WATERWATER WATER is not an infinite resourceWATER is not an infinite resource We can do without oil but not WATERWe can do without oil but not WATER Currently, more WATER is beingCurrently, more WATER is beingpulled out of the ground than can bepulled out of the ground than can bereplenishedreplenished The discussion has begunThe discussion has begun
Where is the LittleWhere is the LittlePlover?Plover?The Little Plover starts in the town of Stockton, just below theterminal moraine, flows west through the Town of Plover and the Village of Plover,where it forms Springville Pond, and then joins the Wisconsin River.
Facts of the Little Plover 90% of flow is from Groundwater Class I premier cold water trout stream Most studied River in America We have been warned since 1965 in report afterreport of the pending dry up of the Little PloverRiver– 1965 Weeks study– 1985 Hunt study– 1997 Lampert & Lee watershed management study (thisreport accurately predicted the dry up of the Little Plover in2005) As predicted, the Little Plover dried up in 2005– The dry up was so severe that brook trout died and thisdry up continues 5 years later in 2010– The ecosystem was been harmed
Public Rights Stage SetPublic Rights Stage Set On March 23, 2009, The Wisconsin Department ofOn March 23, 2009, The Wisconsin Department ofNatural Resources announced the publishing of aNatural Resources announced the publishing of aPublic Rights Flow (PRF) Order for the Little PloverPublic Rights Flow (PRF) Order for the Little PloverRiver setting a flow of 4 cfs at County Trunk R.River setting a flow of 4 cfs at County Trunk R. Here are a number of documents, articles and news stories covering theHere are a number of documents, articles and news stories covering thePRF; these can be found on our website:PRF; these can be found on our website:– The March 23, 2009 news release from the DNRs West Central Office in Eau ClaireThe March 23, 2009 news release from the DNRs West Central Office in Eau Claireannouncing the PRF Orderannouncing the PRF Order– The DNRs Findings of Facts and Order establishing the PRF at 4.0 cfsThe DNRs Findings of Facts and Order establishing the PRF at 4.0 cfs– Portage County Gazette article on the PRFPortage County Gazette article on the PRF– The River Alliance of Wisconsins press release "Conservation Groups Applaud PublicThe River Alliance of Wisconsins press release "Conservation Groups Applaud PublicRights Flow for Little Plover"Rights Flow for Little Plover"– A brief article fromA brief article from Words on the StreamWords on the Stream "Little Plover Gets A Lifeline" "Little Plover Gets A Lifeline" – Stevens Point Journal article on the PRFStevens Point Journal article on the PRF– A Milwaukee Journal Sentinel article from September 2009 "Trout kill in Little Plover RiverA Milwaukee Journal Sentinel article from September 2009 "Trout kill in Little Plover River""
Education - ConservationEducation - ConservationRecreationRecreationThe Goal of the FLPR is to protect thisThe Goal of the FLPR is to protect thisvaluable resource, the Little Plovervaluable resource, the Little PloverRiver, and the groundwater that givesRiver, and the groundwater that givesit life. We hope not to leave students,it life. We hope not to leave students,“Our leaders of Tomorrow,” without the“Our leaders of Tomorrow,” without thewater we all enjoy todaywater we all enjoy today..
How Serious is theHow Serious is theWATER Issue?WATER Issue?
