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Visual Dictionary- Baluster
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Visual Dictionary- Baluster

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Visual Dictionary- Baluster Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Visual Dictionary
  • 2. Air Barrier Paper A sheet material used as both a vapor retarder and an air barrier.
  • 3. Attic Ventilation Soffit Vent- An opening under the eave of a roof, used to allow air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing. Ridge Vent- A long, open assembly that allows air to circulate in and out of the able roof at the ridge.
  • 4. Attic Ventilation continued... Gable Vent- A screened, louvered opening in a gable, used for exhausting excess heat and humidity from an attic. Roof turbine- a ventilation device on the roof near the ridge that exhausts moist, hot air from the attic.
  • 5. Backhoe and Front End Loader BACKHOE FRONT END LOADER Backhoe- A piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-part articulated arm. They are typically mounted on the back of a tractor or front loader. The width of the bucket was 5 feet. Front End Loader- engineering equipment that is primarily used to quot;loadquot; material (asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, feed, gravel, logs, raw minerals, recycled material, rock, sand, wood chips, etc.) into or onto another type of machinery (dump truck, conveyor belt, feed-hooper, rail-car, etc.).
  • 6. Batter Boards Horizontal boards nailed to posts set at the corners of an excavation, used to indicate the desired level, also as a fastening for stretched strings to indicate outlines of foundation walls or perimeter of building.
  • 7. Brick Arches Flat Arch ARCH WITH A KEYSTONE JACK ARCH
  • 8. Centering The temporary framework for an arch, dome, or vault.
  • 9. Brick Bonds 1 Running Bond- Brickwork consisting entirely of stretchers. Flemish bond- the most decorative bond that is created by alternately laying headers and stretchers in a single course. The next course is laid so that a header lies in the middle of the stretcher in the course below. Again, this bond is one brick thick.
  • 10. Brick Bonds 2 Stretcher Rowlocks (shiners)
  • 11. Brick Bonds 3 Stretcher Header Sailor
  • 12. Brick Bonds 4 Rowlock Soldier SOLDIER
  • 13. Brick sizes Modular brick- 3 5/8” X 2 1/2” X 7 5/8” Roman brick- 3 5/8” X 1 5/8” X 11 5/8”
  • 14. Bulldozer A caterpillar tracked tractor equipped with a substantial metal plate (known as a blade), used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, etc., during construction work.
  • 15. Cladding 1 A material used as the exterior wall enclosure of a building. Wood shingle- a thin piece of wood in a rectangular shape laid in overlapping rows to cover the roofs and walls of buildings that is distinguished from the wood shake by its smoother texture.
  • 16. Cladding 2 BRICK CLAD EIFS-
  • 17. Cladding 3 STONE CLAD with a coursed ashlar arrangement WOOD BOARD CLAD
  • 18. Code Requirements 1 Window measurements: 5.5’ X 2.5’; 13.75 sq. ft.; sill height = 6”; yes, this is the IBC code requirement for single wide trailers.
  • 19. Code Requirements 2 Stair measurements = 14” tread, 9” rise; no, this is not within IBC code because it was built over a thousand years ago in Greece.
  • 20. Concrete Joints 2 Isolation Joint- completely isolate the slab from something else. That something else can be a wall or a column or a drain pipe. In this circumstance the isolation joint is separating the brick sidewalk from the mulch and other landscape.
  • 21. Concrete Joints 3 Control joint- an intentional, disconnection in a structure designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces to prevent cracking elsewhere.
  • 22. Concrete Masonry Unit 1 CMU (concrete masonry unit)- a cementitious material made of water, cement, admixtures, and aggregates. The aggregates are roughly 3/8” and there is no slump in the consistency. CMUs are used for not only reinforced foundation walls but come in different sizes and are used for decorative purposes for facades of buildings. 8 X 8 X16 2 DIFFERENT SIZE CMU’S is the nominal dimension of a modular CMU.
  • 23. Concrete Masonry Unit 2 CMU next to brick
  • 24. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units Split blocked RIBBED BLOCK
  • 25. Doors 1 RAIL TOP PANEL STILE BOTTOM RAIL LOCK RAIL RAIL Exterior Flush door PANEL DOOR
  • 26. Doors 2 Transom- the term given to a transverse beam or bar in a frame, or to the crosspiece separating a door or the like from a window or fanlight above it. Sidelight- the term used to describe the vertical area separating the door from the wall.
