3. Geography46th largest country4th largest islandHighlands, includinglarge valleys and hillsHighest peak:Maromokotro (9,436 ft)
4. Government Semi-presidential representative democratic multi-party republic Frequent coups since Madagascar gained independence in 1960 Large political upheaval in 2009
5. People (1/2)20,653,556 people63.63 years lifeexpectancyNationality:“Malagasy”68.9% literacy rate
6. People (2/2) ETHNIC GROUPS: Malayo-Indonesian, Cotiers, French, Indian, Creole, Comoran RELIGIONS: Indigenous beliefs (52%), Christianity (41%), Islam (7%) Official languages are
7. EconomyAgriculture is crucial tothe economy (morethan 25% of GDP)Currently being cut offfrom foreign aid due totravesties occurring inthe 2009 coup2009 coup has dealtserious economic blow
8. Infrastructure Above-average telephone system for the region State-owned TV and radio with extensive reach 65,663 km of road 4 main seaports 84 airports
9. MilitaryPeople’s ArmedForces: InterventionForce, DevelopmentForce, and AeronavalForce18-25 year oldeligibility, no draft1% of GDP spent onmilitary
10. National Issues Several human rights violations in the political tension of the 2009 coup Deforestation Soil degradation Introduction of alien species Overhunting
11. Transnational IssuesMadagascar has facedcriticism by majorcountries of aid (US,EU) as a result of the2009 political coupIllicit producer ofcannabisTransshipment point forheroin
12. Madagascar and the UN MillenniumDevelopment Goals
13. GOAL I: ERADICATE POVERTY AND HUNGERPoverty has risen, not fallen, since instatement of goalsMalnourishment has risen, not fallen, since instatement ofgoals
14. GOAL II: ACHIEVE UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATIONPrimary school completion rate has risen from 33.3% in1991 to 45.3% in 2004A higher percentage of girls (46%) graduate than boys(44.6%)
15. GOAL III: PROMOTE GENDEREQUALITY AND EMPOWERAs of 2006, there are 160 men and 11 women inparliament
16. GOAL IV: REDUCE INFANT MORTALITY76 out of 1000 children die in infancy123 out of 1000 children die before the age of five
17. GOAL V: IMPROVE MATERNAL HEALTH550 out of 100,000 mothers die during childbirth.
18. GOAL VI: COMBAT HIV/AIDS,MALARIA AND OTHER DISEASES 2900 AIDS deaths in 2005 .5% of population living with AIDS 20% of children sleep with insecticide-treated bed nets
19. GOAL VII: ENSURE ENVIRONMENTALCarbon emissions at .133 metric tons per capita (downfrom 2002)Only approximately 2.59% of the land is considered to be“protected.”
20. GOAL VIII: DEVELOP A GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP FOR $1,900,000,000 in debt relief committed under Heavily Indebted Poor Countries initiative 316100 internet users
22. Rather than placing US AID in the hands of potentially corrupt coup politicians, the United States Federal Government shouldsignificantly increase its contribution to charities directly involved in the improvement of the country of Madagascar.
23. UNICEFAlready involved inimproving education,public health, anddisaster relief withinthe region ofMadagascar.Innovative ideas suchas the “school in abox” help to spreadeducation.
24. WaterAid Already made significant attempts to broaden sanitation goals Aids in water cleanliness, which also helps with public health and morale
26. HELP Madagascar Provides assistance to citizens in poverty Funds education Vocational training for women Emergency relief
27. Progress on MDGsExtreme poverty and hunger—ALLPrimary education—UNICEF, HELPGender equality—HELPReduce Child Mortality—AOMMaternal Health—UNICEFInfectious diseases—WaterAid, UNICEFEnvironmental stability—WaterAidGlobal partnership for development—ALL
28. Works CitedAid to Orphans of Madagascar. AOM. Web. 12 May 2011. <http://orphansofmadagascar.org/>.HELP Madagascar. HELP Madagascar, 2000. Web. 12 May 2011. <http://www.helpmg.org/>."Human Rights Issues in Madagascar." Wildmadagascar.org. Web. 12 May 2011. <http://www.wildmadagascar.org/overview/loc/54-human_rights.html>."Madagascar Action Plan." United Nations. Web. 12 May 2011. <http://www.un.org/esa/coordination/Alliance/MADAGASCAR%20ACTION %20PLAN.htm>."Millennium Development Goals: Madagascar." Index Mundi. Web. 12 May 2011. <http://www.indexmundi.com/madagascar/millennium-development-goals.html>."Threats to Madagascars Environment." Wildmadagascar.org. Web. 12 May 2011. <http://www.wildmadagascar.org/conservation/threats.html>.UNICEF for Madagascar. UNICEF. Web. 12 May 2011. <http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/madagascar_41711.html>.WaterAid International Site. WaterAid. Web. 12 May 2011. <http://www.wateraid.org/international/what_we_do/where_we_work/madagascar/>.