What is magic?It is a performing art that entertainsaudiences by staging tricks or creatingillusions of seemingly impossible orsupernatural feats using naturalmeans. These feats are called magictricks, effects, or illusions.
People Person who performs such illusions is called a magician or an illusionist. Some performers may also be referred to by names reflecting the type of magical effects they present, such as Prestidigitators, conjurors, mentalists, escape artists.
The history of magicThe term "magic" is etymologically derived from the Greek word magika. Performances we would now recognize as conjuring have probably been practiced throughout history. The same level of ingenuity that was used to produce famous ancient deceptions such as the Trojan Horse would also have been used for entertainment, or at least for cheating in money games, since time immemorial.the profession of the illusionist gained strength only in the eighteenth century. The model for the look of a typical magician—a man with wavy hair, a top hat, a goatee, and a tailcoat—was Alexander Herrmann who is considered to be the first professional magician.
Categories of• effects Production: The magician produces something from nothing—a rabbit from an empty hat, a fan of cards from thin air, a shower of coins from an empty bucket—all of these effects are productions.• Vanish: The magician makes something disappear—a coin, a cage of doves, or even the Statue of Liberty. A vanish is the reverse of a production.• Transformation: The magician transforms something from one state into another—a silk handkerchief changes colour, a lady turns into a tiger. A transformation can be seen as a combination of a vanish and a production.• Restoration: The magician destroys an object, then restores it back to its original state—a woman is sawn in half, a borrowed watch is smashed to pieces—then they are all restored to their original state.• Teleportation: The magician causes something to move from one place to another—a borrowed ring is found inside a ball of wool, for example.• Escape: The magician is placed in a restraining device (i.e. handcuffs) or a death trap, and escapes to safety.• Levitation: The magician defies gravity, either by making something float in the air, or with the aid of another object (suspension)—a silver ball floats around a cloth, an assistant floats in mid-air, another is suspended from a broom, a scarf dances in a sealed bottle, the magician hovers a few inches off the floor.• Penetration: The magician makes a solid object pass through another—a set of steel rings link and unlink, a candle penetrates an arm, etc.• Prediction: The magician predicts the choice of a spectator, or the outcome of an event under seemingly impossible circumstances.
Types of magic performance• Stage illusions are performed for large audiences, typically within a theatre or auditorium.• Platform magic is performed for a medium to large audience.• Micromagic is performed with the audience close to the magician, sometimes even one-on-one• Escapology is the branch of magic that deals with escapes from confinment or restraints. (Harry Houdini is well-known example of an escape artist)• Mentalism creates the impression in the minds of the audience that the performer possesses special powers to read thoughts, or predict events.• Bizarre magic uses mystical, horror, fantasy and other similar themes in performance.• Shock magic is a genre of magic that shocks the audience.• Childrens magic is performed for an audience primarily composed of children.
Famous illusionists of all timeDavid Copperfield Harry Houdini
Sławomir Piestrzeniewicz Jean Eugène Robert- Houdin
How to be a great magician1. To start, watch other magicians do their stuff. Masters of the art know what an audience wants to see, so pay attention to what types of tricks and what styles modern magicians use.
2. Now, learn some magic. Do not, however, buy a beginners magic set (unless youre a kid). Apply the stuff you learned from modern magicians and decide what type of act you want to do. There are 7 kinds: street, close up, parlor, stage, escape, mentalism, and grand illusions.
3. If you have the opportunity, try to get a magician to guide you. He might not reveal you any tricks, but he could give you tips on how to perform your first tricks like a pro. If you dont have this advantage, try to learn from your mistakes as much as possible. Over time, you will know what your audience wants most.
4. Have some tricks of your own. No one wants to see an unoriginal magic act being performed over and over. Of course, you should have some (or many) old and famous magic tricks in your act. The public may enjoy some old classics, but you should avoid certain old classics, like pulling a rabbit out of a hat. Think of an idea that has never been done before. For example, make strings disappear from a guitar. Then, decide how you will accomplish the effect. Now, think of a way to make the trick convincing. Make some equipment, if necessary. You might even need duplicate object with which youre working on. Once youve got all the parts planned out, start practicing the trick.
5. Develop a unique style of performing. Dont steal others styles. You may take an old (dead) magicians style and put a unique twist on it, but never take a modern magicians style.
6. Get organized. Before performing a show, be sure to rehearse it many times. You also might need to know how the room you perform in is designed. If youre performing at a party at your friends house, thats not really necessary.
7. Make your own equipment.If you cant produce your ownequipment, ask some of yourfriends to do it for you, or go to amagic store or website and buythe equipment.
8. Get a good costume. A traditional costume for magician is a black jacket, a red formal vest that goes under it, and a pair of black pants that go with the jacket. The jacket should have many little pockets on its inside for storage of secret coins, cards, balls, etc. The vest should have big pockets on the inside so you can make big objects, such as plates, disappear/appear.
9. Improve the flexibility ofyour arms, fingers andhands.Start with coin manipulation.Its easiest to master, but isstill hard.
10. Develop some artistic talent and sense of humor. Try to narrate or tell a story with your tricks. Be very humorous and funny (unless your style is to be mysterious or serious). If your magic act is boring, no one would want to watch it.