  • 27. Electrical Components 1 A power pole with a transformer is an electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating currents. For most residential buildings, the transformer changes the voltage to 240 volts to be sent to
  • 28. Electrical Components 2 Service head- device that is connected to the electrical line to receive the 240 volts from the transformer. Meter- within eye view from the ground around a building that shows the level of voltage being transmitted into the house.
  • 29. Electrical Components 3 panel- the Service electrical board that controls the distribution of electrical currents to various circuits within a building. Duplex receptacle- the place where equipment or appliances can be connected to an electrical current.
  • 30. Framing Elements ANCHOR BOLT SILL PLATE SOLE PLATE STUD TOP PLATE
  • 31. Framing Elements 2 CEILING JOIST SUBFLOORING FLOOR JOIST
  • 32. Framing Elements 3 SHEATHING RAFTER
  • 33. Framing Elements 4 ROOF DECKING TRUSS STRINGER
  • 34. Front End Loader an engineering vehicle (often used in construction) that is primarily used to quot;loadquot; material (asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, feed, gravel, logs, raw minerals, recycled material, rock, sand, wood chips, etc.) into or onto another type of machinery (dump truck, conveyor belt, feed-hooper, rail-car, etc.) instead of moving material, like a bulldozer, or digging, like a back hoe.
  • 35. Gypsum Board a common building material typically made of a layer of gypsum plaster pressed between two thick sheets of paper, then kiln dried. Drywall is used globally for the finish construction of interior walls and ceilings.
  • 36. Heat Pump 1 A machine or device that moves heat from one location to another location (the 'sink' or 'heat sink') using mechanical work. Advantage- Heat pump models are available at a nominal additional cost. In many locales, the payback is realized in just a few months. Disadvantage- its inability to operate well at very low temperatures and thus requiring a back-up system.
  • 37. Heat Pump 2 Compressor- Rejects from the refrigerant and condenses the refrigerant back to a liquid. The condenser rejects the heat absorbed in the evaporator and suction. Air handling unit- the air in the room is circulated through tubes containing flowing chilled water to cool the air and filtrate the air.
  • 38. Insulation 1 Reduces unwanted heat loss or gain and can decrease the energy demands of heating and cooling systems. It does not necessarily deal with issues of adequate ventilation and may or may not affect the level of sound insulation.
  • 39. Insulation 2 FOAMED INSULATION- Reduces unwanted heat loss or gain and can decrease the energy demands of heating and cooling systems. It does not necessarily deal with issues of adequate ventilation and may or may not affect the level of sound insulation. Great for areas where rigid could not wrap around and close corners.
  • 40. Insulation 3 Rigid board insulation- Reduces unwanted heat loss or gain and can decrease the energy demands of heating and cooling systems. It does not necessarily deal with issues of adequate ventilation and may or may not affect the level of sound insulation. Great for walls and ceilings.
  • 41. Insulation 4 Loose Fill Insulation- Reduces unwanted heat loss or gain and can decrease the energy demands of heating and cooling systems. It does not necessarily deal with issues of adequate ventilation and may or may not affect the level of sound insulation. Great in the attic and also areas with tight corners but has a problem with settling over time.
  • 42. Insulation 5 Batt or Blanket Insulation- reduces unwanted heat loss or gain and can decrease the energy demands of heating and cooling systems. It does not necessarily deal with issues of adequate ventilation and may or may not affect the level of sound insulation. Most commonly used, being one of the most simple to install and least expensive.
  • 43. Lintel A horizontal beam used in the construction of buildings to support the masonry above a window or door opening.
  • 44. Mortar 1 #1 Concave- tooled; 3/8”, educational building (commercial); predict M type of mortar MORTAR JOINT #1
  • 45. Mortar 2 #2 flush joint- troweled; 3/8”; wall surrounding sidewalk; predict M type of mortar
  • 46. Oriented Strand Board A non-veneered panel product, engineered wood product formed by layering strands (flakes) of wood in specific orientations. In appearance it may have a rough and variegated surface with the individual strips (around 2.5 by 15 cm (approx. 1 in by 6 in) each) lying unevenly across each other.
  • 47. Plumbing 1 Lavatory- 1- 1/2” pipe used to drain the lavatory.
