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DATA SHARING AND DATA MANAGEMENT –     WHAT ARE THEY ALL ABOUT?  A joint presentation from the University of Queensland Li...
Increasingly, data sharing is expectedby journal publishersby funding bodiesby governmentsby other researchersby the publi...
BECAUSE, INCREASINGLY, YOU NEED THEDATA TO UNDERSTAND THE RESEARCH Geoffrey Boulton* argues that since no journal can spar...
WHY SHOULD RESEARCHERS SHARE DATA? ―The volume of scientific data, and the inter- connectedness of the systems under study...
WHY DON’T RESEARCHERS SHARE DATA?―We find ourselves in a slightlyperverse situation where                                 ...
RESEARCHERS WORRY ABOUT …   No incentives   • data sharing is not yet valued in the promotion or tenure process   No time ...
DO RESEARCHERS HAVE TO SHARE DATA?Increasingly, data sharing is expected ... How, when, and what youshare will depend on: ...
BENEFITS OF DATA SHARING – TO YOU•   Makes your research better known, which may    attract grants and collaborators, and ...
BENEFITS OF DATA SHARING - TO RESEARCH                                      • data sharing makes new                      ...
REASONS TO OPEN DATA UP―First, technology has made computer code and large datasets more    important to science and has o...
DATA SHARING CAN BE ACHIEVED BY :    Publishing                    Datasets as                                           L...
―Science is driven by data … society now relies on      scientific data of diverse kinds; for example, in responding      ...
…   WHICH MEANS DATA HAS TO BE MANAGEDAccording to the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct ofResearch :2.6 ―Resear...
WHO WANTS YOUR DATA?Just about everyone!Submitting a proposal to                                       Publishing in a Nat...
So … having a data management  plan is important.A data management plan outlines how you will collect, organise,   manage,...
ARE THERE UQ TEMPLATES ORCHECKLISTS YOU CAN USE?Checklists, templates and other tools for creating plans are   currently b...
STILL HAVE QUESTIONS?                                                                                   Please contact    ...
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Data sharing and data management – what are they all about?

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A presentation about research data management and sharing at the University of Queensland.

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Transcript of "Data sharing and data management – what are they all about?"

