   This training is for    ◦ Coaches    ◦ Umpires    ◦ Fans and players that want to know most of the      rules and are ...
   Commonly needed Rules and where they are    in the “Green book”   Basic field umpire mechanics on the 60’ and    90’ ...
   This training is not a substitution for or    supplement to the “green book”   In the event that there is a discrepan...
   Look the part (appearance)   Know the rules (study)   Show up on time   Have pregame talk with your    partner   P...
   Timing, timing, timing   Angle over distance   Get set before the play   Show restraint (attitude)   Forget close ...
   Coach the players   Carry on conversations with fans   Socialize with only one dugout   Give excuses after a call ...
   Navy or light blue shirt   Grey pants with black belt   Navy, red or black undershirt   Black socks & shoes   Navy...
   Equipment available in equipment rooms    ◦   Pads    ◦   Ball bag    ◦   Clicker    ◦   Broom   Wear your cup!   Su...
   Fair/foul and catch/no catch responsibilities   When I’m coming to you for help   Tag-ups and base touches   Who sh...
   Plate Umpire    ◦ Balls/strikes, Fair/foul, Catch/no catch, plays at      home, some plays at third (communicate!), co...
60 Foot Field
Little League (60’ Field)                                  U   Assumes a two base umpire    configuration   The encircle...
Little League (60’ Field) – No runners on base   Take a position about 10 to    15 feet behind The first    baseman, with...
Little League (60’ Field) – Runner on First base or Runner on First and Third                                             ...
Little League (60’ Field) – All other base runner configurations                                                      U  ...
90 Foot Field
Junior (90’ Field)                                  U   Assumes a two base umpire    configuration   The encircled-U in ...
Junior (90’ Field) – No runners on base   Take a position about 10 to    15 feet behind the first    baseman, with both f...
Juniors (90’ Field) – Runner on First Base                                             U   Take a position about ten    f...
Juniors (90’ Field) – Runner on First (Alternate*)   Position yourself on an    imaginary line running from    the first ...
Juniors (90’ Field) – Runners on First and Second Base   Position yourself on an    imaginary line running from    the fi...
Junior (90’ Field) – Runner at Second Base                                             U   Assume a position about    ten...
Juniors (90’ Field) – Runner on Second (Alternate*)   Position yourself on an    imaginary line running from    the third...
Juniors (90’ Field) – Runners on Second and Third or Bases Loaded   Position yourself on an    imaginary line running fro...
   Maximum pitch count by league age    ◦   Age   7-8:     50   pitches   per   day    ◦   Age   9-10:    75   pitches   ...
   Rest Requirement    ◦ 66 or more pitches in a day,      four calendar days of rest must be observed.    ◦ 51-65 pitche...
   Reach max limit while pitching to a batter    ◦ Can continue until batter reaches base or is put out    ◦ If third out...
   Managers are ultimately responsible to    remove pitchers that reach max limit   Official counter must inform the pla...
   Pitches in called games count    ◦ Pitch count itself does not carry over    ◦ Rest requirements must still be observe...
   2.00 Definition: A ball delivered by the    pitcher to a batter   Anything else is NOT a pitch!    ◦   Warm-up pitche...
   Who keeps the pitch counts?    ◦   The official scorekeeper    ◦   The home team scorekeeper    ◦   A manager or coach...
   Verify eligibility at plate conference: Use BSLL Pitch    Count Verification Forms if there is a dispute or    questio...
   Only players, managers and rostered coaches    allowed on the field   No batboys on small field   All game participa...
   Managers and coaches cannot go on    the field without umpire’s permission   No alcohol or tobacco anywhere   No adu...
   Baseball bats are for baseball   Softball bats are for softball   Wood bats are legal    ◦ Must be smooth and rounde...
   All players should be in the same uniform    ◦   Except for pool players    ◦   Be reasonable in cold weather    ◦   D...
   What’s not allowed:    ◦   Long white sleeves on pitchers    ◦   Arm and wrist bands on pitchers    ◦   Frayed or ragg...
   Catcher must wear a catcher’s mitt   First baseman may wear glove or first    baseman’s mitt   Pitcher’s glove restr...
   Required for all batters, base runners, players    in coach’s boxes, and bat retrievers   Must be NOCSAE certified  ...
   Required: Chest protector, helmet or mask,    and shin guards    ◦ Long-model chest protector for males in Majors     ...
   Helmet or mask is required for:    ◦ Player warming up pitcher between innings    ◦ Player warming up pitcher in the b...
   Pitch that is not in the strike zone   Pitch that bounces and then goes through the    strike zone   Pitch that hits...
   Secure possession of ball in hand or glove   Ball must be in flight   Held firmly before it touches the ground   Fi...
   Ball hits the ground first   Ball falls out before fielder pulls it out of    glove   Fielder uses any part of unifo...
   Runner that HAS to advance because batter-    runner is going to first   Forced runner can be retired by tagging    r...
   Foul lines, bases and plate are in Fair    Territory   Bouncing ball that travels past first base or    third base wh...
   Bouncing ball that travels past 1B or 3B while    in foul territory   Untouched ball in flight that lands in foul    ...
   Batted ball that goes sharp and direct from    the bat to the catcher’s hands and is legally    caught    ◦ Must hit t...
   Rule is to prevent defense from getting a    “cheap” double play   Situation:    ◦ Less than two outs    ◦ Runners on...
   If the umpire believes that the infield fly rule    is in force they call “Infield Fly” when the ball    reaches its a...
BOTTOM LINE:   If an infield fly rule is in force: SAY IT   If an infield fly rule event occurs: CALL IT   If an infiel...
   Interference occurs when someone prevents    the defense from making a play    ◦ Offensive interference    ◦ Umpire in...
   Umpire interference: only two ways    ◦ Base umpire gets hit by a batted ball before it      passes an infielder other...
   Spectator interference    ◦ Happens when a fan reaches into the field of play      and interferes    ◦ Could also happ...
