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  • 1. JULY 2010 volume 115 number 7 Your leading agribusiness resource p12 Inside Innovative products demonstrated 3 Editorial with Simon Shane at 2010 VIV 4 EU research on microbial quality of eggs raises questions Moba, Nuovo among companies 5 Conventional eggs purchased offering new machines 40-to-1 over cage-free 6 Hy-Line laboratory analyzes salmonella 8 Post-Easter dip levels out egg prices 10 Progress on implementation of Table layers in flocks 30,000 and above p8 the FDA Egg Safety Final Rule in leading states (1999-2010) 60 12 News IN PA CA IA OH 50 14 Marketplace 40 Millions 30 20 10 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source: Egg Industry Center Hy-Line laboratory analyzes salmonella The estimate of national table-egg flock for June is 279.2 million hens. Source: USDA NASS Chickens and Eggs p6 Company uses the BAX PCR-based assay for salmonella detection
  • 2. EDITORIAL BY DR. SIMON M. SHANE EggIndustry CORPORATE HEADQUARTERS Distortion of reality by 303 N. Main St., Ste. 500 Rockford, Illinois 61101-1018 USA Columbus Dispatch Tel: +1 815 966 5400; Fax: +1 815 968 0941 Publisher: Steve Akins, Tel: +1 919 387 7961; Fax: +1 815 968 0941 V.P./Director of Content: Bruce Plantz, Newspaper reporter misconstrues Editor: Simon M Shane EDITOR salmonella statistics Tel: +1 919 806 8695 COPY DESK TEAM I Managing Content Editor: Ken Jennison t appears that journalist Alan Johnson of a ock which is shown to be free of infection Community Manager/ The Columbus Dispatch has been seri- is absolutely zero. Period. What is important SEO Editor: Kathleen McLaughlin Senior Content Editors: Tara Leitner, ously misled by the proponents of ban- is the actual number of infected ocks among Associate Editor: Andrea Saladino ning cages in the state of Ohio. In a biased our extensive population. Associate Editor: Kayla Kling report which appeared in the May 30 edition As a practicing specialist in poultry medi- ART/PRODUCTION TEAM of his newspaper, Johnson distorts statistics cine I am aware that the prevalence rate of Senior Art Director: Tess Stukenberg and plays fast and loose confusing salmonel- SE in large commercial complexes in Ohio Production Director: Bill Spranger losis as a generic is extremely low. One must also distinguish Tel: +1 815 966 5428 infection with egg- between environmental contamination which Advertising Production Coordinator: Connie Miller borne Salmonella usually but not invariably denotes intestinal enteritidis (SE) as a colonization and ocks which contain indi- SALES TEAM USA/Canada speci c condition. vidual hens with systemic (organ) infection. Pam Ballard, It is sheer sophistry There is a far lower probability of vertical in- Tel: +1 815 966 5576; Fax: +1 815 968 0941 to cite the Centers fection in 2010 from ocks which are housed Sue Snyder, Tel: +1 815 966 5523; Fax: +1 815 968 0941 for Disease Con- in facilities shown to be contaminated with Ginny Stadel, trol and Preven- SE, based on environmental swabs, than in Tel: +1 815 966 5591; Fax: +1 815 968 0941 tion gures of 76 the 1980s. This is based on epidemiologically International million food-borne sound precautionary measures including effec- Frans Willem van Beeman,; Tel: +31 344 653 442 Simon M. Shane illnesses, 325,000 tive vaccination of ocks, a robust cold chain Fax: +31 344 653 261 hospitalizations from production through to sale and the use Michael van den Dries, and 5,000 deaths in the context of commer- of pasteurized egg liquid by food service and; Tel: +31 79 323 0782 Fax: +31 79 323 0783 cial egg production in Ohio. catering operations. It is ironic that the HSUS Tineke van Spanje, Obviously primed by Dr. Michael Greger, will play the food safety card in promoting Tel: +31 495 526 155; Fax: +31 495 525 126 the medical expert advising the HSUS, John- their November 2010 ballot initiative as this Southeast Asia son has merely reproduced questionable data was the counter-argument advanced by the Dingding Li, Tel: +86 21 541 36853, Fax: +86 21 541 33676 in the public domain. Johnson either failed to opponents of California Proposition 2. Invok- realize or report that egg-borne salmonellosis ing SE to support either standpoint is scien- To order reprints contact FosteReprints is responsible for less than 30 outbreaks in the ti cally untenable. It is more egregious when +866 879 9144 SUBSCRIPTION INQUIRIES / CHANGE OF ADDRESS: U.S. annually among a population of over 300 distortions are used to misinform and sway the or contact customer service at million consumers supplied by 275 million emotions of voters. The Ohio Poultry Associa- +1.800.869.6882 or +1.763.746.2792. Business and occupation information must accompany each subscription caged hens. A second distortion is the mis- tion and the Ohio Farm Bureau would be well order. Single copy price US$14.00 unless otherwise marked. quotation that “as many as 350,000 of 7 bil- advised to gather scienti c evidence and retain Change of address: Give both old and new address when reporting change of address to EGGI@KMPSGROUP.COM or lion eggs produced in Ohio each year may be advisors and spokespersons who can counter fax to +1.866.658.6156 POSTMASTER: Please send change of address to KMPS, contaminated with salmonella”. This gure is the misleading, epidemiologically unsustain- 15301 Highway 55, Suite #3A, Plymouth, MN 55447 in all probability extrapolated from the “one in able and blatantly propagandistic contentions Periodicals postage paid at Rockford, IL, USA and additional post offices. every 20,000 eggs” which was derived in the of HSUS with regard to SE as an alleged “wel- © Copyright 2010 WATT Publishing Co. All rights reserved. late 1980s and early 1990s when SE was more fare” consideration. EGG INDUSTRY (ISSN 0032-5805) is published monthly by WATT, 303 N Main St Ste 500 Rockford, IL, 61101 USA. All prevalent and ocks were not subjected to ei- rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without ther vaccination or monitoring. The probabil- Simon written permission from the publisher is strictly prohibited. Egg Industry and its logos are registered trademarks of WATT ity of contracting SE by consuming eggs from Publishing Co.
