DEFINITIONIs the most important avant-garde movement ofthe interwar period, and quite possibly the mostinfluential of them all. It was created in1924, and around the surrealist manifest byAndrè Breton, his spiritual guide. Artisticmovements, intelectual and general culturaloriented around the pursuit of the liberation ofthe mind, emphasizing the critical and imaginativefaculties of the unconscious and the attainmentof a different state, that the truest tangiblereality and everyday reality above.
FEATURES- Pure psychic automatism, trying to express, verbally or in writing or otherwise, the actual process of thought. The thought, free from any control of reason, independent of moral or aesthetic concerns.- Used the irrational and unconscious as essential elements of art. Proposes to transfer images from the unconscious to the sphere of art through a mental exercise freely, without the participation of consciousness.- Surrealist techniques: Surrealist Art investigates new techniques such as frottage, the decalcomania, the grattage, the exquisite corpse or the automatic painting.- Topics: went looking for the sources of psychological repression, dreams, sexuality, ...and social. The primitive art of the poor, childrens art, the art of the mentally ill, were revalued.
AUTHORS-Salvador Dalí- Joan Miró- Marc Chagall- Max Ernst
Salvador Dalí• He was a painter, decorator and writer empordanese, one of the main representatives of surrealism. Their pictural skills he usually attributed to the influence and admiration for Renaissance art. He had the ability to forge a personal and recognizable style.
Joan Miró• He was a Spanish Catalan painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona. A museum dedicated to his work, the Fundation Joan Miró, was established in his birth city in 1975. Earning international acclaim, his work has been interpreted as surrealism, a sandbox for the subconscious mind, a re-creation of the childlike, and a manifestation of Catalan pride.
Marc Chagall• Chagall was inspired by the customs of Belarus and played in many biblical themes, reflecting his Jewish heritage. became involved in large projects for public spaces or important civic buildings. Chagalls work is connected with various streams of modern art. He was part of the Parisian avant-garde that preceded World War. However, his work always stays with in the limits of these movements and emerging trends, including Cubism and Fauvism.
Max Ernst• He was a nationalized French German artist who was a pivotal figure in Surrealism. Was characterized by the use of an extraordinary variety of techniques, styles and materials.
WORKS-Salvador Dalí- Joan Miró- Marc Chagall- Max Ernst- Others
Salvador DalíThe Persistence of Memory The Great Masturbator