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Speaking of Open Access
Beth Schuck, Cline Library
Open Access Publishing is:
• Open access (OA) refers to unrestricted
online access to articles published in
scholarly journals, and increasingly also
book chapters or monographs.
Open Access Publishing
• Why now?
• Why is it important?
• Why is it challenging?
• Internet/Networked communications
allow for open sharing of ideas
• Inflationary costs for scholarly
books/journals paired with decreasing
• Institutional focus on publishing for
Why Now, continued?
• Requirements of Funders – NIH
• Resolutions on Open Access Publishing
from faculty. (Harvard, VCU, etc.)
• Repositories assist in emphasizing
institutional contributions during time of
Why is it Important?
Benefits of Open Access
• Rights of faculty authors’ retained in this
type of model
• Reputation of University benefits from
increased exposure of faculty output
• Realize international and interdisciplinary
partnerships via this model and increased
Why is it challenging?
• Promotion and Tenure Traditions
• Prohibitive costs to authors
• Poor dissemination of
information/benefits of open access
model- (librarians included here.)
Why is it challenging, continued?
• Physics and Mathematics use of
arXiv.org (@Cornell University)
• Cost sharing by Universities for OA fees
(Berkeley, UNC-Chapel Hill)
• Frank discussions by faculty in
departments and colleges
• arXiv.org http://arxiv.org/
• Directory of Open Access Journals
• Public Library of Science http://www.plos.org/
• Creative Commons http://creativecommons.org/
• OA Bibliography http://www.digitalscholarship.org/oab/oab.htm
• Open Humanities Press
Links to Studies related to OA
• Study published in 2010 showed that of the total output
of peer-reviewed articles roughly 20% could be found
• Bibliography of Studies on OA publishing leading to
higher citation rates http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitationbiblio.html
• Understanding the Serials Crisis for Libraries