  • 3. EU research on microbial quality of eggs raises questions Results and conclusions must be carefully evaluated By Simon M. Shane Cuticle D r. K. de Reu of the Institute for Agricul- ther fecal or litter contamination of shells and ture and Fisheries Research in Melle, are regarded in the EU as unsuitable for human Belgium, reviewed current EU research consumption. on the microbial quality of eggs derived from The level of bacteria in the environment of Shell a range of housing systems at the 2010 EGGS! ocks in uences shell contamination. On av- program organized by VIV and sponsored by erage bacterial level of air from aviary houses WATT. was up to 100 times higher than the air in hous- Pore es with either conventional or furnished cages. Shell contamination varies An interesting observation comprised a During the past ve years eld studies review of the level of shell damage from al- have been conducted in the EU to evaluate ternative systems. Studies conducted in 1999 Shell shell and interior quality under both ex- documented from 5% to 14% of eggs with (Albumen) membrane perimental and eld conditions from hens shell cracks from conventional cages. This is housed in conventional cages, enriched higher than levels of damage recorded by U.S. Egg shell cross-section from Lisa Lucore’s colony cages, aviaries and oor systems. in-line complexes. The proportion of cracked N.C. State University master’s thesis. Because of the differences in experimen- eggs ranged from 0 to 24% in the EU trials tal design, comparison among trials and with the highest levels in furnished cages. terintuitive since cage systems inhibit co- interpretation of results is dif cult. Damage was attributed to incorrect adjustment prophagy and these ocks should in fact have Based on the sources cited it was pos- of the egg saver wires which prevents damage had lower levels of contamination. The EU sible for Dr. de Reu to draw the following as the egg rolls from the cage oor on to the eld studies were obviously awed as there conclusions: collecting tray. was no indication of SE vaccination status, ✔There is no signi cant difference in the level whether hens were in fact intestinal carriers of shell contamination between eggs pro- Salmonella status evaluated or whether ocks had been stressed to induce duced in conventional cages and eggs laid Field studies were conducted in Belgium to vertical transmission. in the nest boxes of enriched cages. determine the level of Salmonella enteritidis The conclusion that “it is highly unlikely ✔Eggs laid in other than the nest box area of (SE) contamination in relation to housing that a move from conventional cages to alter- enriched cages are signi cantly more con- systems. The most recent data cited involved native cage systems and non-caged housing taminated than eggs laid in the nest area. a prevalence study conducted in 2006 which systems will result in an increase in salmonella ✔Floor eggs have a signi cantly higher level demonstrated a salmonella recovery rate of infection and shedding, rather the opposite is of contamination than nest eggs in oor 0.8% with 90% of the egg isolates identi ed expected” is not supported by either the sur- systems irrespective of whether communal as SE. Projecting this prevalence rate to the veys or by common sense. Many factors in u- nests or aviaries are installed. U.S. would result in the daily production of ence both intestinal colonization and vertical over 1.6 million eggs contaminated shedding. with SE. It is obvious that contami- Nutrition research reported at VIV EGGS! nation rates in Belgium and Hol- Carefully evaluate results land are far higher than in the U.S. The overall message from EGGS! is that It is known that SE contamination results must be carefully evaluated. in ocks in southern Europe is even Interpretation should incorporate considera- greater than in northern Europe, tions such as: Early studies on broiler breeders during the invalidating any comparisons relating to the ✔housing systems, 1970s in the U.S. con rmed that eggs derived EU and the U.S. ✔industry structure, from units with litter oors have signi cantly Data from limited eld surveys were pre- ✔egg quality assurance programs, higher levels of aerobic bacteria than eggs laid sented suggesting that the highest levels of ✔the National Poultry Improvement Plan, on wire oors. From 85% to 100% of oor recovery of SE were obtained from hens in ✔universal adoption of ef cient vaccination eggs derived from non-caged systems have ei- conventional cages. This is completely coun- and management practices. EI 4• EggIndustry • July 2010 •
