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  1. 1. NISO’s Altmetrics Initiative Nettie Lagace (@abugseye) ACRL New England Scholarly Communication Interest Group November 14, 2013
  2. 2. What’s NISO? • Non-profit industry trade association accredited by ANSI with 150+ members • Mission of developing and maintaining standards related to information, documentation, discovery and distribution of published materials and media • Represent US interests to ISO TC46 (Information and Documentation) and also serve as Secretariat for ISO TC46/SC 9 (Identification and Description) • Responsible for standards like ISSN, DOI, Dublin Core metadata, DAISY digital talking books, OpenURL, SIP, NCIP, MARC records and ISBN (indirectly) • Volunteer driven organization: 400+ spread out across the world
  3. 3. Premise of “Standards” • Consensus standards created by a community with various stakeholders • Trust • Leading to broader acceptance • Standards as plumbing • Standards facilitate trade, commerce and innovation • Standards reduce costs • Standards support better communication and interoperability across systems
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  5. 5. The Altmetrics Project • Came out of breakout session at (ACM) altmetrics12 meeting in Chicago, June 2012 • Funded by $207,500 grant from Alfred P. Sloan Foundation • Premise of grant award: To help facilitate the adoption of altmetrics, development of community consensus standards can help address limitations and gaps that currently exist • Identify and prioritize needs and requirements
  6. 6. Why worth funding? • Scholarly assessment is critical to the overall process – Which projects get funded – Who gets promoted and tenure – Which publications are prominent • Assessment has been based on citation since the 60s • Today’s scholars multiple types of interactions with scholarly content are not reflected – Is “non-traditional” scholarly output important too?
  7. 7. Why worth funding? • In order to move out of “pilot” and “proof-of- concept” phases … • Altmetrics must coalesce around commonly understood definitions, calculations and data sharing practices • Altmetrics must be able to be audited • Organizations who want to apply metrics will need to understand them and ensure consistent application and meaning across the community
  8. 8. What’s to Standardize? • Field is too new … no existing practice to build on; standards should not be “invented” / codified – a diversion from the real work that needs to be done? – No community practice: administrators, granting orgs etc. need accepted, trustworthy, verifiable info – This project is not taking place overnight; two stages for a reason – NISO open process invites engagement from all
  9. 9. A few Questions about Altmetrics • What gets measured (counted)? • What are criteria for assessing quality of these measures? • How granular should the metrics be to enable computation and analysis? • What period(s) should the metrics cover? • What technical infrastructure is necessary to enable the exchange of the metrics data?
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  11. 11. 2 Phases • Phase 1: Hold meetings of stakeholders to define a high-level list of issues – October 2013, San Francisco – December 2013, Washington, DC – January 2014, Philadelphia – Public Webinars – White paper output, public presentations, public feedback • Phase 2: Create Working Group within NISO structure, to create recommended practice(s) and/or standard(s) – Education/training efforts to ensure implementation • Final report to Sloan due November 2015
  12. 12. Steering Committee • Euan Adie, Altmetric • Amy Brand, Harvard University • Mike Buschman, Plum Analytics • Todd Carpenter, NISO • Martin Fenner, Public Library of Science (PLoS) (Chair) • Michael Habib, Reed Elsevier • Gregg Gordon, Social Science Research Network (SSRN) • William Gunn, Mendeley • Nettie Lagace, NISO • Jamie Liu, American Chemical Society (ACS) • Heather Piwowar, ImpactStory • John Sack, HighWire Press • Peter Shepherd, Project Counter • Christine Stohn, Ex Libris • Greg Tananbaum, SPARC (Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition)
  13. 13. Meeting #1 – San Francisco • Held in conjuction with PLOS ALM Meeting • Livestreamed (video recordings now available) • Morning: lightning talks, post-it brainstorming • Afternoon: discussion groups – Business and use cases – Quality and data science – Definitions
  14. 14. Meeting #1 – General outputs • The importance of best practices for media coverage of science (using DOIs, etc.) • More Altmetrics research is needed and could be promoted through this group • Providing a standard set of research outputs that we can use to compare different services • The importance of use cases for specific stakeholder groups in driving the discussion forward
  15. 15. Business & Use Case Breakout • What people are doing and why • Publishers want to serve authors, make money • People don’t value a standard, they value something that helps them • Researchers have noticed differences between different altmetric services • How can altmetrics be used in collection development • How do altmetrics interact with traditional metrics • Transparency: people want to know where the data comes from (gaming) • Libraries, research funders, institutions want trust • Fear of altmetrics eliminating journal brand • … Couldn’t identify a logical standard need that actors in the space would value, and best practices are of interest
  16. 16. Quality & Data Science Breakout • Themes: context, validation, provenance, quality, description & metadata • What’s out there and what does it mean? – Studies of the subject; find correlations (what do positive correlations/lack of correlations mean?) • Implicit and derived metrics • Discussion of experiments for Saturday hackfest • Need to balance signal/noise – want to have metrics accepted, and accepted soon • Regional views – Harvard doesn’t weight citations more than their judgment; China does • We'll never get to the point where assessment can be done without a human in the loop, but discovery and recommendation can
  17. 17. Definitions Breakout • Define “ALM” and “Altmetrics” • Map the landscape • Disseminate the glossary and definitions • Simplifying and aggregating altmetrics • Define axes for measuring altmetrics • Create gold standard data set • Promote research • Who gets a seat in standards building?
  18. 18. Upcoming Meetings • December 11, Capital Hilton, Washington DC (with CNI) • January 23, Site TBD, Philadelphia (with ALA) • Open meetings, RSVP on NISO site – Livestreaming both meetings
  19. 19. ANSI Standards • Openness, lack of dominance, balance = everyone affected has a voice • Notifications, consideration of views and objections • Consensus votes and appeals • ANSI patent policy, commercial terms and conditions • Publication and maintenance • Credible & have Integrity
  20. 20. Thank you! Questions? @abugseye