Livestock Behavior
and Handling
6th Edition
Temple Grandin
Department of Animal Sciences
Colorado State University
Calm animals are easier to handle than
excited fearful animals
Twenty to thirty minutes is required for an
animal excited ...
Little distractions that people do
not notice will cause balking
A calm
animal will
look at the
distraction
Distractions That Cause
Balking and Refusal to Move
Shadows and high contrasts of light and dark
Reflections on metal or w...
Non-Slip Flooring is Essential
Steer coming out of
squeeze chute
!   Animals get
agitated when
they slip
!   Squeeze chute...
Tie up loose chain ends
that scare animals
1.  Shadows and high contrasts of
light and dark
2.  Reflections on metal or water
3.  Seeing people up ahead
4.  Moving o...
A change in
flooring or a
drain may retard
movement
Allow the leader
time to investigate
Cattle may turn
back when they see
the windmill
Moving high contrast yellow ribbon
may stop an animal’s movement
Windy days will have
more flapping
objects that scare
Reflections
scare
animals
Rapid movement makes the dog chase
and it makes grazing animals run away
The slow, steady fluid motion of
this remote-controlled camera is
ignored by the cattle
Remote control rope on backstop gate
facilitates cattle entry into chute
Cattle can see people
through the open sides
To find distractions→ get in the chute to
see it the from animal’s point of v...
Solid fences
keep animals
calmer
Solid fences are
especially
important for
animals with a
large flight zone
Solid Outer Fence
Open Inner Fence
People must stay outside the flight
zone unless moving animals
Well designed crowd pen with
solid sides and solid gate
Herding animal’s
behavior is controlled
by vision
An opaque curtain will
contain them
Animals are
spooked by
distractions
outside this pen.
Make sure vertical
gate provides
sufficient back
clearance.
Cattle
movement
improved after
solid sides
were installed
Solid sides are really important
for wild, flighty animals
Shadows may
impede
movement
Sunny days are
the worst
Cattle may refuse to enter
a dark building
Opening a door to let in light
attracts the cattle towards it
Well designed white translucent
skylights admit shadow free light
Skylights installed in the walls will improve
cattle movement into an existing dark building
Cattle enter more easily when
they can see through the barn
Chute entrance headed
towards the light
Credit: Dodge Mfg.
Animals may
refuse to move
into the sun
Yelling and loud noise is highly stressful
Animals with excitable genetics
are the most sensitive
One ear on the man and
one ear on the lady
Animals also “watch” with their
ears for potential danger
The horse has
an ear pointed
at both the
photographer
and the ze...
The Flight Zone Is The Animal’s Safety Zone
Calm animals
will have a
smaller
flight zone
Tame animals
will have no
flight ...
The handler is outside the flight zone
when animals face the person
Animals turn away when the
handler enters the flight zone
Handlers should learn the principle of
pressure and release on the flight zone
Point of Balance Principles
!   It is at the shoulder when the handler is close to
cattle in chutes.
!   It is usually jus...
If an animal rears, back up
and get out of its flight zone
The size of the flight zone will vary
depending upon genetics and
previous experience
Animals want to see you
If the handler gets too close, the
animals will turn back
The handler
should back
away
Dogs around the chutes stress cattle
because they cannot move away.
They may also teach cattle to kick
The flight zone becomes smaller when
the person does not stare at the animal
The flight zone becomes bigger when a
person makes themselves big
The handler is positioned behind the point of
balance at the shoulder to move the horse forward
Cattle naturally walk in single file
Credit: Susan Church
Cattle and pigs should
be moved in small
groups
Sheep can be moved
in larger groups
The crowd pen should be filled
half full with cattle or pigs
Crowd gate used correctly and
the animals have room to turn
Sheep Handling is a
Continuous Flow
Curved systems work better than straight
ones because animals will turn back in the
same direction they came from
Use a flag to move livestock
A flag can be used to turn an animal by
blocking the animal’s vision on one side
Paddle stick and small
flag for moving animals
Witch’s Cape for Moving Pigs
Beware of the lone animal
It is often the most dangerous animal
Animals will stay calmer
if they have a companion
Animals reared alone are more likely
to attack either people or other animals
Grazing
animals
become
imprinted to
the mother
that raised
them
People should be the leader
of the pack with dogs
Grazing animals should be reared and housed with
their own kind so that ...
Handle the dominant animal first
Use only natural animal behavior
patterns to exert dominance
Bird mating rituals are
instinctual and hardwired
Grooming behavior in the horse is an
example of a hardwired instinctual behavior
Fence breaking is a learned behavior
Do Animals Have
Cognition and Thinking?
Cognition is the ability to solve
problem under novel new conditions
Marlan Stamp ...
Cognition is NOT:
Operant or Classical conditioning
Hard wired instinctual behavior
Kacelink et al., 2002, Science
TRUE COGNITION
A crow bends a wire to make a hook to obtain food
TRUE COGNITION
A blue jay hides his food in a different
compartment when another bird is watching
Emory and Clayton, 2001,...
www.grandin.com
[Palestra] Temple Grandin: Métodos para reduzir o stress em gado de corte com objetivo de aumentar ganho de peso, índices ...
[Palestra] Temple Grandin: Métodos para reduzir o stress em gado de corte com objetivo de aumentar ganho de peso, índices ...
[Palestra] Temple Grandin: Métodos para reduzir o stress em gado de corte com objetivo de aumentar ganho de peso, índices ...
[Palestra] Temple Grandin: Métodos para reduzir o stress em gado de corte com objetivo de aumentar ganho de peso, índices ...
[Palestra] Temple Grandin: Métodos para reduzir o stress em gado de corte com objetivo de aumentar ganho de peso, índices ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

