Top Orgainc Gardening Tips, Natural Solutions for Africa
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  • 1. STINKY PLANT TEA DETER PESTS . . . with smells!To make some liquid manure, or ‘plant tea’ to Rather than using harmful chemicals on yourboost your crops, vary amounts of Nitrates (N), garden to deter pests, a dose of smelly organicPhosphorous (P) and Potassium (K) by using what pesticide will soon send them fleeing.you can grow or obtain from the following To make your own:ingredients: • Chop up African marigolds, an artemesia* species (like southernwood),Manure (N), compost (P & N), washing up liquid rue*, garlic, chillies* or chilli powder,or water (P), comfrey leaves (K), rinsed and dried tomato and comfrey leaves (or any ofsea-weed (mainly K, with N & P), woodash (K), these you can find).nettles (for balance & iron) and cabbage leaves • Add washing up water and cover (you(helps sulphur metabolism). can try adding cooking oil too).Wearing gloves, put these into an open-weave • Strain liquid, and then add a littlebag or holey stockings and hang in a container of washing up liquid or soap flakes.water (like a large bucket) at a ratio of 10:1. Cover This is your pesticide stock; you can dilute this inand stir every day for about three weeks in varying amounts to deal with pests by splashingsummer and six in winter - until the liquid goes on leaves and the base of plants:black. Aphids - 1 tbsp in one pint of waterAdd a cup-full to a bucket of water and apply Snails and big beetles – 5 tbsp pint of wateralong root lines after normal watering for a nice Experiment with amounts between the two fordrink of wholesome, stinky tea! other types of pest. * Some people are strongly allergic to these plants – wear gloves!CONTROL ODOURS! SPECIAL-TEASprinkle some saw-dust and woodash (in small For the solonaceae family (tomatoes, potatoes,quantities to avoid neutralising your mix) on the peppers, chillies etc) give them a kick oftop of your compost or liquid fertiliser to keep potassium with their own special tea of rottednasty fumes at bay. comfrey, borage and nettles.WIGGLY WAYS BUTT OUTFor a speedy and lively composting experience, Minimise energy use by saving rain water in astart a wormery! Buy a worm bin and watch your water butt. Buy one or make your own using aorganic waste wiggle into compost. rinsed out farmyard barrel with a tap from awww.wigglywigglers.co.uk hardware shop.
  • 2. Some plants help others grow well in a natural way, by deterring pests and beingcomplimentary. If you’ve got the time and want the best crops, companion plantby using the pointers below, but beware – just like children, plants aren’t bestfriends with everyone!TOMATOES with French marigolds or chives. . . not next to potatoes or cabbageMarigolds repel greenfly and blackfly because their scent is offensive to insectsand chives keep fungal diseases at bay and discourage aphids.CARROTS with leeksLeeks repel carrot fly and carrots repel onion fly and leak moth.STRAWBERRIES with borage. . . not next to cabbageBorage attracts bees, accumulates minerals for the compost heap and growswell with strawberries.LETTUCE with chervilChervil helps to keep aphids and ants off lettuce.PEAS and BEANS with sweetcorn . . . not next to onionsPeas and beans are known for their ability to fix nitrogen - they convert nitrogenso that by leaving the root in the soil this nutrient is effectively re-cycled.BRASSICAS with onions and tomatoes . . . not next to runner beans orstrawberriesPOTATOES with beans and marigolds. . . not next to cucumber.ADD SOME EXTRA. . .YARROWBoosts vigour in other plants, as well as accumulating phosphorus, calcium andsilica, which are good for the compost heap. It is a good host for hoverflies,ladybirds and predatory wasps that keep aphids at bay.FOXGLOVESAccumulate minerals to a high level in the leaves and are generally consideredbeneficial to all parts of the garden and stimulate the growth of plants.CORIANDERRepels aphids and can be made into a spray to repel red spider mite.