Information Visualization in Medical Informatics        Ben Shneiderman       ben@cs.umd.edu @benbendc Founding Director (...
Interdisciplinary research community - Computer Science & Info Studies - Psych, Socio, Poli Sci & MITH      (www.cs.umd.ed...
Design Issues•   Input devices & strategies     • Keyboards, pointing devices, voice     • Direct manipulation     • Menus...
Information Visualization•   Visual bandwidth is enormous    • Human perceptual skills are remarkable      • Trend, cluste...
Business takes action•   General Dynamics buys MayaViz•   Agilent buys GeneSpring•   Google buys Gapminder•   Oracle buys ...
Spotfire: Retinol’s role in embryos & vision
Spotfire: DC natality data
10M - 100M pixels                           Large displays                    for single or multiple users
100M-pixels & more
1M-pixels & less                   Small mobile devices
Information Visualization: Mantra•   Overview, zoom & filter, details-on-demand•   Overview, zoom & filter, details-on-dem...
SciViz .   Information Visualization: Data Types           •   1-D Linear        Document Lens, SeeSoft, Info Mural       ...
Anscombe’s Quartet          1                        2                    3                        4x             y       ...
Anscombe’s Quartet          1                        2                    3                        4x             y       ...
Anscombe’s Quartet
LifeLines: Patient Histories       www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/lifelines
LifeLines2: Contrast+Creatine        www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/lifelines
LifeLines2: Align-Rank-Filter & Summarize        www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/lifelines
LifeLines2: Align-Rank-Filter & Summarize        www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/lifelines2
LifeFlow: Aggregation Strategy                          Temporal                          Categorical Data                ...
LifeFlow: Interface with User Controls
Treemap: Gene Ontology+ Space filling+ Space limited+ Color coding+ Size coding- Requires learning        (Shneiderman, AC...
Treemap: Smartmoney MarketMap         www.smartmoney.com/marketmap
Market falls steeply Feb 27, 2007, with one exception
Market falls steeply Sept 22, 2011, some exceptions
Market mixed, February 8, 2008Energy & Technology up, Financial & Health Care down
Market rises, September 1, 2010, Gold contrarians
Treemap: WHC Emergency Room       (6304 patients in Jan2006)Group by Admissions/MF, size by service time, color by age
Treemap: WHC Emergency Room       (6304 patients in Jan2006) (only those service time >12 hours)Group by Admissions/MF, si...
Treemap: Nutritional Analysis              www.hivegroup.com
Office of National Coordinator: SHARPStrategic Health IT Advanced Research Projects - Security of Health Information Techn...
Lab test tracking to ensure completionDefine tracking processes   Assign temporal responsibility    Define possible action...
Medication Reconciliation: Current FormUniv of Maryland HCIL tasks - Missing Laboratory Reports - Medication Reconciliatio...
www.youtube.com/watch?v=YoSxlKl0pCo
Twinlist: Medication Reconciliation                                                                 “Best reconciliation a...
NodeXL:    Network Overview for Discovery & Exploration in Excelwww.codeplex.com/nodexl
NodeXL:Network Overview for Discovery & Exploration in Excel            www.codeplex.com/nodexl
NodeXL: Import Dialogs  www.codeplex.com/nodexl
Tweets at #WIN09 Conference: 2 groups
WWW2011 Twitter Community: Grouped
‘GOP’ tweets, clustered (red-Republicans)
Flickr networks
Analyzing Social Media Networks with NodeXLI. Getting Started with Analyzing Social Media Networks    1. Introduction to S...
UN Millennium Development Goals   To be achieved by 2015      • Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger        • Achieve univ...
