State of Minnesota Economic Outlook: Implications for the System

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Presented by MNSCU Vice Chancellor CFO Laura King. November 12, 2009.

Presented by MNSCU Vice Chancellor CFO Laura King. November 12, 2009.

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  • Data that was reported to the National Conference of State Legislators: Minnesota: FY2012 budget gap $3.15 billion; 18.9% of general fund budget
  • FY2010: END OF FIRST QUARTER $52 million less than projected (1.7% decrease) Largest variance in individual income tax category

Transcript

  • 1. State of Minnesota Economic Outlook: Implications for the System Presented to Northeast Higher Education District November 12, 2009
  • 2. Fiscal year 2010 budget gaps
  • 3. Spending cuts as percentage of actions
  • 4. Use of ARRA funds as percentage of actions
  • 5. Fiscal year 2011 budget gaps
  • 6. Fiscal year 2012 budget gaps
  • 7. State of Minnesota revenues below forecast: fiscal years 2010-2011 Source: “But…What About Tomorrow?”, presentation to LCPFP Balanced Budget Subcommittee, October 2009. $ millions Estimate Actual Variance % Individual $1,728 $1,635 $(93) (5.4) Sales 874 854 (20) (2.3) Corporate 129 182 52 41.1 Motor Vehicle 16 20 4 25.0 Other 372 376 4 1.1 Total $3,119 $3,067 $(52) (1.7)
  • 8. State of Minnesota fiscal year 2010 Q1 revenues below fiscal year 2009 Q1 Source: “But…What About Tomorrow?”, presentation to LCPFP Balanced Budget Subcommittee, October 2009. $ millions Estimate Variance % Yr Chg % Withholding $1,398 $(27) (2.0) $(112) (7.6) Indiv. Est. 290 (55) (18.9) (99) (29.6) Gross Sales 924 (13) (1.4) (143) (13.6) Corp. Est. 127 37 29.1 (15) (8.4) Total $3,119 $(52) (1.7) $(359) (10.5)
  • 9. Minnesota Is Facing Significant Long-Term Bud g et Problems
  • 10. Problems Remain for 2012-13 Biennium
    • Assumes:
    • GAMC Discontinued. Restoration adds $889 million.
    • K-12 Aid shift restored. Delay saves $1.2 billion.
    • No repayment of K-12 property tax recognition shift.
    • No discretionary inflation. Inflation at CPI would increase spending by $1.3 billion.
    Source: “But…What About Tomorrow?”, presentation to LCPFP Balanced Budget Subcommittee, October 2009. $ millions FY2012 FY2013 FY2012-13 Revenues $16,576 $17,729 $34,305 Expenditures 19,728 19,008 38,736 Difference ($3,152) $(1,279) $(4,431)
  • 11. Economic/Demographic Environment Has Changed
    • Short run economic cycle has merged with long run demographic cycle.
    • We have entered the Age of Entitlement—economic growth in the next 25 years will be about half what it was in the past 25.
    • State revenue growth will slow while spending pressures will accelerate.
    • This is a national/global issue.
    Source: “But…What About Tomorrow?”, presentation to LCPFP Balanced Budget Subcommittee, October 2009.
  • 12. Minnesota Faces a Fiscal Trap
    • The issue is a long run, structural one— short run solutions will not solve the problem.
    • Trend growth alone will not be sufficient. Fundamental changes are necessary.
    • Revenue growth will slow. Efforts to increase it will be met with resistance.
    • Spending pressures will increase driven largely by issues of aging and health.
    • State spending will shift its focus from education, infrastructure and higher education to care and support of the aging.
    Source: “But…What About Tomorrow?”, presentation to LCPFP Balanced Budget Subcommittee, October 2009.
  • 13. 2007-09 Recession Permanently Reduced the Base for Future Revenues Source: “But…What About Tomorrow?”, presentation to LCPFP Balanced Budget Subcommittee, October 2009.
  • 14. Next 25 Years--State Revenue Growth Rate Projected To Slow Budget Trends Commission, 2009
  • 15. From 2010 to 2020, Minnesota will see large increases age 50s and 60s Source: Minnesota State Demographic Center, rev 2007 Numbers are rounded
  • 16. Budget pressures will change -- more 65+ than school age by 2020 Census counts & State Demographer projection, revised 2007
  • 17. If state health care costs continue their current trend, state spending on other services can’t grow General Fund Spending Outlook, presentation to the Budget Trends Commission, August 2008, Dybdal, Reitan and Broat
  • 18. How do we get out of this fiscal trap?
    • Revenue growth will depend increasingly on per capita economic growth.
    • Future economic growth will depend increasingly on increasing productivity and less on labor force size.
    • This plays to Minnesota’s historic strength.
    Source: “But…What About Tomorrow?”, presentation to LCPFP Balanced Budget Subcommittee, October 2009.
  • 19. Impact to the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities
  • 20. Higher education share of state’s budget Fiscal year 2011 estimate includes unallotment. Higher education includes the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities, the University of Minnesota, and the Minnesota Office of Higher Education.
  • 21. State appropriation per FYE student During past decade, appropriation per FYE student has decreased $765 (16 percent); adjusted for inflation decrease is $1,759 (36.5 percent)
  • 22. Minnesota state colleges and universities share of state budget
    • The System’s share of the state budget is 3.9 percent.
    • State budget deficit for fiscal years 2012-2013: $4.431 billion to $7.248 billion (if other budget pressures such as GAMC, inflation, etc., are recognized).
    • The System’s share of the budget deficit:
      • Solved with spending cuts only: $172.8 million to $282.7 million.
      • Solved with combination of spending cuts and tax increases: $86 million to $141 million.
  • 23. Northeast Higher Education District share of allocation framework
    • State appropriation flows through allocation framework
      • District’s percent share of framework
        • FY2005 – 4.42 percent
        • FY2010 – 3.49 percent
    • Key principles of allocation framework
      • Enrollment
      • Cost control – average instructional cost per FYE student
  • 24. Minnesota state colleges and universities strategy
    • Revenue growth
      • Tuition increase greatest potential
    • Enrollment growth
      • Enrollment growth will pressure overall revenue outlook
    • Productivity
  • 25. System’s strategic focus 2010 Action Plan
    • Reaching the Underrepresented
    • STEM and Healthcare
    • Minnesota Online & e-Learning
    • Workforce of the Future
    • Organizational Change
    • Energy Conservation