0
0
Sovereignty of GodThis is a functional idea about God’sRulingReigningOwnershipIt brings together the attributes as these a...
Scriptural support for the sovereignty of GodThis is the summary song that Moses gives to the people from God,when they go...
Deuteronomy 32:39Look at the parallelism in the verses:Puts to death    Gives lifeWho wounds    And healsWe often like to ...
1 Samuel 2This is the prayer of Hannah as she dedicates Samuel to the Lord.Remember Hannah was barren and promised that if...
The Lord makes:Poor Rich (Deuteronomy 8:17-18)Brings down Lifts upJust think of this in terms of those who are poor. What ...
Reader’s Digest story of guy killed one night driving car from astray bullet shot on a lakeAnyone who is killed, could God...
Isaiah 45:5-7 (What is the theme “I AM GOD”)"I am the LORD, and there is no other;Besides Me there is no GodI will gird yo...
By the way as part of the historical background Isaiah is talkingabout King Cyrus in these verses who is going to be used ...
God is the subject of the verb “bara”God causes:Well being - this is the word “shallom” in the Hebrew and means tomake who...
Isaiah 45:5-7 (Hebrew parallelism)    Forming light         Creating darkness    Causing well being         Creating calam...
The Spectrum of God’s Sovereignty                     And everything                      in between                      ...
Daniel 4 (One of strongest statements on sovereignty)The words of King Nebuchadnezzar who was a pagan king.Daniel 4:29-30‘...
But then after seven years of eating grass, his beard growing andfingernails not being cut, his reason returns.Daniel 4:34...
King N. talks about the dominion of God being everlasting ascompared with his which is temporalThe phrase “are nothing com...
Psalm 135:5-6For I know that the LORD is greatAnd that our Lord is above all gods.Whatever the LORD pleases, He does,In he...
Proverbs 21:1The kings heart is like channels of water in the hand of the LORD;He turns it wherever He wishes. (Think abou...
Romans 9:11for though the twins were not yet born and had not done anythinggood or bad, so that God’s purpose according to...
Illustration:R.C. Sproul - “the locust of astonishment”We worry about the problem of evil but this is not a problemfor God...
Proverbs 16:33 - The lot is cast into the lap, But its every decisionis from the LORD.Matthew 6:26 - Are not two sparrows ...
Two kinds of issuesMechanical - How does divine sovereignty, God’s control overeverything that happens mesh with human fre...
Retreat 2009 - Saturday night sessionØPray and Prepare (see next page)ØWhat is God teaching and revealing?Ø What verses do...
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“Compatibilist” TextsThis means two things that need to be brought together inconvergence.One is the sovereign control of ...
Genesis 45:4-8You remember the story, there was seven years of plenty andseven years of famine.So when the brothers went d...
“Then Joseph said to his brothers, . . . ‘I am your brother Joseph,whom you sold into Egypt.Question – is this true?Did hi...
Now do not be grieved or angry with yourselves, because yousold me here, for God sent me before you to preserve life . . ....
Now the question is would one of the two actions be moreultimate or primary? Or does one of the two weigh in heavier thant...
In an ultimate sense what happened to Joseph can’t be explained bywhat happened according to your jealousy and anger and v...
And the reason we know this is because in Genesis 50 when Jacobdies and the brothers are left with Joseph they are worried...
Isaiah 10:5-7, 12, 15      “Woe to Assyria, (this starts out with a warning like, you are in big      trouble Assyria, you...
7 Yet it does not so intend, nor does it plan so in its heart, (whatdoes that mean?, do you see the point of it? They are ...
15 Is the axe to boast itself over the one who chops with it? (who isthe ax? Answer – Assyria, who is the One who chops wi...
Acts 2:23; 4:27-282:23 “this Man, delivered over by the predetermined plan andforeknowledge ofGod, you nailed to a cross b...
28 to do whatever Your hand and Your purpose predestined tooccur.”It is incredible to think that all we read about in the ...
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0
What is sin?Sin is any failure to conform to the moral law of God in act,attitude or nature.We all know that sin is harmfu...
Scriptural support for the definition of sin1 John 3:4 - Everyone who practices sin also practices lawlessness;and sin is ...
