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The ten commandments - Their significance today
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The ten commandments - Their significance today

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Bible Class Slides for Laindon on 15th

Bible Class Slides for Laindon on 15th

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  • About GodI am the Lord your God, You shall have no other gods before meYou shall not make for yourself an idolYou shall not take the name of the Lord in vainRemember the Sabbath and keep it holy
  • About FamilyHonour your father and mother
  • About Relationships with OthersYou shall not kill/murderYou shall not commit adulteryYou shall not stealYou shall not bear false witness against your neighbourYou shall not covet your neighbour's wife or anything that belongs to your neighbour

Transcript

  • 1. The TenCommandmentsעשרת הדברים
    .... and their significance today.
  • 2. Wikipedia
    In Biblical Hebrew, the commandments are called עשרת הדברים  transliterated (Aserethha-D'bharîm)
    In Rabbinical Hebrew עשרת הדברות  transliterated (Aserethha-Dibroth), both translatable as "the ten words", "the ten sayings" or "the ten matters".
    The English name "Decalogue" is derived from the Greek translation δεκάλογος dekalogos "ten terms", found in the Septuagint at Exodus 34:28and Deuteronomy 10:4.
  • 3. Basic Principles of the CommandmentsMan’s Law
    Man might organise society in ways to suit himself and the laws would be:
    Biased towards the powerful – inequitable
    Ordered self first, family second others last
    The powerful would prefer self first and last!
    The 2 golden rules many people go by is:
    What is yours is mine
    Thou shalt not get found out
    It avoids any responsibility to a higher power
    But God’s law is very different
  • 4. Basic Principles of the CommandmentsGod’s Law
    Unlike Mankind's own laws, God’s laws are organise to suit God not man
    Biased towards the righteousness of God and therefore his right to expect men’s respect
    God’s laws are therefore:
    Equitable
    Ordered first towards mans relationship with God
    Second men’s relationships towards other men
  • 5. How Well Do You Know - 10 Commandments?
    Close your Bibles
    Write down on a piece of paper, 1 to 10
    Write key words for each against 1 to 10
    Hint they are organised
    About God
    About Family
    About relationships with others
    In Exodus 20: 2-17 and Deut 5: 6-21 the wording is essentially the same, but how many did you get?
  • 6. Did your list look like this?
    I am the Lord your God
    You shall have no other gods before me
    You shall not make for yourself an idol
    You shall not take the name of the Lord in vain
    Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy
    Honour your father and mother
    You shall not kill/murder
    You shall not commit adultery
    You shall not steal
    You shall not bear false witness against your neighbour
    You shall not covet your neighbour's wife
    You shall not covet anything that belongs to your neighbour
  • 7. Did your list look like this?
    I am the Lord your God
    You shall have no other gods before me
    You shall not make for yourself an idol
    You shall not take the name of the Lord in vain
    Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy
    Honour your father and mother
    You shall not kill/murder
    You shall not commit adultery
    You shall not steal
    You shall not bear false witness against your neighbour
    You shall not covet your neighbour's wife
    You shall not covet anything that belongs to your neighbour
    The passage in Exodus 20 contains more than 10 imperative statements
  • 8. Exod 20: 2-17 & Deut 5: 6-21
  • 9. Exod 20: 2-17 & Deut 5: 6-21
  • 10. Exod 20: 2-17 & Deut 5: 6-21
  • 11. Division according to different religions
    As we said, the passage in Exodus 20 contains more than ten imperative statements, totalling 14 or 15 in all.
    While the Bible itself assigns the count of "10", using the Hebrew phrase aserethad'varim ('the 10 words', 'statements' or 'things'), this phrase does not appear in Exodus 20. 
    Various religions parse the commandments differently. The table below in Wikipedia helpfully highlights those differences:
    So these 3 are essentially the same
  • 12. They can be grouped in 3 like this
    About God
    I am the Lord your God, You shall have no other gods before me
    You shall not make for yourself an idol
    You shall not take the name of the Lord in vain
    Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy
    About Family
    Honour your father and mother
    About Relationships with Others
    You shall not kill/murder
    You shall not commit adultery
    You shall not steal
    You shall not bear false witness against your neighbour
    You shall not covet your neighbour's wife or anything that belongs to your neighbour
  • 13. HOW MANY OF THESE ARE OBSERVED OR SIGNIFICANT IN BRITAIN TODAY?
    About God
    I am the Lord your God, You shall have no other gods before me
    You shall not make for yourself an idol
    You shall not take the name of the Lord in vain
    Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy
    About Family
    Honour your father and mother
    About Relationships with Others
    You shall not kill/murder
    You shall not commit adultery
    You shall not steal
    You shall not bear false witness against your neighbour
    You shall not covet your neighbour's wife or anything that belongs to your neighbour
  • 14. Our Attitude
    We are supposed to standout form others being followers of Christ not followers of men
    We may not be Jews or Judaizers, but these laws are God’s laws that were handed down to his holy people
    We can’t just ignore them all – can we?
    So “how significant are they today”
  • 15. English Law
    Many, including Prof Francis Nigel Lee’s book “Common Law: Roots and Fruits”, claim that English law has its roots in Biblical Law
    More importantly, What did Jesus Say?
    I come not to destroy the law but fulfil it
  • 16. About God
    I am the Lord your God, You shall have no other gods before me
    You shall not make for yourself an idol
    You shall not take the name of the Lord in vain
    Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy
  • 17. About Family
    Honour your father and mother
  • 18. About Relationships with Others
    You shall not kill/murder
    You shall not commit adultery
    You shall not steal
    You shall not bear false witness against your neighbour
    You shall not covet your neighbour's wife or anything that belongs to your neighbour
  • 19. So Are These Significant Today?
    What did Jesus Say?
    I come not to destroy the law but fulfil it
    All the law and the prophets are summarised like this:
    35Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked ... ... 36Master, which is the great commandment in the law?  37 Jesus said unto him,
    “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.”  38This is the first and great commandment.  
    39And the second is like unto it,
    “Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.”  
    40On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.