Task 6 – Job Roles and Contracts By Ben Matthews
Introduction to the jobs available in the Media IndustryThere are a diverse range of jobs throughoutthe Media Industry. There are a variety ofdifferent methods of employment, whichgives people the flexibility to find a job rolethat is suited to them. To find your preferredjob you can enter the industry down a numberof different routes, which is one of theadvantages as it gives every individual achance to prove themselves.
ManagementManagement is the process of getting peopletogether to either achieve a goal or an objective.To be an effective manager you have to makegood use of your resources. An example of thetypes of jobs in the media that are available are:Production Managers and Marketing Manager.A Marketing Manager work on the process ofadvertising and promotion. These people are vitalassets to the company as they sole purpose is topromote the companies brand/product.
CreativeCreative based work is basically employees whodevelop new and innovative ideas and products.The type of creative jobs available in the mediainclude: Film Producers and Music Creation.Film Producers are the only individuals who areinvolved in the making of a film from start to afinish. He makes sure that all workers know whatthey are doing and where they should be. If a filmis successful it is down to the producer as he hasselected the right people and made sure thatthey are always on task.
EditorialEditorial is workers who look at a product/serviceand make changes according to how they believeit can improve. A example of the type of jobavailable in the media are a: Film Editor andSound Editor.A Sound Editor will analyse the audio, check forany imperfections and then alter accordingly.They are vital to ensure the level and quality ofmusic/sound is appropriate for its purpose.
TechnicalTechnical work usually requires qualifiedindividuals as it requires people to work withthe latest technology. An example of the typesof jobs that are available are: Technicians andLighting Directors.Lighting Directors are needed on film sets anddecide on how lighting should angled toportray the actors/prop in the correct light.
ResearchJobs in Research is vital as it important for people to havethe correct background information on a topic/genrebefore they start work. Research can stop people frommaking costly mistakes and produce a better product asthey will have a wider range of ideas to work with. Thetypes of jobs you can get that involve research include:Marketing Researchers and Script Writers.Before a TV program is produced, Marketing Researcherswill need to research what content will go in the programand the most appropriate actors to act the role. Also theywill need to find out whether there is an appropriatelysized market, that will watch the program.
FinancialFinancial involves the management of funds and looksat how the money is distributed throughout thecompany. An example types of jobs that you can get inthe financial side of the Media Industry is: FinancialControllers and Accountants.Accountants manage your money for you, help you toset a budget for your company, take care of your taxesas well as doing a variety of other things. Sky News willneed accountants to look at the amount of fundingthey have left and if any finance could be issued toreporters for transport e.t.c. to get the scoop on thelatest news story.
OrganisationalOrganisational jobs require individuals who havethe ability to manage people or objects. Theyusually are in charge of positioning of items orpeople. An example of these jobs would beStewards or Floor Managers.Floor managers within television companiesensure that everyone is knows what to do, whilecommunicating with various other members ofstaff to check everyone is in the correct positionsand no issues are occurring on set.
AdministrativeAdministrative is very important as it works onproducing material or a service to help people andcompanies. It can focus on organising data and/orassisting people with their enquiries. An example ofjobs available in administration is Personal Assistants ora Receptionist.A receptionist is a job role that is found throughoutmany companies. It basically involves talking tocustomers and trying to direct them to the correctperson to help assist their enquiries. They also mayproduce documentation such as booking details.
Shift WorkShift work allows employees to work throughoutcertain periods of the day at different intervals such as:Night Shifts; Day Shifts. This method allows employeesto rotate their working hours rather than having aspecific work schedule. Shift work can be a motivatingfactor for employees as they feel they have greaterflexibility over their working schedule.Lighting Directors for productions will often beemployed on a shift work schedule as they will only berequired usually for when the show/production istaking place. Therefore it is common for LightingDirectors to be having to work nights and weekends.
Fixed TermFixed term working is where employees willbe employed for a pre-arranged period oftime. This is a good method to use asemployees like to have a sense of job security.Main actors in films are fixed term workers asthey will be employed for a certain period oftime during the making of the film. Theircontract will state how long they will be withthe company for.
Office HoursOffice hours typically run from 8am to 5pm, and meansthat employees have to be work for that set period oftime on a daily basis. People may be likely to workbetter as they will get used to working during that setperiod of time, however it may have negative effects aspeople don’t have the flexibility to complete work attheir preferred time.People such as Receptionists will be employed underoffice hours as they are a member of staff that need towith the company all day long to assist customer needsthroughout the day.
FreelanceFreelance is where you work independently and ratherthan having a set working schedule you will aim toreceive temporary contracts from a variety of differentemployers throughout the year.Script Writers are freelance workers as they will beworking for themselves rather than a employer and willrely on receiving temporary contracts from companiesto earn money. An issue with freelancing is that youare never guaranteed a yearly sum of money whichmeans you are always under pressure to find work.
Irregular PatternIrregular pattern is whereby you will be working at different hours, according to when your employers request you to work. Creative work is mainly based on irregular pattern work. For example a Wildlife Photographer will work for 4 months while animals are in their natural habitat. The rest of the 8 months of the year he will then have off to maybe find employment in another area of work.
Hourly RatesHourly rate is when employees get paid by theamount of hours they work rather than receivingan annual fixed salary.Often film companies will draft in Camera Menwho will be paid by the hour rather than for afixed period. This is mainly due to the companynot knowing how long filming will take. Thereforeby paying hourly, you will only be paying theCamera Man for however long you need him.
Piece WorkPiece work is where you are paid according tohow much you produce, so the payment youreceive will depend on your productivity.An example of employment that is based onpiece rate pay could be a Set Designer, who ispaid for the amount of individual objects that heproduces for the set. This is usually good as itmotivates employees to finish their work quicker,however it has disadvantages as quality ofproducts may suffer.
TV ProducerTo become a TV Producer you will need topqualifications, experience in working intelevision and good interpersonal skills. TVProducers are responsible for all the businesselements of a TV show. They need to be awareof finances; how staff are managed; filmingschedules, scripting and much more.
Higher EducationHigher Education is normally needed for mostproduction jobs as the knowledge they learnduring Higher Education proves to be invaluablein later life. High school students who areinterested in the Media Industry can get a headstart by taking courses such as: TV and FilmStudies or even a qualification in Broadcastingand Radio. By taking courses such as these, it cangive students a competitive advantage and gain abroader background of the media world.
UniversityA University Degree will be vital for studentswho want to receive top end TV Producerjobs. The degree course will allow students todevelop skills and gain an idea of what isinvolved in the day in the life of a TV Producer.An example of Universities that support Mediaby offering degrees in the area are:
Working as an Assistant or an InternAfter gaining a degree you can look at gettingsome experience in the media industry to helpyou on the path to becoming a TV Producer.You can then apply to become an Assistant oran Intern within a company, which will be vitalfor you on your road to success. Once youhave developed your knowledge of the mediaworld, you can then look to applying for a TVProducer job.
Becoming EstablishedTo become a TV Producer you have to becomeestablished first. Now you have all thequalifications and skills required, you need toworking on promoting yourself as anindividual and become recognised. If youcompile all your work experience into aportfolio, it will be a valuable tool for you tomove up the company ladder. Then finally youwill be able to become a TV Producer and getall the benefits that come with it.