Geography-Problems and Prospects


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Geography-Problems and Prospects

  1. 1. <ul><li>Geography </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul><ul><li>Problems and Prospects </li></ul>
  2. 2. Geography’s Core Concepts
  3. 3. Definition of Geography <ul><li>“ Geography is the study of the surface of the Earth . It involves the phenomena and processes of the Earth’s natural and human environments and landscapes at local to global scales. Its basic division is between physical geography , which is unambiguously a science and analyses the physical make-up of the Earth’s surface. … and human geography, where the focus is on the human occupancy of this area” </li></ul><ul><li>- D. T. Herbert and J. A. Matthews, The Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Environmental Change (2001) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Academic Geography <ul><li>Greatly differed from school geography </li></ul><ul><li>Geography did not exist as a teaching and research subject in the mid-19 th century </li></ul><ul><li>What was then called ‘geography’ was a hotchpotch of mostly factual information </li></ul>
  5. 5. Geography is <ul><li>Presently without core -coherent intellectual project </li></ul><ul><li>lack of a canon (i.e., an agreed best way to undertake geography). </li></ul><ul><li>The core geographical concepts of space, place, and environment are too vast and diversified </li></ul><ul><li>Characterized by diversity and divergence </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of appreciation outside the discipline as to what geographers do </li></ul>
  6. 6. Geographers are <ul><li>more-or-less amateurs (Ackerman, 1945) </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Jack-of-all-trades, master of none’. </li></ul><ul><li>immersing themselves in issues of science and critical theory but, to the general public, geography is all about maps . </li></ul><ul><li>James Conant insisted that ‘geography is not a university subject’(Livingstone,1992) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Encourage rapid specialization to produce a BA(human geog) stream and a BSc(physical geog) stream (in UK) </li></ul><ul><li>Separate departments of Physical Geography and of Human Geography (Australia) </li></ul><ul><li>Mergers with other disciplines to become multi-disciplinary programmes( Worldwide) </li></ul>As a result
  8. 8. However, <ul><li>Physical and human geography would be too small and weak as individual disciplines to survive (Gregory et. al 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>2.Geography simply is the study of human–environment relations , and that the two component parts cannot be separated (Stoddart,1987) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Geographers should? <ul><li>Specialize , before they became a postgraduate, to be either a physical or a human geographer (Johnston,2005) </li></ul><ul><li>Do less to do better (Clayton,1985) </li></ul><ul><li>Continue to let as many flowers bloom </li></ul>
  10. 10. Geography’s Advantages <ul><li>Studies relationships between people and the environment </li></ul><ul><li>the importance of spatial variability (the place dependence of processes) </li></ul><ul><li>the integration of spatial and temporal analysis. </li></ul><ul><li>there is the convergence of disciplines . </li></ul><ul><li>there is geography’s tradition of crossing the scales , and linking the local with the global </li></ul>
  11. 11. Thoughts for action <ul><li>Promote Geographic Competency among general population, students, academics, policy makers etc </li></ul><ul><li>We should defend our territories e.g. Spatial Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on tools like mathematics (statistics) and GIS </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on Integration of Physical and Human geography </li></ul><ul><li>Restructuring of Syllabus-inclusion, exclusion, more Practical </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Future of Geography-Integration
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