Geography-Problems and Prospects
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Geography-Problems and Prospects Presentation Transcript

  • 1.
    • Geography
    • -
    • Problems and Prospects
  • 2. Geography’s Core Concepts
  • 3. Definition of Geography
    • “ Geography is the study of the surface of the Earth . It involves the phenomena and processes of the Earth’s natural and human environments and landscapes at local to global scales. Its basic division is between physical geography , which is unambiguously a science and analyses the physical make-up of the Earth’s surface. … and human geography, where the focus is on the human occupancy of this area”
    • - D. T. Herbert and J. A. Matthews, The Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Environmental Change (2001)
  • 4. Academic Geography
    • Greatly differed from school geography
    • Geography did not exist as a teaching and research subject in the mid-19 th century
    • What was then called ‘geography’ was a hotchpotch of mostly factual information
  • 5. Geography is
    • Presently without core -coherent intellectual project
    • lack of a canon (i.e., an agreed best way to undertake geography).
    • The core geographical concepts of space, place, and environment are too vast and diversified
    • Characterized by diversity and divergence
    • Lack of appreciation outside the discipline as to what geographers do
  • 6. Geographers are
    • more-or-less amateurs (Ackerman, 1945)
    • ‘ Jack-of-all-trades, master of none’.
    • immersing themselves in issues of science and critical theory but, to the general public, geography is all about maps .
    • James Conant insisted that ‘geography is not a university subject’(Livingstone,1992)
  • 7.
    • Encourage rapid specialization to produce a BA(human geog) stream and a BSc(physical geog) stream (in UK)
    • Separate departments of Physical Geography and of Human Geography (Australia)
    • Mergers with other disciplines to become multi-disciplinary programmes( Worldwide)
    As a result
  • 8. However,
    • Physical and human geography would be too small and weak as individual disciplines to survive (Gregory et. al 2002)
    • 2.Geography simply is the study of human–environment relations , and that the two component parts cannot be separated (Stoddart,1987)
  • 9. Geographers should?
    • Specialize , before they became a postgraduate, to be either a physical or a human geographer (Johnston,2005)
    • Do less to do better (Clayton,1985)
    • Continue to let as many flowers bloom
  • 10. Geography’s Advantages
    • Studies relationships between people and the environment
    • the importance of spatial variability (the place dependence of processes)
    • the integration of spatial and temporal analysis.
    • there is the convergence of disciplines .
    • there is geography’s tradition of crossing the scales , and linking the local with the global
  • 11. Thoughts for action
    • Promote Geographic Competency among general population, students, academics, policy makers etc
    • We should defend our territories e.g. Spatial Analysis
    • Emphasis on tools like mathematics (statistics) and GIS
    • Emphasis on Integration of Physical and Human geography
    • Restructuring of Syllabus-inclusion, exclusion, more Practical
  • 12. The Future of Geography-Integration