Biblical evidence for the doctrine of sinØ Genesis 6:5: "The LORD saw that the wickedness of man wasgreat in the earth, an...
Ø 1 Corinthians 2:14: "The natural person does not accept thethings of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and h...
Ø Romans 7:18 - For I know that nothing good dwells in me, thatis, in my flesh; for the willing is present in me, but the ...
Romans 5:12-21The Scriptures teach that sin causes a two-fold problem in ourlives. By the way these two sin problems are w...
The Scriptures teach that sin causes a two-fold problem in ourlives. By the way these two sin problems are what all people...
The point of this Scripture is HUGE because in my corruptedcondition and my sinful behavior I have a much deeper problem.T...
Now that we understand the two-fold problem what is the solution?Ø The problem of our condemnation in Adam, God remediesth...
Now that we understand the two-fold problem what is the solution?The problem of our corruption God remedies through regene...
Five Observations from Scripture regarding sin1. Sin affects every human.Romans 3:23All have sinned and fall short of the ...
2. Our rebellion or hardness against God is total, that is, apartfrom the grace of God there is no delight in the holiness...
John 3:19-21This is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, andmen loved the darkness rather than the Light,...
3. In his total rebellion everything man does is sin.Romans 14:23Whatever is not from faith is sin.Hebrews 11:6And without...
4. Man’s inability to submit to God and do good is total.Romans 8:5-9For those who are according to the flesh set their mi...
John 3:5-7Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born ofwater and the Spirit he cannot enter into the ...
Ephesians 2:1-5And you were dead in your trespasses and sins, in which youformerly walked according to the course of this ...
John 6:44No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him;and I will raise him up on the last day.1 Corinthia...
5. Our rebellion is totally deserving of eternal punishment.Ephesians 2:3Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts...
In summary:Total inability means that apart from the grace God, our hardnessand rebellion against God is total, everything...
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  1. 1. 0
  2. 2. Sovereignty of GodThis is a functional idea about God’sRulingReigningOwnershipIt brings together the attributes as these are the things that make Himsovereign. God is good, wise, holy and these things come to bear as Herules, leads and governs.Definition: God plans and carries out His perfect will as He alone knowsis best, over all that is in heaven and earth, and He does so without failureor defeat.Sovereignty is a statement about God’s CONTROL over all things in HisPLAN and His EXECTUING that plan.How wide? - over all heaven and earthHow successful is God in this plan? - without failure or defeat 0
  3. 3. Scriptural support for the sovereignty of GodThis is the summary song that Moses gives to the people from God,when they go after other gods and they will then I want them toknow who I AM.Deuteronomy 32:39: See now that I myself am He! There is no god besides me. I put to death and I bring to life, I have wounded and I will heal, and no one can deliver out of my hand.The rest of the verses state that whatever comes against God Hewill defeat it.Notice in verse 39 a “Feature” of God’s rulershipSpectrum verses: The two sides of the spectrum are announced andGod is in control of both edges of the extremes and obviouslyeverything in between. God is alpha and omega, in all moments 0
  4. 4. Deuteronomy 32:39Look at the parallelism in the verses:Puts to death Gives lifeWho wounds And healsWe often like to think of God’s sovereignty in terms of One who gives life and One who heals. However in these verses we also learn that God is the One who puts to death and He is the One who wounds. God is saying I rule over both edges.This is often not taught in our evangelical churches today and therefore there is a need to go slow and let this sink in.It is imperative that we take people back to God’s word! 0
  5. 5. 1 Samuel 2This is the prayer of Hannah as she dedicates Samuel to the Lord.Remember Hannah was barren and promised that if God gave her ason she would give him back to the Lord.READ 1 Samuel 2:1-7 for the context and verses 6-71 Samuel 2:6-7: (Her song of thanksgiving to the Lord)The Lord gives both death and life; he brings some down to the grave but raises others up.The Lord makes some poor and others rich; he brings some down and lifts others up.The Lord brings both:Death LifeDown to the grave Raises others up (reference to resurrection) 0