  1. 1. DATA SHARING AND DATA MANAGEMENT – WHAT ARE THEY ALL ABOUT? A joint presentation from the University of Queensland Library‘s Scholarly Publishing and Digitisation Service and the Research Information Service. Reproduced or adapted from original copyright content provided under Creative Commons licence by The University of Queensland Library
  2. 2. Increasingly, data sharing is expectedby journal publishersby funding bodiesby governmentsby other researchersby the public But why is it important? Reproduced or adapted from original copyright content provided under Creative Commons licence by The University of Queensland Library
  3. 3. BECAUSE, INCREASINGLY, YOU NEED THEDATA TO UNDERSTAND THE RESEARCH Geoffrey Boulton* argues that since no journal can spare the space to publish the avalanche of data points that large-scale scientific experiments produce, the published paper has become more of an "advertisement" and the "science sits in the underlying data". * Quoted in An open and shut case? Debating the purposes of open science, a Royal Society PolicyLab meeting (mp3 file). http://downloads.royalsociety.org/audio/Policy/policylab/2011-9-01SPSOpenScience.mp3 Geoffrey Boulton is a Fellow of the Royal Society and is currently leading the Societys project, Science as a Public Enterprise. Reproduced or adapted from original copyright content provided under Creative Commons licence by The University of Queensland Library
  4. 4. WHY SHOULD RESEARCHERS SHARE DATA? ―The volume of scientific data, and the inter- connectedness of the systems under study, makes integration of data a necessity. ―… life scientists must integrate data from across biology and chemistry to comprehend disease and discover cures, and climate change scientists must integratedata from wildly diverse disciplines to understand our current state and predict the impact of new policies.‖ Science Commons, Protocol for Implementing Open Access Data, http://sciencecommons.org/projects/publishing/open-access-data-protocol/ Reproduced or adapted from original copyright content provided under Creative Commons licence by The University of Queensland Library
  5. 5. WHY DON’T RESEARCHERS SHARE DATA?―We find ourselves in a slightlyperverse situation where Scientists have tended to regardscientists are very strongly their data as personal property.incentivised to create peer- After all, it is they who workedreviewed publications, but not hard to generate it—andto share information in other ownership has never beenways.‖ seriously challenged.Timo Hannay Geoffrey Boulton et al (2011) ‗ScienceNature Publishing Group, quoted as a public enterprise: the case for openin www.growingknowledge.bl.uk data‘, The Lancet, 377 (9778) : 1633- 1635. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60647-8 ―Much more is understood about why researchers do not share data than about when, why, and how researchers do share data …‖ Christine Borgman 2011 ‗The conundrum of sharing research data‘, (unpublished paper) http://works.bepress.com/borgman/244/ Reproduced or adapted from original copyright content provided under Creative Commons licence by The University of Queensland Library
  6. 6. RESEARCHERS WORRY ABOUT … No incentives • data sharing is not yet valued in the promotion or tenure process No time • for data clean up, managing requests, handling enquiries Loss of control • risks of data theft, misrepresentation, lack of attribution Legal concerns • copyright, IP, ownership, commercialisation, contracts Ethical concerns • confidentiality agreements, fear of accidental disclosure Lack of mechanisms • inadequate infrastructure, lack of advice Reproduced or adapted from original copyright content provided under Creative Commons licence by The University of Queensland Library
  7. 7. DO RESEARCHERS HAVE TO SHARE DATA?Increasingly, data sharing is expected ... How, when, and what youshare will depend on: Formats – digital data is probably easier to share Restrictions, such as confidentiality, commercialisation Funder and publisher agreements Customary embargo periods Availability of repositories or other means for sharing Reproduced or adapted from original copyright content provided under Creative Commons licence by The University of Queensland Library
  8. 8. BENEFITS OF DATA SHARING – TO YOU• Makes your research better known, which may attract grants and collaborators, and citizens who want to help answer your questions (crowd-sourcing)• Demonstrates the continuing use of your data and the relevance of your researchDATA SHARING THROUGH A REPOSITORY• Lets you focus on research instead of having to manage the data itself, or manage requests for data• Safeguards your investment of time and resources• Preserves your data – for your own benefit as well as others Reproduced or adapted from original copyright content provided under Creative Commons licence by The University of Queensland Library
  9. 9. BENEFITS OF DATA SHARING - TO RESEARCH • data sharing makes new kinds ofnew areas of research research possible data collection • greater volumes can be managed data ―mash ups‖ • different data can be combinedresearch collaboration • work across continents and disciplines data analysis • greater scale is achievable • crowd-sourcing can generate, crunch and ―citizen‖ science fund your data saves time • improves research efficiency Reproduced or adapted from original copyright content provided under Creative Commons licence by The University of Queensland Library
  10. 10. REASONS TO OPEN DATA UP―First, technology has made computer code and large datasets more important to science and has opened up the prospect of sharing code and data at the click of a mouse.―Second, there is public interest in making data available to other scientists to validate findings or re-use the data in new ways to advance knowledge.―Third, much modern science is created using public funds, which should oblige scientists to maximise the utility of their findings for the public good.―And last …there are many competent members of the public who wish to test for themselves some of the pronouncements of scientists by analysing the data on which such pronouncements are based.‖Geoffrey Boulton et al (2011) Science as a public enterprise: the case for opendata, The Lancet, 377 (9778) : 1633-1635. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60647-8 Reproduced or adapted from original copyright content provided under Creative Commons licence by The University of Queensland Library
  11. 11. DATA SHARING CAN BE ACHIEVED BY : Publishing Datasets as Linking to findings in supplements to datasets from journals and at journal journal conferences publications publications Sharing data Depositing data inAssigning DOIs to informally with a public repository datasets colleagues or on or archive request Offering data with Posting datasets different levels of on public Web access, e.g. de- sites identified data Reproduced or adapted from original copyright content provided under Creative Commons licence by The University of Queensland Library
  12. 12. ―Science is driven by data … society now relies on scientific data of diverse kinds; for example, in responding to disease outbreaks, managing resources, responding to climate change, and improving transportation. ―It is obvious that making data widely available is an essential element of scientific research.‖Science editorial Making Data Maximally Available, 11 February 2011, 331 (6018): 649.DOI: 10.1126/science.1203354 Reproduced or adapted from original copyright content provided under Creative Commons licence by The University of Queensland Library
  13. 13. … WHICH MEANS DATA HAS TO BE MANAGEDAccording to the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct ofResearch :2.6 ―Researchers must manage research data and primary materials …‖Compliance with the Code is now a prerequisite for acceptance of National Health and Medical Research Council and Australian research Council funding.Research funding agencies, such as the US National Science Foundation, now expect data management plans to be lodged as part of funding proposals.This may soon happen in Australia. Reproduced or adapted from original copyright content provided under Creative Commons licence by The University of Queensland Library
  14. 14. WHO WANTS YOUR DATA?Just about everyone!Submitting a proposal to Publishing in a Nature the ARC ? journal?You must describe how you will ―… authors are required to make share your research data (or materials, data and associated explain why you cannot share protocols promptly available to data). readers.‖The Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research states:2. The potential value of the material for further research should alsobe considered, particularly where the research would be difficult orimpossible to repeat.2.5.2 Research data should be made available for use by otherresearchers unless this is prevented by ethical, privacy orconfidentiality matters. Reproduced or adapted from original copyright content provided under Creative Commons licence by The University of Queensland Library
  15. 15. So … having a data management plan is important.A data management plan outlines how you will collect, organise, manage, store, secure, back up, preserve and share your data.It should describe the data so others can understand its scope identify the person responsible for data management list any tools or software needed to create, process or visualise the data document compliance with relevant policies, legislation, codes of conduct and ethical guidelines Reproduced or adapted from original copyright content provided under Creative Commons licence by The University of Queensland Library
  16. 16. ARE THERE UQ TEMPLATES ORCHECKLISTS YOU CAN USE?Checklists, templates and other tools for creating plans are currently being developed.Final documentation will be available once UQ‘s research data management policy is approved.In the meantime, check with your Research Information Service librarian who can help you• draft a basic plan• advise you about the training on offer• refer you to expert advice, including our factsheets Reproduced or adapted from original copyright content provided under Creative Commons licence by The University of Queensland Library
  17. 17. STILL HAVE QUESTIONS? Please contact us – we want to help !• Research Information Service http://www.library.uq.edu.au/ris/index.html• Scholarly Publishing and Digitisation Service http://www.library.uq.edu.au/about/spads.html Reproduced or adapted from original copyright content provided under Creative Commons licence by The University of Queensland Library
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