ICI - Building&Process

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ICI - Building&Process

  1. 1. BENNY & PARTNERS SDN BHD NO 12A, Jalan TKL 9, Taman Kota Laksamana, 75200 Melaka 016-3412-410 06-2823558 bennytan0429@gmail.com Page1 BUILDING AND PROCESS
  2. 2. BENNY & PARTNERS SDN BHD NO 12A, Jalan TKL 9, Taman Kota Laksamana, 75200 Melaka 016-3412-410 06-2823558 bennytan0429@gmail.com Page2 Table of Contents 1. Landscape Architecture 1.1. Introduction of Landscape Architect …………………………….……. 3 2. Principle of Landscape Design 2.1. Unity ……………………………………………………………………..……. 3 2.2. Line ……………………………………………………………………………. 3 2.3. Form …………………………………………………………………………... 4 2.4. Texture ……………………………………………………………….……….. 4 2.5. Color …………………………………………………………….................... 4 2.6. Scale …..........………………………………………………………….......... 5 2.7. Balance …...........……………………………………………...………......... 5 2.8. Simplicity and Variety …........……………………………………….......... 6 2.9. Emphasis ….............……………………………………………….……....... 6 2.10. Sequence …...........…………………………………………………….........6 3. Landscape Designing 3.1. Procedure involved in Landscape Designing ………………..……….. 8
  3. 3. BENNY & PARTNERS SDN BHD NO 12A, Jalan TKL 9, Taman Kota Laksamana, 75200 Melaka 016-3412-410 06-2823558 bennytan0429@gmail.com Page3 1. Landscape Architecture 1.1. Introduction Landscape architecture is the design of outdoor public areas, landmarks, and structures to achieve environmental, social-behavioral, or aesthetic outcomes. It involves the systematic investigation of existing social, ecological, and geological conditions and processes in the landscape, and the design of interventions that will produce the desired outcome. The scope of the profession includes: urban design; site planning; storm water management; town or urban planning; environmental restoration; parks and recreation planning; visual resource management; green infrastructure planning and provision; and private estate and residence landscape master planning and design; all at varying scales of design, planning and management. A practitioner in the profession of landscape architecture is called a landscape architect. 2. Principle of Landscape Design The principle of landscape design include the elements of unity, scale, balance, simplicity, variety, emphasis, and sequence as they apply to line, texture, and color. These elements are interconnected. 2.1. Unity Unity is the quality of oneness. Unity attracts and holds attraction. It organizes view into orderly groups with emphasis. Unity starts with the story line developed in the family analysis in the design process. 2.2. Line Line connects and defines the space, creating outdoor rooms. Lines are a powerful design element that define rooms and connect people to the landscape. For a professional touch, use sweeping bold lines and curves rather than small zigzags and small wavy curves. Lines develop in the design process, With Lines, Delineate Softscape and Hardscape Area Creating Outdoor Room.
