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Sobibor<br />By: Joanna, Amy and Anastassia<br />
Map of the camps in Poland as part of Operation Reinhard<br />
The Camp<br />Operation Reinhard:<br />Belzec , Sobibor, and Treblinka .<br />Location:<br />Near the Sobibor village<br /...
Railroad leading to Sobibor, watch tower in distance<br />The famous ID card showing (Demjanjuk)<br />Train officers await...
Diagram of the Sobibor camp in color<br />
The Guards<br />They were Ukrainian.<br />Came from a SS training camp in Twaniki.<br />In the 18 months Sobibor was open ...
The Uprising<br />Occurred on October 14, 1943<br />Led by Leon Feldhendler and Alexander Pechersky (Sasha)<br />Succeeded...
 Leon Feldhendler<br />Group photo of participants of the uprising<br />Alexander Pechersky (Sasha)<br />
List of SS Officers Killed<br />Johann Niemann<br />Josef Wolf<br />Rudolf Beckmann<br />Siegfried GraetschusJosefVallaste...
Funeral held for the dead SS Officers<br />
The Plan<br />To Lure SS Officers to the workshops to pick up finished boots or coats and kill them off individually.<br /...
Aftermath<br />Days after the uprising, camp was ordered closed, dismantled and planted with trees by SS chief Heinrich Hi...
Archaeological Excavations at Sobibór Extermination Site<br />Picture on left shows what was found of old house and suitca...
SS chief Heinrich Himmler<br />
Was convicted of war crimes in 1966 but was released on health grounds<br />Karl Frenzel-Commander <br />
Franz Stangl<br />Chief commander of Sobibor<br />
Gustav Wagner<br />Deputy Sobibor commander<br />
Memorials - Ways to Remember <br />Site Memorial  <br />established in 1961<br />Marek Bem is the head of the memorial<br ...
“Surely these stones cannot embody the endless mental and physical distress each individual human had to suffer.But every ...
(Thomas) Blatt – survivor of Sobibor<br />Inside the Sobibor Museum<br />“Escape from Sobibor” movie<br />Mound of ashes a...
Bibliography<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sobibor_extermination_camp<br />http://www.deathcamps.org/sobibor/sobibor.h...
http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/a/sobiboruprising.htm<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sobibor_extermination_c...
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  1. 1. Sobibor<br />By: Joanna, Amy and Anastassia<br />
  2. 2. Map of the camps in Poland as part of Operation Reinhard<br />
  3. 3. The Camp<br />Operation Reinhard:<br />Belzec , Sobibor, and Treblinka .<br />Location:<br />Near the Sobibor village<br />Deeply forested and swampy area<br />High fence and wires<br />Hidden completely from view<br />Camp Areas: <br />Administration (offices and barracks)<br />Reception (belongings)<br />Killing (gas chamber)<br />Percentage of Jews deported to Sobibor<br />“After 66 years I cannot even remember the face of my father,” says Mr. Blatt — whose parent was clubbed to death in Sobibor. <br />
  4. 4. Railroad leading to Sobibor, watch tower in distance<br />The famous ID card showing (Demjanjuk)<br />Train officers awaiting the arrival of Jews<br />Sobibor office at the train station<br />
  5. 5. Diagram of the Sobibor camp in color<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. The Guards<br />They were Ukrainian.<br />Came from a SS training camp in Twaniki.<br />In the 18 months Sobibor was open there was about 100 Germans and 300 Ukrainian guards.<br />An average of 30 guards, who rotated with half going on vacation. <br />
  8. 8. The Uprising<br />Occurred on October 14, 1943<br />Led by Leon Feldhendler and Alexander Pechersky (Sasha)<br />Succeeded in killing 11 German SS Officers.<br />300 managed to escape into the forest<br />50-70 survived<br />
  9. 9. Leon Feldhendler<br />Group photo of participants of the uprising<br />Alexander Pechersky (Sasha)<br />
  10. 10. List of SS Officers Killed<br />Johann Niemann<br />Josef Wolf<br />Rudolf Beckmann<br />Siegfried GraetschusJosefVallaster<br />Thomas Steffl<br />Walter Ryba<br />FreidrichGaulstich<br />Fritz Konrad<br />Walter Nowak<br />Ivan Klatt<br />Klaus Schreiber<br />
  11. 11. Funeral held for the dead SS Officers<br />
  12. 12. The Plan<br />To Lure SS Officers to the workshops to pick up finished boots or coats and kill them off individually.<br />After all SS officers had been killed, roll call would be announced and they all would walk out of the front gate.<br />Phone lines would be cut off early.<br />They couldn’t find Karl Frenzel, he didn’t show up for his appointment.<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14. Aftermath<br />Days after the uprising, camp was ordered closed, dismantled and planted with trees by SS chief Heinrich Himmler<br />Estimated that 250,000 Jews were murdered<br />Archaeological Excavations have been conducted ever since<br />
