The passive voice
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The passive voice

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    The passive voice The passive voice Presentation Transcript

    • THE PASSIVE VOICE Beatriz Cano Sánchez 2º Bachillerato
    • 2.USE OF THE PASSIVE VOICE  The passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known who or what is doing the action.
    • 3.FORM OF PASSIVE VERB AND EXAMPLES  Form.: Subject + form of to be+ Past Participle Active: The doctor treats the patient. -Present simple Example: Passive: The patient is treated by the doctor. Active: The doctor treated the patient . Past simple Example: Passive: The patient was treated by the doctor. Active: The doctor has treated the patient. Present perfect Example: Passive: The patient has been treated by the doctor. Active: The doctor had treated the patient. Past perfect simple Example: Passive: The patient had been treated by the doctor.
    • 3.FORM OF PASSIVE VERB AND EXAMPLES   Active: I am going to buy coffee this Saturday. Future Going Example:  Passive: Coffee is going to be bought this Saturday.    Active: You must open the wine three hours before you use it  -Must Example:  Passive: The wine must be opened three hours before you use it.    Active: You can open this window  -Can Example:  Passive: This window can be opened.    Active: Mary should drink milk every morning.  -Shoud Example:  Passive: Milk should be drunk every morning by Mary. 
    • 4.ACTIVE TO PASSIVE TRANSFORMATION. CHANGES IN THE SENTENCE  To to form a passive sentence from an active one we have to take into account the following points.  The object of the active sentence becomes the subject in the passive sentence.  We have to use a form of the verb “to be” + the past participle of the verb that we have in the active sentence.  The subject of the “active” sentence becomes the object of the passive (or is left out).  Peter builds a beautiful house  S VB DO   A beautiful house is built by Peter
    • 5. CHOOSE 5 SENTENCES IN THE ACTIVE VOICE AND TURN THEM INTO PASSIVE VOICE.  -Somebody has cleaned the room.  The room has been cleaned.  -They have postponed the concert  The concert has been postponed.  -Police arrested two people last night.  Two people were arrested last night by Police.  -Somebody is using the computer now.  The computer is being used now.  -They have built a new Hospital near the airport.  A new Hospital has been built near the airport.  -I have to paint the room.  The room has to be painted.