  • 4. Conventional eggs purchased 40-to-1 over cage-free Checker scanner data shows huge consumer preference margin but results lack farmers’ market purchases. By Simon M. Shane in a recessionary environment. The report noted that the dif- ferences were too small to be statistically signi cant. Wording sways survey results The report states that one third of Americans would opt for enriched colony housing to produce eggs for their state if they had a choice, according to a survey conducted by the Bantam Independent Research Agency. Data of this type can be discounted since the validity of responses is limited by both the demographic surveyed and the way in which the questions are worded. Simplistic surveys are often designed only to provide the results required by a sponsor. U.S. consumers paid $1.63 per dozen during 2009 compared to up The only way of truly evaluating consumer preference is to $5.81 in EU nations. to conduct a conjoint analysis in which respondents are pro- C vided with a number of alternative purchase decisions in- onsumers overwhelmingly select conventional eggs corporating attributes such as housing system, price, quality over cage-free eggs by a 40-to-1 margin, according to and safety. The sensitivity of the survey can be enhanced if a survey conducted by the United Egg Producers. The two consecutive analyses are conducted before and after ap- survey derived from checkout scanner data obtained from propriate education involving either a written description of Information Resources Inc. corre- sponds closely with the presumed ➤ Conjoint analysis is more expensive than proportion of caged and non-con- ned ocks in the U.S. simple store-front questionnaires but It was further noted that organic provides valuable information concerning eggs only represent 1% of the to- tal of shell eggs purchased. This the motivation of consumers result may in fact be biased by the fact that supermarket checkout data was used for the survey. housing, with a de nition of terms or a short video. Conjoint The IRI would not have had access to sales at farmers’ mar- analysis is more expensive than simple store-front question- kets where virtually all eggs are organic or at best cage-free. naires but provides valuable information concerning the mo- It is unknown whether the survey involving 34,000 grocery, tivation of consumers which can guide investment decisions drug and mass merchandise stores across the U.S. was truly by the industry. representative of consumers. The data documented a one year decline of 1.7% in sales Price holds importance of organic and free-ranged eggs, almost balanced by a 1.3% The fact that the results reported by the UEP makes note of the fact that U.S. consumers paid $1.63 per dozen dur- ing 2009 compared to a range of $4.90 to $5.81 in EU Compare numbers to statistics reported earlier this year nations suggest that price is extremely important. It is not valid however to simply compare the price of eggs in the U.S. with other nations since average earnings are markedly different in nations which are contrasted. The more valid comparison would be the proportion increase in cage-free eggs. This suggests a 23% shift from of food expenditure on eggs, adjusted for per capita con- organic to cage-free, possibly in response to price sensitivity sumption. EI • July 2010 • EggIndustry • 5
  • 5. Hy-Line laboratory analyzes salmonella Company uses the BAX PCR-based assay By Neil P. O’Sullivan, Janet E. Fulton and Kelly Bassett View of fully equipped diagnostic and qual- ity assurance laboratory equipped to per- form conventional microbiology and PCR assays for salmonella I n the business of poultry breeding it is es- sential that the salmonella status be deter- mined as quickly and as regularly as pos- sible. Breeder companies operate within the guidelines of the National Poultry Improve- ment Plan (NPIP), which requires that all birds used to produce hatching eggs be free of Sal- monella enteritiditis and S. typhimurium. Historically, the detection and identi ca- tion of Salmonella spp. has been achieved with conventional bacterial culture. Environmen- tal samples from the environment of chicken houses, egg collection belts, hatchery waste and installations are collected using swabs. Conventional microbiologi- Samples are then placed into specialized se- cal procedures require time lective media which promote the preferential to obtain results and rely growth of salmonella species in the presence on the skill and diligence of potential competing enteric bacteria. Sam- of technicians for opera- ples of this media are then transferred to selec- tion and interpretation of tive growth media in petri dishes or agar slopes results that contain indicators that change color only Dr. Neil P. O’Sullivan is director of Automated rapid immune- research and development for Hy-Line based diagnostic procedures International; Dr. Janet E. Fulton is a use spectrophotometric molecular biologist with Hy-Line; and readers with computerized Kelly Bassett is the technical services depiction and storage of re- laboratory manager at Hy-Line. sults of salmonella assays 6• EggIndustry • July 2010 •
  • 6. in the presence of salmonella. Additional cul- media in the laboratory. Salmonella can also ies to be screened for Salmonella spp. ture and testing is then required to determine be detected using an immunologic antibody Currently, the majority of samples that are which species of salmonella are present. These detection method in association with conven- routinely monitored for salmonella are ana- multiple culture steps require 7 to 10 days to tional microbiologic culture. lyzed using either the Dupont Qualicon BAX determine if salmonella was present in the en- The Hy-Line International laboratory uses DNA-based PCR salmonella protocol or vironmental swab and to subsequently identify the BAX PCR-based assay developed by Du- the traditional culture method. If a sample is the species. Pont. This assay allows detection of salmonel- negative on the BAX PCR test, it is considered la within 32 hours of sampling, thus providing negative and testing is complete at that point. Identifying infected flocks rapid turnaround time