  4. 4. BENNY & PARTNERS SDN BHD NO 12A, Jalan TKL 9, Taman Kota Laksamana, 75200 Melaka 016-3412-410 06-2823558 bennytan0429@gmail.com Page4 2.3. Form Form includes the three-dimensional mass. Form is determined by the line, direction, and arrangement of branches and twigs. The resulting mass influences the scale. For unity, repeat the topography form in plant forms. Horizontal and spreading forms emphasis the lateral extent and breath of space. They are comfortable because it corresponds with the natural direction of eye movement. Rounded forms are most common in plant materials. They allow for easy eye movement and create a pleasant undulation that leads itself to plant groupings. Vase-shaped trees define a comfortable “people space” beneath the canopy. Weeping forms lead the eye back to the ground. What is below the weeping form often becomes a focal point. Pyramidal forms direct the eyes upward, so use sparingly. Grouping pyramidal will soften the upward influence. They will look more natural in the surroundings with foliage to the ground. 2.4. Texture Texture is fine or coarse, heavy or light, thin or dense and light or shade. Texture can be defined as the relationship between the foliage and twig size, and the mass of the plants. Close up, texture comes from the size and shape of the leaves, the size of twigs, spacing of leaves and twigs, the colors and shading, the gloss or dullness of leaves etc. At a distance, texture comes from the entire mass effect of plants and the qualities of light and shadows. 2.5. Color Color gives greatest appeal, and evokes the greatest response. How does color speak to you? Color is powerful in creating mood and feeling. "Color therapy" is a popular topic in our rapid paced modern world. What moods and feeling do various color create for you? What colors work for the landscape story line? What moods and feeling do you want in the garden? Is it a room for relaxation and healing or a room for action activities? Red Yellow Blue Green Passion Courage Power Wealth Motivation Fame Joy Happiness Communications Inspiration Sunshine Optimism Imagination Calm Serenity Relaxation Compassion Reflection Harmony Beginnings Prosperity Nature Growth Healing
  5. 5. BENNY & PARTNERS SDN BHD NO 12A, Jalan TKL 9, Taman Kota Laksamana, 75200 Melaka 016-3412-410 06-2823558 bennytan0429@gmail.com Page5 Orange Purple White Pink Enthusiasm Joy Exuberance Interaction Fun Captivation Sex Intuition Devotion Respect Peace Spirituality Awareness Deity Royalty Purity Innocence Faith Benevolence Honesty Grace Love Sweetness Uplifting Happiness Tenderness Enticement What color schemes work for the design theme? Cool Colors Warm Colors Green, Blue, Purple Red, Yellow, Orange Less conspicuous Restful Recede Suggest distance Low scale Conspicuous Cheerful Stimulating Come forward High scale 2.6. Scale Scale evokes emotional connection and is closely related to color. Absolute scale relates the comparative value of landscape elements to a fixed structure (house). Relative scale relates to comparative relative sizes or "values" of objects in the landscape. Relative scale is very emotionally charged and closely linked to color. It may create a feeling of relaxation and peacefulness or one of energy and action. Low scale is relaxing and calming. It is used in the home landscape to give a feeling of peace and relaxation. High scale promotes action. It is used around large buildings and in large spaces to fill the space. Use of high scale in small spaces makes the space feel smaller. 2.7. Balance Balance is equilibrium on left and right sides. Formal balance repeats the same left and right, giving stability, stateliness, and dignity. It is high maintenance keep both side similar. Informal balance differs from left to right giving curiosity, movement, and feels alive. Total mass of plants need to balance left and right.
  6. 6. BENNY & PARTNERS SDN BHD NO 12A, Jalan TKL 9, Taman Kota Laksamana, 75200 Melaka 016-3412-410 06-2823558 bennytan0429@gmail.com Page6 2.8. Simplicity Simplicity and variety work together to balance each other. Simplicity is a degrees of repetition rather than constant change, creating unity. Variety is diversity and contrast in form, texture, and color preventing monotony. For simplicity, repeat some plant materials in sweeps and groupings. For variety, fill in with other plants. Avoid creating a horticultural zoo! (two of each) Zipper plantings (repeating the same pattern over and over again like red-white-red- white) lack simplicity and variety, rather creating monotony. 2.9. Emphasis The human mind looks for dominance and subordination in life. As we look at a landscape from any direction, we need to see dominance and subordination of various elements. If we don't find it, we withdraw from the landscape. Some gardens lack the dominant element. Others suffer with too many dominate elements screaming to be the focal point. Emphasis can be achieved through different sizes, bold shapes, groupings, and the unusual or unexpected. 2.10. Sequence Sequence is the change or flow in form, color, texture, and size giving movement or life. Sequence with Texture Change leaf size of adjacent different plants by at least one-half. Use proportionally larger numbers of fine textured plants. In a flower or shrub bed, use coarser texture, larger plants in the back; sequencing to finer textured, smaller plants in the front inside-curve. Texture and distance – Texture becomes finer with distance. In a distant corner, place finer textures in the corner, sequencing to coarser textures on the arms. Sequence with Color There are few basic rules on how much warm and cool color to use. However, watch that the scale does not become too commanding. More is NOT better. As a rule-of- thumb, the designs needs 90% green to set off the 10% color. Darkest shades and the purest intensity dominate and should be used at the focal point.
