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    Sobibor presentation Sobibor presentation Presentation Transcript

    • Sobibor
      By: Joanna, Amy and Anastassia
    • Map of the camps in Poland as part of Operation Reinhard
    • The Camp
      Operation Reinhard:
      Belzec , Sobibor, and Treblinka .
      Location:
      Near the Sobibor village
      Deeply forested and swampy area
      High fence and wires
      Hidden completely from view
      Camp Areas:
      Administration (offices and barracks)
      Reception (belongings)
      Killing (gas chamber)
      Percentage of Jews deported to Sobibor
      “After 66 years I cannot even remember the face of my father,” says Mr. Blatt — whose parent was clubbed to death in Sobibor.
    • Railroad leading to Sobibor, watch tower in distance
      The famous ID card showing (Demjanjuk)
      Train officers awaiting the arrival of Jews
      Sobibor office at the train station
    • Diagram of the Sobibor camp in color
    • The Guards
      They were Ukrainian.
      Came from a SS training camp in Twaniki.
      In the 18 months Sobibor was open there was about 100 Germans and 300 Ukrainian guards.
      An average of 30 guards, who rotated with half going on vacation.
    • The Uprising
      Occurred on October 14, 1943
      Led by Leon Feldhendler and Alexander Pechersky (Sasha)
      Succeeded in killing 11 German SS Officers.
      300 managed to escape into the forest
      50-70 survived
    • Leon Feldhendler
      Group photo of participants of the uprising
      Alexander Pechersky (Sasha)
    • List of SS Officers Killed
      Johann Niemann
      Josef Wolf
      Rudolf Beckmann
      Siegfried GraetschusJosefVallaster
      Thomas Steffl
      Walter Ryba
      FreidrichGaulstich
      Fritz Konrad
      Walter Nowak
      Ivan Klatt
      Klaus Schreiber
    • Funeral held for the dead SS Officers
    • The Plan
      To Lure SS Officers to the workshops to pick up finished boots or coats and kill them off individually.
      After all SS officers had been killed, roll call would be announced and they all would walk out of the front gate.
      Phone lines would be cut off early.
      They couldn’t find Karl Frenzel, he didn’t show up for his appointment.
    • Aftermath
      Days after the uprising, camp was ordered closed, dismantled and planted with trees by SS chief Heinrich Himmler
      Estimated that 250,000 Jews were murdered
      Archaeological Excavations have been conducted ever since
    • Archaeological Excavations at Sobibór Extermination Site
      Picture on left shows what was found of old house and suitcase keys.
      Picture on right shows a pathway leading to gas chambers.
    • SS chief Heinrich Himmler
    • Was convicted of war crimes in 1966 but was released on health grounds
      Karl Frenzel-Commander
    • Franz Stangl
      Chief commander of Sobibor
    • Gustav Wagner
      Deputy Sobibor commander
    • Memorials - Ways to Remember
      Site Memorial
      established in 1961
      Marek Bem is the head of the memorial
      Small museum containing artifacts
      Statues and monuments
      Funding from government
      “Escape from Sobibor”
      British film that was aired to millions
      Living memorial
      Remembering the holocaust victims on Remembrance day
      Meeting of the Sobibor survivors
      Plaques on one of the monument statues
    • “Surely these stones cannot embody the endless mental and physical distress each individual human had to suffer.But every stone should tell us - not 250000 human beings were murdered here, no, one human being was murdered here - and this has happened just at this place 250000 times."
      (Ernst Klein at the opening of the memorial avenue on the 14th October 2003 in Sobibor)
      “Road to Heaven”
    • (Thomas) Blatt – survivor of Sobibor
      Inside the Sobibor Museum
      “Escape from Sobibor” movie
      Mound of ashes and human remains
    • Bibliography
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sobibor_extermination_camp
      http://www.deathcamps.org/sobibor/sobibor.html
      http://www.auschwitz.dk/Sorbibor.htm
      http://www.cympm.com/sobibor.html
      http://www.nizkor.org/faqs/reinhard/reinhard-faq-05.html 
      http://www.holocausthandbooks.com/dl/19-s.pdf 
      http://www.deathcamps.info/new_page_2.htm 
      http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005192
      http://www.jewishgen.org/ForgottenCamps/Camps/SobiborEng.html
      http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/a/sobibor.htm
      http://www.deathcamps.info/new_page_2.htm
      http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/a/sobibor_3.htm 
      http://www.stichtingsobibor.nl/press/english
      http://www.rueckblende-volkmarsen.de/en/ThememorialavenueinSobibor/tabid/80/Default.aspx 
      http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/es/article.php?ModuleId=10005192
      http://prescottvalleyenews.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=1132%3Adays-of-remembrance-survivor-of-sobibor-death-camp-uprising&Itemid=48&tmpl=component&print=1
      http://www.holocaust-education.dk/holocaust/aktionreinhardPRINT.asp
      http://www.inconvenienthistory.com/archive/2009/volume_1/number_2/the_nazi_extermination_camp_of_sobibor.php
      http://www.sobiborinterviews.nl/en/extermination-camp/structure-of-the-camp
      http://www.sobibor.info/introduction.html 
      http://www.rueckblende-volkmarsen.de/en/ThememorialavenueinSobibor/tabid/80/Default.aspx
    • http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/a/sobiboruprising.htm
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sobibor_extermination_camp
      http://www.deathcamps.org/sobibor/sobibor.html
      http://www.auschwitz.dk/sobibor/uprising.htm
      http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/ar/sobibor.html
      http://www.cympm.com/sobibor.html
      http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005192
      http://www.debbieschlussel.com/5135/demjanjuk-saga-stay-on-deportation-of-nazi-mass-murderer-lifted-will-ice-deport-him-this-wknd/
      http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/survivor/images/Leon%20Feldhendler.jpghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Frenzel
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Stangl 
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustav_Wagner_(Nazi)
      http://www.sobiborinterviews.nl/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=16%3Ahella-weiss&catid=2%3Aprofielen&Itemid=13
      http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/ar/sobibor.html