Whither Bibliographic Data? Designing a roadmap to a new bibliographic information ecosystem

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Whither Bibliographic Data? Designing a roadmap to a new bibliographic information ecosystem

  1. 1. Whither Bibliographic DataDesigning a roadmapto a newbibliographic informationecosystemTodd A. Carpenter, Executive Director, NISOChanneling Content in an Integrated World,FEDLINK Spring Expo - May 22, 20131Sunday, May 19, 13
  2. 2. • Non-profit industry trade association accredited by ANSIwith 150+ members• Mission of developing and maintaining technical standardsrelated to information, documentation, discovery anddistribution of published materials and media• Volunteer driven organization: 400+ spread out acrossthe world• Represent US interests to ISO TC 46 & also serve asSecretariat for ISO TC46/SC9 - Identification &Description• Responsible for standards like ISSN, DOI, Dublin Coremetadata, DAISY digital talking books, OpenURL, MARCrecords, and ISBN (indirectly)About2Sunday, May 19, 13
  3. 3. The NISO Community3Sunday, May 19, 13
  4. 4. NISO’s Community35 % Publishers/PublishingOrganizations32% Libraries/LibraryOrganizations36 LSA Members(non-voting)33% Library Systems Suppliers,Publishing Vendors & IntermediariesISOANSIOther SDOs72 LSA Members4Sunday, May 19, 13
  5. 5. Actively participate internationally with ISO, EDItEUR,IFLA, ICSTI, International STM Association, CODATA,UK Serials Group, LIBER, Standards Australia, IETF,ISO Registration AuthoritiesNISO Internationally5Sunday, May 19, 13
  6. 6. Technical Committee (TC) 46Information & DocumentationSubcommittees (SC):4 – Systems Interoperability8 – Performance Measurement9 – Identification & Description11 – Records ManagementNISO manages the Secretariat of ISO TC 46, SC 96Sunday, May 19, 13
  7. 7. Our Dear Old Friend, MARC01386cam 2200301 a4500001000800000005001700008008004100025035002100066906004500087955002700132010001700159020001500176040001800191043001200209050002200221082002100243110005500264245030800319260006700627300002500694440005400719500002900773650006000802650005800862650007300920710004300993991004801036385685319951219150001.4881118s1989 nju 000 0 eng 9(DLC) 88029610 a7bcbccorignewd1eocipf19gy-gencatlg aCIP ver. pv04 12-06-95 a 88029610 a0887389538 aDLCcDLCdDLC an-us---00aZ674.8b.N44198900a021.6/5/09732192 aNational Information Standards Organization (U.S.)10aInformation retrieval service andprotocol :bAmerican national standard for information retrieval service definition and protocol specification forlibrary applications /capproved January 15, 1988 by American National Standards Institute ; developed by the NationalInformation Standards Organization. aNew Brunswick, N.J., U.S.A. :bTransaction Publishers,cc1989. axii, 50 p. ;c26cm. 0aNational information standards series,x1041-5653 a"ANSI/NISO Z39.50-1988." 0aLibrary informationnetworksxStandardszUnited States. 0aComputer network protocolsxStandardszUnited States. 0aInformation storageand retrieval systemsxStandardszUnited States.2 aAmerican National Standards Institute. bc-GenCollhZ674.8i.N441989tCopy 1wBOOKS7Sunday, May 19, 13
  8. 8. Our Dear Old Friend, MARC(formatted for your viewing pleasure)8Sunday, May 19, 13
  9. 9. MARC ComponentsEncoding StructureZ39.2ISO 2709:2008 -- Format for information exchangeFormat structureAnglo-American Cataloging Rules (2nd Edition) AACR2Resource Description & AccessExchange SystemZ39.50SRU/SRW9Sunday, May 19, 13
  10. 10. Photo: Minneapolis Collegeof Art and Design Library10Sunday, May 19, 13
  11. 11. Why is MARC so efficient? It had to be.Photo: Computer History Museum Data: Memory Prices (1957-2013)11Sunday, May 19, 13
  12. 12. Why is MARC so efficient? It had to be.$2,642,412per MBin 1965Photo: Computer History Museum Data: Memory Prices (1957-2013)11Sunday, May 19, 13
  13. 13. How much computer technology pre-dates this?12Sunday, May 19, 13
  14. 14. Unfortunately, quite a bit...13Sunday, May 19, 13
  15. 15. 14Sunday, May 19, 13
  16. 16. Why?15Sunday, May 19, 13
  17. 17. We avoid improving infrastructure16Sunday, May 19, 13
  18. 18. Billions and billions of recordsPhoto: dfulmer17Sunday, May 19, 13
  19. 19. Photo:from I Love LibrariesMARC’s Massive installed base18Sunday, May 19, 13
  20. 20. If you were building a network todaywould you string copper everywhere?19Sunday, May 19, 13
