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Each simulation paradigm is characterized by a set of core assumptions and some underlying concepts to describe the world. These assumptions, in fact, constrain the development of a conceptual model …
Each simulation paradigm is characterized by a set of core assumptions and some underlying concepts to describe the world. These assumptions, in fact, constrain the development of a conceptual model for the system of study. Consequently, the choice of appropriate simulation paradigm is an important step in the model development process. In this paper, selection of a simulation approach for supply chain modeling is discussed. For this purpose, the supply chain is described from perspective of two wellestablished system theories. Firstly, supply chains are defined as sociotechnical systems. Afterwards, they are described from complex adaptive systems perspective. This study gives a set of features for supply chains as complex sociotechnical systems which is subsequently used to compare three simulation paradigms for supply chain modeling  namely, system dynamics, discreteeven simulation and agentbased simulation.
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http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2430294
http://www.academia.edu/1523272/Evaluati on_of_Paradigms_for_Modeling_Supply_Cha ins_as_Complex_SocioTechnical_Systems