   Obstruction occurs when a defensive player    impedes a runner’s progress and:    ◦ Doesn’t have possession of the bal...
   “Live Ball” Strikes    ◦ Ball swung at and missed    ◦ Ball not swung at that passes through the strike      zone    ◦...
   Area over the plate   Top: batter’s arm pits   Bottom: Top of batter’s knees   Batter in “natural” stance    ◦ “Nat...
   A person may only be tagged:    ◦ With the ball while holding it    ◦ With the glove while the ball is in it    ◦ With...
   Bunt: The bat must be moved towards the    ball. Simply holding the bat in bunt fashion IS    NOT a bunt.   In Flight...
WHEN USING SUBSTITUTION RULES*   A sub must bat once and play 6 consecutive outs    before starter may reenter   Starter...
Majors and below Pitchers once removed from the mound may  NOT return as pitchersJuniors and above A pitcher remaining i...
   A player whose name is on the team’s batting    order may not become a substitute runner              * Applies to BSL...
   Starter MUST pitch to one batter unless the    pitcher gets injured before the completion of    the batter   Sub MUST...
   Substitution    ◦ All substitutions should be announced   Unannounced Substitution    ◦ An Unannounced sub is in when...
   3.09:    ◦ Keep players and coaches in dugout    ◦ Adults cannot warm up pitchers   3.10: Field Conditions    ◦ Befor...
   3.17: Batboys are NOT allowed   3.17: Cannot use electronic communication    devices in    the field but carrying one...
   Introductions   Are your Players properly equipped?   Do you have any pitchers that are ineligible?   Have you exch...
   Before the game the Umpires should NOT    ◦   Conduct a rules clinic    ◦   Describe your strike zone    ◦   Issue pre...
   When the batter is being given an intentional    base on balls:    ◦ The catcher MUST stand with both feet within the ...
   BSLL bat’s using continuous batting order for    all intra-league games   We use free defensive substitutions    ◦ Do...
   Base coaches may be placed one near first    and the other near third base   Base coaches may be:    ◦ Eligible playe...
   Teams should not refer to one another in a    derogatory way   The offense cannot say or do anything to    distract p...
   A manager or coach who gets ejected MUST    leave the game site for the remainder of the    game, period.    ◦ No hang...
   If a runner attempts to score during a play in    which the third out is made    ◦ Run will count if      The player ...
   The umpire must judge whether the runner    touched the plate before the out is made    ◦ If the runner touches the pl...
   Majors and below:    ◦ 6 innings (5-1/2+ if home team is winning)    ◦ If called, at least 4 innings (3-1/2+ if home t...
   Rules cover what to do when umpire must call    the game in progress   If game ends during an inning, score reverts  ...
   Rules require nine players minimum to start or    continue games.    ◦ *BSLL allows for pool players to be used to PLA...
   Judgment calls cannot be protested   Protest of rule misinterpretation    ◦ Before next pitch or play    ◦ Umpires MU...
   4.03: Make sure all fielders are in fair    territory   4.15: When to forfeit a game:    ◦ One team doesn’t have enou...
   Batter gets hit by pitch   Plate umpire interferes with the catcher’s throw   An illegal pitch is committed (Junior ...
   Runner gets obstructed while defense is making    a play on him   Runner interferes with a batted ball   Manager, co...
   Batter must get in the box promptly    ◦ Both feet must be in the box    ◦ Foot on the line is OK    ◦ Foot over the l...
A batter becomes a runner when the batter receives adropped third strike and one of the followingconditions exist:   Firs...
Other than the obvious reasons the followingconditions result in the batter begin out: Bunting foul on a third strike Ba...
   The batter is out when    ◦ He hits the ball with a foot completely out of the      box and on the ground    ◦ He step...
   If defense appeals before Improper Batter    completes the at-bat then the Proper Batter    should simply come to the ...
   If defense fails to appeal    ◦ Improper Batter’s at-bat counts    ◦ Improper Batter now becomes the Proper Batter    ...
   Four “balls” have been called   Batter gets hit by pitch unless    ◦ He swung at the pitch    ◦ He doesn’t try to avo...
The batter becomes a runner when: A fair ball is hit For Major Division and Up: An uncaught third  strike occurs and    ...
   When two runners are on base, it’s not an    automatic out    ◦ Lead runner is entitled (unless forced)    ◦ Trail run...
   Have to determine    ◦ Who threw the ball?    ◦ If an infielder, was it an “initial”play or “subsequent”      play?   ...
   Fielder without the ball cannot impede a    runner   7.06a: Obstructed runner being played upon,    or batter obstruc...
   Fielder without the ball cannot impede a    runner   7.06b: Obstructed runner not being played    upon    ◦ Umpire si...
   The not-so-obvious, runner is out when he:    ◦ Avoids a tag by going three feet out of his base      path    ◦ Doesn’...
   A runner is out for interference when    ◦ He hinders a fielder attempting to field a batted ball      (no intent requ...
   A runner is out for interference when    ◦ The base coach acts like that runner to draw a      throw    ◦ He is hit by...
   A runner is NOT out for interference when    ◦ He unintentionally hinders a throw    ◦ He is hit by a batted ball afte...
   What constitutes a viable appeal?    ◦   Runner   misses     a base    ◦   Runner   fails to   tag up on a caught fly ...
   Who can appeal?    ◦ Any defensive player    ◦ Not the manager or coach   When can the defense appeal?    ◦ When the ...
   If there are two outs and upon appeal a    preceding runner is deemed the third out, no    runners following the prece...
   Runners cannot leave bases once the pitcher    and catcher are “ready”    ◦ Pitcher on the rubber with the ball    ◦ C...
   Umpire must judge the “value” of the hit    ◦ Runners advance no further, no matter what      happens during the play...
   Special Pinch Runners (SPR) are NOT courtesy    runners   Only a player not in the lineup can SPR    ◦ That’s why SPR...
   7.01: Runner cannot return to previous base    when pitcher is ready   7.02: You need to touch all bases either    fo...