  6. 6. The Lord makes:Poor Rich (Deuteronomy 8:17-18)Brings down Lifts upJust think of this in terms of those who are poor. What poor personout there could God not snap His fingers and provide for them?Which must mean that God purposely chooses not to give what Hecould give in order that they be poor.Isn’t God in control of both poor and rich?Well move that over to life and death. Every single death thatoccurs is ordained by God. If anyone dies couldn’t God sustainthem an hour, day, week or even a year longer. 0
  7. 7. Reader’s Digest story of guy killed one night driving car from astray bullet shot on a lakeAnyone who is killed, could God not stop the bullet, the car or thebomb.Illustration: The Communist that tries to kill the Vietnamese manwho will not deny ChristDoesn’t God govern over all things?Every person that is conceived God does it and every person whodies God ordains it.Isn’t that what the sovereignty of God means based on these versesin the Bible?Do an internal check of your own heart right now and see if you arepushing back against this truth!Why is this so hard for us to accept about God? Discuss as a group 0
  8. 8. Isaiah 45:5-7 (What is the theme “I AM GOD”)"I am the LORD, and there is no other;Besides Me there is no GodI will gird you, (Cyrus) though you have not known Me;That men may know from the rising to the setting of the sunThat there is no one besides Me.I am the LORD, and there is no other,The One forming light and creating darkness,Causing well-being and creating calamity;I am the LORD who does all these.Introduction: We can see that from these verses it is clear that God isdistinguishing Himself as the one and only God and there in no otherbesides Himself. As a matter of fact this is what constitutes Godbeing God. 0
  9. 9. By the way as part of the historical background Isaiah is talkingabout King Cyrus in these verses who is going to be used of God.I am God and there is no other:the One who forms light and creates darknessThe verb for create is “bara” in the Hebrew and can only beattributed throughout the Scriptures as something that God Himselfdoes and does alone.The word for darkness is “raah” in the Hebrew and is the mostsevere word in the OT for evil and destruction.Amos 3:6 “…If a calamity occurs in a city has not the LORD doneit?” (Isaiah 31:2 - disaster is the word for “raah”)Here again we have a spectrum of light and darkness 0
  10. 10. God is the subject of the verb “bara”God causes:Well being - this is the word “shallom” in the Hebrew and means tomake whole and everything is right.Ironically the strongest verb bara (create) is matched up with thestrongest noun (calamity)And the weaker verb “causes” is matched up with the noun, whichis well-beingPut this together in our study of the sovereignty of God.God creates evil but He is in no way evil Himself. Let me even gofurther in this thought process in the Bible, God ordains sin and yetis in no does He sin in doing so. God is the primary cause of goodand evil. (Job 1-2) 0
  11. 11. Isaiah 45:5-7 (Hebrew parallelism) Forming light Creating darkness Causing well being Creating calamity I AM THE LORD WHO DOES ALL THESEØ 1 John 1:5 This is the message we have heard from Him andannounce to you, that God is Light, and in Him there is no darknessat all.Ø Psalm 5:4 For You are not a God who takes pleasure inwickedness; No evil dwells with You. 0
  12. 12. The Spectrum of God’s Sovereignty And everything in between LifeDeathWound Heal Raise upDown to graveMake Poor Make Rich Forms Light Creates Calamity 0
  13. 13. Daniel 4 (One of strongest statements on sovereignty)The words of King Nebuchadnezzar who was a pagan king.Daniel 4:29-30‘Twelve months later he was walking on the roof of the royalpalace of Babylon.The king reflected and said, Is this not Babylon the great, which Imyself have built as a royal residence by the might of my powerand for the glory of my majesty?’Daniel 4:32and you will be driven away from mankind, and your dwellingplace will be with the beasts of the field You will be given grass toeat like cattle, and seven periods of time will pass over you untilyou recognize that the Most High is ruler over the realm ofmankind and bestows it on whomever He wishes.’Conclusion: God say to Nebuchadnezzar you are king at thismoment but God gives the kingdoms of the world to those Hechooses 0
  14. 14. But then after seven years of eating grass, his beard growing andfingernails not being cut, his reason returns.Daniel 4:34-35But at the end of that period, I, Nebuchadnezzar, raised my eyestoward heaven and my reason returned to me, and I blessed theMost High and praised and honored Him who lives forever;For His dominion is an everlasting dominion,And His kingdom endures from generation to generation.All the inhabitants of the earth are accounted as nothing,But He does according to His will in the host of heavenAnd among the inhabitants of earth;And no one can ward off His hand (Rom.9, Jer.18)Or say to Him, What have You done?’Discuss with the group - What does this mean? 0