necessary for a breeding Random negative BAX PCR tests are plated Infected ocks should not be used as a company or a commercial application. on traditional media in order to verify that no source of breeding stock, as their chicks could Swabs are taken rou- be contaminated by the vertical route and serve tinely for salmonella to disseminate infection through hatcheries analysis. Once every Learn more about controlling salmonella and rearing farms by the horizontal route. It week in houses with is essential that the presence of the pathogen pure line birds, ocks should be identi ed as rapidly as possible so undergoing evalua- that appropriate preventive action can be tak- tion or reproduction en. It is also important to identify the speci c for grandparents are sampled for salmonella. positive samples are being overlooked. salmonella that is present since there are over Swabs consist of a sterile gauze pad which is A salmonella-positive sample on the BAX 2,000 different serotypes. Some of these occur moistened and transported in 10 ml of double PCR test is con rmed using the traditional cul- naturally in the environment and are not harm- strength skim milk (DSSM) to the laboratory. ture method. Many non-urgent routine sam- ful to either humans or chickens. Swabs are obtained at various locations within ples are analyzed using the traditional culture The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) pro- a chicken house including egg belts, nests, method with delayed secondary enrichment if cedure is now available for rapid detection of oors, dust, fans and pits. Hatcheries are also needed. All positive samples are serotyped to the DNA of salmonella. PCR tests are rapid subjected to routine monitoring for the possi- rule out Group D salmonella and isolates are and are also very sensitive and can even detect ble presence of salmonella. In addition, swabs referred to the National Veterinary Service salmonella that does not grow well on arti cial are obtained from meconium, feed, mice and laboratory for con rmation of identity. EI A Balanced Immune System: UNIQUE NUTRITIONAL METABOLITES It’s What All Poultry Need. Intestinal function determines bird health and performance. Our unique nutritional metabolites support robust digestive health. How? By balancing gut microbiota, gut morphology and the immune response. You can measure the value of Original XPC™ in three ways: PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE | FEED EFFICIENCY | OVERALL FLOCK HEALTH In poultry research trials*, feeding all-natural, science-based Original XPC™ consistently proved to be the healthy decision. *Data available at or 1-800-373-7234. ©2010 Diamond V Mills, Inc. All rights reserved. Diamond V® is a registered trademark and Original XPC™ is a trademark of Diamond V Mills, Inc. Research Tested. Performance Proven. TM For more information call 800-373-7234 or visit • July 2010 • EggIndustry • 7
  • 7. Post-Easter dip levels out eggs prices Production costs and egg prices for May are similar to May 2009 and April 2010 statistics. M aro Ibarburu, the recently ap- ✔In evaluating the low margin U.S. MONTHLY TABLE EGGS LAYERS (2005-2010) pointed program manager for for May it was noted that feed 300 the Egg Industry Center located cost was 33.6 cents per dozen, 290 at Iowa State University, has released pullet depreciation at 8.3 cents Millions 280 the April-May Statistical Report. per dozen with other xed and 270 The following is a summarization of variable costs of 14.7 cents per 260 the data given in the report: dozen, applying standard cost 2005-2008 2009 2010 250 ✔The U.S. estimated cost of produc- factors used by the EIC. These 12/05 12/06 12/07 12/08 12/09 12/10 tion for May 2010 was 56.6 cents ex values remained virtually un- Month farm unchanged from the previous changed through the rst ve It’s estimated that April’s average retail price for month. The ve-month average pro- months of 2010. Contribution table eggs was 177.9 cents per dozen. duction cost for 2010 approached 58 per hen, based on May gures cents per dozen, virtually unchanged turned negative at -23.6 cents from the 58.9 cents per dozen re- which followed the 6.2 cent U.S. PER CAPITA EGG CONSUMPTION (1980-2010) corded during the rst ve months value in April and 92.9 cents 450 of 2009. recorded in March. The cu- 400 ✔The May ex farm egg price estimated mulative ve-month hen con- 350 Eggs by the USDA-NASS was 44.1 cents tribution now stands at 167.0 300 per dozen, compared to 59.9 cents cents. 250 per dozen for April and a ve-month ✔The Urner Barry simple aver- 200 average of 75.6 cents per dozen for age price for six U.S. regions, 1980 1990 2000 2010 2010 to date. The egg price for May assuming 80% large eggs, Year 2010 was 0.1 cent per dozen less was 45.7 cents per dozen for Egg consumption in 2010 is projected to be 246.1 than the comparable month in 2009. May compared to 56.9 cents million per capita. ✔The margin represented by “income per dozen in April. The ve- minus cost” for May dipped below month simple average UB price was months of 2010. Regional spreads breakeven at -12.5 cents per dozen. 