Art Painting ArchitectureCinema Literature Theatre
The 19th century is in the first place Victorian architecture(the name "Victorian" refers to the reign of Queen Victoria,1837 –1901, during which period the styles known asVictorian were used in construction. However, manyelements of what is typically termed "Victorian" architecturedid not become popular until later in Victorias reign. Thestyles often included interpretations and eclectic revivals ofhistoric styles mixed with the introduction of middle eastand Asian influences. The dominant direction of this periodin the British Empire was neo-Gothic, entire neighborhoodsin this style have been preserved practically in all the formerBritish colonies. For British India also characteristic to Indo-Saracenic Revival style (free combination of neo-Gothicbuilding with national elements, for example: orient).
Established in the 1840s, dominated English art in theRealism is presented landscape painting. English second half of the 19thartists is the general attempt to depict subjects as century. Its members —they are considered to exist in third person William Holman Hunt; Danteobjective reality, without embellishment or Gabriel Rossetti; Johninterpretation and "in accordance with secular, Everett Millais and others —empirical rules, but at the same time artists have concentrated on religious,tried to make pictures romantic nature, the literary, and genre workscharm of nature ,invisible charm. Representatives executed in a colorful andof John Constable, Joseph Mallord William Turner minutely detailed almost photographic style.
•Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775 – 1851) was an EnglishRomantic landscape painter, water-colourist, and printmaker. Turner wasconsidered a controversial figure inhis day, but is now regarded as theartist who elevated landscapepainting to an eminence rivallinghistory painting. Although renownedfor his oil paintings, Turner is alsoone of the greatest masters of Britishwatercolour landscape painting. He iscommonly known as "the painter oflight" and his work is regarded as aRomantic preface to Impressionism.
He was the artist who illustrated Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderlandand Through the Looking-Glass
Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 –9 June 1870) was an English writer and socialcritic who is generally regarded as the greatestnovelist of the Victorian period and the creatorof some of the worlds most memorable fictionalcharacters. During his lifetime Dickenss worksenjoyed unprecedented popularity and fame,and by the twentieth century his literary geniuswas fully recognized by critics and scholars. Hisnovels and short stories continue to enjoy anenduring popularity among the general readingpublic. Notable works :The Pickwick Papers, Oliver Twist, A Christmas Carol, David Copperfield, Bleak House, Hard Times, A Tale of Two Cities, Great Expectations
Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772 –1834) was an English poet, literary critic and philosopher who, with his friend William Wordsworth, was a founder of the Romantic Movement in England and a member of the Lake Poets. He is probably William Makepeace Thackeray (1811 best known for his poems The Rime of the– 1863) was an English novelist of the Ancient Mariner and Kubla Khan, as well as for his19th century. He was famous for his major prose work Biographia Literaria. His criticalsatirical works, particularly Vanity Fair, work, especially on Shakespeare, was highlya panoramic portrait of English influential, and he helped introduce Germansociety. idealist philosophy to English-speaking culture.
Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle ( 1859 –Oscar Fingal OFlahertie Wills Wilde (1854 - 1930) was a Scottish physician and writer,1900) was an Irish writer and poet. After most noted for his stories about thewriting in different forms throughout the detective Sherlock Holmes, generally1880s, he became one of Londons most considered a milestone in the field of crimepopular playwrights in the early 1890s. Today fiction, and for the adventures of Professorhe is remembered for his epigrams and plays, Challenger. He was a prolific writer whoseand the circumstances of his imprisonment other works include science fiction stories,which was followed by his early death. plays, romances, poetry, non-fiction and historical novels.
Origins and silent films) The first moving picture was shot in Leeds by Louis Le Prince in 1888 and the first moving pictures developed on celluloid film were made in Hyde Park, London in 1889 by William Friese Greene, a British inventor, who patented the process in 1890. The first people to build and run a working 35 mm camera in Britain were Robert W. Paul and Birt Acres. They made the first British film Incident at Clovelly Cottage in February 1895, shortly before falling out over the cameras patent. Soon several British film companies had opened to meet the demand for new films, such as Mitchell and Kenyon in Blackburn.Cinematograph Camera
Сharacteristics (changes and events) : - At this time, popular classical works (Shakespeare andclassic English drama) and works of new genres (burletta andmelodrama) - A change came in the late 19th century with the plays onthe London stage by the Irishmen George Bernard Shaw andOscar Wilde and the Norwegian Henrik Ibsen, all of whominfluenced domestic English drama and vitalised it again. - Carte built the Savoy Theatre in 1881 to present their jointworks, and through the inventor of electric light Sir JosephSwan, the Savoy was the first theatre, and the first publicbuilding in the world, to be lit entirely by electricity. - The Shakespeare Memorial Theatre was opened inShakespeares birthplace Stratford-upon-Avon in 1879. - Herbert Beerbohm Tree founded an Academy of DramaticArt at Her Majestys Theatre in 1904.
Producer Richard DOyly Carte brought together librettist W. S. Gilbert and composer Arthur Sullivan, and nurtured their collaboration. Among Gilbert and Sullivans best known comic operas are H.M.S. Pinafore, The Pirates of Penzance and The Mikado. H.M.S. Pinafore The Mikado The Pirates of PenzanceThe story takes place aboard Medieval Japan. The son of the Emperor Mikado, Prince runs away The story concernsthe British ship H.M.S. from the Palace, in order to avoid a Frederic, who, havingPinafore. The captains marriage with Katicha, elderly completed his 21st year, isdaughter, Josephine, is in «masculine» lady of the Imperial released from hislove with a lower-class entourage. During his travels he apprenticeship to a bandsailor, Ralph Rackstraw, meets beauty Yum-Yum. They fall in of tender-hearted pirates.although her father intendsher to marry Sir Joseph love with each other, but before theyPorter, the First Lord of the can expect a lot of testing becauseAdmiralty… he is the son of the Emperor and she peasant woman