   Preliminary position:    ◦ Pivot foot: On the rubber (not off the end)    ◦ Free foot: In front, behind, or to the sid...
   To disengage, pitcher must back with his    pivot foot first   Pitcher may throw to a base by stepping    directly to...
   Preliminary position (Stretch):    ◦ Pivot foot: On or against (in front of) the rubber    ◦ Free foot: In front of an...
   To disengage, pitcher must step back with his    pivot foot first    ◦ Hands must separate before reengaging   Pitche...
   Cannot balk or deliver illegal pitch with no    runners   A pitcher balks or delivers an illegal pitch    when he:   ...
   A pitcher balks or delivers illegal pitch when    he:    ◦ Starts his motion to pitch while not in contact with      t...
   Illegal pitch penalty    ◦ Dead ball, ball on batter (runners don’t advance)    ◦ If the ball is pitched and batted, l...
   Balk penalty    ◦ Dead ball, runners advance one base    ◦ If the ball is pitched and batted, let play continue    ◦ I...
   Manager or coach may visit the same pitcher    ◦ Twice in one inning, the third visit the pitcher must      be removed...
   If the adult talks to another defensive player,    it’s a visit   It is not a visit:    ◦   If the offense asked for ...
   8.01: Pitcher shall take signs from the catcher   8.02a: Pitcher cannot go to mouth while on the    mound   8.02c: P...
   9.01(f): Clear the field when fans get unruly   9.02: How to handle appeals    ◦   Don’t change judgment calls    ◦  ...
   9.04(c): What to do when two umps make    different calls simultaneously    ◦ Get together and fix it    ◦ Umpire in C...
Updated: 3/13/2012This presentation was largely based onthe work of the 2007 Virginia District 9   Umpires Clinic and upda...
2012 BSLL Umpire Clinic
2012 BSLL Umpire Clinic
2012 BSLL Umpire Clinic
2012 BSLL Umpire Clinic
2012 BSLL Umpire Clinic
2012 BSLL Umpire Clinic
2012 BSLL Umpire Clinic
2012 BSLL Umpire Clinic
2012 BSLL Umpire Clinic
2012 BSLL Umpire Clinic
2012 BSLL Umpire Clinic
2012 BSLL Umpire Clinic
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2012 BSLL Umpire Clinic

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This presentation enables Beachside Little League umpires, coaches, and fans to learn or review the most important rules, regulations, and recommendations when umpiring a Beachside Little League game. It is not intended to replace the use of the "Green Book".

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2012 BSLL Umpire Clinic

  1. 1.  This training is for ◦ Coaches ◦ Umpires ◦ Fans and players that want to know most of the rules and are not in the mood to read the “green book”
  2. 2.  Commonly needed Rules and where they are in the “Green book” Basic field umpire mechanics on the 60’ and 90’ fields A few other things
  3. 3.  This training is not a substitution for or supplement to the “green book” In the event that there is a discrepancy between this training and the “green book” the “green book” is authoritative
  4. 4.  Look the part (appearance) Know the rules (study) Show up on time Have pregame talk with your partner Pay attention! Hustle into proper position Watch the ball, glance at runners Pause, read, react
  5. 5.  Timing, timing, timing Angle over distance Get set before the play Show restraint (attitude) Forget close calls Support your partner Leave from winner’s side
  6. 6.  Coach the players Carry on conversations with fans Socialize with only one dugout Give excuses after a call Gang up on a coach Meet between innings after a close call Say, “One more word and you’re gone!” Over-dramatize an ejection Discuss game with anyone as you leave
  7. 7.  Navy or light blue shirt Grey pants with black belt Navy, red or black undershirt Black socks & shoes Navy or black hat Nothing white
  8. 8.  Equipment available in equipment rooms ◦ Pads ◦ Ball bag ◦ Clicker ◦ Broom Wear your cup! Sunglasses okay if NOT mirrored No cell phones if possible.
  9. 9.  Fair/foul and catch/no catch responsibilities When I’m coming to you for help Tag-ups and base touches Who should cover third base when Signals ◦ Infield Fly ◦ What’s the count? ◦ How many outs? ◦ Rotation is on ◦ I’m staying home ◦ “I’ve got something you need to know”
  10. 10.  Plate Umpire ◦ Balls/strikes, Fair/foul, Catch/no catch, plays at home, some plays at third (communicate!), could help at first Base Umpire ◦ All bases except when the plate umpire takes third ◦ Could help with Fair/foul down the right field line Base Umpire positions ◦ Covered in the next few slides If the ball goes out, come in If the ball stays in, stay out
  11. 11. 60 Foot Field
  12. 12. Little League (60’ Field) U Assumes a two base umpire configuration The encircled-U in the diagram to the right is the umpire Base runners are depicted by a black-colored base REMEMBER: Angle to the ball is ALWAYS more important than distance
  13. 13. Little League (60’ Field) – No runners on base Take a position about 10 to 15 feet behind The first baseman, with both feet in foul territory. U Allow the first baseman to move to the ball without running into you, and react accordingly.
  14. 14. Little League (60’ Field) – Runner on First base or Runner on First and Third U Take a position about ten feet behind second base on the first base side of the diamond, in line with second and third. You should be one to three steps into the outfield grass, depending on the depth of the infield area.
  15. 15. Little League (60’ Field) – All other base runner configurations U Assume a position about ten feet behind second base on the third base side of the infield, in line with first and second bases. You should be one to three steps into the outfield grass, depending on the depth of the infield area.
  16. 16. 90 Foot Field
  17. 17. Junior (90’ Field) U Assumes a two base umpire configuration The encircled-U in the diagram to the right is the umpire Base runners are depicted by a black-colored base REMEMBER: Angle to the ball is ALWAYS more important than distance
  18. 18. Junior (90’ Field) – No runners on base Take a position about 10 to 15 feet behind the first baseman, with both feet in foul territory. U Allow the first baseman to move to the ball without running into you, and react accordingly.
