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Emotion
Emotion
Emotion
Emotion
Emotion
Emotion
Emotion
Emotion
Emotion
Emotion
Emotion
Emotion
Emotion
Emotion
Emotion
Emotion
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Transcript

  • 1. Understanding Emotional Experiences
  • 2. Emotions
    • Feelings that generally have both physiological and cognitive elements and that influence behavior.
    • Increase in blood pressure and heart rate
    • More rapid respiration
    • Dilation of the pupil of the eye
    • Increase in perspiration
    • Decrease in motility of the gastrointestinal tract
    • Raising of the skin hairs
  • 3. Functions of Emotions
    • Preparing us for action.
    • Shaping our future behavior.
    • Helping us interact more effectively with others.
  • 4. Determining the Range of Emotions: Labeling Our Feelings
    • Love
    • Infatuation
    • Joy
    • Bliss
    • Pride
    • Anger
    • Annoyance
    • Hostility
    • Jealousy
    • Sadness
    • Agony
    • Grief
    • Loneliness
    • Fear
    • Horror
    • Worry
  • 5. Roots of Emotions
  • 6. James-Lange Theory
    • The belief that emotional experience is a reaction to bodily events occurring as a result of an external situation.
    • For every major emotion there is an accompanying physiological or gut reaction of internal organs – called a visceral experience
    • Visceral experience and emotional experience
    • “ I feel sad because I am crying.”
  • 7. Cannon-Bard Theory
    • The belief that both physiological arousal and emotional experience are produced simultaneously by the same nerve stimulus.
  • 8. Schachter-Singer Theory
    • The belief that emotions are determined jointly by a nonspecific kind of physiological arousal and its interpretation, based on environmental cues.
    • When the source of physiological arousal is unclear, we may look to our surroundings to determine just what we are experiencing.
  • 9. Neuroscience of Emotions
    • Amygdala – provides a link between the perception of an emotion-producing stimulus and the recall of that stimulus later
  • 10. Do people in all cultures express emotion similarly?
    • Facial-affect program – activation of a set of nerve impulses that make the face display the appropriate expression
    • Display rules – guidelines that govern the appropriateness of showing emotion nonverbally
    • Facial-feedback hypothesis – the hypothesis that facial expressions not only reflect emotional experience but also help determine how people experience and label emotions
  • 11. Six Primary Emotions
    • Happiness
    • Anger
    • Sadness
    • Surprise
    • Disgust
    • Fear
  • 12. Love Styles (John Lee)
    • Eros is love of appearance. They express frequent appreciation to their beloved of those ideal qualities.
    • Storge (Stor-gay) is a slowly developing affection. Love builds with time together. There is little evidence of passion or romance.
    • Ludus is love as play or game. They seek many interesting relationships. They have no experience of jealousy and can openly love several partners over the same period of time.
  • 13.
    • Mania is intense love. Manic lovers are obsessed with their lovers and feel intense jealousy at the threat of loss.
    • Pragma is practical love style. A compatible lover is sought, one who is similar in attitudes, interests and beliefs.
    • Agape is one-direction, altruistic love. It is a selfless and giving love style, a duty to love even when there are no returns.
  • 14. Components of Love (Robert Sternberg)
    • Intimacy – close, warm feelings
    • Passion – primarily sexual urge or drive to love
    • Decision-commitment – is the short-term decision to love and the long-term commitment to maintain the love
  • 15. Love Types (Sternberg)
    • Liking is having only intimacy, without decision-commitment or passion (true friendship)
    • Infatuation comes from having passion without intimacy or decision/commitment. It appears quickly and disappears almost as fast. It is typically not reciprocal.
    • Empty love is label for holding the decision/commitment component without intimacy or passion.
  • 16.
    • Romantic love is a combination of intimacy and passion. There is both liking and physical desire.
    • Companionate love combines the decision/commitment and intimacy components. Passion has faded.
    • Fatuous love lacks intimacy but has sufficient passion and decision/commitment. Passion is the primary basis for a marriage.
    • Consummate love combines all three components. It is the society’s ideal of a love relationship.
    • Absence of the three components is called nonlove.

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