• The Greeks are recognizedas an exceptional people.• Greeks are known as the“noble Greeks”.• The term “the glory thatwas Greece” is particularlyapplicable to them becauseof their attainments inliterature, sculpture,architecture and philosophy.
3 Periods of the History of Greek LiteratureI. Pre-Homeric Age andHomeric Age to the Age ofHerodotusII. From the Age ofHerodotus to the death ofAlexander the GreatIII. The Period of Decline:From the death ofAlexander the Great to theenslavement of the Greeksby Rome and extends toA.D. 1453
Qualities of Greek Literature1. Permanence and Universality: Greek literature is as alive today as it was when it was written more than 3,000 years ago.2. Essentially full of artistry• Greek literature is a product of a people who purposely and conscientiously developed their physical and intellectual powers.3. Originality•The Greek mind had the supreme power of modifying and improving all that it touched.
4. Diversity of talent• The Greek mind never rested complacently on any one subject; the Greeks cultivated all literary types to perfection. 5. Intellectual quality• The Greek mind challenges one to think for some purpose - to bring about some inner transformation.
More information1.The Greeks believed in four cardinal virtues: courage, temperance, justice and wisdom.2. The Greeks depicted their deities in human shape as is evident in the abundant sculpture they have left us.3. The Greeks followed a formula in their prayers: invocation, sanction and entreaty.
4. The Greeks asked theirdeities in routineprayers, and they askedadvice and counselthrough omens.5. The Greeks believedthat their deities lived onMount Olympus or retiredin their favorite shrinesand that they alsomingled with people.
6. Ancient Greecewas a land ofcontrasts but not ofextremes.7. Life was difficult,but the Greeks wereable to make themost of what theyhad.