  15. 15. King N. talks about the dominion of God being everlasting ascompared with his which is temporalThe phrase “are nothing compared to Him”(cross ref:Isaiah 40)Doesn’t this mean:That they add nothing to God even with all their power and prowessand might.The nations do not add or take away from the all sufficiency ofGod.In context it means that they are able to do nothing in terms ofbeing able to accomplish their own will in lieu of God’s will.(Eph.1:11)Daniel 4:35 - No one can keep God from accomplishing His good apleasing will.No one can question His wisdom, justice and authority! 0
  16. 16. Psalm 135:5-6For I know that the LORD is greatAnd that our Lord is above all gods.Whatever the LORD pleases, He does,In heaven and in earth, in the seas and in all deeps.What in this verse distinguishes God?Answer - God does whatever He pleasesHow wide is the sovereignty of God? And How deep?There are no qualifications to these statements. Such as, God canonly do this as long as human beings are stubborn in their hearts.Psalm 115:3But our God is in the heavens;He does whatever He pleases. 0
  17. 17. Proverbs 21:1The kings heart is like channels of water in the hand of the LORD;He turns it wherever He wishes. (Think about this when you are ina situation where someone else has control)Illustration: Bruce Ware’s house for saleRemember the 10 plagues that God sent against the Egyptianpeople via His servant Moses. Wouldn’t you think that after allthese hardships the people of Egypt would hate and want to kill theIsraelites? But look what happened.Exodus 12:35-36Now the sons of Israel had done according to the word of Moses,for they had requested from the Egyptians articles of silver andarticles of gold, and clothing;and the LORD had given the people favor in the sight of theEgyptians, so that they let them have their request. Thus theyplundered the Egyptians. 0
  18. 18. Romans 9:11for though the twins were not yet born and had not done anythinggood or bad, so that God’s purpose according to His choice wouldstand, not because of works but because of Him who calls,The foundation for this is God does what He pleasesRomans 9:14If God loved Jacob based on what Jacob did and He didn’t loveEsau because there was something about Esau, then you removethe grounds for the complaint in verse 14.The only reason verse 14 makes sense is because someone wouldread it and think this looks unjust. 0
  19. 19. Illustration:R.C. Sproul - “the locust of astonishment”We worry about the problem of evil but this is not a problemfor God, we all deserve condemnation.No matter how bad someone may suffer in this life, it is pale incomparison to what we actually do deserve.From God’s perspective the problem isn’t evil the problem isgoodness. How can God show kindness to those who do notdeserve it.Marvel, marvel in the fact that God chooses to show Hismercy.God is in control of everything in life. And may we neverquestion the justice of God in anything He may please to do. 0
  20. 20. Proverbs 16:33 - The lot is cast into the lap, But its every decisionis from the LORD.Matthew 6:26 - Are not two sparrows sold for a copper coin? Andnot one of them falls to the ground apart from your Father’s will.(NKJV)Proverbs 19:21 - Many plans are in a mans heart, But the counselof the LORD will stand.Isaiah 46:10 - Declaring the end from the beginning,And from ancient times things which have not been done,Saying, My purpose will be established,And I will accomplish all My good pleasure;Jeremiah 32:27 - Behold, I am the LORD, the God of all flesh; isanything too difficult for Me?”Genesis 18:14 - “Is anything too difficult for the LORD?…” 0
  21. 21. Two kinds of issuesMechanical - How does divine sovereignty, God’s control overeverything that happens mesh with human freedom?How does this work that we are free and yet God is in control ofeverything?Unless you hold the belief that there is no human freedom inScriptureVery few over the course of church history have argued for theview aboveMoral issue - How can it be that if God is sovereign and incontrol of everything that He could hold us accountable for evil?And God Himself is always praise worthy, we get all the blameand God gets the praise, so how can this be? 0
  22. 22. Retreat 2009 - Saturday night sessionØPray and Prepare (see next page)ØWhat is God teaching and revealing?Ø What verses do I need to study and/or memorize?Ø What truths do I need to share in my sphere of influence?Sovereignty Definition: God plans and carries out His perfect will asHe alone knows is best, over all that is in heaven and earth, and He doesso without failure or defeat. 0