74.3 cents per dozen. ranged from 9.3 cents per dozen in For the rst ve months of 2010 the ✔In reviewing retail prices for table the Northeast to 13.1 cents per dozen average margin was 17.9 cents per eggs, the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the South Central region. dozen. The May margin was 15.5 and the Department of Commerce ✔During May 2010, layer feed aver- cents per dozen below April 2010 estimated an April average of 177.9 aged $193.0 per ton, which is slight- but was 7.6 cents per dozen higher cents per dozen, 2.4% lower than the ly lower than the ve month average than the seasonal post-Easter dip in March 2009 value of 182.2 cents per of $196 per ton based on six regions. May 2009. dozen. During May the price range among ✔The large to medium white regions was $181.4 per ton in the See the outlook for the egg price spread over six re- Midwest rising to $220.0 per ton in rest of the year gions was 10.8 cents in May California. compared to 9.2 cents in April ✔The May 2010 differential in feed with an average of 17.6 cents price contributed to a spread of 7.9 per dozen for the rst ve cents per dozen in production cost, incorporating a standard value of Egg Industry is indebted to Don Bell and Maro Ibarburu for the collection and 14.7 cents per dozen for labor, inter- presentation of detailed data which form the basis of this summary. est and miscellaneous inputs. The 8• EggIndustry • July 2010 •
  • 8. Midwest produced for 53.9 cents April appears to be holding. In 2008, Egg Case per dozen compared to the Califor- 32.9% of the national ock was over nia production cost of 61.8 cents per 72 weeks of age. dozen, amounting to a difference of ✔The most recent estimate of the na- 7.9 cents per dozen. The simple av- erage of the six U.S regions in April tional table-egg ock for June is 279.2 million hens. This number is Packer was 58.7 cents per dozen. expected to increase steadily through ✔For the rst four months of 2010, 282.8 million in September to 291.8 commercial-layer eggs in incubators million in December. Given current and straight run hatch have shown an projections of prices which are func- increase over corresponding months tions of supply and demand, ock in 2009. As of April 1, egg-type pul- sizes could be trimmed by depletion let hatch increased by 11.0% over or increased by retention or molting April 2009 to 23.75 million. subject to available capacity includ- ✔Pullets to be housed in future months ing re-caging. Prolonged depression based on the ve months-previous in price beyond current estimates hatch and incorporating a 5% mor- will inevitably result in a decrease in Durability tality factor, projects a range of in- hen numbers as ocks are depleted creases in placements from 15.75 at a rate faster than projected. Reliability million pullets in April to 21.44 mil- ✔The EIC projects an Urner-Barry Innovation lion pullets in September 2010. This Midwest large price of 90.6 cents/ value is approximately 4.9 million dozen in June with triple digits in No- pullets greater than the monthly av- vember and December attaining 120 Massman’s simplicity of erage of the years 2005 through 2009 cents per dozen. The post-January design means virtually no at 16.5 million. drop will occur in 2011 with April changeover, as the specially- ✔For April 2010, the USDA-NASS forecast at 94.7 cents per dozen. designed load heads handle estimated the national ock at 281.1 ✔Rate of lay for the rst four months of trays or cartons without change million hens, which is 1.4 million 2010 attained 76.1%. This is higher more than in March 2010 but 1.8 than 2009 during which an average parts. Simplicity of operation million less than in April 2009. Ap- of 75.2% was recorded. The posi- contributes to ease of main- plying the University of California tive difference of 0.9% in production tenance through accessible rate relates to a daily volume ap- placement of the few essential U.S. MONTHLY RETAIL LARGE WHITE EGG PRICE proaching 7,000 cases. serviceable components. (2005-2010) ✔Egg consumption in 2010 is 250 projected to be 246.1 million per Features: 200 capita, almost 1.8% lower than • Packs 20- and 30-count trays, Cents/doz 150 the 247.9 eggs per capita record- 12- and 18-pack cartons of eggs! 100 2005-2008 2009 2010 ed in 2009. Over the past seven • Two independent packaging lanes. 50 Linear (2000-2008) years the highest per capita con- • Servo drives on the loaders are 0 sumption was recorded in 2006 12/05 12/06 12/07 12/08 12/09 12/10 fast, accurate and quiet. at 257.8 eggs. Month ✔According to the USDA • Capable of 25,000 eggs per The large to medium white egg price spread over Foreign Agricultural Service hour, per lane. six regions was 10.8 cents in May. 426,000 cases of shell eggs model based on USDA-NASS data were exported during the rst three For innovative solutions to your for chickens and eggs it is estimated months of 2010 with Hong Kong packaging needs call Massman that the September 2010 ock will (37%), Canada (24%) and China Automation Designs, LLC; designers attain 218.7 million hens aged less (8%) representing the most signi - and manufacturers of precision than 72 weeks. This is based on the cant importers. Export of shell eggs automated packaging machinery. assumption of 9% mortality from for the rst three months of 2010 20 through 72 weeks of age. As at represented 0.80% of U.S. produc- the end of April 2010, 24.8% of the tion. national ock was over 72 weeks of ✔Exports of egg products and shell age. With the exception of March equivalents represented 1,097,000 2010, which was an aberration, cases for the rst three months of tel: 320-554-3611 the seasonal pattern of a decline in 2010, representing an average of Fax: 320-554-2650 molted ocks from January through 2.06% of U.S. production. EI
