TGJ Communicatie Open Desing Competition expertrapport
2009EXPERTREPORTPublic Ideas CompetitionWorld Sustainability Centre Afsluitdijk
EXPERTREPORT Public Ideas Competition World Sustainability Centre AfsluitdijkNovember 2nd 2009 Background Disclaimer The Public Ideas Competition World Sustainability This expert report is independent from the work 01Authors: Centre Afsluitdijk resulted in 80 design proposals, done by the International Jury of the competition.Han Brezet which contained a wealth of information, inspiring All entries are taken into consideration becauseMarcel Crul ideas and creative solutions. In this expert report each of them may have unique positive aspectsMark Andrik we will be elaborating on relevant aspects regar- without being nominated or among the prize ding sustainability emerging from this entries. winners. No communication has taken place withTU Delft, Faculty Industrial Design Engineering, INTRODUCTION We aim to contribute to the development of a pro- the Jury on their selection or opinions. Not allDesign for Sustainability Programme gramme of requirements for the World Sustaina- entries were assessed by each expert, therefore bility Centre on the Afsluitdijk. the results of this report are indicative.Editor: The expert opinions summarized in this report This report does not intend to cover all aspects:Tineke van der Schoor are meant as recommendations for the “Stich- Legal requirements for instance such as the lawsHanze University of Applied Sciences, Groningen ting Duurzaamheidscentrum Afsluitdijk” and it’s on heritage preservation and nature conservation future designers and builders, in order to foster are not taken into account. the sustainability profile of the Sustainability Centre, once the decision making process is Experts and their disciplines: completed. The insights can underpin the criteria Han Brezet // Sustainable design the building and the location has to comply with, Klaas Hoekstra // Sustainable energy and also supply additional aspects to be taken Henk Seinen // Sustainable building into account. Han Vrijling // Hydraulic engineering, climate change and coastal defense Assignment Henk Folmer // Nature and landscape The experts were asked to assess a selection of Pier Vellinga // Climate change and sustainability entries, based on their expertise. Three experts Cees Buisman // Water technology assessed all entries. In this way all entries were Tineke van der Schoor // Integral Sustainable assessed on several important aspects of sustai- development nability. Furthermore the experts were asked to Nynke-Rixt Jukema // Integration into existing give suggestions for improvement. landscape and environmental values Next, a workshop was held in which the experts Hans van Meerendonk & Anne de Vries // Fryslân exchanged and discussed their ideas. This report Marketing perspective summarizes the findings of this creative process.2 3
EXPERTREPORT Public Ideas Competition World Sustainability Centre AfsluitdijkThe following persons participated as observers A. Fit into surrounding landscape and close these typologies, such as a dike, viaduct orin the workshop: environment sluice. Furthermore a surrounding typology can 02 The buildings and dike of the Afsluitdijk show a be used in the design. (Figure 1 & 2)Sonja Busch // Province of Fryslân strong coherence, being built in the same period in-between conditions LXXVIIEric Regeling // Rijkswaterstaat and style. It is unique for The Netherlands and Located alongside the Afsluitdijk, a small piece of headland is set to be the location for the new World poster 1 Sustainability Centre Afsluitdijk (WSCA). This former construction site and its harbor are situated on theHenk Kroes // Chairman of the Sustainability leading in the world. Waddenzee-side of Breezanddijk, near to Friesland, and were part of the work island during the con- struction of the dike. Nowadays, Breezanddijk is a popular stopover for tourists that come to see the dike. On the other side of the dike, at the IJsselmeer-side of Breezanddijk, there’s a petrol station, a large parking lot, a trailer park and another small harbor that is currently used by the Dutch military. A turning point connects the programme on both sides of the dike and the road that goes over it.Centre Foundation Therefore, the WSC should be based on an The conditions at the construction site are very much different from what one experiences on the dike ELEMENTS itself; even harder winds, strong tidal streams and the ever-present raging of the sea. Also, as it is one of the few places on the Afsluitdijk where one can actually get off the dike to have a full overview of the inspiring and realistic vision, with respect for the Waddenzee, it is here that you can feel the absence of the predominant, monotonous view the Afsluit- dijk offers as you travel along it. It is a place even more isolated than the dike itself. Along with these conditions, it is also its specific shape, texture and structure that emphasizes what the site is used for nowadays, what its actual meaning has become; a place where ships can harbor during aThe following aspects are presented in this openness, scale, measure, profile and buildings storm, an off coast shelter against the rough elements of this extraordinary landscape. This connotation seamlessly fits the notion of what we think the WSCA at this specific location -or even more generally, any building at any given location- also should be in the first place; not only just fit to endure the local OF A conditions, but also to continuously derive its very meaning, its purpose and physique from these condi- tions. A place in-between conditions.report: of the Afsluitdijk, either by emphasizing the Situation The WSCA’s programme is accommodated by a lightweight, self-supporting structure; a configuration of cone-shaped harmony with it, or expressing a well-balanced elements that act as conciliator between inside and out- side conditions and the programme underneath. Each of these elements has its own specific role in doing so. On the upper side, the cones have been excised according PROGRAMME to their specific function and orientation, either or both to catch sunlight, warmth, wind and rain. On the lower side they have been excised either or both to direct sunlight, accumulate warmth, muffle sounds and to give- Landscape and environmental values contrast. Also, the materials used as well as the shape to the enclosed space. The landscape has also been used in both directions: to mo- derate and accumulate inside and outside conditions and to articulate the different levels in the programme. The landscape, its programme and environmental dyna- mics are involved in a synergetic relation.- Application of sustainable energy energy and water use should be such that they Climatological diagrams- Application of sustainable water technology OF deliver a positive contribution to the landscape,- Integral sustainable development at the same time being a showcase for sustaina-- Hydraulic engineering, climate change and REQUIREMENTS bility. coastal defence- Mobility and accessibility The straight line of the Afsluitdijk is a very impor- Aerial View from IJsselmeer-side Approaching the World Sustainability Centre Waddenzee-facade- Potential for Promotion tant characteristic. Many of the proposals consist- Services and customer interaction of complex solutions across or askew the dyke, affecting this prominent characteristic.Remark: The proposals in the competition aremostly very general, thus it is very difficult to es- It should be mentioned however that this is alsotimate the specifics regarding energy, technical, depending on the final plan for the Afsluitdijk ashydraulics and other feasibility aspects. a whole. Several of the consortium proposals Figure 1 (the Dutch Cockle bed is a typical surrounding for the dike do alter this linear aspect to a large typology) extent. In that case buildings that breach this linearity can be a good fit. Another aspect to be taken into account is the typologies of the family of buildings and construc- tions along the Afsluitdijk - Some proposals stay4 5
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