  19. 19. Juniors (90’ Field) – Runner on First Base U Take a position about ten feet behind second base on the first base side of the diamond, in line with second and third. You should be one to three steps into the outfield grass, depending on the depth of the infield area.
  20. 20. Juniors (90’ Field) – Runner on First (Alternate*) Position yourself on an imaginary line running from the first base side of home plate to the edge of the dirt U circle of the pitcher’s mound, approximately halfway between the mound and second base. You should be square to home plate and down in a set position. * Recommended by Little League for two man crews.
  21. 21. Juniors (90’ Field) – Runners on First and Second Base Position yourself on an imaginary line running from the first base side of home plate to the edge of the dirt U circle of the pitcher’s mound, approximately halfway between the mound and second base. You should be square to home plate and down in a set position.
  22. 22. Junior (90’ Field) – Runner at Second Base U Assume a position about ten feet behind second base on the third base side of the infield, in line with first and second bases. You should be one to three steps into the outfield grass, depending on the depth of the infield area.
  23. 23. Juniors (90’ Field) – Runner on Second (Alternate*) Position yourself on an imaginary line running from the third base side of home plate to the edge of the dirt U circle of the pitchers mound, approximately halfway between the mound and second base. You should be square to home plate and down in a set position. * Recommended by Little League for two man crews.
  24. 24. Juniors (90’ Field) – Runners on Second and Third or Bases Loaded Position yourself on an imaginary line running from the third base side of home plate to the edge of the dirt U circle of the pitchers mound, approximately halfway between the mound and second base. You should be square to home plate and down in a set position.
  25. 25.  Maximum pitch count by league age ◦ Age 7-8: 50 pitches per day ◦ Age 9-10: 75 pitches per day ◦ Age 11-12: 85 pitches per day ◦ Age 13-14: 95 pitches per day
  26. 26.  Rest Requirement ◦ 66 or more pitches in a day, four calendar days of rest must be observed. ◦ 51-65 pitches in a day, three calendar days of rest must be observed. ◦ 36-50 pitches in a day, two calendar days of rest must be observed. ◦ 21-35 pitches in a day, one calendar day of rest must be observed. ◦ 1-20 pitches in a day, no calendar day of rest is required.Note: If a pitcher throws 41+ pitches he cannot play catcher forthe remainder of the game.
  27. 27.  Reach max limit while pitching to a batter ◦ Can continue until batter reaches base or is put out ◦ If third out is recorded on a base, pitcher may continue pitching to same batter in next inning Pitcher can pitch only one game a day ◦ Cannot pitch in both games of a double header ◦ Cannot pitch in a continuation game and then a regularly-scheduled game
  28. 28.  Managers are ultimately responsible to remove pitchers that reach max limit Official counter must inform the plate umpire when a pitcher reaches the pitch limit Pitcher illegally exceeds max limit: ◦ Pitcher must be removed from the mound immediately ◦ Opposing team’s manager may protest before umpires leave the field
  29. 29.  Pitches in called games count ◦ Pitch count itself does not carry over ◦ Rest requirements must still be observed ◦ Exception: pitches in games that do not complete one full inning do not count ◦ Pitches in uncompleted innings under the “revert back” rule do count Pitches in practice, in non-Little League games, etc., do not count however we encourage all coaches to put the health of their players FIRST.
  30. 30.  2.00 Definition: A ball delivered by the pitcher to a batter Anything else is NOT a pitch! ◦ Warm-up pitches in the bullpen ◦ Warm-up pitches between innings ◦ Pitches declared “No Pitch” ◦ Pick-off throws ◦ Throws to make plays and appeals ◦ “Ball” penalty to the batter without a delivered pitch
  31. 31.  Who keeps the pitch counts? ◦ The official scorekeeper ◦ The home team scorekeeper ◦ A manager or coach ◦ Anybody BUT the base umpire! Only one (1) official counter per game The official pitch counter should be decided before the game.
  32. 32.  Verify eligibility at plate conference: Use BSLL Pitch Count Verification Forms if there is a dispute or question. Identify official counter before the game starts Prevent protests: If you’re aware a pitcher has reached their limit, have them removed Resolve disputes: If there’s a question on the validity of the pitch count, go with the official counter. Clarify ambiguities: Know what a pitch is!
  33. 33.  Only players, managers and rostered coaches allowed on the field No batboys on small field All game participants must stay in the dugouts or be in the bullpen Two adult base coaches allowed One adult in dugout at all times
  34. 34.  Managers and coaches cannot go on the field without umpire’s permission No alcohol or tobacco anywhere No adults can warm up pitchers anywhere All participants must display the highest standards of conduct and discipline
  35. 35.  Baseball bats are for baseball Softball bats are for softball Wood bats are legal ◦ Must be smooth and rounded ◦ Check with bat ring ◦ If cracked, get rid of it! Composite bats must be on the approved list Use of illegal bats will not be tolerated Donuts are not allowed.
  36. 36.  All players should be in the same uniform ◦ Except for pool players ◦ Be reasonable in cold weather ◦ Don’t get too picky! ◦ Uniforms for adults allowed only in Juniorsand above Metal cleats allowed in Juniors and above
  37. 37.  What’s not allowed: ◦ Long white sleeves on pitchers ◦ Arm and wrist bands on pitchers ◦ Frayed or ragged sleeves ◦ Attachments of different color ◦ Metal or glass ANYTHING ◦ Jewelry (including rubber bracelets)  Except medical alert stuff ◦ Casts on field (even base coaches)
  38. 38.  Catcher must wear a catcher’s mitt First baseman may wear glove or first baseman’s mitt Pitcher’s glove restrictions: ◦ Any color but white or grey ◦ No attachments ◦ Batting glove under fielding glove okay
  39. 39.  Required for all batters, base runners, players in coach’s boxes, and bat retrievers Must be NOCSAE certified Chin straps, face guards are optional No cracks or unauthorized paint or decals
  40. 40.  Required: Chest protector, helmet or mask, and shin guards ◦ Long-model chest protector for males in Majors and below Cup for male catchers Helmet or mask must: ◦ Be NOCSAE certified ◦ Must have throat guard (even on hockey-style masks) ◦ No cracks or unauthorized paint or decals
  41. 41.  Helmet or mask is required for: ◦ Player warming up pitcher between innings ◦ Player warming up pitcher in the bullpen ◦ Catcher during pre-game infield or outfield practice Skull caps are not permitted If you see a catcher without helmet or mask, correct it!
