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  • 1. Haynes “5S” Model An EBP model for information resources and retrievalHaynes, R. B. (2007, January). Of studies, syntheses, synopses, summaries,and systems: the 5S evolution of information services for evidence-basedhealthcare decisions. Evidence-Based Nursing, 10(1), 6-7. http://www.valpo.edu/library/user/Haynes5S.ppt
  • 2. The Haynes 5S ModelProposed by Dr. Brian Haynes of McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.Intent is to provide directed support in the search for EBP resources.The model represents the amount of resources available in different areas, the most numerous and easily accessible being those single-topic studies found at the base of the pyramid.The further up the pyramid one goes, the number of resources lessens as does the free/open accessibility to them.The suggestions for “Where to find” the resources are just that and are intended to serve as good starting points. This guide was created to assist the nursing students of Valparaiso University. Prof. Trisha Mileham, 08/07
  • 3. The Haynes 5S Model Systems Summaries Synopses Syntheses Single Studies
  • 4. 5S Model: Single Studies • The original journal articles that present the Systems entire report of one study on one aspect or Summaries management of a Synopses health problem. • Clinical trials that are Syntheses very focused also offer this type of information.Single Studies
  • 5. 5S Model: Single Studies Where to search: – CINAHL database Systems – PubMed database – Cochrane Central Summaries Register of Controlled Trials (part of The Cochrane Synopses Library) – Clinical Trials.gov web Syntheses siteSingle Studies
  • 6. 5S Model: Syntheses • Usually called “systematic reviews” Systems in the research literature Summaries • Some databases Synopses allow you to limit search results by Syntheses using that term in the search strategy.Single Studies
  • 7. 5S Model: Syntheses • Where to search: – Cochrane Database of Systems Systematic Reviews (part of The Cochrane Library; aka: CDSR; Cochrane Reviews) Summaries – PubMed database Synopses – The Joanna Briggs Institute/JBI Connect SynthesesSingle Studies
  • 8. 5S Model: Synopses • Very brief descriptions of original articles and Systems reviews • Often read as if they Summaries are a lit review for the Synopses topic • Often found termed as Syntheses “meta- analysis”Single Studies
  • 9. 5S Model: Synopses • Where to search: – Evidence-based journals, such as Evidence-Based Systems Nursing and Evidence- Based Medicine Summaries – Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects Synopses (part of The Cochrane Library; aka: DARE) – ACP Journal Club web site – CINAHL database Syntheses – PubMed databaseSingle Studies
  • 10. 5S Model: Summaries Summaries integrate the best available evidence to provide full range of Systems evidence addressing all management options for Summaries a given health problem, Synopses not just one aspect of the problem (as found in single-study resources Syntheses that make up the lower three categories in the 5SSingle Studies Model).
  • 11. 5S Model: Summaries • Where to search: – Evidence-based Systems textbooks, journals, web sites Summaries – Clinical Evidence www.clinicalevidence.com/ceweb/index.jsp Synopses – CINAHL database – PubMed database Syntheses – Joanna Briggs/JBI ConnectSingle Studies
  • 12. 5S Model: Systems Systems are very detailed, often Systems patient-specific, linking the patient’s Summaries conditions to current Synopses best practices. SynthesesSingle Studies
  • 13. 5S Model: Systems Currently not very common outside of Systems specialty clinics and/or highly Summaries automated Synopses departments. SynthesesSingle Studies