8:00-8:30 collect materials from classrooms. Begin at 8:30 sharp NEED 6 copies of student texts from any subject
Secondary teachers have not “signed up” to teach reading, but reality has hit that literacy skills are the make or break. We are training students for jobs that have not yet been created. Not only is it important to have them learn the content, but to think critically and have the ability to read, write and respond to a variety of text.
Fighting your expertise and knowledge is difficult, I do believe that all students can learn maybe not to the extent of the top, but when given the skills they can be part of the class and the knowledge shared in that class.
HAND OUT PACKETS!
Rethinking the Problem: Crisis and Opportunity Hand out article and Anticipation guide
Hand out text features
Hand out Blank ABC (2 copies each)– Brainstorm prior knowledge if topic is vacation destinations
No example needed- it is a blank page to begin with
Hand out envelopes with words and have them sort into categories
Hand out vocab chart and example Do NOT USE ANY ONE STRATEGY EVERY TIME- RETURN TO THE ONES THAT WORK- BUT DO NOT BORE THE STUDENTS.
Models of the note taking
Read article and model how to complete the role- whole group –article from Meeting the challenges of adolescent literacy
See Handouts and teacher editions of textbooks. Swine flu vs. flu
Using the article from the during activity Four Square –why a schoolwide literacy focus is critical?
Content literacy strategies ppt
Welcome toContent Area Literacy
If not me, then who?Teaching literacy skills is everyteacher’s responsibility.We must stop just assigning reading and writing!Students must be systematically taught how tocomprehend their Math, Science or Social Studiestext! Content literacy strategies give them the toolsto be able to understand your info.So.. Here are some tools
from Meeting the Challenge of Adolescent Literacy…“Teachers of each content area are in the strongest position to help student successfully meet those challenges. Content area teachers know their subject matter and the standards they should be meeting. They also understand the literacy demands of their content; how to read the different kinds of text, how to write in the formats associated with each subject, how to recognize key concepts and vocabulary terms…”
Before Reading Strategies The most powerful time to support reading is BEFORE students begin to read. Brain research says we must use movement, connections, and preload the vocabulary to make the text accessible.
Before Reading Link new information to prior knowledge Hook them!! Get up and move! Try movie or tv connections! Provide information about the organization of the content Generate questions about the topic Make predictions about what might be learned
Before Reading StrategiesAnticipation GuideChapter WalkABC’s of ______________KWL/ KNLBelow the Line
Anticipation Guide1. Read each statement and place a check under agree or disagree in the “before” column.2. Whole group discussion on agreements and disagreements.3. Read the text (teacher read or independently).4. Reread each statement and place a check under the agree or disagree in the “after” column.5. Make a note in the box as to where the evidence can be located to support this statement.6. Whole group or small group discussion to collaborate on the text based evidence.
Chapter Walk Text Features vary from textbook to textbook Take time periodically to point out how to use the text - do not assume that students will read the text the same way you read it
ABC’S of _______________ Brainstorming on a certain topic Can be used independently, whole group, or small groups Can be broken apart to adapt for students with less prior knowledge (ex. Some students complete A-G, others H-P and so on) Provides information springboard for discussion where everyone can participate
BELOW THE LINE Individual brainstorm and then group discussion Students have a piece of paper with a line in the center to divide the page Teacher poses a question Students brainstorm and list answers above the line Whole group - students share responses Check mark next to same or similar responses Different responses go below the line Discussions can occur about which responses occurred most often and why Discussions can occur about the “different” responses
Vocabulary DevelopmentHand them the words on the platter.-Jacobs, 2000One way to ensure that students get the most out of their reading is to focus on vocabulary. –Robb, 2003Spend the time working with and making sense of the words, other than defining them. -Runkle, 2009
Vocabulary Choose the most important and essential words for the topic of study. Provide direct instruction Make connections to prior knowledge from previous chapters or courses Organize and categorize the terms in a meaningful way
Vocabulary Development StrategiesWord Sorts (open and closed)Vocabulary CirclesMagnet SummariesVocabulary ChartThink Alouds
WORD SORTS1. Place vocabulary terms onto small cards, one word per card.2. Individually, or in groups, students then sort the words into categories. 1. “Closed Sort”- categories provided by teacher 2. “Open Sort”- students create and label categories discovered of their own making3. Students write their list for each category with a brief explanation of why these words are included together in that particular category.Completing VOCABULARY SORTS in small groups using textbooks and class notes for reference provides opportunities for in-depth discussion as students consider the word from many aspects. - Billmeyer and Baron, 1998
VOCABULARY CHART One of the best ways to learn a new word is to associate an image with it. Imagery-based techniques produced achievement gains that were 37 percentile points higher than those produced by techniques that focused on having students continually review word definitions.
During Reading StrategiesAll students need to have opportunities to think critically, organize and question while they are interacting with the text.Instruction that encourages students to continually summarize, visualize, connect, predict, question, organize, infer and monitor will increase comprehension.
DURING READING STRATEGIES4 Square Reading2 Column Note-TakingNote-Taking with codesExtract/ReactGraphic Organizers specific to text Venn Diagram Cause and Effect Cycle Organizer
4 SQUARE READING1. Divide text into 4 sections2. Divide students into groups of 43. Assign each student a different role 1. Summarizer 2. Connector 3. Visualizer 4. Predictor/ Questioner4. Students will read one section of the text in group5. Each student completes his/her role6. Discussion of the completed roles7. Rotate roles8. Repeat steps 4-7 until all boxes are complete
Graphic OrganizersChoose and use the organizer that works best for the text and the information Venn Diagram Cause and Effect Cycle Organizer Textbook publishers often send supplemental guides with graphic organizers.
After Reading StrategiesTo consolidate their learning, effective learners reflect on new information and integrate it into previous understandings by personalizing and applying the new concepts.- Buehl, 2001Have the students use the new information in a meaningful way that they can apply prior knowledge and skills.- Runkle, 2009
After Reading Strategies RAFT Save the Last Word for Me Rating Scale 3-2-1
RAFT Informal Writing Role of the writer (Who are you?) Audience for the writer (To whom are you writing?) Format of the writing (What form will your writing assume?) Topic to be addressed in the writing (What are you writing about?)
RAFT- cont.1. Analyze the important ideas or information you want students to learn- establish the topic2. Brainstorm possible roles for students to assume3. Decide who the audience will be for this communication4. Determine the format of the writing
Rating Scale Students must identify important facts or topic Students will then “rank” them in order of importance – thinking critically about the topic Students must then explain the rankingsRating Scale.DOCRating Scale-EXAMPLE.DOC
3-2-1- quick strategy for the end of any lesson, vary the response3 - new facts that you have learned over the past two days2 - strategies that you will definitely use this school year1 - question that you still have about content area literacyLaissez les bons temps rouler !!