29th Annual Symposium    May 22-23, 2012 www.cs.umd.edu/hcil
29th Annual Symposium    May 22-23, 2012 www.cs.umd.edu/hcil     @benbendc
Information Visualization for Medical Informatics
Information Visualization for Medical Informatics
Information Visualization for Medical Informatics
Information Visualization for Medical Informatics
Information Visualization for Medical Informatics
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Information Visualization for Medical Informatics

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Information Visualization for Medical Informatics
Lifelines, Lifelines2, LifeFlow, treemaps, networks
(slide file: Shneiderman info vismedical-georgetown-v1 )

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Information Visualization for Medical Informatics

  1. 1. Information Visualization in Medical Informatics Ben Shneiderman ben@cs.umd.edu @benbendc Founding Director (1983-2000), Human-Computer Interaction Lab Professor, Department of Computer Science Member, Institute for Advanced Computer Studies University of Maryland College Park, MD 20742
  2. 2. Interdisciplinary research community - Computer Science & Info Studies - Psych, Socio, Poli Sci & MITH (www.cs.umd.edu/hcil)
  3. 3. Design Issues• Input devices & strategies • Keyboards, pointing devices, voice • Direct manipulation • Menus, forms, commands• Output devices & formats • Screens, windows, color, sound • Text, tables, graphics • Instructions, messages, help• Collaboration & Social Media www.awl.com/DTUI• Help, tutorials, training Fifth Edition: 2010• Search • Visualization
  4. 4. Information Visualization• Visual bandwidth is enormous • Human perceptual skills are remarkable • Trend, cluster, gap, outlier... • Color, size, shape, proximity...• Three challenges • Meaningful visual displays of massive data • Interaction: widgets & window coordination • Process models for discovery
  5. 5. Business takes action• General Dynamics buys MayaViz• Agilent buys GeneSpring• Google buys Gapminder• Oracle buys Hyperion• Microsoft buys Proclarity• InfoBuilders buys Advizor Solutions• SAP buys (Business Objects buys Xcelsius & Inxight & Crystal Reports )• IBM buys (Cognos buys Celequest) & ILOG• TIBCO buys Spotfire
  6. 6. Spotfire: Retinol’s role in embryos & vision
  7. 7. Spotfire: DC natality data
  8. 8. 10M - 100M pixels Large displays for single or multiple users
  9. 9. 100M-pixels & more
  10. 10. 1M-pixels & less Small mobile devices
  11. 11. Information Visualization: Mantra• Overview, zoom & filter, details-on-demand• Overview, zoom & filter, details-on-demand• Overview, zoom & filter, details-on-demand• Overview, zoom & filter, details-on-demand• Overview, zoom & filter, details-on-demand• Overview, zoom & filter, details-on-demand• Overview, zoom & filter, details-on-demand• Overview, zoom & filter, details-on-demand• Overview, zoom & filter, details-on-demand• Overview, zoom & filter, details-on-demand
  12. 12. SciViz . Information Visualization: Data Types • 1-D Linear Document Lens, SeeSoft, Info Mural • 2-D Map GIS, ArcView, PageMaker, Medical imagery • 3-D World CAD, Medical, Molecules, Architecture • Multi-Var Spotfire, Tableau, GGobi, TableLens, ParCoords,InfoViz • Temporal LifeLines, TimeSearcher, Palantir, DataMontage • Tree Cone/Cam/Hyperbolic, SpaceTree, Treemap • Network Pajek, JUNG, UCINet, SocialAction, NodeXL infosthetics.com flowingdata.com infovis.org www.infovis.net/index.php?lang=2
  13. 13. Anscombe’s Quartet 1 2 3 4x y x y x y x y10.0 8.04 10.0 9.14 10.0 7.46 8.0 6.58 8.0 6.95 8.0 8.14 8.0 6.77 8.0 5.7613.0 7.58 13.0 8.74 13.0 12.74 8.0 7.71 9.0 8.81 9.0 8.77 9.0 7.11 8.0 8.8411.0 8.33 11.0 9.26 11.0 7.81 8.0 8.4714.0 9.96 14.0 8.10 14.0 8.84 8.0 7.04 6.0 7.24 6.0 6.13 6.0 6.08 8.0 5.25 4.0 4.26 4.0 3.10 4.0 5.39 19.0 12.5012.0 10.84 12.0 9.13 12.0 8.15 8.0 5.56 7.0 4.82 7.0 7.26 7.0 6.42 8.0 7.91 5.0 5.68 5.0 4.74 5.0 5.73 8.0 6.89
  14. 14. Anscombe’s Quartet 1 2 3 4x y x y x y x y Property Value10.0 8.04 10.0 9.14 10.0 7.46 8.0 6.58 Mean of x 9.0 8.0 6.95 8.0 8.14 8.0 6.77 8.0 5.76 Variance of x 11.013.0 7.58 13.0 8.74 13.0 12.74 8.0 7.71 Mean of y 7.5 9.0 8.81 9.0 8.77 9.0 7.11 8.0 8.84 Variance of y 4.1211.0 8.33 11.0 9.26 11.0 7.81 8.0 8.47 Correlation 0.81614.0 9.96 14.0 8.10 14.0 8.84 8.0 7.04 Linear regression y = 3 + 0.5x 6.0 7.24 6.0 6.13 6.0 6.08 8.0 5.25 4.0 4.26 4.0 3.10 4.0 5.39 19.0 12.5012.0 10.84 12.0 9.13 12.0 8.15 8.0 5.56 7.0 4.82 7.0 7.26 7.0 6.42 8.0 7.91 5.0 5.68 5.0 4.74 5.0 5.73 8.0 6.89
  15. 15. Anscombe’s Quartet
  16. 16. LifeLines: Patient Histories www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/lifelines
  17. 17. LifeLines2: Contrast+Creatine www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/lifelines
