Back Safety

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Presentation explaing the importance of back safety and how to avoid injury

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  • Slide Show Notes Welcome to the training session on back safety. We’ll discuss how your back can be injured at work and what you can do to prevent that injury.
  • Back Safety

    1. 1. Back Safety
    2. 2. Session Objectives <ul><li>You will be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand how back injuries occur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevent back injuries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use proper lifting, load carrying, and unloading techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think intelligently about your back </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Back Injury Statistics <ul><ul><li>80% of Americans will have a back injury that requires medical attention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back injuries are the second most common cause of lost work time, next to the common cold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Injured backs are often subject to reinjury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In addition to missed work, there may be a lifetime of pain </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Why Back Injuries Occur <ul><ul><li>The back has many interactive parts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vertebrae, spinal cord, and disks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Muscles, ligaments, and tendons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Injured when torn, stretched, bruised, or cut </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Types of Back Injuries <ul><ul><li>Strain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sprain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulging disk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herniated disk </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. General Causes of Back Injury <ul><li>Usually a combination of causes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor posture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unconditioned back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excess weight and potbellies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad lifting techniques </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Activities That Can Cause Back Injury <ul><ul><li>Reaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bending over </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sitting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor lifting technique </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Back Injury Conditions and Causes <ul><ul><li>Any questions about why back injuries occur? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The causes of back injuries? </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Injury Prevention— Maintain Posture <ul><ul><li>Maintain the back’s natural curves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stand straight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sit properly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve your posture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stretch regularly </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Injury Prevention— Condition Your Back <ul><ul><li>Physical conditioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay flexible and limber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lose excess weight </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Injury Prevention—Exercises <ul><ul><li>Walk regularly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stretch and bend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do sit-ups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice leg lifts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice squats </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Safe Practices—Use Lifting Equipment <ul><ul><li>Powered equipment such as forklifts, powered carts, and electric pallet jacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand trucks, carts, pallet jacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cranes and hoists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conveyors </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Have a Safe Lifting Plan <ul><ul><li>Size up the load </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weight, shape, and size </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear the path </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Objects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tight doorways or corners </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unloading zone </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Lift Properly <ul><ul><li>Stand close with a wide stance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bend at the knees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pull the load close and grip it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tighten stomach, lift your head </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rise using your legs </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Lift Bags Properly <ul><ul><li>Squat down next to the bag </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grab it at opposite corners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lift it up to your thigh or waist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stand up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Put the load on your shoulder </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Team Lifting <ul><ul><li>Designate a person to lead the lift </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lift at the same time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep the load level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slowly unload together </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Carry the Load Properly <ul><ul><li>Make sure you can see </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take small, stable steps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not twist your back </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Unload Properly <ul><ul><li>Squat down with the load </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not bend your back over the load </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be careful of fingers </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Handling Overhead Loads <ul><ul><li>Shoulders level with the load </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slide the load close </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use your legs </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Handling Long Loads <ul><ul><li>Pick up one end </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place the balance point on your shoulder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch the ends </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Think About Your Back <ul><ul><li>Don’t be lazy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think long term </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t try to lift too much </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider your back in all things that you do </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. What’s Wrong Here? <ul><ul><li>Moving heavy boxes wearing back belt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trained in lifting techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rotates box on bottom edge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Box falls as he grabs for it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strains his back </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. What’s Wrong Here? (cont.) <ul><ul><li>Was the box too heavy? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was the box too big to move alone? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Were proper lifting techniques followed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was the back belt a factor? </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Injury Prevention and Safe Practices <ul><ul><li>Any questions about lifting techniques? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any questions about carrying loads, unloading, overhead loads, or long loads? </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Key Points to Remember <ul><ul><li>Maintain back posture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise regularly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use available lifting equipment, and have a lifting plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use your legs; bend them when lifting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always think about your back </li></ul></ul>
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