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NISO Webinar: RFID Systems in Libraries Part 1: An Introduction


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  • 1. RFID Systems in Libraries Part One: An Introduction April 13, 2011Speakers: Alan Gray and Rob Walsh
  • 2. RFID in LibrariesRFID IN THE REAL [LIBRARY] WORLDAlan Gray, Assistant Director, Operations, Darien Library
  • 3. Why Standards? Standards protect your investment in RFID  future-proofing  allowing implementation of combined systems.
  • 4. Why Standards? If a vendor isn’t acting in your interest by adopting standards rigorously, guess whose interests are being protected?
  • 5. The Value Equation Price against Value
  • 6. The Costs of RFID An RFID tag costs $.20 to $.40 more than a barcode An RFID-enabled Library card costs $1.00 to $2.00 more than one with a barcode. Materials management systems (automated returns and sorters) have no significant difference in cost between RFID and barcode, though combined systems have a somewhat higher cost
  • 7. Benefits of RFIDBottom line:“Everything goes better with RFID”
  • 8. Benefits of RFIDThe true bottom line[s]:You can’t justify RFID alone for circulation deskactivities [payback greater than 10 years] but anRFID-enabled materials management system[automated return and sorting] can have apayback period as low as 4 years.
  • 9. Benefits of RFID Security is a close call:  If you don’t have security and want it, implementing RFID will give you security AND the benefits of RFID  RFID security is least-effective on metal substrate items such as CDs and DVDs, so that immediate issue is not completely addressed, but of course, that may not be an issue for many libraries in the mid-term future.
  • 10. The [Future] Benefits of RFID The granularity of the new profile will eventually allow RFID itself to be used for:  Supply chain efficiencies  Reads from the chip [no SIP calls] so that systems cycle faster, are more efficient and are remotely- deployable  Interoperability among libraries when we can read each other’s tags [ILL]
  • 11. The Decision for RFID Every library considering new construction, expansion or significant re-purposing of existing space should seriously contemplate the very real benefits [current, near-term and future] of RFID.
  • 12. Thanks Lori Ayre of the Galecia Group has done some very interesting studies on materials management and RFID, and I thank her for her input.
  • 13. NISO RFID Systems in Libraries The Supply Chain PerspectiveRob Walsh, President & Co-founder, EnvisionWare, Inc.
  • 14. Outline• Why invest in RFID?• RFID Technologies• RFID Services
  • 15. Why Invest in RFID?
  • 16. Why invest in RFID?• Efficiency Gains• Stock Management• Security
  • 17. Efficiency Gains• Self Check Out • Easier than barcode • Faster than barcode • More flexible than barcode
  • 18. Efficiency Gains• Self Check In • Slower than barcode • Real-time check in • Real-time sortation • Decreases time from bin to shelf
  • 19. Efficiency Gains• Circulation Desk and Back Room Processing • Easier than barcode • Reduces item manipulation • Speed dependent on implementation
  • 20. Stock Management• Inventory• Item Tracking and Location
  • 21. Security• Books• Magazines and Journals• CD / DVD Media
  • 22. RFID Technologies
  • 23. RFID Technologies• Tags • ISO 18000-3 Mode 1 • HF 13.56 MHz • Read range ~10-15 in.
  • 24. RFID Technologies• RFID Readers and Antennas • One set per station • Software must be RFID-aware
  • 25. RFID Technologies• Tag Encoding • Data format traditionally vendor- specific • ISO 28560 approved • NISO RP-6 Best Practices document updated to include US profile • US profile based on ISO 28560 Part 2
  • 26. RFID Technologies• Tag Encoding • Mobile encoding stations • Any station with RFID reader, antenna, and encoding software can encode
  • 27. RFID Technologies• Tag Encoding • Concentrated effort • As part of circulation cycle
  • 28. RFID Technologies• Inventory Management • Multi-function portable devices • Any station with RFID reader, antenna, and inventory software can manage inventory
  • 29. RFID Technologies• Security • Gates function like traditional EM gates but can identify individual items still secure • Can integrate with software monitoring systems
  • 30. RFID Technologies• Self Check Out Stations • Generally RFID-aware versions of traditional self check out stations • May have special provisions for locking media
  • 31. RFID Technologies• Staff Processing Stations • Generally software added to existing staff stations • RFID processing might be integrated or “bolt-on”
  • 32. RFID Technologies• Self Check In (Automated Materials Handling / AMH) • Single bin automated returns assist with strict item limits • Sortation generally requires at least 2 or 3 bins
  • 33. RFID Services
  • 34. RFID Services• Tag encoding• Physical tag placement• Tag printing
  • 35. RFID Services• Services might be provided: • On-site • At remote location