  21. 21. If you building a metadata ecosystem,would you start here?01386cam 2200301 a4500001000800000005001700008008004100025035002100066906004500087955002700132010001700159020001500176040001800191043001200209050002200221082002100243110005500264245030800319260006700627300002500694440005400719500002900773650006000802650005800862650007300920710004300993991004801036385685319951219150001.4881118s1989 nju 000 0 eng 9(DLC) 88029610 a7bcbccorignewd1eocipf19gy-gencatlg aCIP ver. pv04 12-06-95 a 88029610 a0887389538 aDLCcDLCdDLC an-us---00aZ674.8b.N44198900a021.6/5/09732192 aNational Information Standards Organization (U.S.)10aInformation retrieval service andprotocol :bAmerican national standard for information retrieval service definition and protocol specification forlibrary applications /capproved January 15, 1988 by American National Standards Institute ; developed by the NationalInformation Standards Organization. aNew Brunswick, N.J., U.S.A. :bTransaction Publishers,cc1989. axii, 50 p. ;c26cm. 0aNational information standards series,x1041-5653 a"ANSI/NISO Z39.50-1988." 0aLibrary informationnetworksxStandardszUnited States. 0aComputer network protocolsxStandardszUnited States. 0aInformation storageand retrieval systemsxStandardszUnited States.2 aAmerican National Standards Institute. bc-GenCollhZ674.8i.N441989tCopy 1wBOOKS20Sunday, May 19, 13
  22. 22. “MARC Must Die!”-Roy Tennant (2002)21Sunday, May 19, 13
  23. 23. Mmmmmm, Brains!22Sunday, May 19, 13
  24. 24. MARC is useful.It is efficient.It is our lingua franca.There are many reasons toretain it.But wait.....23Sunday, May 19, 13
  25. 25. 24Sunday, May 19, 13
  26. 26. 25Sunday, May 19, 13
  27. 27. Everyone understand thesemantic web?Image: Matthew Hodgson - Beyond Web 2.026Sunday, May 19, 13
  28. 28. Everyone understand thesemantic web?Image: Matthew Hodgson - Beyond Web 2.027Sunday, May 19, 13
  29. 29. Movement toward linked datadatahub.io - 5107 data storesid.loc.govBritish National Bibliography (BNB)VIAFOCLC WorldCat Linked Data StoreDeutsche Nationalbibliografie (DNB) (Germany)datos.bne.es (Spain)W3C Library Linked Data Incubator GroupMany, many more...28Sunday, May 19, 13
  30. 30. But is it sufficient?29Sunday, May 19, 13
  31. 31. Organizations will not move away from a legacy systemunless the new system:a) Is demonstrably cheaperb) Is demonstrably more effective in producing results(discovery, use, etc.)c) Will make the organization demonstrably moreefficient (staff, management, sales, etc.)ORd) The legacy system becomes entirelynon-interoperable with other, more important systemsORe) The legacy system breaks and cannot be repaired30Sunday, May 19, 13
  32. 32. Can we say a newmetadata management systembased on linked datawill be/do one of those things?31Sunday, May 19, 13
  33. 33. What can we learn from IETF?32Sunday, May 19, 13
  34. 34. 2001 : 0db8 : 3333 : 4444 : ccc : 0ab9 : c0a8 : 989833Sunday, May 19, 13
  35. 35. 34Sunday, May 19, 13
  36. 36. A good specification isnecessary34Sunday, May 19, 13
  37. 37. A good specification isnecessarybut it is not sufficient34Sunday, May 19, 13
  38. 38. 35Sunday, May 19, 13
  39. 39.   It  is  in….              Adop%on                 (or  rather,  in  its  absence)The point at which most standardsfail is not prior to consensus36Sunday, May 19, 13
  40. 40. “You would be a fool todesign a system basedon an interchangeprotocol.”- Mark Bide, EDItEUR37Sunday, May 19, 13
  41. 41. Next generation librarysystems arealready in production38Sunday, May 19, 13
  42. 42. Just a few...39Sunday, May 19, 13
  43. 43. 40Sunday, May 19, 13
  44. 44. How can we assure that weare doing the right things?For everyone?That will save resources?That will improve services?That will be adopted?40Sunday, May 19, 13
  45. 45. NISO’s BibliographicRoadmap InitiativeWith gracious thanks to the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation41Sunday, May 19, 13
  46. 46. Initiative coordinationGap identificationEconomic analysisEngage diverse playersOpen process42Sunday, May 19, 13
  47. 47. Defining what you areby what you are notNot designing a specNot picking winners/losersNot advancing any “agenda”43Sunday, May 19, 13
  48. 48. What have we done?In-person meeting on April 15-16in BaltimoreAn unconference on bibliographic data exchange45 in-personmore than 40 more onlinemore than 200 subsequent viewers44Sunday, May 19, 13
  49. 49. Next stepsPrioritization (IdeaScale)Virtual discussion sessionsMeeting at ALAReport this fall45Sunday, May 19, 13
  50. 50. What we are trying to avoid46Sunday, May 19, 13
  51. 51. The worldmakes way forthe man whoknows wherehe is going.- Ralph Waldo Emerson47Sunday, May 19, 13
  52. 52. “If you dont know whereyoure going, you might notget there.”-Yogi Berra48Sunday, May 19, 13
  53. 53. Questions?Comments?Thoughts?Discussion49Sunday, May 19, 13
  54. 54. Thank you!Todd Carpenter, Executive Directortcarpenter@niso.orgNational Information Standards Organization (NISO)3600 Clipper Mill Road, Suite 302Baltimore, MD 21211 USA+1 (301) 654-2512www.niso.org50Sunday, May 19, 13

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