  • 9. Progress on implementation of the FDA Egg Safety Final Rule ✔ United Egg Producers’ recent presentation leads to questions of rule’s impartiality By Simon M. Shane S igni cant issues were raised during a ✔Procedures in the event of a presumptive recent presentation in Atlanta regarding positive environmental test introduction and implementation of the Details regarding sampling of egg pools FDA Egg Safety Final Rule without satisfac- (“FDA roulette”) are speci ed. It is noted tory assurances that the program would be im- that this is the most contentious component plemented equitably, impartially and without of the entire program. If any of the egg pools disruption. are positive then all eggs from the con rmed The important areas which were reviewed at positive ock released to the market have to tially confrontational component of the FDA the meeting organized by the UEP included: be recalled and an appropriate report is re- Egg Safety Final Rule. Some parallels can ✔SE prevention plan quired in the computerized FDA database. be derived from introduction of the USDA- Every farm must have a written Salmonella If producers do not wish to market shell FSIS, HACCP System in red meat and poultry enteritidis (SE) prevention plan specifying eggs from the presumptive positive ock for plants in the 1990s. The industry at that time supervisory personnel and noting biosecu- the duration of the testing period, as recom- was in effect ahead of regulators with respect rity procedures, surveillance protocols and mended by UEP, eggs must be diverted to to understanding and implementing HACCP. recorded results breaking and pasteurization with the pro- Since industry took the initiative, there were ✔Environmental sampling and detection ducer bearing the loss. few problems with regard to administration of SE It is noted that application of PCR assay of the system by relatively inexperienced and Procedures to conduct an environmental would expedite the entire process and would untrained and occasionally over-zealous in- assay using drag swabs over accumulated be both superior in terms of sensitivity and spectors. In the case of the FDA Egg Safety manure in pits, egg belts, manure belts, fan speci city in detecting SE in egg pools. Final Rule it is acknowledged that the agency blades and oor litter were described. It is ✔Registration requirements has little or no experience on farms and has essential that standard procedures should Shell egg producers holding more than apparently delayed training inspectors. Their be followed since improper technique may 3,000 laying hens on a speci c farm must programs have allegedly been developed with result in false positive results due to cross register with the FDA using the prescribed minimal communication and interaction with contamination. The accurate labeling of procedure the U.S. egg industry. specimens is critical since in the event of a ✔Disinfection following a positive SE assay The FDA intends to impose two types of in- positive result there should be no question After depletion of a ock proven to be in- spections. The rst will be conducted as a rou- as to the ock or farm involved. fected with SE, appropriate cleaning of tine to assess compliance with the Regulation. A list of approved laboratories to assay drag housing and equipment followed by disin- Risk-Informed inspections will be more com- swabs and egg pools was provided together fection is required prehensive and will follow either a traceback with the cost of assays ✔Refrigeration or evidence of non-compliance. Key areas ✔Age of sample ocks Eggs must be held and transported at a tem- which may result in a Risk-Informed inspec- FDA guidance designates testing to be car- perature of 45 F commencing 36 hours after tion include failure to implement a written SE- ried out at 14 to 16 weeks of age or approxi- they have been laid. This should not be a prevention plan, failure to purchase SE-moni- mately two weeks before transfer to laying problem for in-line units but will create dif- tored pullets, neglect of the farm’s biosecurity, houses if the conventional 17 week industry culties for off-line operations, especially rodent control or cleaning program and failure placement practice is followed. if eggs are transported over extended dis- to maintain a designated surveillance/monitor- The second sample is required between 40 tances. ing program with relevant records. to 45 of age and It is anticipated that the FDA will issue a The UEP has functioned as the representa- If ocks are molted, between 4 to 6 weeks guidance document for the egg industry fol- tive of the industry in attempting to interface after commencement of production in the lowing the format of the comprehensive Small with the FDA. As an observer of the process second cycle Entity Compliance Guide dated April 2010. it is apparent that the FDA has embarked on It is prudent practice to assay chick box This document can be used as a boiler plate to the Egg Safety Final Rule without a thorough papers and to determine the SE status of a develop farm procedures. appreciation of the realities of commercial egg ock two weeks prior to depletion Farm inspections are regarded as a poten- production and certainly with untrained per- 10 • EggIndustry • July 2010 •