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  24. 24. “Compatibilist” TextsThis means two things that need to be brought together inconvergence.One is the sovereign control of God, He is ordaining, He isdetermining, He is causing to bring about certain things but thatsovereign ordination of God doesn’t cancel out human free actionand responsibility.Instead that sovereign action of God is compatible with and doesn’thappen separate from responsible human action.So these two things are compatible – Divine Sovereignty and FreeHuman Responsibility 0
  25. 25. Genesis 45:4-8You remember the story, there was seven years of plenty andseven years of famine.So when the brothers went down to Egypt to buy food the one thatthey appeared before was in fact there brother Joseph.The brothers sold Joseph as a slave hoping that he would have apainful death.They had no idea that he was promoted, God had given him thosedreams, and now he was second in command in all of Egypt.Then in Genesis 45 Joseph decides to reveal his true identity to hisbrothers. 0
  26. 26. “Then Joseph said to his brothers, . . . ‘I am your brother Joseph,whom you sold into Egypt.Question – is this true?Did his brothers sell him into Egypt?Yes indeed they did, they plotted it and carried it out and didexactly what they wanted to do.First of all they wanted to kill him but Reuben was there and keptthem from doing that, but when the caravan came along theydecided that was better because they could make some money andalso be sure he would have a painful death as a slave. 0
  27. 27. Now do not be grieved or angry with yourselves, because yousold me here, for God sent me before you to preserve life . . .Now stop and think, notice is does not say this “don’t be angrywith yourselves for selling me into Egypt for God took what youdid and turned it into good.”Instead it says that God sent me, this is the language of past tenseor past action to indicate what God did and what they did. Thebrothers selling Joseph into Egypt was God’s sending Joseph intoEgypt. It was not using what they did for some good purpose.Now here is the question – when you have two activities thatconverge in bringing about what happens:Ø The brothers selling Joseph into EgyptØ God sending him to Egypt 0
  28. 28. Now the question is would one of the two actions be moreultimate or primary? Or does one of the two weigh in heavier thanthe other in explaining what happens.7 God sent me (notice who gets dropped out of the equation alltogether in this verse – the brothers are no longer mentionedbecause God’s purpose is fulfilled in what they did)before you to preserve for you a remnant in the earth, and to keepyou alive by a great deliverance. (It looks like a stronger weightgiven to God’s action than the brothers)8 Now, therefore, it was not you who sent me here, but God; (Thisverifies what we thought in verse 7 that God has the ultimateaction here) and He has made me a father to Pharaoh and lord ofall his household and ruler over all the land of Egypt.’” 0
  29. 29. In an ultimate sense what happened to Joseph can’t be explained bywhat happened according to your jealousy and anger and vengefulaction toward Joseph in selling him into Egypt.Basically what this means is that the brothers carried out God’sordained will.God sent Joseph through the brothers selling him.Question: If that is the case then on judgment day can the brothersof Joseph hold up this passage from Genesis 45 and say “we can’tbe held accountable for this because we didn’t send Joseph but itwas God and therefore we are off the hook.”Is that going to work? Answer - No way 0
  30. 30. And the reason we know this is because in Genesis 50 when Jacobdies and the brothers are left with Joseph they are worried becausethe father is gone so what is Joseph now going to do with them?So they plead with him to forgive them and Joseph responds “youmeant it for evil but God meant it for good.”It is very clear that God’s sending Joseph to Egypt through thebrothers selling Joseph to Egypt does not in any way absolve themof responsibility.God is praised for the action that He does for the people and theyare blameworthy for the action they did in selling Joseph down toEgypt. 0
  31. 31. Isaiah 10:5-7, 12, 15 “Woe to Assyria, (this starts out with a warning like, you are in big trouble Assyria, you who are what?) the rod of My anger, and the staff in whose hands is My indignation Do we get the point? Assyria you who are carrying out My will, My rod in My hand doing exactly what I ordain you to do, now you might ask how can Assyria be in trouble with God for doing what He has ordained them to do?(a) I send it against a godless nation (who is this? It is Israel), and commission it against the people of My fury, to capture booty and to seize plunder, and to trample them down like mud in the streets. (The next verse is critical in understanding what is going on here) 0