  42. 42.  Pitch that is not in the strike zone Pitch that bounces and then goes through the strike zone Pitch that hits batter but batter does not attempt to get out of the way An award due to certain pitching infractions
  43. 43.  Secure possession of ball in hand or glove Ball must be in flight Held firmly before it touches the ground Fielder must show complete control Release must be voluntary and intentional Dropping the ball while in the act of throwing is okay
  44. 44.  Ball hits the ground first Ball falls out before fielder pulls it out of glove Fielder uses any part of uniform or equipment to secure the ball Ball falls out of the glove after the fielder ◦ Falls to the ground ◦ Collides with another player ◦ Collides with the fence
  45. 45.  Runner that HAS to advance because batter- runner is going to first Forced runner can be retired by tagging runner or forced-to base Force is removed when: ◦ Batter-runner is retired (all forces removed) ◦ A following runner is retired (force is removed on lead runner) When force is removed, runners must be tagged
  46. 46.  Foul lines, bases and plate are in Fair Territory Bouncing ball that travels past first base or third base while in fair territory Bouncing ball that travels over any part of the first base or third base bag Untouched ball in flight that lands in fair territory at or beyond first base or third base Ball touched in fair territory, regardless of fielders position
  47. 47.  Bouncing ball that travels past 1B or 3B while in foul territory Untouched ball in flight that lands in foul territory Ball touched in foul territory, regardless of persons position Ball which touches anything “foreign to natural ground" in foul territory before first base or third base Batted ball that hits batter while in the box
  48. 48.  Batted ball that goes sharp and direct from the bat to the catcher’s hands and is legally caught ◦ Must hit the hand or mitt first ◦ Must be caught by the catcher ◦ A short-hop is not a legal catch A Foul Tip is a Strike. Ball is Live and in play; runners may run! Umpires: Do not call “Foul Ball!”
  49. 49.  Rule is to prevent defense from getting a “cheap” double play Situation: ◦ Less than two outs ◦ Runners on 1st and 2nd, or bases loaded ◦ Fair fly ball (not line drive or bunt) Ball may be caught by an infielder using “ordinary effort” Can be an outfielder positioned near the infield who catches it
  50. 50.  If the umpire believes that the infield fly rule is in force they call “Infield Fly” when the ball reaches its apex When called, the batter is out and the force is immediately removed If caught runners must tag up If dropped the ball is live and runners may advance at their own risk Due to the requirement of “ordinary effort” the infield fly is a judgment call of the umpire and there is no option for an appeal
  51. 51. BOTTOM LINE: If an infield fly rule is in force: SAY IT If an infield fly rule event occurs: CALL IT If an infield fly rule event does not occur: DO NOTHING YOUR DECISION CANNOT BE APPEALED!
  52. 52.  Interference occurs when someone prevents the defense from making a play ◦ Offensive interference ◦ Umpire interference ◦ Spectator interference Exception: Defensive interference is when a defensive player prevents the batter from hitting a pitch
  53. 53.  Umpire interference: only two ways ◦ Base umpire gets hit by a batted ball before it passes an infielder other than the pitcher ◦ Plate umpire prevents a catcher from throwing out a base runner It’s NOT umpire interference if ◦ Batted ball was deflected ◦ Catcher throws out runner ◦ Umpire gets hit by a thrown ball ◦ Umpire gets in the way of a base runner
  54. 54.  Spectator interference ◦ Happens when a fan reaches into the field of play and interferes ◦ Could also happen when fan clearly causes a player to react and affect play ◦ Ball is immediately dead ◦ Umpire awards bases and penalties It’s NOT interference if ball is beyond field boundaries
  55. 55.  Obstruction occurs when a defensive player impedes a runner’s progress and: ◦ Doesn’t have possession of the ball ◦ Is not in the act of fielding a batted ball A fake tag is Obstruction
  56. 56.  “Live Ball” Strikes ◦ Ball swung at and missed ◦ Ball not swung at that passes through the strike zone ◦ Foul tip “Dead Ball” Strikes ◦ Foul ball with less than two strikes ◦ Foul bunt ◦ Touches batter while in the strike zone ◦ Batter swings or attempts to bunt and the ball contacts the batter
  57. 57.  Area over the plate Top: batter’s arm pits Bottom: Top of batter’s knees Batter in “natural” stance ◦ “Natural” is the position of the batter as he swings the bat ◦ Zone doesn’t change when ◦ He ducks ◦ He steps out of the box ◦ He moves way up or way back in the box
  58. 58.  A person may only be tagged: ◦ With the ball while holding it ◦ With the glove while the ball is in it ◦ With the hand while the ball is in it A bag may be tagged with any part of the body while holding the ball in the hand or glove
  59. 59.  Bunt: The bat must be moved towards the ball. Simply holding the bat in bunt fashion IS NOT a bunt. In Flight: A ball that hits a fielder stays and bounces up is still considered in-flight.
  60. 60. WHEN USING SUBSTITUTION RULES* A sub must bat once and play 6 consecutive outs before starter may reenter Starter may reenter anywhere in the lineup Only starters may reenter the game Starters can reenter as a sub but then must fulfill all substitution requirements Defensive substitutions must be made when the team in on Defense Offensive substitutions must be made when the team is on Offense * Applies to BSLL Inter-league play only
  61. 61. Majors and below Pitchers once removed from the mound may NOT return as pitchersJuniors and above A pitcher remaining in the game but moving to a different position can return as a pitcher anytime in the remainder of the game, BUT ONLY ONCE per game.
