4. Positive cases for AI from February 2006 till May 2008
15 farms December
infe cte d
farm 15 farms
800 farms and at
n . o p s ec s s
o f o itiv a e
600 positive cases in 5 farms at
200 2006 2007
2610 1 4 8 2 1028616060201013 9 5 1 2 1 40 1911 5 1
2006 2007 2008
5. Risk factors associated with AI in Egypt
Migratory birds flyways.
Some random & condensed poultry farms, Lack of biosecurity.
Extensive backyard & rooftops
Live bird Markets & shops
No geographical borders between the Egyptian governorates
that affect movement control .
Capacity of slaughter houses cover about 50% of our
The situation of AI in neighboring countries is unknown
6. HPAI Control Strategy
1. Public Awareness.
4. Vaccination and vaccine production.
5. Strengthen Quarantine measures and Movement
6. Restructure of Poultry production (Poultry farms
census with appropriate identification and capacity
7. HPAI Control Strategy
7. Enforce veterinary services (GOVS) and national
lab. (NLQP) (Extra man power, training , equipment
and improving the provincial labs. of NLQP.
8. Establishment of AI free compartments.
9. Strong regulatory (legislation) support.
Before recording AI (2003-2006)
AI National surveillance in commercial farms ,
backyard and wild birds
Awareness campaign ( one day workshops for
all stockholders in governorates )
Training of lab personnel in international
Accreditation of NLQP lab (ISO 17025)
9. Political commitment at highest level
On December 2005, the Egyptian president Hosny Mubarak held a
ministerial meeting to review the preparedness plan for prevention and
control of avian influenza
Establishment of avian influenza Steering Committee leaded by
the prime minister and membership of the relevant ministers and the
governors to formulate a control strategy against AI.
Establishment of avian influenza National Committee ( MOALR
– MOH - MOE – MOI - MOLD and civil aviation) to implement the
contingency plan against AI.
The government is resolved to take effective action and mobilize resources
to protect Egypt from the eminent danger of avian influenza.
Started Avian Influenza
12. AI isolates from wild birds
Type of bird Results
Chinese Geese South Sinai LPAI H7
Wild Duck Fayoum LPAI H6N2
Black kite South Sinai LPAI H7N7
Guinea Fowl South Sinai LPAI H7
White stork South Sinai LPAI H6N2
Confirmation of these isolates in OIE reference labs.
After recording AI (February 2006)
Activities of NLQP :
1. First record of AI in Egypt.
2. Establishment of 3 satellite labs.
3. Establishment of Gene Analysis Unit.
4. The lab. test more than 466,620 samples from
backyard flocks, commercial poultry flocks,
zoo birds and pigs during passive and active
surveillance activities where 1426 positive
Training for African , Asian and Arab veterinarians in
cooperation with FAO , IAEA and Arab League on diagnosis
Compensation for commercial sectors (150 million
Backyard flocks Vaccination free of charge (250 million
Compartmentalization for major commercial farms sector I
AI task force from (GOVS and Regional labs).
15. Legislation in response to AI outbreaks
Minister of agriculture formulate avian influenza Technical
Committee at MOALR to regulate, monitor and evaluate the
efforts of AI control in Egypt in 2006 and accordingly a
number of ministerial decrees have been issued.
Local Committee for control of AI in each governorate
where setup and are headed by local governors.
Training of lab. personnel in the international reference laboratories in the
field of molecular characterization of HPAI , challenge studies .
Training of veterinarians from satellites labs in 3 governorates ( Luxor, El-
Dakahlia , El- Fayoum) .
4200 Veterinarians working in the veterinary directorates and provisional labs
from different governorates .
200 Private veterinarians working in poultry industry.
90 Veterinarians from Arab, Asian and African countries
In cooperation with Arab League , NLQP organize a training course for 16
veterinarians from 8 Arab nations during the period of 11-20 May, 2008.
17. Public awareness campaigns
= immediate reporting in case of bird deaths
= Improve biosecurity measures
Public awareness through all types of Media
especially T.V channels, newspaper, posters,
booklets, flyers and circulars
18. Public awareness campaigns
One day workshops for raising awareness for more than 22,500
trainees from different relevant authorities:
The Ministry of Social Solidarity and NGOS.
The Ministry of the Interior.
The Ministry of Health and Population.
The Ministry of the Environment.
The Ministry of Local Development.
The Ministry of Education ( Agricultural Education )
Agricultural extension from agricultural directorates from different
19. Religious men
Training and awareness Program
The Ministry of the
Shura Council Media Interior
22. 1- Urgent needs to strengthen AI control efforts
High biosecurity level lab ( BSL3) and animal house facilities .
Secure fund for :
1. Compensation of backyard flock owners
2. Mass vaccination of backyard flocks ( 600 million doses per
3. Establishment of network between laboratories and veterinary
4. Strengthen the infrastructure of the local veterinary authorities
5. Sustainable surveillance
6. Sustainable public awareness campaigns
23. 2- Long term needs
Reform of poultry industry :
- Establishment of slaughter houses and cold chains .
- Improve commercial farms sector III
Improve biosecurity and rearing Practices of
Sustainable compensation policy
24. Lessons Learned From Egyptian Experience
Importance of :
Political commitment at the highest level
Co-operation between AI related authorities
Integrated Government strategy
Transparency in reporting influenza cases in
human and animals
Capacity of slaughter houses
25. Lessons Learned From Egyptian Experience
Working in a complementary manner with appropriate support
of key multilateral organizations
Immediate sharing of epidemiological data and samples with
the OIE , FAO,WHO
Strengthening the animal health system at central and local
Immediate response upon risks & suspicions
International cooperation to protect the lives and health of our
26. I hope to see you in
Sharm El-Sheikh International Ministerial
on Avian and Pandemic Influenza
24 to 26 October 2008