The two key views or aspects of the crossView #1 of the cross (We are perpetrators) inherited condemnationØ The view of the cross that focuses upon the significance of whatJesus accomplished in relationship to how we would stand beforeGod. (Atonement, Propitiation, Justification)View #2 of the cross (We are victims) inherited corruptionØ This focuses upon the significance of what Christ accomplishedin relationship to the bondage that the powers of sin, death and thedevil have over us. The fact is we come into this world enslaved tosin and here the cross presents to us the important work of Christ’sdeath. It is His death on the cross which has redeemed and deliveredus from these evil powers. (Redemption, Ransom)
What is sin?Sin is any failure to conform to the moral law of God in act,attitude or nature.We all know that sin is harmful to our lives and that it brings painand destructive consequences to others and us.However, it much more serious than what it does to othersbecause it is a direct contradiction, violation and rebellion to thevery holiness of God.
Scriptural support for the definition of sin1 John 3:4 - Everyone who practices sin also practices lawlessness;and sin is lawlessness.James 4:17 - Therefore, to one who knows the right thing to do anddoes not do it, to him it is sinRomans 14:23 - “…and whatever is not from faith is sin.Romans 3:23 - For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God
Biblical evidence for the doctrine of sinØ Genesis 6:5: "The LORD saw that the wickedness of man wasgreat in the earth, and that every intention of the thoughts of hisheart was only evil continually.”Ø Jeremiah 13:23 (NIV): "Can the Ethiopian change his skin or theleopard its spots? Neither can you do good who are accustomed todoing evil.”Ø Romans 3:10-11: "None is righteous, no, not one; no oneunderstands; no one seeks for God.”Ø Romans 8:7-9: "For the mind that is set on the flesh is hostile toGod, for it does not submit to Gods law; indeed, it cannot. Thosewho are in the flesh cannot please God. You, however, are not in theflesh but in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you.Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong tohim."Ø Ephesians 2:3b: "[We] were by nature children of wrath, like therest of mankind."
Ø 1 Corinthians 2:14: "The natural person does not accept thethings of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is notable to understand them because they are spiritually discerned."Ø Genesis 8:21 - The LORD smelled the soothing aroma; and theLORD said to Himself, “I will never again curse the ground onaccount of man, for the intent of man’s heart is evil from his youth;and I will never again destroy every living thing, as I have doneØ1 Kings 8:46 - “When they sin against You (for there is no manwho does not sin) and You are angry with them and deliver them toan enemy, so that they take them away captive to the land of theenemy, far off or nearØ Psalms 51:5 - Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, And insin my mother conceived me.Ø Jeremiah 17:9 - The heart is more deceitful than all else And isdesperately sick; Who can understand it?
Ø Romans 7:18 - For I know that nothing good dwells in me, thatis, in my flesh; for the willing is present in me, but the doing of thegood is notØ1 John 1:8- If we say that we have no sin, we are deceivingourselves and the truth is not in us.Summary Point:Man is not basically good - Man is bad, evil, wicked and corruptEven though we learn in Genesis 1:27 we were created in Hisimage something went terribly and tragically wrong in Genesis 3when Adam sinned.From that time until now - man is not a sinner because he sins,rather man sins because he is a sinner!
Romans 5:12-21The Scriptures teach that sin causes a two-fold problem in ourlives. By the way these two sin problems are what all peopleinherit from Adam.1. We have inherited condemnation – our original guilt andcondemnation is not rooted in our first individual sinning but in ourconnection with Adam and his sin. Since we are regarded ashaving sinned in Adam then we are subject to the same punishmentas Adam. This imputed sin is the ruin of our standing before Godin which we are reckoned as guilty in the courtroom of God.Romans 5:12 - Therefore, just as through one man sin entered intothe world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men,because all sinned
The Scriptures teach that sin causes a two-fold problem in ourlives. By the way these two sin problems are what all peopleinherit from Adam.2. We have inherited corruption – Because of Adam’s sin thenwe all enter the world with a sinful or fallen nature. This sinnature, which we have inherited from Adam, manifests itself inour thought, ways of speaking and behaving such that we violatethe moral commands of God. We are not sinners because we sinrather we sin because we are sinners!