[Palestra] Temple Grandin: Métodos para reduzir o stress em gado de corte com objetivo de aumentar ganho de peso, índices reprodutivos e qualidade de carne.

2,273

Published on

Published in: Business
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,273
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "[Palestra] Temple Grandin: Métodos para reduzir o stress em gado de corte com objetivo de aumentar ganho de peso, índices reprodutivos e qualidade de carne."

  1. 1. Livestock Behavior and Handling 6th Edition Temple Grandin Department of Animal Sciences Colorado State University
  2. 2. Calm animals are easier to handle than excited fearful animals Twenty to thirty minutes is required for an animal excited animal to calm down
  3. 3. Little distractions that people do not notice will cause balking
  4. 4. A calm animal will look at the distraction
  5. 5. Distractions That Cause Balking and Refusal to Move Shadows and high contrasts of light and dark Reflections on metal or water Seeing people up ahead Moving objects Air blowing in their faces Coat hung on fence
  6. 6. Non-Slip Flooring is Essential Steer coming out of squeeze chute !   Animals get agitated when they slip !   Squeeze chutes, stocks, scales, unloading ramps
  7. 7. Tie up loose chain ends that scare animals
  8. 8. 1.  Shadows and high contrasts of light and dark 2.  Reflections on metal or water 3.  Seeing people up ahead 4.  Moving objects 5.  Air blowing in their faces Distractions That Cause Balking
  9. 9. A change in flooring or a drain may retard movement Allow the leader time to investigate
  10. 10. Cattle may turn back when they see the windmill
  11. 11. Moving high contrast yellow ribbon may stop an animal’s movement Windy days will have more flapping objects that scare
  12. 12. Reflections scare animals
  13. 13. Rapid movement makes the dog chase and it makes grazing animals run away
  14. 14. The slow, steady fluid motion of this remote-controlled camera is ignored by the cattle
  15. 15. Remote control rope on backstop gate facilitates cattle entry into chute
  16. 16. Cattle can see people through the open sides To find distractions→ get in the chute to see it the from animal’s point of view
  17. 17. Solid fences keep animals calmer Solid fences are especially important for animals with a large flight zone
  18. 18. Solid Outer Fence Open Inner Fence People must stay outside the flight zone unless moving animals
  19. 19. Well designed crowd pen with solid sides and solid gate
  20. 20. Herding animal’s behavior is controlled by vision An opaque curtain will contain them
  21. 21. Animals are spooked by distractions outside this pen. Make sure vertical gate provides sufficient back clearance.
  22. 22. Cattle movement improved after solid sides were installed
  23. 23. Solid sides are really important for wild, flighty animals
  24. 24. Shadows may impede movement Sunny days are the worst
  25. 25. Cattle may refuse to enter a dark building
  26. 26. Opening a door to let in light attracts the cattle towards it
  27. 27. Well designed white translucent skylights admit shadow free light
  28. 28. Skylights installed in the walls will improve cattle movement into an existing dark building
  29. 29. Cattle enter more easily when they can see through the barn
  30. 30. Chute entrance headed towards the light Credit: Dodge Mfg.
  31. 31. Animals may refuse to move into the sun
  32. 32. Yelling and loud noise is highly stressful Animals with excitable genetics are the most sensitive