  7. 7. BENNY & PARTNERS SDN BHD NO 12A, Jalan TKL 9, Taman Kota Laksamana, 75200 Melaka 016-3412-410 06-2823558 bennytan0429@gmail.com Page7 Warm colors work best in sequence. Using cool colors in contrast is more effective than sequences. Color Sequence 1. Deicide what color(s) will be used. 2. Decide if light or dark will dominate. – The darker or more intense (pure) the color, the more it will show up and dominate the scene. 3. Calculate the number of plants of each color using this rule-of-thumb. a. Establish the largest amount of dark/dominant color that will be used. b. Select the next lighter shade and increase the number of plants by one-third. c. Select the next lighter shade and increase the number of plants by one-third. d. Continue the ratio to the lightest color. Color Contrasts Monochrome light/dark color contrasts – Use one-third one shade and two-thirds the other shade. Complementary color contrasts – Use one-third one color and two-thirds the complementary color. Create effective plant combinations by paring opposites To create plant combinations with pizzazz, pair opposites.  Fine/Course  Short/Tall  Round/Upright  Thugs/Dainty  Small/Large  Color Contrasts
  8. 8. BENNY & PARTNERS SDN BHD NO 12A, Jalan TKL 9, Taman Kota Laksamana, 75200 Melaka 016-3412-410 06-2823558 bennytan0429@gmail.com Page8 3. Landscape Designing 3.1. Procedure involved in Landscape Designing It is common among everyone today to have a garden or a landscape in the house. Just like how you plan before constructing a house, the right kind of planning is necessary in landscape designing. This is because; the plants cannot be grown in a unorganized manner. Landscape designing is essential for creating a look out of the greenery. The designing is performed normally by architects who also have a good idea in the designing of landscapes. Else, there are also companies like the BENNY & Partners SDN BHD which offered specialized services in landscape designing. These kind companies firstly understand your expectations and your preferences. The preferences in a landscape design could be of a particular theme. This article would be discussing regarding the various procedures involved in landscape designing. Planning of the garden – Before starting the landscape design, it is recommended to plan the type of the landscape required. This planning involves the space to be occupied by the landscape, the theme and a sketch of the garden. This sketch of the garden will help you visualize the garden. Right designing of the landscape – The right designing of the landscape is necessary to achieve the best look for the landscape. As an effort to this, optical illusion like the mirrors could be used to reflect the suns light towards the shady areas. In the night, lighting is important. Hence the right design for lighting is also to be planned. BENNY & Partners SDN BHD has expertise in outdoor lighting. Selection of plants – The main item in the landscape is plants. Hence, one has to take the recommendations of various people in selecting the right plants to your landscape. If the theme behind the landscape is sculpting of plants, then herbs could be used more. Selecting plants that emit more oxygen is good for health too.
  9. 9. BENNY & PARTNERS SDN BHD NO 12A, Jalan TKL 9, Taman Kota Laksamana, 75200 Melaka 016-3412-410 06-2823558 bennytan0429@gmail.com Page9 Painting the garden – Once the selected plants have taken their roots to the soil, the next priority needs to be given to the painting of the landscape. Painting plays a crucial role, as they enhance the highlight and also covers the weaknesses in the landscape to make it look great. With the use software’s one can create a virtual garden. This virtual garden can help in selecting the best color as the effect can be seen online. Strategic planning - A strategy needs to be coined for the best utilization of space for landscaped designing. When there is a right strategy, the space is saved, the expenses incurred are minimal and arrangement of the plants is organized. There are also plants that can be kept in containers or can be hung on walls. This saves space if the garden is small. These are a few steps for the designing of the landscape. These steps are very crucial to have a good landscape design. Without the right plan or strategy, the landscape garden would be unorganized and incur lot of expenses. In conclusion, having more landscape gardens would also add more greenery to the world.

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