  32. 32. 7 Yet it does not so intend, nor does it plan so in its heart, (whatdoes that mean?, do you see the point of it? They are beingcommissioned by God to do the very things of God but they donot see themselves as the instrument of God) but rather it is itspurpose to destroy, and to cut off many nations . . . (Assyria isselfish and arrogant and they are doing this entirely for their ownbenefit, they have no idea that as they do this they are carryingout the very will of God)12 So it will be when the Lord has completed all his work onMount Zion (this means the work that God ordained Assyria todo) and on Jerusalem, He will say, ‘I will punish the fruit of thearrogant heart of the king of Assyria and the pomp of hishaughtiness . . . 0
  33. 33. 15 Is the axe to boast itself over the one who chops with it? (who isthe ax? Answer – Assyria, who is the One who chops with it? Answer – God)Is the saw to exalt itself over the one who wields it?’” (who is thesaw? Answer – Assyria, who is the One who wields it? Answer –God)Assyria is raised up by God and given the military prowess thatthey have, used and ordained by God to carry out this work tobring judgment against His own people then when they havefinished it, God then holds them accountable for what they did. Not so much for the work they did but for the intent of the heart inwhich there was pride and arrogance and selfishness.They are judged for what they did even though they did exactlywhat God ordained them to do. 0
  34. 34. Acts 2:23; 4:27-282:23 “this Man, delivered over by the predetermined plan andforeknowledge ofGod, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and putHim to death . . .4:27 for truly in this city there were gathered together against Yourholy servantJesus, whom You anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, alongwith the Gentiles and the peoples of Israel, 0
  35. 35. 28 to do whatever Your hand and Your purpose predestined tooccur.”It is incredible to think that all we read about in the gospels, thebetrayal of Judas, the trial before Caiaphas, the people that a weekbefore on Palm Sunday were throwing palms down in front ofHim and declaring Him to be the Messiah, and now a week laterare crying out for Him to be crucified, the Romans, Jews, andHerod all fulfilling exactly what God had ordained to occur.The point is that given the weight of the evidence which is inScripture then we must hold in one hand that God is entirelysovereign over all things that happen.On the other hand that sovereignty of God does not cancel out ourfree and moral responsibility in doing the things that we do.Therefore these two things must go together in some respect. 0
  36. 36. 0
  37. 37. 0
  38. 38. What is sin?Sin is any failure to conform to the moral law of God in act,attitude or nature.We all know that sin is harmful to our lives and that it brings painand destructive consequences to others and us.However, it much more serious than what it does to othersbecause it is a direct contradiction, violation and rebellion to thevery holiness of God. 0
  39. 39. Scriptural support for the definition of sin1 John 3:4 - Everyone who practices sin also practices lawlessness;and sin is lawlessness.James 4:17 - Therefore, to one who knows the right thing to do anddoes not do it, to him it is sinRomans 14:23 - “…and whatever is not from faith is sin.Romans 3:23 - For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God 0
  40. 40. Biblical evidence for the doctrine of sinØ Genesis 6:5: "The LORD saw that the wickedness of man wasgreat in the earth, and that every intention of the thoughts of hisheart was only evil continually.”Ø Jeremiah 13:23 (NIV): "Can the Ethiopian change his skin or theleopard its spots? Neither can you do good who are accustomed todoing evil.”Ø Romans 3:10-11: "None is righteous, no, not one; no oneunderstands; no one seeks for God.”Ø Romans 8:7-9: "For the mind that is set on the flesh is hostile toGod, for it does not submit to Gods law; indeed, it cannot. Thosewho are in the flesh cannot please God. You, however, are not in theflesh but in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you.Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong tohim."Ø Ephesians 2:3b: "[We] were by nature children of wrath, like therest of mankind." 0
  41. 41. Ø 1 Corinthians 2:14: "The natural person does not accept thethings of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is notable to understand them because they are spiritually discerned."Ø Genesis 8:21 - The LORD smelled the soothing aroma; and theLORD said to Himself, “I will never again curse the ground onaccount of man, for the intent of man’s heart is evil from his youth;and I will never again destroy every living thing, as I have doneØ1 Kings 8:46 - “When they sin against You (for there is no manwho does not sin) and You are angry with them and deliver them toan enemy, so that they take them away captive to the land of theenemy, far off or nearØ Psalms 51:5 - Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, And insin my mother conceived me.Ø Jeremiah 17:9 - The heart is more deceitful than all else And isdesperately sick; Who can understand it? 0