  • 10. Smart Solutions sonnel and limited resources. In the light of the low incidence rate of egg-borne salmonellosis since the mid 1990s, the initiative appears to have a basis in politics rather than as a necessary public health meas- ure. Given the rising incidence rate of paratyphoid salmonellosis associ- 360 Dozen ated with spices, produce and contaminated surface water, introduction Egg Cart of the Final Rule in July 2010 is somewhat reminiscent of returning  • Available with Zinc  the bolted horse to its stable after recapture and then carefully shut- Plated or Stainless  Steel Shelves ting the door. The regulations as framed display a lack of appreciation of modern technology including PCR assay, failure to appreciate the • 5” Phenolic Casters extent of effective vaccination of ocks over a decade and disregard • Rust Resistant finish of the effect of a 20-year adherence to EQAP programs. With all the Model 22-118 240 Dozen See what Dr. Shane has to say about Egg Cart • All Zinc Plated how the FDA interacts with the egg industry • 5” Phenolic Casters • Name Plates   available Model 22-120 problems of the environment, the economy, health and poverty the America’s Leading U.S. government seems more concerned with implementing a cos- Supplier of Material Handling Equipment metic program rather than devising a broad and effective approach to Serving planet Earth for over 65 years suppress food-borne diseases based on risk analysis and application of Contact Bob Grimm for details. modern technology. Can the public anticipate a return in the form of 1-877-332-9898 or 219-531-8787 improved health from the considerable expenditure of money and ef- fax: 219-531-8747 fort on the part of the industry and the overstretched regulatory agency involved? EI CentreFocus, LLC is a leading advisory organization with expertise in the animal agriculture market. The main challenge of any organiza- the Ukraine, CentreFocus, LLC has tion is the clarity of their mission — the experience and capabilities to Animal Agriculture Where are we going? What is our role? evaluate the situation and provide Why are we doing this? — These are advice with precision and clarity. We • Poultry Nutrition all questions that CentreFocus, LLC can utilize a combination of in-house • Swine Nutrition assist in answering. experts and an alliance of some of the most knowledgeable individuals • Ruminant Nutrition We work with top management to throughout the world to provide our • Boiler Efficiencies assess their current requirements and clients the most effective solution to make recommendations that will their needs. • Energy Consumption generate a substantial and lasting • Utility Bill Tariff & Tax Audit financial impact. If you are dissatisfied with any portion • Pollution Reduction of your current business model, Whether there is a need for poultry contact CentreFocus, LLC today so • Exports nutrition in South Africa or assess- that we may assist in getting you back ment of your swine operations in on track towards success. Tel. +1.815.966.5580 • Fax. +1.815.966.6416 • 303 North Main Street, Suite 500 • Rockford, Illinois 61101-1018 USA • July 2010 • EggIndustry • 11
  • 11. INDUSTRYNEWS FATIQLESS ™ FDA’s Reportable Food Registry lion hens assuming 80% flock produc- now available tion. Effectively 0.7% of the output of A producer with a confirmed SE-posi- the national flock is exported in shell tive isolation from any of four sequential form. egg pools must acknowledge the finding During the first quarter of 2010 ex- on the FDA Reportable Food Registry for port of egg products was equivalent to the food industry website. 1.1 million cases representing a 70% The website also incorporates an FAQ increase over the first quarter of 2009. section describing the Reportable Food The value of exports for the first quar- Registry and a draft guidance document ter was $30.4 million which equates to containing 13 sections describing the an equivalent shell egg value of 84¢ per electronic portal. The website incorpo- dozen from which yield loss and the rates the involvement of federal, state and cost of processing and handling must local public health officials. be subtracted. Adjusting USAPEEC data to the first Egg export statistics for Q1 quarter of 2010, it is calculated that the Combining data released by the Egg FOB value of egg products exported Industry Center and the U.S. Poultry was $2,958 per metric ton. The US- and Egg Export Council derived from APEEC figures for the first 4 months USDA-ERS and Department of Com- of 2010 show a 6.5% decline in unit merce figures, it is possible to quantify revenue compared to the corresponding recent egg exports. For Q1 of 2010, 4 months of 2009 ($3,174 per metric 426,000 cases of shell eggs were ex- ton). ported with a value of $8.4 million For the first 4 months of 2010, Hong representing an FOB price of 59¢ per Kong and Canada combined represent- dozen. This volume is an 8% increase ed 57.8% of shell egg exports. For the over the corresponding Q1 of 2009. For same period, Japan and Canada com- the first quarter of this year, exports bined accounted for 45.8% of egg prod- represented the equivalent of 2.08 mil- uct shipped. 12 • EggIndustry • July 2010 •
  • 12. Shift into gear With superior livability and industry-leading feed conversion, Hy-Line layers deliver maximum profitability. Shift your performance up a gear with Hy-Line genetics.