The point of this Scripture is HUGE because in my corruptedcondition and my sinful behavior I have a much deeper problem.That problem is rooted in my union with Adam, my father inwhom I sinned, was condemned and died. We need to see wherein this paragraph Paul is writing to show us that it is ourconnection to and with Adam that is our main problem.Romans 5:15 – “…by the transgression of the one many died…” The one here is AdamRomans 5:16 – “…for on the one hand the judgment arose fromone transgression resulting in condemnation…”Romans 5:17 – “For if by the transgression of the one, deathreigned through the one…”Romans 5:18 – “…through one transgression there resultedcondemnation to all men”Romans 5:19 – “For as through the one man’s disobedience themany were made sinners…”
Now that we understand the two-fold problem what is the solution?Ø The problem of our condemnation in Adam, God remediesthrough justification in Christ.ØHis reckoning to us the righteousness Christ solves the problem ofour legal guilt and condemnation before God.ØIn other words if we are to stand before God and be declared “notguilty” then we must have the righteousness of Someone else.”ØThat someone else is Christ and His righteousness is imputed to usby grace alone, through faith alone.Ø This event is outside of me and is judicial - (declared righteous)Ø This event happens in an instant
Now that we understand the two-fold problem what is the solution?The problem of our corruption God remedies through regenerationby the Spirit.And the problem of our moral defilement and habitual sinning issolved by His purifying us by the work of Spirit. This process iswhat we call sanctification.Ø This event is inside of me and moralØ This event happens progressively over time
Five Observations from Scripture regarding sin1. Sin affects every human.Romans 3:23All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.1 Kings 8:46There is no man who does not sin.Psalm 143:2And do not enter into judgment with Your servant, for in Your sightno man living is righteous.1 John 1:8If we say that we have no sin, we are deceiving ourselves and thetruth is not in us.
2. Our rebellion or hardness against God is total, that is, apartfrom the grace of God there is no delight in the holiness of God,and there is no glad submission to the sovereign authority of God.Romans 3:9-11, 18What then? Are we better than they? Not at all; for we have alreadycharged that both Jews and Greeks are all under sin; as it is written,“THERE IS NONE RIGHTEOUS, NOT EVEN ONE; THERE ISNONE WHO UNDERSTANDS, THERE IS NONE WHO SEEKSFOR GOD . . . THERE IS NO FEAR OF GOD BEFORE THEIREYES.”
John 3:19-21This is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, andmen loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds wereevil. For everyone who does evil hates the Light, and does not cometo the Light for fear that his deeds will be exposed. But he whopractices the truth comes to the Light, so that his deeds may bemanifested as having been wrought in God.Romans 1:18For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodlinessand unrighteousness of men who suppress the truth inunrighteousness.
3. In his total rebellion everything man does is sin.Romans 14:23Whatever is not from faith is sin.Hebrews 11:6And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comesto God must believe that He is and that He is a rewarder of thosewho seek Him.Romans 7:18For I know that nothing good dwells in me, that is, in my flesh; forthe willing is present in me, but the doing of the good is not.
4. Man’s inability to submit to God and do good is total.Romans 8:5-9For those who are according to the flesh set their minds on thethings of the flesh, but those who are according to the Spirit, thethings of the Spirit. For the mind set on the flesh [literally: “themind of the flesh”] is death, but the mind set on the Spirit [literally:“the mind of the Spirit”] is life and peace, because the mind set onthe flesh [literally: “the mind of the flesh”] is hostile toward God;for it does not subject itself to the law of God, for it is not even ableto do so, and those who are in the flesh cannot please God.However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed theSpirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spiritof Christ, he does not belong to Him.
John 3:5-7Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born ofwater and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. Thatwhich is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of theSpirit is spirit. Do not be amazed that I said to you, ‘You must beborn again.’”Romans 6:17-18But thanks be to God that though you were slaves of sin, youbecame obedient from the heart to that form of teaching to whichyou were committed, and having been freed from sin, you becameslaves of righteousness.
Ephesians 2:1-5And you were dead in your trespasses and sins, in which youformerly walked according to the course of this world, according tothe prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now workingin the sons of disobedience. Among them we too all formerly livedin the lusts of our flesh, indulging the desires of the flesh and of themind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest. ButGod, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which Heloved us, even when we were dead in our transgressions, made usalive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved).Ephesians 4:17-18So this I say, and affirm together with the Lord, that you walk nolonger just as the Gentiles also walk, in the futility of their mind,being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life ofGod because of the ignorance that is in them, because of thehardness of their heart.
John 6:44No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him;and I will raise him up on the last day.1 Corinthians 2:14But a natural man does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, forthey are foolishness to him; and he cannot understand them, becausethey are spiritually appraised.Jeremiah 17:9The heart is more deceitful than all else and is desperately[incurably] sick; who can understand it?
5. Our rebellion is totally deserving of eternal punishment.Ephesians 2:3Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts of our flesh,indulging the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were bynature children of wrath, even as the rest.2 Thessalonians 1:8-9[God will] deal out retribution to those who do not know God and tothose who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. These will paythe penalty of eternal destruction, away from the presence of theLord and from the glory of His power.Matthew 25:46These will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous intoeternal life.
In summary:Total inability means that apart from the grace God, our hardnessand rebellion against God is total, everything we do in this rebellionis sin, our inability to submit to God or reform ourselves is total,and we are therefore totally deserving of eternal punishment.It is hard to exaggerate the importance of admitting our condition tobe this bad. If we think of ourselves as basically good or even lessthan totally at odds with God, our grasp of the work of God inredemption will be defective.