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5th grade legends

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  • 1. Ballads, Legends, FolktalesWhat we want to know: What is a folktale? A legend?A ballad? How are they different?Does the region you live in have an effect on what legends, ballads, or folktales you know?Do different cultures have different folktales, legends, and ballads?http://americanfolklore.net/folklore/myths-legends/http://lessons.atozteacherstuff.com/344/folktale-unit/https://sites.google.com/site/americanfolktales/teacher-resourceswww.slideshare.nethttp://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0194035.htmlhttp://www.legendsofamerica.com/americanhistory.htmlhttps://sites.google.com/site/americanfolktales/teacher-resourceshttp://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/lesson-docs/FolkTaleBookList.pdfhttp://teacher.scholastic.com/writewit/mff/folktale_allfolktale.htmhttp://www.statesymbolsusa.org/Lists/state_songs.htmhttp://www.edu-cyberpg.com/Arts/Folktales.htmlhttp://library.thinkquest.org/3721/poems/forms/ballad.htmlhttp://www.americanfolklore.net/ss.htmlhttp://www.aaronshep.com/http://pbskids.org/lions/stories/What is a ballad?https://learningplace.com.au/sc/online/eng_6/EY4_poetry_SLR_ballad.pdfA ballad is a narrative poem that often retells the story of an heroic deed, a legend or arecent event.The structure of a balladBallads:
  • 2. •• have an orientation, complication and resolution•• often have an ending that is tragic or sad•• are traditionally shared orally (passed on by word of mouth), so they can change over timeand sometimes have an anonymous author•• may contain verses or stanzas of four lines (known as quatrains)•• may contain repetition of stanzas (a chorus) or repeated lines where a certain word ischanged•• can have a question and answer format – one stanza presents the question and the nextone answers the question.The language in a balladBallads:•• include language that focuses on actions and dialogue•• include language that indirectly conveys information about the characters, relationships,events, time period and setting (i.e. so the audience has to infer meanings)•• are often written in third or first person•• usually have a rhyming pattern of either abac, aabb or abcb•• have a regular beat (metrical) structure•• are often written in complete sentences•• include language that is selected to convey a particular mood or evoke an emotionalresponse.Examples of balladsTraditional balladsGypsy rover, The Highwayman,Scarborough fairAustralian/bush ballads
  • 3. Waltzing Matilda, Botany Bay, Thewild colonial boyModern balladsThe ballad of Billy the Kid (BillyJoel), I was only 19 (Redgum,John Schumann)What are legends?A legend is a semi-true story, which has been passed on from person-to-person and has importantmeaning or symbolism for the culture in which it originates. A legend usually includes an element oftruth, or is based on historic facts, but with mythical qualities. Legends usually involve heroic charactersor fantastic places and often encompass the spiritual beliefs of the culture in which they originate.Legends are the “superheroes” of literature: King Arthur and Robin Hood are two examples of legends,based on real people who lived in a different time and place. Johnny Appleseed is a good example of anAmerican legend. So is John Brown. Although these people really lived, the stature they’ve been given inbooks is something no mortal person could ever live up to.What are folktales?A folktale is a popular story that was passed on in spoken form, from one generation to the next. Usuallythe author is unknown and there are often many versions of the tale. Folktales comprise fables, fairytales, old legends and even urban legends. Again, some tales may have been based on a partial truththat has been lost or hidden over time. It is difficult to categorize folktales precisely because they fit intomany categories.http://www.pitara.com/talespin/folktales.asphttp://www.americanfolklore.net/sindex.htmlhttp://learningtogive.org/lessons/unit226/lesson12.html
  • 4. What is the difference between legends, myths and folktales?Myths, legends and folktales are hard to classify and often overlap. Imagine a line (or continuum) asillustrated below, with an historical account based on facts at one end and myths or cultural folktales atthe other; as you progress towards the mythical/folktale end of the line, what an event symbolises topeople, or what they feel about it, becomes of greater historical significance than the facts, whichbecome less important. By the time you reach the far end of the spectrum, the story has taken on a lifeof its own and the facts of the original event, if there ever were any, have become almost irrelevant. It isthe message that is importantMany people have asked me on my travels, what is the difference between a myth, legend,fable and folk tales?Myths, legends and fables are old stories written for adults and children. Folk or fairy taleswere written specially for children.MYTHSMyths are made up stories that try to explain how our world works and how we should treateach other. The stories are usually set in times long ago, before history as we know it waswritten.People have always asked questions like “How did our world come to be?” or “Why dotornadoes happen?”Some myths answered these questions. In other myths, gods or “super-beings” used their powers to make events happen. Or the stories were the adventures of gods, goddesses, men and women. These myths described the big things that happened to people and the choices they made. They might be about triumph (achieving something), tragedy (losing something), honour (doing the right thing), being brave even when you are frightened, or being foolish and making mistakes. People might be heroes in these stories and gods and goddesses could use their powers to help them or make things more difficult for them.Around the world, myths were shared by groups of people and became part of their culture.Storytellers have passed the stories on from generation to generation and through families.Some myths are told in many cultures, but with variations in the events or characters. Forexample, most cultures, tribes or groups of people have their version of how our world cameto be.For early people, myths were like science because they explained how natural events work.Today we don‟t always know if myths are true or not. Some of the stories or characters mayseem impossible, and science gives us different explanations for some of our questions. Butpeople all over the world still like to read myths and we all like to think about what they might