Little Plover Dry upsLittle Plover Dry ups 20052005 20062006 2007 (augmentation)2007 (augmentation) 2008 (augmentation)2008 (augmentation) 20092009 2012 remains below the public rights stage2012 remains below the public rights stageof 4 cfsof 4 cfs1 cfs (cubic foot per second) = 7.5 gpm1 cfs (cubic foot per second) = 7.5 gpm(gallons per minute)(gallons per minute)
Groundwater Levels Affect 90% of Wisconsin’sGroundwater Levels Affect 90% of Wisconsin’sLakes and Rivers (Not Just the Little Plover)Lakes and Rivers (Not Just the Little Plover)Picture by Francie RowePleasant Lake, Waushara County
High Capacity WellsHigh Capacity Wells(HCW)(HCW) Pre 1950 the Golden Sands had 24 HCW. TodayPre 1950 the Golden Sands had 24 HCW. Todaythere are over 3000 wellsthere are over 3000 wells A High Capacity Well can pump at least 100,000A High Capacity Well can pump at least 100,000gallons per day; for 3000 wells that equalsgallons per day; for 3000 wells that equals300 million gallons per day300 million gallons per day 300 million gals/day is equivalent of 3” of water over300 million gals/day is equivalent of 3” of water overthe entire Central Sands per yearthe entire Central Sands per year Current maximum pumping for all HCW wouldCurrent maximum pumping for all HCW wouldexceed 30” of water over the Central Sands.exceed 30” of water over the Central Sands. Wells areWells are PermittedPermitted notnot RegulatedRegulated
In 2013 there are 1000 highIn 2013 there are 1000 highcapacity wells in Portagecapacity wells in PortageCountyCountyandandover 3000 in the 6 counties thatover 3000 in the 6 counties thatcomprise the Central Sandscomprise the Central Sands
Data Supplied by Portage County and Wisconsin DNR
Data Supplied by Center for Land Use Education and WisconsinDNR
It’s Serious Enough that :It’s Serious Enough that :In the 2009/2010 session, Wisconsin State legislatorsIn the 2009/2010 session, Wisconsin State legislatorsconsidered groundwater legislation because theconsidered groundwater legislation because thepermitting of high capacitypermitting of high capacity wells is virtuallyuncontrolled.A fact finding work group was headed by Sen. MarkA fact finding work group was headed by Sen. MarkMiller’s and Rep. Spencer BlackMiller’s and Rep. Spencer BlackThe work group visited Portage County and the LittleThe work group visited Portage County and the LittlePlover River in October 2009Plover River in October 2009
Little Plover RiverLittle Plover RiverAppreciation DayAppreciation Day
What is Appreciation Day?What is Appreciation Day? Each year 140+ students fromEach year 140+ students fromRoosevelt & Plover Whiting schoolsRoosevelt & Plover Whiting schools Walk to Little Plover River ParkWalk to Little Plover River Park(Hoover Ave) for hands on River(Hoover Ave) for hands on RiverEducation/ExperienceEducation/Experience Bring own brown bag lunchBring own brown bag lunch A Friday afternoon the first weekend inA Friday afternoon the first weekend inMay (opening of trout season)May (opening of trout season)
8 Stations8 Stations Fly castingFly casting Fly tyingFly tying Water conservationWater conservation Would you drink this water?Would you drink this water? Trout shockingTrout shocking Stream flow monitoring/macro invertebratesStream flow monitoring/macro invertebrates Incredible journeyIncredible journey Aquatic Invasive SpeciesAquatic Invasive Species
To date, almost 900 students haveTo date, almost 900 students haveengaged in water conservation educationengaged in water conservation educationactivitiesactivities Over the years, many volunteers haveOver the years, many volunteers havehelped to make the Appreciation Day ahelped to make the Appreciation Day asuccess. Ten of our volunteers havesuccess. Ten of our volunteers haveparticipated every year since 2007participated every year since 2007 In total, our volunteers have contributedIn total, our volunteers have contributedapproximately 1400 hours to this eventapproximately 1400 hours to this event2012 was our 6thEvent
Would You Drink ThisWould You Drink ThisWater ?Water ?
Aquatic Invasive SpeciesAquatic Invasive Species
Rain or Shine They ComeRain or Shine They Come
Friends Receive Wisconsin WildlifeFriends Receive Wisconsin WildlifeFederation Water ConservationFederation Water ConservationOrganization of the Year Award forOrganization of the Year Award for20112011
Award Installation at Roosevelt and Plover/WhitingSchools November 28 and 29, 20113rd, 4thand 5thGrade Students
WATER?WATER?What value do you place on Wisconsin’sWhat value do you place on Wisconsin’sstreams, rivers and lakes; our Naturalstreams, rivers and lakes; our NaturalResources that rely on groundwater?Resources that rely on groundwater?Thank youThank youFor joining the WATER discussion!For joining the WATER discussion!
Join the FriendsJoin the FriendsContactContactBarb Gifford 715-344-3539Barb Gifford firstname.lastname@example.org@charter.netfriendsofthelittleploverriver.orgfriendsofthelittleploverriver.orgPARTNERSAmerican Rivers River Alliance of WisconsinGolden Sands RC&D Wisconsin Wildlife FederationCentral Sands Water Action Committee