  62. 62.  A player whose name is on the team’s batting order may not become a substitute runner * Applies to BSLL Inter-league play only
  63. 63.  Starter MUST pitch to one batter unless the pitcher gets injured before the completion of the batter Sub MUST also pitch to one batter, unless inning ends on a putout or gets injured
  64. 64.  Substitution ◦ All substitutions should be announced Unannounced Substitution ◦ An Unannounced sub is in when:  Batter gets in the box  Fielder gets in position  Runner gets on base ◦ Unannounced pitcher  Delivers a warm-up pitch from the rubber  Any player that delivers a pitch from the rubber between innings is in! (Prevent it!) ◦ No real penalty if sub is eligible to enter * Applies to BSLL Inter-league play only
  65. 65.  3.09: ◦ Keep players and coaches in dugout ◦ Adults cannot warm up pitchers 3.10: Field Conditions ◦ Before game: Managers can decide. If manager’s disagree the league president or delegate can make the decision. ◦ After game starts: UIC makes determination (see rule for details) 3.15: Only players, managers, coaches, umpires, and approved league photographers are allowed on the field. (see rule for details)
  66. 66.  3.17: Batboys are NOT allowed 3.17: Cannot use electronic communication devices in the field but carrying one is okay 3.18: Managers are NOT responsible for spectators! ◦ Don’t make a team manager go silence a fan ◦ Use an Adult umpire OR get board member involved
  67. 67.  Introductions Are your Players properly equipped? Do you have any pitchers that are ineligible? Have you exchanged your lineups Special ground rules covered (e.g. time limit) Encourage Coaches to keep game moving Remind managers to go thru Umpire in Charge for any inquiries Wish both managers Good Luck
  68. 68.  Before the game the Umpires should NOT ◦ Conduct a rules clinic ◦ Describe your strike zone ◦ Issue pre-game warnings ◦ Bring up something from previous game(s) ◦ Waste time telling stories ◦ Allow defense to warm-up during the meeting
  69. 69.  When the batter is being given an intentional base on balls: ◦ The catcher MUST stand with both feet within the lines of the catcher’s box until the ball leaves the pitchers hands. ◦ PENALTY – Illegal pitch called.
  70. 70.  BSLL bat’s using continuous batting order for all intra-league games We use free defensive substitutions ◦ Don’t forget Mandatory Play Cannot use special pinch runners Injured player are skipped without penalty If a batter or runner gets injured and cannot continue the offensive player that made the last out will pinch run * Applies to BSLL Intra-league play only
  71. 71.  Base coaches may be placed one near first and the other near third base Base coaches may be: ◦ Eligible players in the uniform of their team ◦ A team manager or coach Both base coaches may be composed of a manager or coach as long as at least one other adult manager or coach is in the dugout Remain within the base coaches box Talk ONLY to members of their own team
  72. 72.  Teams should not refer to one another in a derogatory way The offense cannot say or do anything to distract pitcher The defense cannot say or do anything to distract batter
  73. 73.  A manager or coach who gets ejected MUST leave the game site for the remainder of the game, period. ◦ No hanging around the outfield fence, parking lot, concession stand, etc. ◦ Failure to comply is grounds for suspending play until they leave ◦ Ejected player may still remain in the dugout under adult supervision ◦ A manager or coach ejected from a game will also receive a mandatory suspension for the next scheduled game.* * BSLL rule, some exceptions apply.
  74. 74.  If a runner attempts to score during a play in which the third out is made ◦ Run will count if  The player touches first, second, third and home base before three players are put out to end the inning ◦ Run will NOT count if third out is:  An out of the batter-runner before touching first base  A force out  An upheld appeal of a of a runner to touch any of the bases
  75. 75.  The umpire must judge whether the runner touched the plate before the out is made ◦ If the runner touches the plate before the out, the run counts ◦ If the runner touches the plate after the out, the run does NOT count In a close call, the plate umpire MUST inform the official scorekeeper if the run counts
  76. 76.  Majors and below: ◦ 6 innings (5-1/2+ if home team is winning) ◦ If called, at least 4 innings (3-1/2+ if home team is winning) Juniors and above: ◦ 7 innings (6-1/2+ if home team is winning) ◦ If called, at least 5 innings (4-1/2+ if home team is winning) Called Games ◦ Games called before a regulation game and after 1 inning it should be resumed where it left off at a later date BSLL has adopted a 10-run “mercy” rule
  77. 77.  Rules cover what to do when umpire must call the game in progress If game ends during an inning, score reverts back ONLY if: ◦ Home team led, then visitors tied ◦ Home team led, then visitors took the lead If score was tied, game resumes later
  78. 78.  Rules require nine players minimum to start or continue games. ◦ *BSLL allows for pool players to be used to PLAY the game. BSLL wants ALL games played. Remember, it is for the kids! BSLL Allows borrowing an outfield from the opposing team IF a pool player is unavailable. If a pool player is required BSLL pool play rules must be followed. The game is considered a forfeiture for seeding and tournament play. Per Rule 1.01, only instructional Minors divisions can play with less than nine * BSLL intra-league rule.