  42. 42. Ø Romans 7:18 - For I know that nothing good dwells in me, thatis, in my flesh; for the willing is present in me, but the doing of thegood is notØ1 John 1:8- If we say that we have no sin, we are deceivingourselves and the truth is not in us.Summary Point:Man is not basically good - Man is bad, evil, wicked and corruptEven though we learn in Genesis 1:27 we were created in Hisimage something went terribly and tragically wrong in Genesis 3when Adam sinned.From that time until now - man is not a sinner because he sins,rather man sins because he is a sinner! 0
  43. 43. Romans 5:12-21The Scriptures teach that sin causes a two-fold problem in ourlives. By the way these two sin problems are what all peopleinherit from Adam.1. We have inherited condemnation – our original guilt andcondemnation is not rooted in our first individual sinning but in ourconnection with Adam and his sin. Since we are regarded ashaving sinned in Adam then we are subject to the same punishmentas Adam. This imputed sin is the ruin of our standing before Godin which we are reckoned as guilty in the courtroom of God.Romans 5:12 - Therefore, just as through one man sin entered intothe world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men,because all sinned 0
  44. 44. The Scriptures teach that sin causes a two-fold problem in ourlives. By the way these two sin problems are what all peopleinherit from Adam.2. We have inherited corruption – Because of Adam’s sin thenwe all enter the world with a sinful or fallen nature. This sinnature, which we have inherited from Adam, manifests itself inour thought, ways of speaking and behaving such that we violatethe moral commands of God. We are not sinners because we sinrather we sin because we are sinners! 0
  45. 45. The point of this Scripture is HUGE because in my corruptedcondition and my sinful behavior I have a much deeper problem.That problem is rooted in my union with Adam, my father inwhom I sinned, was condemned and died. We need to see wherein this paragraph Paul is writing to show us that it is ourconnection to and with Adam that is our main problem.Romans 5:15 – “…by the transgression of the one many died…” The one here is AdamRomans 5:16 – “…for on the one hand the judgment arose fromone transgression resulting in condemnation…”Romans 5:17 – “For if by the transgression of the one, deathreigned through the one…”Romans 5:18 – “…through one transgression there resultedcondemnation to all men”Romans 5:19 – “For as through the one man’s disobedience themany were made sinners…” 0
  46. 46. Now that we understand the two-fold problem what is the solution?Ø The problem of our condemnation in Adam, God remediesthrough justification in Christ.ØHis reckoning to us the righteousness Christ solves the problem ofour legal guilt and condemnation before God.ØIn other words if we are to stand before God and be declared “notguilty” then we must have the righteousness of Someone else.”ØThat someone else is Christ and His righteousness is imputed to usby grace alone, through faith alone.Ø This event is outside of me and is judicial - (declared righteous)Ø This event happens in an instant 0
  47. 47. Now that we understand the two-fold problem what is the solution?The problem of our corruption God remedies through regenerationby the Spirit.And the problem of our moral defilement and habitual sinning issolved by His purifying us by the work of Spirit. This process iswhat we call sanctification.Ø This event is inside of me and moralØ This event happens progressively over time 0
  48. 48. Five Observations from Scripture regarding sin1. Sin affects every human.Romans 3:23All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.1 Kings 8:46There is no man who does not sin.Psalm 143:2And do not enter into judgment with Your servant, for in Your sightno man living is righteous.1 John 1:8If we say that we have no sin, we are deceiving ourselves and thetruth is not in us. 0
  49. 49. 2. Our rebellion or hardness against God is total, that is, apartfrom the grace of God there is no delight in the holiness of God,and there is no glad submission to the sovereign authority of God.Romans 3:9-11, 18What then? Are we better than they? Not at all; for we have alreadycharged that both Jews and Greeks are all under sin; as it is written,“THERE IS NONE RIGHTEOUS, NOT EVEN ONE; THERE ISNONE WHO UNDERSTANDS, THERE IS NONE WHO SEEKSFOR GOD . . . THERE IS NO FEAR OF GOD BEFORE THEIREYES.” 0