  • 13. l Industry news l Agricultural committee delays will determine the direction of future based analysis and to identify critical Massachusetts welfare bill Legislation. control points in the entire chain of The New England Brown Egg Coun- food production. cil announced that Massachusetts House Connecticut representative Concern regarding a single food Bill 815, which is considered to promote pushes legislation supporting agency has been expressed at a number the HSUS agenda regarding con ne- one agency of levels including the current Obama ment of poultry and livestock, has been Rep. Rosa DeLauro (D-Conn.), an Administration and in Congress. Re- assigned by the Agriculture and Natural advocate of a single federal food safety luctance to proceed with this innovative Resources Committee to “study” status. agency, indicated that she will reintro- reorganization is based on traditional This places the bill in limbo and ef- duce legislation to consolidate the ac- turf barriers but other considerations in- fectively prevents passage during the tivities of a number of departments and clude lobbying efforts by both industry current legislature. At the same time, the agencies currently with overlapping and consumer groups. action restrains HSUS from beginning a jurisdiction over production and safety Experience with establishing the De- ballot initiative. of food. partment of Homeland Security con- Lobbying efforts by the New England This action follows the release of rmed the dif culties associated with Brown Egg Council were in uential in “Enhancing Food Safety: the Role of combining departments due to a loss of the action of the committee chairman. the Food and Drug Administration” expertise as senior administrators leave to The results of the referendum in Ohio prepared by the National Academy of take retirement or enter the commercial and the gubernatorial, state representa- Sciences and Institute of Medicine. The sector and lack of interagency formal and tive and senate races in Massachusetts report stresses the need to apply risk- backchannel communication. EI MARKETPLACE Ad sizes start at one column by one inch and can be any size up to six column inches. Logos and photographs are acceptable. Add color for MANURE BELTS an additional $30 per color per insertion. The rate for EGG INDUSTRY is Belt conveyors available in stainless, $130 per inch per insertion (1-time rate), $120 per inch per insertion (6- galvanized or epoxy coated. Portable or time rate), and $110 per inch per insertion (12-time rate). The production Stationary. Quality conveyors since 1943. charge is included except for ads with excessive make-up demands. Ph: 515-332-3945 Fax: 515-604-3945 For more information on how to place your ad, contact: Ginny Stadel Used Diamond Equipment Tel: 815-966-5591 EggIndustry Graders, loaders, packers, etc. Buy — Sell — Nationwide Fax: 815-968-0941 Former Diamond Regional Sales Manager E-mail: Custom reprint products of articlesmarketing tools from Egg Industry create powerful and features New replacement parts are also available. that serve as instantly credible endorsements. Contact Matt Poole: 804-387-6602 For additional information, please contact Foster Printing Service, Call 866.879.9144 Check out our new website at: or Great return on investment for all types of poultry: duck, turkey, breeder, pullet, broiler, layer, eggs, hatchery, etc. CO2 MAK cart. KUHL CORPORATION Approved by UEP The most affordable, effective & easiest for disposal of POULTRY drinking water solution... Egg Washers • Dryers spent fowl. Cleaner eggs — Reduced egg loss dutrion tablets + Reduced maintenance Built-in capacities: 3,600 - 360,000 eggs/hr DutriClean dosing unit Plastic Egg Tray Washers with Automatic Stack ...finally all the advantages in one concept Loaders, Restackers & Inline Spin Dryers FPM Inc. Built-in capacities of 1,000 to 15,000 trays/hr WWW.POULTRYWATER.COM P.O. Box 26 Tel: 908-782-5696 Poultry carts & trailers Tel. +31 88 0333 003 Flemington, NJ USA 08822-0026 Fax: 908-782-2751 dealer positions available all around the world Ph. 402-729-2264 Email: Find us in Europe, China, North America, India, South Africa, Mexico, Russia, Brazil, Middle East, Turkey, Japan, etc. 14 • EggIndustry • July 2010 •
  • 14. Announcing NEW INNOVAX®-ILT-SB! Provides extended protection against both ILTV and very virulent MD. Also approved for in ovo application. A New World of ILT Protection. Without Reactions. Now Approved for In Ovo Application. INNOVAX®-ILT Vaccine Professional producers know that ILT can have a the potential for vaccine induced outbreaks great impact on time, labor and production costs. is eliminated. And most methods of protection against ILT can present other problems for your flock. So protect your flock from ILT without adverse reaction. With INNOVAX-ILT. But healthy day-old chicks treated with INNOVAX®-ILT show no adverse reaction to the vaccine. Because For more information, contact your Intervet/ INNOVAX-ILT does not use conventional live ILT virus, Schering-Plough Animal Health sales representative or vaccine distributor. Visit us on the web at INNOVAX is property of Intervet International B.V. or affiliated companies or licensors and is protected by copyrights, trademark and other intellectual property laws. Copyright © 2007, 2009 Intervet Internationa B.V. All rights reserved. 6/09 PO-IN-31956R