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  • Rainbow Lorikeet,Meerkat, Humpback Whale, Fungi, African Bush Elephant, Red-eyed Tree Frog, Ixora
  • White Rhinoceros, Common Cheetah, Ah-Meng
  • Long-tailed Macaque, Oriental Whip Snake, Spider, Common Sun Skink, Stork-billed Kingfisher, Sunda Pangolin, Malayan Colugo
  • Koala, Australian King Parrot, Micropezid Fly, Goldfish
  • Malayan Tapir, Long-tailed Macaque, Domestic Goat, Malayan Flying Fox
  • Long-tailed Macaque, Common Palm Civet, Sunda Pangolin, Smooth Otter, Malayan Colugo, Plantain Squirrel
  • Peacock, Cockatiel, Magpie Robin
  • Stork-billed Kingfisher, Magpie Robin, White-throated Kingfisher, White-bellied Sea Eagle, Rhinoceros Hornbill, Common Striped tit Babbler
  • Molly, Weedy Sea-dragon, Great White Shark
  • Striped Barb, Javanese Ricefish, Spanner Barb, Harlequin Rasbora, Mudskipper, Climbing Perch
  • Red Darter Dragonfly, Common Forest Cricket, Common Posy Butterfly
  • Oriental Whip Snake, Common Sun Skink, Komodo Dragon
  • Oriental Whip Snake, Common Sun Skink, Malayan Coral Snake, Clouded Monitor, Common Flying Dragon, Green-crested Lizard
  • European Great Crested Newt, Fire Salamander, Tree Frog
  • Dark-sided Chorus Frog, Common Tree Frog, Field Frog, Black-eyed Litter Frog, Common Greenback, Copper-checked Frog
  • Cheng Tng Tree, Singapore Rhododendron, Giant Rattan, White-flowered Ixora, Tembusu Tree, Golden Hairy Fig
  • Observe Tadpole and Frog, Watch Tadpole Animation, Observe Caterpillars, Observe plant life cycle specimens
  • Observe different edges and shapes, do leaf pressing
  • BOLE

    1. 1. BOLE@MacRitchie <br />Yao Jiaxu<br />Xavier Neo<br />Benedict Lee<br />Chee Keng Jin<br />Jonathan Choong<br />
    2. 2. Welcome to BOLE!!!<br />BOLE = Trunk of a tree<br />
    3. 3. What is Biodiversity?<br />Diversity of living things in the environment<br />
    4. 4. Wildlife in Singapore?<br />
    5. 5. Can you believe that Singapore has these animals?<br />
    6. 6. Recap!<br />Living things<br /><ul><li>Animals
    7. 7. Plants
    8. 8. Fungi
    9. 9. Micro-Organisms</li></li></ul><li>Recap!<br />Animals <br />Mammals<br />Birds<br />Fishes<br />Insects<br />
    10. 10. Recap!<br />Characteristics of Mammals<br />Hair as outer-covering<br />Give birth to their young<br />Warm-blooded<br />Suckle their young<br />
    11. 11. Native Mammals<br />
    12. 12. Recap!<br />Characteristics of Birds<br />Have feathers<br />Lay eggs<br />Warm-blooded<br />Have wings, but not all birds can fly. Can you name some flightless birds? <br />
    13. 13. Native Birds<br />
    14. 14. Recap!<br />Characteristics of fishes<br />Have scales<br />Most lay eggs, but some fishes give birth to young alive. <br />Breathe through gills<br />Most fishes live in water<br />
    15. 15. Native Fish<br />
    16. 16. Recap!<br />Characteristics of insects<br />Six legs and antennae<br />Divided into three clear parts: head, thorax and abdomen<br />Lay eggs<br />Have an exoskeleton<br />
    17. 17. But there are other groups of animals too… <br />
    18. 18. Reptiles<br />Have Scales<br />Cold-blooded<br />Lays Eggs<br />Breathe through lungs<br />
    19. 19. Native Reptiles<br />
    20. 20. Amphibians<br />Moist skin<br />Cold-blooded<br />Lay Eggs<br />Breathe through gills/lungs<br />Unique Life Cycle<br />
    21. 21. Native Amphibians<br />
    22. 22. Arachnids<br />Eight Legs<br />Divided into 2 parts: Head, Abdomen<br />Exoskeleton<br />Lay Eggs<br />
    23. 23. Plants<br />Able to make its own food<br />Distinct parts: Roots, Stem, Leaves, Flowers<br />
    24. 24. Native Plants<br />