  • 5. mean.“Myth” comes from the Greek word “mythos” which means “word of mouth”. LEGENDS Legends are also stories that have been made up, but they are different from myths. Myths answer questions about how the natural world works, and are set in a time long-ago, before history was written. Legends are about people and their actions or deeds. The people lived in more recent times and are mentioned in history. The stories are told for a purpose and are based on facts, but they are not completely true. Either the person never really did what the story says, or the historicalevents were changed. The purpose was to make the story more interesting or convincing, orto teach a lesson, like knowing right from wrong.Examples of people in English legends are King Arthur, Robin Hood and Queen Boadicea. Aman who may have been King Arthur is known to have lived in the 5th or 6th century. But thestories about the Knights of the Round Table and Merlin the Magician may not be true. Thepoint of the story was that the knights and their king defended their people and helped them.The character and deeds of Robin Hood may have been based on someone else. Robin ofLoxley lived in Nottinghamshire around the time of the story, and he did help the poor. But didhe live in Nottingham forest with a band of robbers? Probably not, but helping other people isimportant and the legend hasn‟t been forgotten.Boadicea was first female queen in Britain. History tells us she lived in the 1st century and ledher people in their fight against the Romans when they invaded. The Romans won andconquered Britain. Boadicea was captured and died in prison, but legends say that sheescaped and fought on. This story was intended to encourage people in countries invaded bythe Romans, to resist and fight.Like myths, legends are passed down from generation to generation.How we use the word legend todayToday people use the word„legend‟ in a different way when they talk about people and theirdeeds. They may describe a basketball player, football player or runner as a “sportinglegend”, or an actor as a “film legend”. What they mean is the person is famous because oftheir skills or things they have done. This is similar to the earlier use of the word, and the legend stories. FABLES A fable is another type of story, also passed down from generation to generation and told to teach a lesson about something. Fables are about animals that can talk and act like people, or plants or forces of nature like thunder or wind. The plants may be able to move and also talk and the natural forces cause things to happen in the story
  • 6. because of their strength.The most famous fables were written by a man called Aesop. We know them as Aesop‟sFables, and he wrote more than 600 of them. FOLK AND FAIRY STORIES Folk and fairy tales are stories written specially for children, often about magical characters such as elves, fairies, goblins and giants. Sometimes the characters are animals. Hans Christian Andersen is famous for writing fairy tales. He was born in Denmark in 1805. Examples of his stories are “The Little Mermaid”, “Thumbelina” and “The Red Shoes”.In Copenhagen there is a statue of the little mermaid, sitting on a rock on the beach at theharbour, in memory of the writer.Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm were brothers, born in Germany in 1785 and 1786. They arefamous because they collected together many old fairy tales from different parts of Germanyand wrote them down for people to read. We know them as the Brothers Grimm and theircollection includes “Cinderella” and “The Frog Prince”.Note! Fairy Tales often involve “magic”whereas Folk Tales may not.What are Myths, Legends, Fables, Folk and Fairy TalesRead the description of myths, legends, fables, folk and fairy tales above and fill out the tablebelow. Time Type of Intended Include Purpose Period Characters audience Magic? of the Story Myths Red Legends Blue Fables Yellow
  • 7. Folk Tales Light Green Fairy Tales Green On your matrix outline in the correct color the stories you read based on the descriptions above. Sign in|ReportAbuse|PrintPage|RemoveAccess|Powered ByGoogle Siteshttps://sites.google.com/a/ismonterey.org/sixth-grade-mrs-shephard/what-is-a-myth-legend-fable-folk-tale-or-fairy-taleVenn diagram comparing all legends, folk tales, and ballads (Using Kidspiration or some otherprogram)Wordle using descriptive words for each genre (or some other technology)Divide the class into regions of the US (depending on number of students) and do research on thestates in the region and include ballads, folk tales, and legends. (Each person in a region will chooseone state to research. They will make a brochure, either using Microsoft publisher or doing theirown). The brochure will be used for persuasive writing component. The brochure will have a sectionabout the region including ballads, folktales, and legends and then a section featuring each state inthe region.Choose to write a ballad, folk tale, or legend. Rubric for each-must have all the components
  • 8. The Fifty States1. What is the name of the state?2. What is the region?3. What is the capital of this state?4. What are the state bird, state flower, and state tree?5. Are there any national parks or monuments and if so what are they and where are they?6. What are at least 2 other things you would like others to know about this state?
  • 9. My Own Tall Tale1. Plan a. Characters- Decide on your main character or characters. Think about what makes them fit into a tall tale. Describe them using colorful language. b. Plot- What is going to happen in your story that is exaggerated or superhuman? How does this begin? What happens next? How will your tall tale end?2. Wrtie Use your plan as a guide as you write your tall tale. Make sure you read it aloud to a partner. Make any changes. Make sure you edit your work for capital letters, punctuation, and spelling.3. Share Read aloud to your classmates!