  33. 33. One ear on the man and one ear on the lady
  34. 34. Animals also “watch” with their ears for potential danger The horse has an ear pointed at both the photographer and the zebra
  35. 35. The Flight Zone Is The Animal’s Safety Zone Calm animals will have a smaller flight zone Tame animals will have no flight zone and
  36. 36. The handler is outside the flight zone when animals face the person
  37. 37. Animals turn away when the handler enters the flight zone
  38. 38. Handlers should learn the principle of pressure and release on the flight zone
  39. 39. Point of Balance Principles !   It is at the shoulder when the handler is close to cattle in chutes. !   It is usually just past the eye when the handler is further away. !   To make an animal move forward, the handler must be behind the point of balance.
  40. 40. If an animal rears, back up and get out of its flight zone
  41. 41. The size of the flight zone will vary depending upon genetics and previous experience Animals want to see you
  42. 42. If the handler gets too close, the animals will turn back The handler should back away
  43. 43. Dogs around the chutes stress cattle because they cannot move away. They may also teach cattle to kick
  44. 44. The flight zone becomes smaller when the person does not stare at the animal
  45. 45. The flight zone becomes bigger when a person makes themselves big
  46. 46. The handler is positioned behind the point of balance at the shoulder to move the horse forward
  47. 47. Cattle naturally walk in single file Credit: Susan Church
  48. 48. Cattle and pigs should be moved in small groups Sheep can be moved in larger groups
  49. 49. The crowd pen should be filled half full with cattle or pigs
  50. 50. Crowd gate used correctly and the animals have room to turn
  51. 51. Sheep Handling is a Continuous Flow
  52. 52. Curved systems work better than straight ones because animals will turn back in the same direction they came from
  53. 53. Use a flag to move livestock
  54. 54. A flag can be used to turn an animal by blocking the animal’s vision on one side
  55. 55. Paddle stick and small flag for moving animals
  56. 56. Witch’s Cape for Moving Pigs
  57. 57. Beware of the lone animal It is often the most dangerous animal
  58. 58. Animals will stay calmer if they have a companion
  59. 59. Animals reared alone are more likely to attack either people or other animals
  60. 60. Grazing animals become imprinted to the mother that raised them
  61. 61. People should be the leader of the pack with dogs Grazing animals should be reared and housed with their own kind so that bulls will direct aggression towards other bulls instead of people
  62. 62. Handle the dominant animal first Use only natural animal behavior patterns to exert dominance
  63. 63. Bird mating rituals are instinctual and hardwired
  64. 64. Grooming behavior in the horse is an example of a hardwired instinctual behavior
  65. 65. Fence breaking is a learned behavior
  66. 66. Do Animals Have Cognition and Thinking? Cognition is the ability to solve problem under novel new conditions Marlan Stamp Dawkins,1993
  67. 67. Cognition is NOT: Operant or Classical conditioning Hard wired instinctual behavior
  68. 68. Kacelink et al., 2002, Science TRUE COGNITION A crow bends a wire to make a hook to obtain food
  69. 69. TRUE COGNITION A blue jay hides his food in a different compartment when another bird is watching Emory and Clayton, 2001, Nature 414:443
  70. 70. www.grandin.com

×