What is Instructional Design? • Instructional Design is a process, in which instructions based on pedagogical and andragogical leaning, is given to the learner from start to finish. • The goal of of instructional design is to deliver knowledge in a efficient, effective, and appealing way using e-learning. • When using ISD models, they are systematically developed in specific structures such as: • ADDIE • ASSURE
What is ADDIE? • ADDIE is one of the guidelines to developing ISD modules • It is the most commonly used models, that most other models are based off of, due to its flexibility and dynamics Analyze Implement Evaluate Design Develop
How is ADDIE used? • Analysis - Identifies the problem • Design - the process of creating the learning objectives and/or storyboard • Development - the actual creation of the Design • Implementation - the model is put into action and the materials are delivered to the student • Evaluation - a formative and summative evaluation is formed of the overall effectiveness
History of ADDIE • First appeared in the 1950s • But was not fully developed until 1975 by the US Army • Was not till 2000 when the ADDIE model was completely revised to the model we have today
Strengths & Weaknesses of ADDIE Strengths Weaknesses • Provides a structured • Does it provide solutions guidance for designing in a timely or efficient manner • Can be easily altered to fit any learning module • Is a linear approach
How is ASSURE used? • Used to help teachers organize instructional procedures • Used to help teachers do an assessment of student learning • Helps write lesson plans • Can be used by all presenters
History of ASSURE • Created by Heinich, Molenda, Russell, and Smaldino • The ASSURE model is derived from integrated components of Gagne 9 step model of instruction.
Strengths & Weaknesses of ASSURE Strengths Weaknesses • Does not have a • Is a simple logical visual model that is easy to representation or use and still powerful diagram of the model • Is learner centered • Lacks the step of Analysis • Limited to what it can be used for
Similarities • Both are "systematic approaches to creating performance based, interactive and innovated episodes of guided learning" • Both focused on student achievement and teacher development
Differences • ASSURE is intended for media based instruction • ADDIE evaluates learners on a numerical basis to achieve text results, while ASSURE evaluates learners based on what learning styles work best for them.
References The ADDIE Instructional Design Model . (2010). Retrieved June 8, 2012, from http://www.intulogy.com/ addie/ The ASSURE Model . (n.d.). Retrieved June 9, 2012, from http://itchybon1.tripod.com/hrd/id15.html Eric. (2008, June 4). Addie vs. Assure [Web log post]. Retrieved from Eric and Education: http://ericandeducation.blogspot.com/2008/06/assure-vs-addie.html History of Instructional System Design. (2011, September 26). ADDIE Timeline. Retrieved June 9, 2012, from Big Dog & Little Dogs Performance Juxtaposition website: http://www.nwlink.com/ %7Edonclark/history_isd/addie.html Instructional Design Models for Distance Learning . (2012). Retrieved June 8, 2012, from http://edt635.wikispaces.com/Distance+Education+Instructional+Design+Models