    25. 25. Let’s observe some Biodiversity!!<br />
    26. 26. Fungi<br />Reproduce through spores<br />NOT plants<br />Unable to photosynthesize<br />
    27. 27. Micro-Organisms<br />Unicellular organisms<br />Many different kinds of Micro-organisms<br />Planktons (microscopic animal)<br />Green algae (microscopic plant)<br />Also exists as bacteria<br />Cannot be seen with our bare eyes<br />Microscope needed <br />
    28. 28. Let’s observe some Biodiversity!!<br />
    29. 29. Life Cycles<br />
    30. 30. 2-stage Life Cycles<br />Animals that give birth<br />Young looks like Parent<br />Young – Adult<br />Adult<br />Young<br />
    31. 31. 3-stage Life Cycles<br />Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, Arachnids, some insects, some mammals, most fish<br />Young looks like Parent<br />Egg – Young – Adult <br />*Young of insect from a 3-stage life cycle is called a Nymph<br />
    32. 32. 4-stage Life Cycle <br />Some insects<br />Young does not look like Parent<br />Pupa Stage<br />Egg – Larvae – Pupa - Adult<br />
    33. 33. Let’s observe some Life Cycles!!<br />
    34. 34. Leaf Studies<br />Leaves photosynthesize to make food for the plant<br />Types of Leaves:<br />
    35. 35. Let’s observe some leaves!!<br />
    36. 36. Water Watch<br />Vital for all organisms<br />Diverse habitats <br />We would be analyzing the water at MacRitchie Reservoir later on, so let’s get ourselves familiar with the procedures<br />
    37. 37. Water Parameters<br />Smell<br />Color<br />Turbidity<br />Temperature<br />Dissolved Oxygen<br />pH<br />Others<br />
    38. 38. Biodiversity Conservation<br />Are they without threats?<br />What can we do?<br />
    39. 39. What are the threats Biodiversity face?<br />Invasive alien species<br />Climate change<br />Pollution<br />Habitat Destruction <br />Human activity<br />
    40. 40. What is the importance of conserving Biodiversity?<br />We can then be able to appreciate them<br />We depend on biodiversity to live healthily<br />Healthy Biodiversity is essential for the maintenance of healthy ecosystems<br />
    41. 41. Biodiversity Montage<br />Clips from Awarding-winning documentary “Planet Earth”<br />Shows you the various natural habitats of the world and their inhabitants<br />
    42. 42. RECESS <br />
    43. 43. Nature Trail Briefing<br />Please give us your full attention and we will make this briefing as short as possible<br />
    44. 44. What should be in your bag?<br />Water bottle<br />Umbrella or Poncho<br />Insect repellant<br />Pencils and erasers<br />Optional things<br />Sketchbook<br />Binoculars<br />Camera<br />
    45. 45. Do’s and Don'ts<br />Listen to ALL instructions carefully<br />Be quiet at all times in the reserve<br />Watch out for your “Buddy”<br />Maintain a healthy distance from wildlife<br />Walk carefully on uneven terrain<br />Do not go off without telling anybody<br />Do not eat during the trail, only do so during break time<br />Do not litter<br />
    46. 46. Dangerous Animals<br />Poisonous Animals like snakes<br />Aggressive monkeys<br />What should you do?<br />
    47. 47. Let’s move on to the more interesting stuff <br />Animals you might see today<br />Colorful Kingfishers <br />Beautiful Butterflies<br />Cute Squirrels<br />Perhaps even a monitor lizard! <br />Note: Please do not touch ANY of them, especially the poisonous animals and monkeys<br />
    48. 48. Plants and others you might see<br />Native tree species<br />Tree climbers<br />Ferns<br />Native flowering plants<br />Many different fungi<br />Note: Please do not destroy or pluck any plants or fungi<br />
    49. 49. Have fun, And Lastly….<br />