MONETARY POLICY PRESENTED BY AJITH YESHWANTH UTTHAM KUMAR VIJAY THOMPSON AMITY GLOBAL BUSINESS SCHOOL
Monetary policy is the process by which the monetary authority of a country controls the supply of money, often targeting a rate of interest to attain a set of objectives oriented towards the growth and stability of the economy.
Goals – to maintain relatively stable prices and low unemployment
Monetary policy is referred to as either being an expansionary policy, or a contractionary policy.Expansionary policy increases the total Contractionary policy decreases the totalsupply of money in the economy rapidly money supply, or increases it slowly.
Expansionary policy is used tocombat unemployment in a recession by Contractionary policy involves raisinglowering interest rates interest rates to combat inflation.
In every country a special institution exists which has the task of executing the monetary policy
TOOLS OF MONETARY POLICY IN INDIA• BANK RATES• CRR• SLR• REPO RATE
BANK RATE• Bank Rate is the rate at which RBI allows finance to commercial banks.• Bank Rate is a tool, which central bank uses for short-term purposes.• Any upward revision in Bank Rate by central bank is an indication that banks should also increase deposit rates as well as Prime Lending Rate.• This any revision in the Bank rate indicates could mean more or less interest on your deposits and also an increase or decrease in your EMI.
CRR• RBI uses CRR either to drain excess liquidity or to release funds needed for the economy from time to time.• Increase in CRR means that banks have less funds available and money is sucked out of circulation.• Thus we can say that this serves duel purposes i.e. it not only ensures that a portion of bank deposits is totally risk-free, but also enables RBI to control liquidity in the system, and thereby, inflation by tying the hands of the banks in lending money.
SLR• SLR stands for Statutory Liquidity Ratio.• This term indicates the minimum percentage of deposits that the bank has to maintain in form of gold, cash or other approved securities.
REPO AND REVERSE REPO RATEREPO RATE REVERSE REPO RATE• It is the rate at which the RBI • It is the rate at which banks lends shot-term money to the park their short-term excess banks. When the repo rate liquidity with the RBI. The RBI increases borrowing from RBI uses this tool when it feels becomes more expensive. there is too much money• Therefore, we can say that in floating in the banking case, RBI wants to make it system. more expensive for the banks • An increase in the reverse to borrow money, it increases repo rate means that the RBI the repo rate; similarly, if it will borrow money from the wants to make it cheaper for banks at a higher rate of banks to borrow money, it interest. As a result, banks reduces the repo rate would prefer to keep their money with the RBI
Second Quarter Review of Monetary Policy 2010-11• The Bank Rate has been retained at 6.0 per cent.• It has been decided to increase the repo rate under the liquidity adjustment facility (LAF) by 25 basis points from 6.0 per cent to 6.25 per cent with immediate effect.• It has been decided to increase the reverse repo rate under the LAF by 25 basis points from 5.0 per cent to 5.25 per cent with immediate effect.• The cash reserve ratio (CRR) of scheduled banks has been retained at 6.0 per cent of their net demand and time liabilities.
Expected Outcomes• Sustain the anti-inflationary thrust of recent monetary actions and outcomes in the face of persistent inflation risks.• Rein in rising inflationary expectations, which may be aggravated by the structural nature of food price increases.• Be moderate enough not to disrupt growth.