  15. 15. Archaeological Excavations at Sobibór Extermination Site<br />Picture on left shows what was found of old house and suitcase keys. <br />Picture on right shows a pathway leading to gas chambers.<br />
  16. 16. SS chief Heinrich Himmler<br />
  17. 17. Was convicted of war crimes in 1966 but was released on health grounds<br />Karl Frenzel-Commander <br />
  18. 18. Franz Stangl<br />Chief commander of Sobibor<br />
  19. 19. Gustav Wagner<br />Deputy Sobibor commander<br />
  20. 20. Memorials - Ways to Remember <br />Site Memorial <br />established in 1961<br />Marek Bem is the head of the memorial<br />Small museum containing artifacts<br />Statues and monuments <br />Funding from government<br />“Escape from Sobibor”<br />British film that was aired to millions<br />Living memorial<br />Remembering the holocaust victims on Remembrance day<br />Meeting of the Sobibor survivors<br />Plaques on one of the monument statues<br />
  21. 21. “Surely these stones cannot embody the endless mental and physical distress each individual human had to suffer.But every stone should tell us - not 250000 human beings were murdered here, no, one human being was murdered here - and this has happened just at this place 250000 times."<br />(Ernst Klein at the opening of the memorial avenue on the 14th October 2003 in Sobibor)<br />“Road to Heaven”<br />
  22. 22. (Thomas) Blatt – survivor of Sobibor<br />Inside the Sobibor Museum<br />“Escape from Sobibor” movie<br />Mound of ashes and human remains<br />
  23. 23. Bibliography<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sobibor_extermination_camp<br />http://www.deathcamps.org/sobibor/sobibor.html<br />http://www.auschwitz.dk/Sorbibor.htm<br />http://www.cympm.com/sobibor.html<br />http://www.nizkor.org/faqs/reinhard/reinhard-faq-05.html <br />http://www.holocausthandbooks.com/dl/19-s.pdf <br />http://www.deathcamps.info/new_page_2.htm <br />http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005192<br />http://www.jewishgen.org/ForgottenCamps/Camps/SobiborEng.html<br />http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/a/sobibor.htm<br />http://www.deathcamps.info/new_page_2.htm<br />http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/a/sobibor_3.htm <br />http://www.stichtingsobibor.nl/press/english<br />http://www.rueckblende-volkmarsen.de/en/ThememorialavenueinSobibor/tabid/80/Default.aspx <br />http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/es/article.php?ModuleId=10005192<br />http://prescottvalleyenews.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=1132%3Adays-of-remembrance-survivor-of-sobibor-death-camp-uprising&Itemid=48&tmpl=component&print=1<br />http://www.holocaust-education.dk/holocaust/aktionreinhardPRINT.asp<br />http://www.inconvenienthistory.com/archive/2009/volume_1/number_2/the_nazi_extermination_camp_of_sobibor.php<br />http://www.sobiborinterviews.nl/en/extermination-camp/structure-of-the-camp<br />http://www.sobibor.info/introduction.html <br />http://www.rueckblende-volkmarsen.de/en/ThememorialavenueinSobibor/tabid/80/Default.aspx<br />
  24. 24. http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/a/sobiboruprising.htm<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sobibor_extermination_camp<br />http://www.deathcamps.org/sobibor/sobibor.html<br />http://www.auschwitz.dk/sobibor/uprising.htm<br />http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/ar/sobibor.html<br />http://www.cympm.com/sobibor.html<br />http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005192<br />http://www.debbieschlussel.com/5135/demjanjuk-saga-stay-on-deportation-of-nazi-mass-murderer-lifted-will-ice-deport-him-this-wknd/<br />http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/survivor/images/Leon%20Feldhendler.jpghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Frenzel<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Stangl <br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustav_Wagner_(Nazi) <br />http://www.sobiborinterviews.nl/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=16%3Ahella-weiss&catid=2%3Aprofielen&Itemid=13<br />http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/ar/sobibor.html<br />
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