  79. 79.  Judgment calls cannot be protested Protest of rule misinterpretation ◦ Before next pitch or play ◦ Umpires MUST discuss the call ◦ After decision, manager can formally lodge the protest ◦ UIC must submit a written report Protest of ineligible players must be made before the umpires leave the field
  80. 80.  4.03: Make sure all fielders are in fair territory 4.15: When to forfeit a game: ◦ One team doesn’t have enough players ◦ Continued rules violation ◦ Manager starts delay tactics
  81. 81.  Batter gets hit by pitch Plate umpire interferes with the catcher’s throw An illegal pitch is committed (Junior Division and above) Illegally batted ball (fair or foul) Foul ball not caught Runner interferes with fielder A fair batted ball hits a runner before touching a fielder A fair batted ball hits an umpire before it passes an infielder other than a pitcher When an umpire calls “Time”
  82. 82.  Runner gets obstructed while defense is making a play on him Runner interferes with a batted ball Manager, coach, player requests it AND the umpire grants it Someone gets seriously injured Severe weather or weather alarm is sound Umpire wants to clean off the plate or secure a base Don’t call “Time” when it isn’t needed Always call “Play” to resume the game
  83. 83.  Batter must get in the box promptly ◦ Both feet must be in the box ◦ Foot on the line is OK ◦ Foot over the line is NOT OK Batter cannot leave the box once the pitcher gets in Set Position ◦ If the Batter does leave the box the umpire will call a Ball or STRIKE as the pitch dictates If the batter refuses to get in box the umpire shall call a strike without the need for a thrown pitch. The ball is a dead ball after the strike is called
  84. 84. A batter becomes a runner when the batter receives adropped third strike and one of the followingconditions exist: First base is empty AND there is less than two outs There are two outsA batter is OUT when the batter receives a droppedthird strike and one of the following conditions exist: There is a man on first and less than 2 outs*Applies only to Majors and above.
  85. 85. Other than the obvious reasons the followingconditions result in the batter begin out: Bunting foul on a third strike Bat hits the ball a second time in fair territory Batter is touched by his own fair ball (unless a fielder had a chance to field it) Batter swings at a third strike, but the ball hits his hand, wrist, arm, etc. An infield fly is calledNote: If you are going to selectively read the greenbook, rule 6.05 is a good one to look over.
  86. 86.  The batter is out when ◦ He hits the ball with a foot completely out of the box and on the ground ◦ He steps from one box to the other when pitcher is ready to pitch ◦ He interferes with a play ◦ The batter is discovered having used an illegal bat prior to the next player entering the batter’s box
  87. 87.  If defense appeals before Improper Batter completes the at-bat then the Proper Batter should simply come to the plate and assume the count If defense appeals after Improper Batter completes his at-bat ◦ Proper Batter is ruled out ◦ Result of at bat is nullified (except what happens during at bat) ◦ Next batter up is the batter after the Proper Batter The defense must make appeal before the first pitch to the next batter
  88. 88.  If defense fails to appeal ◦ Improper Batter’s at-bat counts ◦ Improper Batter now becomes the Proper Batter ◦ Next batter up is the batter after the new Proper Batter The offense cannot appeal their own error Umpires and scorekeepers: SHHHH!!!
  89. 89.  Four “balls” have been called Batter gets hit by pitch unless ◦ He swung at the pitch ◦ He doesn’t try to avoid the pitch ◦ The pitch was in the strike zone Fielder interferes with batter A runner or umpire touches a batted ball before it passes a fielder other than pitcher
  90. 90. The batter becomes a runner when: A fair ball is hit For Major Division and Up: An uncaught third strike occurs and ◦ Nobody is on first ◦ First base is occupied with two outs Batter can’t advance after entering dugout Not interference if batter runs when he shouldn’t
  91. 91.  When two runners are on base, it’s not an automatic out ◦ Lead runner is entitled (unless forced) ◦ Trail runner (lead runner if forced) is out if tagged If fielder tags both, point to runner who is out to prevent confusion
  92. 92.  Have to determine ◦ Who threw the ball? ◦ If an infielder, was it an “initial”play or “subsequent” play? ◦ Where were the runners? If “initial” play by infielder, two bases from Time of Pitch (unless all runners reached their subsequent bases) Any other: two bases from Time of Throw Award is never from when ball goes out of play
  93. 93.  Fielder without the ball cannot impede a runner 7.06a: Obstructed runner being played upon, or batter obstructed before reaching first ◦ Immediate dead ball ◦ Runners get base they would have achieved had there been no obstruction ◦ Obstructed runner gets at least the next base from last one legally touched before the obstruction
  94. 94.  Fielder without the ball cannot impede a runner 7.06b: Obstructed runner not being played upon ◦ Umpire signals and calls Obstruction ◦ Delayed dead ball ◦ End of play, umpire awards bases, IF ANY, that nullifies the obstruction ◦ Obstructed runner could overrun his protection
  95. 95.  The not-so-obvious, runner is out when he: ◦ Avoids a tag by going three feet out of his base path ◦ Doesn’t slide or attempt to get around a fielder waiting to make a tag ◦ Slides headfirst going to a base (Majors and below) ◦ Abandons first after touching it ◦ Passes a lead runner ◦ Runs bases in reverse order ◦ Misses home and doesn’t return (must be appealed)
  96. 96.  A runner is out for interference when ◦ He hinders a fielder attempting to field a batted ball (no intent required) ◦ He intentionally hinders a fielder’s throw ◦ A batter hinders a play on that runner at home with less than two outs ◦ A teammate hinders a play on that runner ◦ The base coach physically assists that runner
  97. 97.  A runner is out for interference when ◦ The base coach acts like that runner to draw a throw ◦ He is hit by a batted ball before a fielder had a chance to field it ◦ He violates the runner’s lane Except for coach’s assistance, ball is dead
  98. 98.  A runner is NOT out for interference when ◦ He unintentionally hinders a throw ◦ He is hit by a batted ball after it gets by a fielder other than the pitcher ◦ He is hit by a deflected batted ball ◦ He runs into a fielder chasing a loose ball (this is Obstruction)
  99. 99.  What constitutes a viable appeal? ◦ Runner misses a base ◦ Runner fails to tag up on a caught fly ball ◦ Runner fails to return to first immediately ◦ Runner fails to touch home and doesn’t return How does the defense appeal? ◦ Tag the guilty runner ◦ Tag the offended base ◦ Being “clear and unmistakable”
  100. 100.  Who can appeal? ◦ Any defensive player ◦ Not the manager or coach When can the defense appeal? ◦ When the ball is Live ◦ Before a subsequent play, attempted play, or illegal pitch or balk ◦ Before all defensive players leave fair territory Successive appeals not allowed
  101. 101.  If there are two outs and upon appeal a preceding runner is deemed the third out, no runners following the preceding runner shall score. If the third out is the result of a Force Play, neither preceding nor following runners shall score.