  • 48. Plumbing 2 Water Closet- 3” piping used to drain a water closet MANUFACTURED TUB
  • 49. Plumbing 3 Plumbing Roof Vent- consists of pipes leading from fixtures to the outdoors, usually via the roof. Vents provide for relief of sewer gases, admission of oxygen for aerobic sewage digestion, and maintenance of the trap water seals which prevent sewer gases from entering the building. Every fixture is required to have an internal or external trap
  • 50. Plumbing 4 Integral sink
  • 51. Plywood Plywood- a type of engineered board made from thin sheets of wood, called plies or wood veneers. The layers are glued together, each with its grain at right angles to adjacent layers for greater strength. Veneer- the thin slices of wood, usually thinner than 3 mm (1/8 inch), that are typically glued onto core panels (typically, wood, particle board or medium density fiberboard) to produce flat panels such as doors, tops and panels for cabinets, parquet floors and parts of furniture.
  • 52. Radiant Barrier This one was practically impossible to find. I will have the definition below. Whoever is grading, have a little bit of mercy; you would like the same for yourself. Radiant Barrier- reflective barriers inhibit heat transfer by thermal radiation. Thermal energy may also be transferred via conduction or convection, however, radiant barriers do not necessarily protect against heat transfer via conduction or convection.
  • 53. Rebar Rebar- #5 so 5/8” diameter. The grooves are to create even friction between the rebar and concrete to increase the tensile and overall strength of the concrete that the rebar is implanted in.
  • 54. Steep Roof Drainage 1 Splashblock- a concrete structure that directs water from the downspout away from the building.
  • 55. Steep Roof Drainage 2 Gutter- is a narrow channel, or trough, forming the component of a roof system which collects and diverts rainwater shed by the roof.
  • 56. Steep Roof Drainage 3 Downspout- takes the water from the gutter to the splashblock, directing rainwater away from the building.
  • 57. Steep Roof Materials 1 Underlayment- Underlayment provides a vital second layer of protection on top of the sheathing to help keep moisture out. It is necessary for roofing manufacturers' warranties.
  • 58. Steep Roof Materials 2 Shingle- a roof covering consisting of individual overlapping elements. These elements are normally flat rectangular shapes that are laid in rows without the side edges overlapping, a single layer is used to ensure a water-resistant result. Shingles are laid from the bottom edge of the roof up, with the bottom edge of each row overlapping the previous row by about one third its length.
  • 59. Steep Roof Materials 3 METAL SHINGLES Clay Tile Roof
  • 60. Steep Roof Materials 4 Metal Panel Roof- typical materials used are galvanized or aluminized steel. Aluminized steel is used for this building.
  • 61. Steep Roof Shapes 1 MANSARD ROOF Gambrel roof
  • 62. Steep Roof Shapes 2 Gable Roof HIP ROOF
  • 63. Steep Roof Terms Ridge- the point at the top of the roof that usually has a vent called a ridge vent.
  • 64. Steep Roof Terms 2 Valley- part of an area that protrudes from a portion of the structure that directs rain downwards.
  • 65. Steep Roof Terms 3 Eave- the trim of the sloping roof near the fascia and eave.
  • 66. Steep Roof Terms 4 Rake- the front portion of a gabled roof.
  • 67. Steep Roof Terms 5 Soffit-area underneath the fascia that usually has an eave vent.
  • 68. Steep Roof Terms 6 Fascia- area above the soffit that faces a viewer. Many times has a fascia vent.
  • 69. Steep Roof Terms 7 Building without a fascia lacks the area above the soffit that faces a viewer.
  • 70. Stone 1 Random Rubble COURSED RUBBLE
  • 71. Stone 2 Coursed Ashlar RANDOM ASHLAR
  • 72. Vapor Retarder Vapor retarder- A vapor retarder is a specially treated paper, thin plastic sheeting, or low permeance paint that prevents condensation of water vapor inside wall or ceiling materials. This trapped moisture can cause damage to the wallboard and paint as well as structural deterioration. The vapor retarder is most commonly put in southeastern climates warm in winter side.
  • 73. Waterproofing Loosely applied waterproofing that keeps moisture off of the foundation.
  • 74. Weep Hole Weep Hole- any water that gets behind the masonry (brick or stone) will come out of this hole between the bricks to keep moisture from staying behind the masonry.
  • 75. Welded Wire Fabric Welded Wire Fabric (WWF)- 6” X 6”
  • 76. Window 1 Window #1- casement turn operation because it is enclosed in a casing and opens from one side at its hinge outward.
  • 77. Window #2 Window #2 is a single hung window because it is enclosed in a casing and slides upward.
  • 78. Window 3 Window #3 is a single hung window but separated by two mullions with muntins.