  50. 50. John 3:19-21This is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, andmen loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds wereevil. For everyone who does evil hates the Light, and does not cometo the Light for fear that his deeds will be exposed. But he whopractices the truth comes to the Light, so that his deeds may bemanifested as having been wrought in God.Romans 1:18For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodlinessand unrighteousness of men who suppress the truth inunrighteousness. 0
  51. 51. 3. In his total rebellion everything man does is sin.Romans 14:23Whatever is not from faith is sin.Hebrews 11:6And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comesto God must believe that He is and that He is a rewarder of thosewho seek Him.Romans 7:18For I know that nothing good dwells in me, that is, in my flesh; forthe willing is present in me, but the doing of the good is not. 0
  52. 52. 4. Man’s inability to submit to God and do good is total.Romans 8:5-9For those who are according to the flesh set their minds on thethings of the flesh, but those who are according to the Spirit, thethings of the Spirit. For the mind set on the flesh [literally: “themind of the flesh”] is death, but the mind set on the Spirit [literally:“the mind of the Spirit”] is life and peace, because the mind set onthe flesh [literally: “the mind of the flesh”] is hostile toward God;for it does not subject itself to the law of God, for it is not even ableto do so, and those who are in the flesh cannot please God.However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed theSpirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spiritof Christ, he does not belong to Him. 0
  53. 53. John 3:5-7Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born ofwater and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. Thatwhich is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of theSpirit is spirit. Do not be amazed that I said to you, ‘You must beborn again.’”Romans 6:17-18But thanks be to God that though you were slaves of sin, youbecame obedient from the heart to that form of teaching to whichyou were committed, and having been freed from sin, you becameslaves of righteousness. 0
  54. 54. Ephesians 2:1-5And you were dead in your trespasses and sins, in which youformerly walked according to the course of this world, according tothe prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now workingin the sons of disobedience. Among them we too all formerly livedin the lusts of our flesh, indulging the desires of the flesh and of themind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest. ButGod, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which Heloved us, even when we were dead in our transgressions, made usalive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved).Ephesians 4:17-18So this I say, and affirm together with the Lord, that you walk nolonger just as the Gentiles also walk, in the futility of their mind,being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life ofGod because of the ignorance that is in them, because of thehardness of their heart. 0
  55. 55. John 6:44No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him;and I will raise him up on the last day.1 Corinthians 2:14But a natural man does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, forthey are foolishness to him; and he cannot understand them, becausethey are spiritually appraised.Jeremiah 17:9The heart is more deceitful than all else and is desperately[incurably] sick; who can understand it? 0
  56. 56. 5. Our rebellion is totally deserving of eternal punishment.Ephesians 2:3Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts of our flesh,indulging the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were bynature children of wrath, even as the rest.2 Thessalonians 1:8-9[God will] deal out retribution to those who do not know God and tothose who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. These will paythe penalty of eternal destruction, away from the presence of theLord and from the glory of His power.Matthew 25:46These will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous intoeternal life. 0
  57. 57. In summary:Total inability means that apart from the grace God, our hardnessand rebellion against God is total, everything we do in this rebellionis sin, our inability to submit to God or reform ourselves is total,and we are therefore totally deserving of eternal punishment.It is hard to exaggerate the importance of admitting our condition tobe this bad. If we think of ourselves as basically good or even lessthan totally at odds with God, our grasp of the work of God inredemption will be defective. 0
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