill them. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When MRSA finds a home in an open wound it is very hard to get rid of it. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Forgotten Hygiene <ul><ul><li>We have forgotten the basic rules of hygiene. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We do not take responsibility. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We are our worst enemy. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. MRSA and Pets <ul><ul><li>Pets get the MRSA bacteria on their skin from contact with humans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pets can get cuts and scratches, they do have operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If the open cut gets infected with MRSA then the antibiotics may not kill it. So ask your veterinarian to test for MRSA rather than give one antibiotic after another </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. MRSA and Pets II <ul><li>Clean and put away sports equipment immediately </li></ul><ul><li>Do not let the animal lick and rub against it. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep sports clothing from your pet. </li></ul><ul><li>Anything with blood on it, bin immediately. </li></ul><ul><li>Wash your hands before and after you handle the pet </li></ul>
  15. 15. MRSA and Children <ul><li>Keep hands clean by washing with soap and water. </li></ul><ul><li>They hate soap and water but they must get over it. </li></ul><ul><li>Athletes should shower and wash with soap after play including any school sports and kids playing in the yard. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep all cuts and abrasions covered with a proper dressing until healed. </li></ul>
  16. 16. MRSA and Children II <ul><li>Keep your medicine box full of up-to-date plasters and medication. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid all contact with other people's wounds or material contaminated by wounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not let them use someone else's sports equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Barrier nurse anyone with MRSA. </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Battle with MRSA <ul><li>The MRSA bacteria will try and stay alive at all costs. </li></ul><ul><li>The MRSA bacteria will adapt to resist new antibiotics. </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Battle with MRSA II <ul><li>The drug companies will try and beat MRSA. </li></ul><ul><li>We will need a world-wide strategy to destroy it completely. </li></ul><ul><li>Speedy diagnosis is now possible but cure is not. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Prevention! Prevention! Prevention <ul><ul><li>Is your family infected? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who taught them their basic hygiene? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did they practice what they were taught? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was a first-aid kit available? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the cars as well as in the homes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No excuses! Act now! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teach your children basic first aid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get them on a first-aid course. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Prevention! Prevention! Prevention II <ul><ul><li>What if we find that antibiotics no longer work? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wash your hands after using the toilet. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shower and wash with soap after sport and training. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you are in doubt, consult a doctor NOW! </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Prevention! Prevention! Prevention III <ul><ul><li>Today needs to be the day make your home safe for you and your family, and dangerous for the MRSA bacteria. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It costs time to clean: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kitchen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bathroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sports Kit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sports equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and to check the First aid kit </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Conclusion <ul><ul><li>Stop “lowgiene” and practice hygiene. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The buck stops here: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>either in your hand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or with you in reading this, </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Conclusion II <ul><li>Both partners must work to teach hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>One partner is main teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>The other must reinforce the lessons. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep those children safe. </li></ul><ul><li>Start at home and spread out to school and college include parks and anywhere children congregate. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Conclusion III Today is the day to start and protect your family from MRSA. Good health is a gift – appreciate it.
  25. 25. For further information Further Information: We will be creating more ebooks and newsletters on MRSA. To be informed of their release, and to get up to date information, hints and tips don’t forget to subscribe to our newsletter. Subscribe now