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  • 1. Foot Care
    By:
    Bassam Adlouni, RN, BSN, CRN
    Spa Pampering-by LuxeLivingn
  • 2. Course Content
    Introduction
    Pathophysiology of Diabetis, Athritis, Integumentory System
    The Feet
    Inner problems
    Circulatory problems
    Anatomy of the Nail
    Assessment of the feet
    Care of the feet
  • 3. Common Terms
    Ambulate
    Anterior
    Capillary
    Clubbing- Extra skin at the end of the toes
    Dermis
    Dorsal
    Epidermis
    Fascia
    Gait
    Lateral
  • 4. How the foot develops
    Infancy:
    • They have tiny heels and wide toes
    • 5. Bones in cartilage form
    • 6. The whole foot: one big fat pad
    NB: Tight foot wear or early weight bearing can affect bone formation
    • 1 year old:
    -Foot gains bone density quickly, allowing enough weight bearing (start learn to walk)
  • 7. Toddlers
    • Makes toddlers look knock-kneed
    • 8. muscles in legs develop
    #Tight shoes still can damage the feet
    • 10 years
    • 9. Bones are fully developed except for the heel, growth is rapid until puberty and tight shoes still a danger.
  • 18-20 years old
    -The bones are hardened but continue to change and the rate of change may be due some factors like:
    www.laboratorium.dist.unige.it
  • 14. Purpose of the Feet
    Support & Shock absorbers
    Our feet support our weight
    • 130 lbs when standing
    • 15. 195 lbs when walking
    • 16. 390 lbs when running
    Balance
    • nerves transmit to the brain signal about the level underneath.
    • 17. ankles are triple jointed to articulate the body balance
    Smooth gait
    • lever action of the toes
    www.localwin.com
  • 18. Diabetes
    Type 1 (insulin dependent)
    Type 2 (non-insulin dependent)
    Complications
    Foot care
  • 19. Arthritis
    Osteoarthritis
    Rheumatoid arthritis
    Foot care
    http://www.joint-pain-solutions.com/images/arthritis_osteoarthritis.jpg
    www.stevenage-podiatry.co.uk
  • 20. Integumentary System(Skin)
    Function (7)
    Changes
    Problems
    http://mhts.com.au
  • 21. Anatomy of the Foot
    www.wheniwearmysneakers.com
    http://legrandclub.rds.ca
  • 22. Common foot problems
    http://www.marshfieldclinic.org
  • 23. Foot and nails problems
    Hammer Toes or Claw Toes
    A hammer toe occurs when the middle of the toe points upwards abnormally.
    www.footmechanics.co.nz
    www.lewistonortho.com
  • 24. Corns & Calluses
    A callus (tyloma) is an area of skin that thickens after exposure to repetitive forces in order to protect the skin. When a callus develops a mass of dead cells in its center, it becomes a corn (heloma).
    www.ewhoknow.com
  • 25. Bunions
    A bunion is when your big toe points toward
    the second toe. This causes a bump on the inside
    edge of your toe.
    Athlete’s foot
    known as dermatophytosis of the foot or tineapedis ("foot fungus"), is a common skin infection that affects the feet. You don't have to be an "athlete" to get it.
    www.ehow.com
  • 26. Fissures
    Blisters
    www.stevenage-podiatry.co.uk
    http:feet.thefuntimesguide.com
  • 27. Seed Corns (skin layers)
    are also called porokeratotic lesions or plugged sweat ducts.
    Plantar Warts (viruses)
    Warts are small, usually painless growths on the skin caused by a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV).
    www.mdconsult.com
  • 28. Involuted Nails
    These occur when the nail edge curls down into the groove.
    Ingrowing Nails
    They occur when the edge of the nail cuts into the skin.
    Rams Horn Nails
    Onychogryposis, also called "ram's-horn nail", is a thickening and increase in curvature of the nail. It is usually the result of injury to the matrix.
    http://soretoes.com
    http://wikibrowser.net
  • 29. Plantar Fasciitis
    Heels Spurs
    Achilles Tendonitis
    www.pollsb.com
    http://omurtlak.bloguez.com
  • 30. Arches
    • Flat feet
    • 31. Abnormal high arch
    http://runjoerun21.wordpress.com
  • 32. Venous Ulcer
    www.vascularcarecentre.com
  • 33. Arterial Ulcer
    Gangrene
    www.tolaymat.com
  • 34. The Nail
    http://kiltoenailfungus.blogspot.com
  • 35. Nail Care
    www.maxisciences.com
  • 36. www.podologueparis.com
  • 37. Foot massage This video will start in few seconds
  • 38. How To Buy Shoes
    • Have your feet measured by a salesperson.
    • 39. Shop for the larger foot.
    • 40. Make sure the shoe fits your heel and your toes.
    • 41. Go for a walk in the store.
    • 42. Don't think a shoe will 'break-in.'
    Tips:
    • Stand up when measuring your feet.Do your footwear shopping towards the end of the day.
    • 43. Re-measure your feet each time you buy new shoes.
  • References
    Massageclips.com
    www.podologueparis.com
    www.maxisciences.com
    http://kiltoenailfungus.blogspot.com
    www.tolaymat.com
    www.vascularcarecentre.com
    http://runjoerun21.wordpress.com
    http://omurtlak.bloguez.com
    www.pollsb.com
    http://www.joint-pain-solutions.com/images/arthritis_osteoarthritis.jpg
    www.laboratorium.dist.unige.it
    www.localwin.com
    www.stevenage-podiatry.co.uk