  18. 18. LifeLines2: Align-Rank-Filter & Summarize www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/lifelines
  19. 19. LifeLines2: Align-Rank-Filter & Summarize www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/lifelines2
  20. 20. LifeFlow: Aggregation Strategy Temporal Categorical Data (4 records) LifeLines2 format Tree of Event Sequences LifeFlow Aggregation www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/lifeflow
  21. 21. LifeFlow: Interface with User Controls
  22. 22. Treemap: Gene Ontology+ Space filling+ Space limited+ Color coding+ Size coding- Requires learning (Shneiderman, ACM Trans. on Graphics, 1992 & 2003) www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/treemap/
  23. 23. Treemap: Smartmoney MarketMap www.smartmoney.com/marketmap
  24. 24. Market falls steeply Feb 27, 2007, with one exception
  25. 25. Market falls steeply Sept 22, 2011, some exceptions
  26. 26. Market mixed, February 8, 2008Energy & Technology up, Financial & Health Care down
  27. 27. Market rises, September 1, 2010, Gold contrarians
  28. 28. Treemap: WHC Emergency Room (6304 patients in Jan2006)Group by Admissions/MF, size by service time, color by age
  29. 29. Treemap: WHC Emergency Room (6304 patients in Jan2006) (only those service time >12 hours)Group by Admissions/MF, size by service time, color by age
  30. 30. Treemap: Nutritional Analysis www.hivegroup.com
  31. 31. Office of National Coordinator: SHARPStrategic Health IT Advanced Research Projects - Security of Health Information Technology - Patient-Centered Cognitive Support - Healthcare Application and Network Platform Architectures - Secondary Use of EHR DataUniv of Maryland HCIL tasks - Missing Laboratory Reports - Medication Reconciliation - Alarms and Alerts Management www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/sharp
  32. 32. Lab test tracking to ensure completionDefine tracking processes Assign temporal responsibility Define possible actions Predict expected durationGenerate User Interface from processes Enhance situation awareness Integrate follow-up actions with results Simplify rapid operations Provide retrospective analysis PhD work: Sureyya Tarkan
  33. 33. Medication Reconciliation: Current FormUniv of Maryland HCIL tasks - Missing Laboratory Reports - Medication Reconciliation - Alarms and Alerts Management www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/sharp www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZGf1EiuIIIM
  34. 34. www.youtube.com/watch?v=YoSxlKl0pCo
  35. 35. Twinlist: Medication Reconciliation “Best reconciliation app I have ever seen” Dr. Shawn Murphy, PartnersHealthcare & Harvard Medical “Super-cool demo” Dr. Jonathan Nebeker, Univ of Utah & VA “Twinlist concept is brilliant” Dr. Kevin Hughes, Harvard Medical SchoolTiffany Chao, Catherine Plaisant, Ben ShneidemanBased on class project of : Leo Claudino, Sameh Khamis, Ran Liu, Ben London, Jay Pujara Students of CMSC734 Information Visualization class www.youtube.com/watch?v=YoSxlKl0pCo
  36. 36. NodeXL: Network Overview for Discovery & Exploration in Excelwww.codeplex.com/nodexl
  37. 37. NodeXL:Network Overview for Discovery & Exploration in Excel www.codeplex.com/nodexl
  38. 38. NodeXL: Import Dialogs www.codeplex.com/nodexl
  39. 39. Tweets at #WIN09 Conference: 2 groups
  40. 40. WWW2011 Twitter Community: Grouped
  41. 41. ‘GOP’ tweets, clustered (red-Republicans)
  42. 42. Flickr networks
  43. 43. Analyzing Social Media Networks with NodeXLI. Getting Started with Analyzing Social Media Networks 1. Introduction to Social Media and Social Networks 2. Social media: New Technologies of Collaboration 3. Social Network AnalysisII. NodeXL Tutorial: Learning by Doing 4. Layout, Visual Design & Labeling 5. Calculating & Visualizing Network Metrics 6. Preparing Data & Filtering 7. Clustering &GroupingIII Social Media Network Analysis Case Studies 8. Email 9. Threaded Networks 10. Twitter 11. Facebook 12. WWW 13. Flickr 14. YouTube 15. Wiki Networkswww.elsevier.com/wps/find/bookdescription.cws_home/723354/description
  44. 44. UN Millennium Development Goals To be achieved by 2015 • Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger • Achieve universal primary education • Promote gender equality and empower women • Reduce child mortality • Improve maternal health • Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases • Ensure environmental sustainability • Develop a global partnership for development
  45. 45. 29th Annual Symposium May 22-23, 2012 www.cs.umd.edu/hcil
  46. 46. 29th Annual Symposium May 22-23, 2012 www.cs.umd.edu/hcil @benbendc
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