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Introduction to surgery with his   1st sem 2011
 

Introduction to surgery with his 1st sem 2011

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Credits to Ma'am Evangeline Teruel

Credits to Ma'am Evangeline Teruel

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    Introduction to surgery with his   1st sem 2011 Introduction to surgery with his 1st sem 2011 Presentation Transcript

    • ERMTERUEL 2011
    • SurgeryPeri-operative nursingPre-operativeIntra-operativePost-operative
    • Ambulatory care settingClinicsCommunity settingHomes
    • ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES Low cost  Less time for Low risk of rapport infection  Less time to Less interruption assess, of routine evaluation, teach Less interruption Risk of potential from work complication Less stress post op.
    • GPOPERMTERUEL 2011
    • TAEUNO
    • PrefixesSuffixes Root word
    • anti super periHemi ultra pansupra py disInfra ante postsub dys
    •  Plasty Orrhapy  centesis cele  otomy graphy  scope Gram  tome Lysis  Ectomy itis  Lithotomy oscopy pexy
    •  chole  thoraco  proct pneum  hem  mast colpo  cysto cholecyst  ot teno  dors ureter  orchio rhino  gynec cut  adeno pyel  angio
    • ProReCoRD
    • OPET
    • IDENTIFICAT IONDATEIOSCONTAINER
    •  According to PURPOSE Accordingto degree of URGENCY According to degree of RISK
    • 1. Diagnostic2. Exploratory3. Curative  Ablative Reconstructive Constructive4. Palliative5. Transplant
    • MajorER,HR,D,VO,BLMinor
    • EmergencyUrgent /ImperativePlanned / RequiredElectiveOptional
    • Neolithic Age
    • a procedure in which a hole isdrilled in the skullto relieve pressure on the brain
    • EGYPT
    • CircumcisionCastrationLithotomyAmputation
    • ANCIENT INDIA
    • GS and Ortho PLASTIC SURGERY
    • 4 th CENTURY B.C.
    • A Greek physician published descriptions of various surgical procedures
    • MIDDLE AGES
    • Barbers assurgeons
    • GUY DECHAULIAC
    • Frenchsurgeon whopublished CHIRURGIAMAGMA (GreatSurgery) ▪in 1316Classify the order ofsurgeon
    • PETER LOWE(1550 – 1613)
    • “CHIRURGERIE”(science or art) 1597 1 st description of OOS&COS
    • 1. To take away2. To held and add3. To put in place which is out4. To separate5. To join what is separated
    • CRITERIA OF A SURGEON:1. He be learned2. Expert3. Ingenious4. Well mannered
    • FATHER OF MODERN SURGERY employed the method of LIGATING
    • AMBROISE PARE
    • BLOODCIRCULATION
    • WILLIAMHARVEY
    • Italian anatomist whoidentified the existence of tiny blood vessels called CAPILLARIES.
    • MARCELLOMALPIGHI
    • British anatomist and surgeon whostressed the close relationshipbetween medicine and surgery.
    • JOHNHUNTER
    • American dentist often CREDITED WITH THE DISCOVERY OFSURGICAL ANESTHESIA. In 1846he used anesthesia as away to mask pain during surgery.
    • WILLIAMMORTON
    • American surgeonwho used anesthesia in 1842 during removal of tumors but did not publish his results until 1849.
    • CRAWFORD W. LONG
    • French chemist who discovered FERMENTATION or PUTREFACTION(the decay and death of body tissue is caused by bacteria in the air).
    • LOUISPASTEUR
    • British surgeon who appliedPasteur’s work to surgery by developing ANTISEPTICTECHNIQUES including theuse of carbonic acid spray to kill germs in the OR before surgery.
    • JOSEPH LISTER
    • Pioneer ofabdominal surgery
    • THEODORBILLROTH
    • Pioneered techniques such as washing of hands and changing into clean clothing before surgery which prevent wounds from being contaminated during surgery.This techniques helped minimize post operative infections.
    • AustrianIGNAZSEMMELWEISS and american OLIVER WENDELL HOMES
    • German physicist who invented X-RAYS in 1895to “photograph” the inside of the body.
    • WILHELMCONRAD K.ROENTGEN
    • Austrian pathologist who discoveredBLOOD GROUPS A, B and O.
    • KARLLANDSTEINER
    • 1937 Blood banks were created 1940 antibiotics were introducedto further minimized the risk of post operative infection
    • American surgeon who developed aHEART – LUNG MACHINE in 1953 marking the beginning of MODERN CLINICAL HEART SURGERY.
    • JOHN H.GIBBON
    • 1950 -OPERATING MICROSCOPEwas developed AND THEFIRST KIDNEYTRANSPLANT
    • South African physician who performed the FIRST HEART
    • CHRISTIAAN BARRNARD