Pulmonic Sounds Air flow is directed outwards the oral cavity Pressure built by compression of lungs
Glottalic SoundsO There are two types of Glottalic Airstream MechanismO Glottalic Egressive AirstreamO Glottalic Ingressive Airstream
Glottalic Egressive SoundsO Air flow is directed outwards towards the oral cavityO Pressure built by pushing up closed glottisO Glottalic egressive sound [k]O These sounds are also called EJECTIVES
Glottalic Ingressive SoundsO Air flow is directed inwards from the oral cavityO Pressure reduced by pulling down closed glottisO Sindhi is an example of a language with implosives
Velaric SoundsO This is the mechanism used to make click!!O Air flow is directed inwards from the oral cavityO Pressure reduced by forming velaric and alveolar closure and pulling down tongue
Articulatory Phonetics Anatomy of Vocal Organs Air Stream Mechanism Voicing Articulation
VoicingVoicelessness p sVoice b zAspirated [ph]Breathy Voice [bh]
ArticulationO Manners of ArticulationO Places of Articulation
Consonants-Manners of ArticulationStop t pFricative s fAffricate ʧ dʒApproximant r jNasal n mLateral lTrill B
StopsO Stops are sounds /p/palm /t/tight /k/key produced as the /b/ball /d/dry /g/girl airflow in oral cavity is bocked compressed and then released.
FRICATIVESO They are sounds that experience some kind of friction either against lips,teeth or tongue as they leave the oral cavity. /f/ /θ/ /s/ /ʃ/ /h/ Fight Than Sleep Shark Hakan ks /v/ /ð/ /z/ /ʒ/ Very This zoo viSİon
AffricatesO They appear to be /ʧ/ /dʒ/ matCH Judge more complicated than others since they involve both blocking as well as friction.
NASALO Nasals resemble /m/ /n/ /ŋ/ Mother Night thiNG plosives,except that there is a complete closure in the mouth,but as the velum is lowered the air can escape through the nasal cavity.
LATERALO Consonant /l/is /l/ Low produced with the tip of the tongue touching the alveolar ridge blocking the airflow while slides of the tongue are down to let the air escape over the slides of tongue.
APPROXIMANTSO Are sounds where /w/ /r/ /j/ Water Rain Yes the tongue only approaches the roof of the mouth,so that there is not enough obstruction to create any friction.
DIPHTONGS and TRIPHTONGSO Diphtongs are produced as a result of a gliding movement of tongue from one location to another in mouth.O The difference between diphtongs and long vowels,however,is that the former contains two different vowels while the latter involves the lengthening of the original vowelO Triphtongs:A combination of three vowel sounds in a single syllable,forming a simple or compound sound.
DIPHTONGS/TRIPHTONGS /aʊ̯ə̯/ /aɪ̯ə̯/ /uə̯u̯/ /ɔɪ̯ə̯/ /u̯ai̯/ hour higher school loir Urugu ay
ACOUSTICS PHONETICS Examines the physical properties of speech sounds as well as the physical conditions through which sounds travel.
Periodic Sine WaveO Period: Time to complete one cycle (sec)O Frequency: Number of cycles per seconds(Hertz)O Amplitude: Maximum displacement of a periodic wave (dB)
Spectrogram O Spectrogram is used to identify phonetic sounds. O The most common format is a graph wtih two geometric dimensions:the horizontal axis represents time,the vertical axis is frequency. O A spectrogram produced by a spectrograph illustrates a time- frequency-ampitude presentation of a sound signal.