  102. 102.  Runners cannot leave bases once the pitcher and catcher are “ready” ◦ Pitcher on the rubber with the ball ◦ Catcher with mask behind the plate ◦ Ball is live One guilty = all guilty Let play continue; all outs stand Penalty: all runners return to their original bases unless forced
  103. 103.  Umpire must judge the “value” of the hit ◦ Runners advance no further, no matter what happens during the play If batter reaches on an error, nobody gets more than one base Bases loaded and batted ball stays in the infield, no runs will score Read the book examples!
  104. 104.  Special Pinch Runners (SPR) are NOT courtesy runners Only a player not in the lineup can SPR ◦ That’s why SPRs aren’t allowed under continuous batting order One SPR per inning max A player can be removed for a SPR only once a game
  105. 105.  7.01: Runner cannot return to previous base when pitcher is ready 7.02: You need to touch all bases either forwards and backwards 7.04: Runners get one base if fielder catches a fly ball then falls in dead ball territory ◦ If fielder stays on his feet, ball is Live 7.15: Double-first base procedures ◦ Defense uses white, batter uses colored on initial play at first (except for uncaught third strike) ◦ Batter may use either base on clean hit ◦ All other: batter must use white
  106. 106.  Preliminary position: ◦ Pivot foot: On the rubber (not off the end) ◦ Free foot: In front, behind, or to the side of the rubber ◦ Hands: Can be together or apart  If apart, pitcher can bring them together without starting his motion to pitch Pitching motion: ◦ Free foot: Step to the back or side ◦ Pivot foot: Pivot to the side, staying in contact ◦ Hands: Brought together and lifted up ◦ Free foot: Step forward
  107. 107.  To disengage, pitcher must back with his pivot foot first Pitcher may throw to a base by stepping directly to that base with his free foot Pitcher cannot start his windup and then stop ◦ No runners: Nothing ◦ Runners: Balk (Jrs or above); Illegal pitch (Majors or below)
  108. 108.  Preliminary position (Stretch): ◦ Pivot foot: On or against (in front of) the rubber ◦ Free foot: In front of and parallel to pivot foot ◦ Hands apart Intermediate position (going to Set): ◦ Free foot: brought closer to pivot foot (optional) ◦ Hands brought together ◦ MUST come to complete stop (except Majors and below) Pitching motion: Lift and step forward with free foot
  109. 109.  To disengage, pitcher must step back with his pivot foot first ◦ Hands must separate before reengaging Pitcher may throw to a base by stepping directly to that base with his free foot Pitcher cannot start winding up from the Set (except in Majors and below)
  110. 110.  Cannot balk or deliver illegal pitch with no runners A pitcher balks or delivers an illegal pitch when he: ◦ Starts his pitching motion, then stops ◦ Fakes a throw to first from the rubber ◦ Throws to a base without stepping towards the base ◦ Throws to an unoccupied base (except during an appeal) ◦ Quick pitches ◦ Pitches without facing the batter
  111. 111.  A pitcher balks or delivers illegal pitch when he: ◦ Starts his motion to pitch while not in contact with the rubber ◦ Stands on or next to the rubber without the ball ◦ Delays the game ◦ Drops the ball while on the rubber ◦ Brings his hands together, separates them, then brings them together again
  112. 112.  Illegal pitch penalty ◦ Dead ball, ball on batter (runners don’t advance) ◦ If the ball is pitched and batted, let play continue ◦ If batter and all runners advance one base safely, ignore the illegal pitch (same if pitch is ball four) ◦ If illegal pitch occurs on a throw to a base, ignore if all runners advance; otherwise, enforce penalty Manager does get a choice if the batted ball benefits the offense
  113. 113.  Balk penalty ◦ Dead ball, runners advance one base ◦ If the ball is pitched and batted, let play continue ◦ If batter and all runners advance one base safely, ignore the balk (same if pitch is ball four) ◦ Otherwise, no pitch, and runners advance one base ◦ If balk occurs on a throw to a base, ignore if all runners advance; otherwise, enforce balk Manager does not get a choice
  114. 114.  Manager or coach may visit the same pitcher ◦ Twice in one inning, the third visit the pitcher must be removed from the mound Manager or coach may go to the mound ◦ Three times in the game ◦ The forth visit, the pitcher must be removed from the mound Any or all players may participate If catcher talks to pitcher after visiting with the manager or coach, it’s a visit
  115. 115.  If the adult talks to another defensive player, it’s a visit It is not a visit: ◦ If the offense asked for Time first ◦ During between inning warm-ups if no delay ◦ If the manager or coach is checking on an injury ◦ In Juniors or above, if the manager replaces the pitcher
  116. 116.  8.01: Pitcher shall take signs from the catcher 8.02a: Pitcher cannot go to mouth while on the mound 8.02c: Pitcher cannot intentionally throw at batter 8.03: One minute to warm up between innings ◦ Not more than 8 pitches ◦ More if pitcher hasn’t warmed up 8.04 When bases are unoccupied, the pitcher must pitch within 20 seconds
  117. 117.  9.01(f): Clear the field when fans get unruly 9.02: How to handle appeals ◦ Don’t change judgment calls ◦ Manager must go to the umpire who made the call ◦ Don’t overrule your partner! ◦ Manager cannot appeal on a checked swing Strike
  118. 118.  9.04(c): What to do when two umps make different calls simultaneously ◦ Get together and fix it ◦ Umpire in Charge makes the final call 9.05: Processing ejections Carrying the rulebook ◦ Don’t let it be seen (back pocket) ◦ Don’t pull it out between innings ◦ Should only use during a protest ◦ Don’t let the manager show you up! ◦
  119. 119. Updated: 3/13/2012This presentation was largely based onthe work of the 2007 Virginia District 9 Umpires Clinic and updated to the latest green book. Without their initial hard work, this presentation would probably not exist.
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