History, Science, and Trade
A PowerPoint by Ben Ely
What is history?
• It is based off of secondary and primary sources: such
as the myth of an ancient battle verses the actual
arms, equipment, or battlefield maps of it.
• Proof of said History is defined through 3 factors:
• reliable witness,
• logical possibility,
• observable causes and effects
• Recorded history is through context of the historians
bias and culture known as a “Viewpoint”
• History creates an understanding of the world to radiate
knowledge and tolerance rather than repeating the past
The Journey Of Man
• 1.7 million years ago, the pre cursor human “Homo
Erectus” migrated to Eurasia
• Spencer Wells has concluded that all “Homo Sapiens”
alive today are descended from a single man who lived in
Africa around 60,000 years ago.
• “The Journey of Man” documentary by Wells, states the
African Aborigines followed Asia’s southern coastline
until colonizing Australia 50,000 years ago
• Not until the earth warmed up 40,000 years ago did
humans colonize northern asia, and move towards the
arctic circle. (once the Ice age hit again 15,000 years ago
arctic dwellers followed the Bering strait land bridge into
• Around 535 A.D. a global temperature catastrophe hit the
earth, now concluded as an unrecorded mini ice age in history
• 3 primary sources lead scientists this global cooling, this was
discovered through examining
• Ice cores. Analyzing the frozen chemicals inside them can
help point out ancient atmospheric conditions
• Ancient tree rings. Tree rings grow by one each year,
and are thinner based on how poor their growing conditions
were, scientists can analyze thousand year old patterns through
• Carbon-14 dating. Carbon 14 is created when cosmic
rays strike nitrogen atoms allowing scientists to trace this
radioactive signature through the food chain
• But what could lead to this global cooling?
• Atmospheres can be cooled through veils of dust,
ash, or acid thrown into the atmosphere blocking the
• So what would cause THAT?
• Or comets
• Through the three sources they all point to a significant point
in time around 535 A.D. showing a massive eruption of the
colossal volcano Krakatoa, causing a dramatic drop in global
temperatures, and overall leading to global CATASTROPHE.
• Contrary to American biased righteous beliefs, such as
“manifest destiny” the western hemisphere was larger richer
with more democratic spirit and freedom than America ever
• Amazonian forests originally were covered in amazing self
regenerating super soil called “Tera Preta”, that diminished in
• Indians reshaped entire landscapes to better suit their games
needs to prosper.
– While Europeans got lazy and domesticated the animals which caused
microbes to trade and spawned diseases and mutations
• The Indian population just like the human race can be referred
to as a “Keystone Species” which altered the ecology of
buffalo immensely by increasing their numbers significantly
when dying out from the plague.
How the world view changed
• After 1492, the European connection with the world would
explode into a realization of no land mass unreachable and no
• There were 3 primary cultures in trade with eachother to
make up the perspective of “The World” At the dawn of
exploration, Asia, Europe, and Eurasia.
• Asia made up the center of the economy in the 1400’s to be
replaced with Europe later in the 1600’s through the aspect of
• Through global exploration each economy was primarily
made up of trade of the possible food or spice that was
indigenous to the given land, giving a stable trading
economy throughout the globe.